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GB/T 223.17-1989 PDF in English


GB/T 223.17-1989 (GB/T223.17-1989, GBT 223.17-1989, GBT223.17-1989)
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Standards related to: GB/T 223.17-1989

GB/T 223.17-1989: PDF in English (GBT 223.17-1989)

GB/T 223.17-1989
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
GB/T 223.17-89
Replacing GB 223.17-82
Method for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy
The diantipyrylmethane photometric method for the
determination of titanium content
ISSUED ON. FEBRUARY 21, 1989
IMPLEMENTED ON. JULY 01, 1990
Issued by. Ministry of Metallurgical Industry of the People’s Republic of China
Table of Contents
1  Subject content and application scope ... 3 
2  Method summary ... 3 
3  Reagents ... 3 
4  Analysis steps ... 4 
5  Calculation of analysis results ... 6 
6  Precision... 6 
Additional Explanation... 7 
Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy
The diantipyrylmethane photometric method for the
determination of titanium content
1  Subject content and application scope 
This standard specifies the determination of titanium content by using the
diantipyrylmethane photometric method.
This standard applies to the determination of titanium content in nickel base and
iron-nickel based alloy. Determination range. 0.010% ~ 2.400%.
2  Method summary 
Use acid to dissolve the sample; in 1.2~3.6 mol/L hydrochloric acid medium, use ascorbic
acid to reduce iron; the titanium and diantipyrylmethane will form a yellow complex;
determine its absorbance.
In color liquid, the vanadium content is less than 2 mg; the molybdenum content is less
than 1.5 mg; the tungsten content is more than 1 mg [Translator note. should be “less than
1 mg”. However, there is no Corrigendum from Chinese Authority yet]; the contents of
niobium, tantalum, zirconium, and rare earth are less than 0.5 mg; the boron content is
less than 0.2mg; the contents of tin, antimony, lead, and bismuth are less than 0.1 mg;
there will be no interference. When the tungsten content is more than 1 mg, use citric acid
to complex; when the molybdenum content is more than 1.5 mg, add molybdenum with
the same content in the working curve to offset interference.
3  Reagents 
3.1 Potassium pyrosulphate.
3.2 Hydrochloric acid (ρl. 19 g / mL).
3.3 Hydrochloric acid (2+1).
3.4 Nitric acid (ρl. 42 g/mL).
3.5 Ammonium hydroxide (ρ 0.90 g/mL).
4.2 Determination
4.2.1 Place the sample (4.1) in a 150 mL conical flask; add 10~20 mL of mixed-acid of
hydrochloric acid (3.2) and nitric acid (3.4) in appropriate proportion heat to dissolve; add
15 mL of sulfuric acid (3.6) (For sample that contains tungsten, directly add 30 mL of
sulfuric acid (3.7); heat to dissolve; drop-add nitric acid (3.4) to destroy carbide).
Evaporate it until oleum emits; take down to cool slightly.
4.2.2 Add 50 mL of water; heat to dissolve the salts. Take down to cool to room
temperature. If the tungsten content in the transferred sample solution is more than 1 mg,
after oleum emits, cool slightly; add 10 mL of ammonium citrate solution (3.11) and 10 mL
of water; cool slightly; add 35 mL of ammonium hydroxide (3.5); heat until the tungstic acid
is dissolved; and boil until there is no ammonia odor. Cool slightly; add 15 mL of sulfuric
acid (3.6); cool to room temperature.
Note. the insoluble residues usually contain little titanium, so it can be ignored. If the titanium in residues
needs to be recycled, use slow filter paper with a small amount of pulp to filter the solution (4.2.1~4 2.2)
in a 100 mL volumetric flask. Use sulfuric acid (3.8) to wash the filter paper; retain the filtrate. Transfer the
residues and filter paper to a platinum crucible to ash and burn; add 2 drops of sulfuric acid (3.6) and 2~3
mL of hydrofluoric acid (3.9); evaporate them to dry. Add 0.5 g of potassium pyrophosphate (3.1) to melt;
use a small amount of sulfuric acid (3.7) to leach; combine them in filtrate.
4.2.3 Transfer the solution (4.2.2) in a 100 mL volumetric flask; dilute with water to the
scale; mix uniformly.
4.2.4 Transfer two portions of 10.00 mL of solution (4.2.3) (transfer 5.00 mL, when the
titanium content is more than 0.5%); place into two 50 mL volumetric flasks respectively;
Conduct according to 4.2.5 and 4.2.6.
4.2.5 Color liquid. add 5 mL of ascorbic acid solution (3.10); mix uniformly; add 15 mL of
hydrochloric acid (3.3); place for 5 minutes (the solution temperature shall be above 20 °C,
so as to ensure the reduction of iron); add 15 mL of diantipyrylmethane solution (3.12);
use water to dilute to the scale; mix uniformly. Place it under room temperature for more
than 40 minutes.
4.2.6 Reference solution. Conduct according to 4.2.5, except that diantipyrylmethane
solution is not added.
4.2.7 Transfer part of color liquid in absorption vessel (see table 2); use reference solution
as the reference; measure the absorbance at wavelength of 390 nm of
spectrophotometer.
4.2.8 Find the corresponding titanium content in color liquid from the working curve,
according to the measured absorbance of solution.
4.3 Working curve drawing
......
 
Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.