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GB/T 11951-2018 PDF in English

GB/T 11951-2018 (GB/T11951-2018, GBT 11951-2018, GBT11951-2018)
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GB/T 11951-2018: PDF in English (GBT 11951-2018)

GB/T 11951-2018
ICS 59.060.10
W 04
Replacing GB/T 11951-1989
Natural fibers - Terminology
(ISO 6938.2012, Textiles - Natural fibers - Generic name and definitions, MOD)
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 5 
2 Natural fiber classification ... 5 
2.1 Natural fibers ... 5 
2.2 Animal fibers ... 5 
2.3 Vegetable fibers ... 5 
2.4 Mineral fiber ... 6 
3 Terms and definitions ... 6 
3.1 Animal fibers ... 6 
3.2 Vegetable fibers ... 9 
3.3 Mineral fiber ... 11 
Appendix A (Informative) Fiber terms, English generic names and common
name index table ... 12 
This standard was drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T 1.1-2009.
This standard replaces GB/T 11951-1989 “Textiles - Natural fiber - Terminology”.
The main differences between this standard and GB/T 11951-1989 are.
- MODIFY the standard name;
- MODIFY the scope of the standard;
- In “animal fibers”, ADD the classification of “fibers secreted by some
molluscs” (see 2.2 and 3.1.2);
- ADD 7 terms (see,,, ~;
- MODIFY 3 English generic names (see, and;, and of the 1989 version);
- MODIFY the English generic names of the two plants (see and; and of the 1989 version);
- CHANGE “wool” into “sheep wool”, ADD the corresponding notes (see; of the 1989 version);
- CHANGE “Alpaca hair” into “Alpaca wool”, “Guanaco hair” into “Guanaco
wool”, “Llama hair” into “Llama wool”, “Vicuna hair” into “Vicuna wool” (see,,,;,,, of the
1989 version);
- DELETE the term “Zhongwei goat wool” ( of the 1989 version);
- ADD the notes on horse hair (see;
- ADD notes on cannabis (see;
- In “bast fibers”, ADD the note on “Jute and similar fibers” (see footnote c of
- DELETE the Chinese index from original Appendix A and English index from
Appendix B, ADD informative Appendix “Fiber terms, English generic name
and common name index table” (see Appendix A).
This standard uses the redrafting method to modify and adopt ISO 6938.2012
“Textiles - Natural fibers - Generic names and definitions”.
The technical differences between this standard and ISO 6938.2012 are as
Natural fibers - Terminology
1 Scope
This standard defines the terms and definitions of the main natural fibers used
for textiles based on the source or composition of the fibers, and provides the
corresponding English generic names and common names.
This standard applies to textile natural fibers.
Note. The English generic name for various natural fibers defined in this
standard is shown in Appendix A.
2 Natural fiber classification
2.1 Natural fibers
Natural fibers are divided into animal fibers, vegetable fibers, and mineral fibers
by source.
2.2 Animal fibers
Animal fibers mainly include.
- Fiber from silk glands. secreted by some insects, particularly by larvae of
the lepidopter order, in the form of two filaments of fibroin cemented
together by sericin.
- Fibers secreted by molluscs. fibres secreted by some molluscs.
- Fiber from hair follicles. with a multicellular structure, composed of keratin,
forming the animal hair follicles.
2.3 Vegetable fibers
Vegetable fibers mainly include.
- Fiber from seeds. Single-cell structure, generated by the epidermal cells of
the seed, almost entirely constituted of cellulose.
(Castor) d 鹿毛 DEER (Daim) Fiber obtained from Genus cervus d 山羊毛 GOAT (Chèvre) Fiber obtained from Genus capra d 马毛 e HORSE (Cheval) Fiber obtained from Equus caballus d 兔毛 RABBIT (Lapin) Fiber obtained from Oryctolagus cuniculus d 野兔毛 HARE (Lièvre)
Fiber obtained from Lepus europaeus and
Lepus timidus d 水獭毛 OTTER (Loutre) Fiber obtained from Lutra lutra d 河狸鼠毛 NUTRIA (Myocastor) Fiber obtained from Myocastor coypus d 海豹毛 SEAL (Phoque) Fiber obtained from Family pinnipedia d 麝鼠毛 MUSKRAT (Ratmusqué) Fiber obtained from Fiber zibathicus d 驯鹿毛 REINDEER (Renne) Fiber obtained from Genus rangifer
Table 3 (continued)
Entry number Chinese name English generic name a Definition d 水貂毛 MINK (Vison) Fiber obtained from Mustela vison d 貂毛 MARTEN (Martre) Fiber obtained from Mustela martes d 黑貂毛 SABLE (Zibeline) Fiber obtained from Mustela zibellina d 鼬鼠毛 WEASEL (Belette) Fiber obtained from Mustela misalis d 熊毛 BEAR (Ours) Fiber obtained from Ursus arctos d 银鼠毛 ERMINE (Hermine) Fiber obtained from Mustela eminea d 北极狐毛 ARTICFOX (Renardarctique)
Fiber obtained from Vulpus lagopus, Canis
a Names in brackets are equivalent French-language names.
b Synonym. wool.
c The affixes “wool” and “hair” can be added after the English generic names of ~,, and
Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.