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GB/T 8685-2008 (GBT8685-2008)

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BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 8685-2008 (GB/T8685-2008)
Description (Translated English) Textiles - Care labeling code using symbols
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard W04
Classification of International Standard 59.080.01
Word Count Estimation 18,190
Date of Issue 2008-06-18
Date of Implementation 2009-03-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) GB/T 8685-1988
Adopted Standard ISO 3758-2005, MOD
Drafting Organization Textile Institute of Industrial Standardization
Administrative Organization Textile -based branch of the National Standardization Technical Committee
Regulation (derived from) National Standard Approval Announcement 2008 No.10 (Total No.123)
Proposing organization China Textile Industry Association
Issuing agency(ies) Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of People's Republic of China; Standardization Administration of China
Summary This standard specifies the symbol system used on textile product labels. Information provided will not cause irreversible damage to the most intense maintenance procedures for products, provides for the use of these symbols in the maintenance tab. This standard includes washing, bleach, drying and ironing of family maintenance methods. Including dry cleaning and wet cleaning professional textile maintenance methods. But does not include industrial cleaning, home maintenance method of four kinds of symbols can also provide information to help professional laundry personnel, This standard applies to the end-users of all textile products.

Standards related to: GB/T 8685-2008

GB/T 8685-2008
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 59.080.01
W 04
Replacing GB/T 8685-1988
Textiles - Care Labelling Code Using Symbols
(ISO 3758.2005, MOD)
ISSUED ON. JUNE 18, 2008
IMPLEMENTED ON. MARCH 1, 2009
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine (AQSIQ);
Standardization Administration (SAC) of the People's
Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
Introduction ... 5 
1 Scope ... 6 
2 Terms and Definitions ... 6 
3 Symbols ... 9 
4 Application and Use of Symbols ... 15 
Appendix A (Informative) Characteristics and Available Test Methods for the
Correct Selection of Care Symbols ... 17 
Appendix B (Informative) Regional and National Practices in Care Labelling ... 22 
Appendix C (Informative) Examples of Additional Wording ... 25 
Bibliography ... 26 
Foreword
This Standard modifies and adopts ISO 3758.2005 "Textiles-Care Labelling Code
Using Symbols"; and it also makes reference to the contents of the latest draft revision
in 2008 of ISO 3758.2005.
This Standard was redrafted in accordance with ISO 3758.2005. The differences from
ISO 3758.2005 are as follows.
1. The definition of textile products was modified to be consistent with the definition
stated in relevant standard.
2. The tumble drying and natural drying are the specific drying methods and should
not be used as basic symbols; the clauses on tumble drying and natural drying
in 3.1.3.1 and 3.1.3.2 of ISO 3758.2005 were deleted in accordance with the
draft revision of ISO.
3. In accordance with the draft revision of ISO, the symbol for mild washing at 95°C
in Table 1 was deleted.
4. In accordance with the draft revision of ISO, the natural drying symbol for drip
flat drying was added, and the symbols for natural drying were modified.
5. Appendix A and the ISO standards given in the Bibliography were replaced by
the corresponding national standards, while the ISO standards were still directly
quoted in case of no corresponding national standard.
6. In accordance with the draft revision of ISO, the contents of Appendix C were
adjusted into the normative provisions and were included in the corresponding
2.4 and 3.4. Appendix C was deleted.
7. The serial number of Appendix D was changed to Appendix C accordingly; the
contents on natural drying in the "Examples of Additional Wording" were
deleted.
This Standard replaces GB/T 8685-1988 "Care Labelling Code of Textiles and
Apparel". The main changes in contents are as follows.
1. The standard name was changed into "Textiles-Care Labelling Code Using
Symbols".
2. The scope was changed from "is applicable to various textiles and garments" to
"is applicable to all the textile products in the form in which they are supplied to
the end user".
3. The chapter "Normative References" was deleted.
4. The relevant terms and definitions were added.
5. The meanings of two basic symbols (triangle and circle) were modified; the
transverse line in washtub was changed to wavy line; and the meanings and
representation of the four additional symbols were defined.
6. Among the symbols for washings, the mild process at 95°C was deleted, and the
very mild processes at 40°C and 30°C were added; the symbol "do not wring
out" was deleted and was included in Appendix C in form of description in
words.
7. For symbols for bleaching, the oxygen/non-chlorine bleach was added.
8. For symbols for ironing and pressing, the representation by adding the “high,
middle, low” Chinese characters was deleted; and the symbols for ironing and
pressing with press sheet and for steam ironing were deleted.
9. The specific symbols for dry cleaning and wet cleaning were added; in relation to
symbol for tumble drying, the representation of temperature by dots was added.
10. The symbols for shape of clothes in the natural drying were deleted, and the
square symbol was modified.
11. The arrangement sequence of the care symbols was changed FROM washing,
chlorine bleach, ironing and pressing, dry cleaning, washing and drying TO
washing, bleaching, drying, ironing and pressing, and professional textile care.
12. Provisions on the colour of symbols were deleted.
13. Appendix A and Appendix B were added.
Please pay attention to that the patents relating to care labelling may be involved
during the implementation process of this Standard.
Appendixes A, B and C of this Standard are informative.
This Standard was proposed by China National Textile and Apparel Council.
This Standard shall be under the jurisdiction of the Basic Branch of Technical
Committee on Textiles of Standardization Administration of China (SAC/TC 209/SC 1).
Chief drafting organizations of this Standard. Standardization Institute of Textile
Industry AND China (Beijing) Textile Testing & Certification Services Co,. Ltd.
Chief drafting staffs of this Standard. Zheng Yuying, Xu Lu and Si Ying.
The previous edition replaced by this Standard is as follows.
- GB/T 8685-1988.
Textiles - Care Labelling Code Using Symbols
1 Scope
This Standard establishes a system of symbols, intended for use in the label of textile
products, providing information on the most violent care procedures that will not cause
any irreversible damage to the product; it specifies the methods of use of these
symbols in the care labelling.
This Standard includes the domestic care methods, like washing, bleaching, drying
and ironing and pressing, and also includes the professional textile care methods, like
dry cleaning and wet cleaning, but excluding the industrial laundering. The information
imparted by the four kinds of symbols of domestic care methods may also be of
assistance to the professional cleaner and launderer.
This Standard is applicable to all the textile products in the form in which they are
supplied to the end user.
2 Terms and Definitions
For the purposes of this Standard, the following terms and definitions apply.
2.1
Textile products
It refers to the products with natural fibre and chemical fibre as principal raw materials,
and being spined, weaved, dyed and other processing techniques or then sewed,
composed, such as yarns, textiles and their finished products.
2.2
Washing
It refers the process designed to clean textile products in an aqueous bath.
Note. Washing includes all or some of the following operations in relevant combinations.
- Soaking, pre-washing and normal washing (carried out usually with heating, mechanical action and
in the presence of detergents or other products) and rinsing.
- Water extraction, i.e. spinning or wringing performed during and/or at the end of the operations
mentioned above.
These operations may be carried out by machine or by hand.
2.3
Bleaching
It refers the process carried out in an aqueous medium before, during, or after
washing, requiring the use of an oxidizing agent including either chlorine or
oxygen/non-chlorine products, for the purpose of improving soil and stain removal
and/or improving whiteness.
2.3.1
Chlorine bleach
It refers to the agent that releases hypochlorite ions in solution, e.g. sodium
hypochlorite.
2.3.2
Oxygen/non-chlorine bleach
It refers to the agent that releases a hyperoxides in solution.
Note. Oxygen bleach products encompass a wide range of activity, including different activated and
non-activated bleaching species which vary in their activity. The bleach activator is the agent that allows
bleaching to occur at relatively lower wash temperatures.
2.4
Drying
It refers to the process carried out on textile products after washing to remove the
residual moisture.
2.4.1
Natural drying
It refers to the process carried out on a textile product after washing, with the intention
of removing residual moisture by line drying, drip line drying, flat drying or drip flat
drying in the sun or in the shade.
2.4.1.1
Line drying
It refers to the process carried out on a textile product after washing and water
extraction, with the intention of removing residual moisture by hanging the textile
product vertically on rope (rod) or coat hanger.
4.2 Characteristics and test methods for the selection of appropriate symbols
The relevant characteristics and the test methods are given in Appendix A.
4.3 Use of symbols
The symbols shall be arranged in the order washing, bleaching, drying, ironing and
pressing and professional textile care. Adequate and appropriate symbols shall be
used so as to protect the products and not cause any irreversible damages.
The treatment processes represented by the symbols apply to the whole of the textile
product, except for the one with special explanation.
Appendix A
(Informative)
Characteristics and Available Test Methods for the Correct
Selection of Care Symbols
A.1 Definitions
A.1.1 C...
...