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GB/T 40433-2021 (GBT40433-2021)

GB/T 40433-2021_English: PDF (GBT 40433-2021, GBT40433-2021)
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GB/T 40433-2021English275 Add to Cart 0--9 seconds. Auto-delivery Technical specifications of combined power source for electric vehicles Valid GB/T 40433-2021

BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 40433-2021 (GB/T40433-2021)
Description (Translated English) Technical specifications of combined power source for electric vehicles
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard T47
Classification of International Standard 43.080
Word Count Estimation 18,180
Date of Issue 2021-08-20
Date of Implementation 2022-03-01
Drafting Organization Wanxiang 123 Co., Ltd., China Automotive Technology Research Center Co., Ltd., Hefei Guoxuan High-tech Power Energy Co., Ltd., SAIC-GM-Wuling Automobile Co., Ltd., China First Automobile Co., Ltd., Geely Automobile Research Institute (Ningbo) Co., Ltd. , Chongqing Changan New Energy Automobile Technology Co., Ltd., CATL New Energy Technology Co., Ltd., Hunan Keba Automobile Power Battery Co., Ltd., BYD Automotive Industry Co., Ltd., Daimler Greater China Investment Co., Ltd., Volvo Cars (Asia Pacific) Investment Holdings Co., Ltd., Jaguar Land Rover (China) Investment Co., Ltd., Pan Asia Automotive Technology Center Co., Ltd., Anhui Jianghuai Automobile Group Co., Ltd., Dongfeng Motor Co., Ltd., Dongfeng Nissan Passenger Vehicle Company, Yinlong New Energy Co., Ltd.
Administrative Organization National Automotive Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC 114)
Proposing organization Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of the People's Republic of China
Issuing agency(ies) State Administration for Market Regulation, National Standardization Administration

Standards related to: GB/T 40433-2021

GB/T 40433-2021
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 43.080
CCS T 47
Technical Specifications of Combined Power Source
for Electric Vehicles
ISSUED ON: AUGUST 20, 2021
IMPLEMENTED ON: MARCH 01, 2022
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Normative References ... 4
3 Terms and Definitions ... 4
4 Signs and Abbreviations ... 5
5 Technical Requirements ... 5
6 Test Methods ... 8
Appendix A (Informative) Combined Power Source System Structure and
Application ... 18
Appendix B (Informative) Exhaust Safety Test ... 20
Technical Specifications of Combined Power Source
for Electric Vehicles
1 Scope
This Document specifies the technical requirements and test methods for combined
power source system for electric vehicle.
This Document is applied to combined power source system with a maximum DC
working voltage of less than 60V.
2 Normative References
The following documents are essential to the application of this document. For the
dated documents, only the versions with the dates indicated are applicable to this
document; for the undated documents, only the latest version (including all the
amendments) is applicable to this document.
GB/T 2408-2008 Plastics - Determination of Burning Characteristics - Horizontal
and Vertical Test
GB/T 19596 Terminology of Electric Vehicles
GB/T 31467.1-2015 Lithium-Ion Traction Battery Pack and System for Electric
Vehicles -Part 1: Test Specification for High Power Applications
GB 38031-2020 Electric Vehicles Traction Battery Safety Requirements
3 Terms and Definitions
For the purposes of this Document, the terms and definitions given in GB/T 19596 and
the following apply.
3.1 Combined power source system
An electric energy supply system that is composed of two or more rechargeable energy
storage units of different types or voltage levels.
NOTE: Usually, it includes rechargeable energy storage unit, control unit, battery management
5.1.2 Unless otherwise required, the combined power source system shall be able to
work normally under the following environmental conditions:
a) Ambient temperature: -30°C ~50°C;
b) Relative humidity: 10%~95%;
c) Air pressure: 61.6kPa~106kPa.
5.1.3 There shall be no obvious scratches, burrs, deformation, rust, cracks and other
defects in the shell of each component of the combined power source system.
5.1.4 The product information shall be clearly and firmly marked on the shell of each
component of the combined power source system.
5.2 Functional requirements
5.2.1 The combined power source system shall have charging- and discharging-
functions, which can be used to store the electric energy fed back during the braking
process of the whole vehicle and provide auxiliary electric energy for the power output
of the whole vehicle.
5.2.2 The main power source should have an independent battery management
system for monitoring the power supply voltage, current, temperature and other
parameters, and realize the functions of fault diagnosis, information recording and fault
handling.
5.3 Safety requirements
5.3.1 Working voltage
The combined power source system shall meet the maximum operating voltage
requirements of Class A voltage circuits.
5.3.2 Electrical connection
5.3.2.1 The electrical interface shall adopt the error-proof design to ensure that the
components can be connected correctly.
5.3.2.2 The electrical connection shall be firm and reliable, and there should be no
problems such as deformation, looseness, or falling off.
5.3.3 Mechanical connection
5.3.3.1 The components of the combined power source supply system should be
arranged in locations that are not susceptible to collision or other mechanical damage.
5.3.3.2 The mechanical connection shall be firm and reliable, and there should be no
problems such as deformation, looseness, falling off, etc.
5.3.4 Flame retardant properties
The shell of each component of the combined power source system shall meet the
Level V-0 requirements specified in GB/T 2408-2008. For combined power source
systems containing 12V lead-acid batteries, the shells of components other than 12V
lead-acid batteries shall meet the Level V-0 requirements specified in GB/T 2408-2008.
5.3.5 Power safety
5.3.5.1 The safety of the main power source that provides energy to the vehicle power
system shall meet the requirements of GB 38031-2020.
5.3.5.2 For the main power supply arranged in the passenger compartment, at least
one of the following requirements shall be met:
a) The main power source shall be equipped with an exhaust device, and when
exhaust occurs, the gas is exported to the outside of the passenger compartment
through the exhaust pipe of the whole vehicle;
b) Carry out exhaust safety test in accordance with 6.4.2.2, and the exhaust
composition and concentration shall not cause harm to passengers;
c) The manufacturer shall provide safety documentation to prove that the main
power exhaust shall not cause harm to passengers.
5.4 Electrical performance requirements
5.4.1 Capacity
The combined power source system or main power source shall be tested in
accordance with 6.5.1. The discharge capacity at -20°C shall be no less than 70%
discharge capacity at the room temperature; the discharge capacity at 0°C shall be no
less than 90% discharge capacity at the room temperature; and the discharge capacity
at 40°C shall be no less than 95% discharge capacity at room temperature.
5.4.2 Power performance
The combined power source system or main power source is tested in accordance
with 6.5.2; and its maximum pulse charge and discharge rate for 10s at room
temperature shall be no less than 20C; and the charge and discharge power density
for 10s at room temperature shall be no less than 1kW/kg.
5.4.3 No load capacity loss
The combined power source system or main power supply is tested in accordance with
6.5.3; and the no load capacity loss shall be no lower than the requirements in Table
6.1.1 General conditions
6.1.1.1 Unless otherwise required, the test shall be carried out under the following
environmental conditions:
a) Ambient temperature: 22°C±5°C;
b) Relative humidity: 10%~90%;
c) Atmospheric pressure: 86kPa~106kPa.
6.1.1.2 The room temperature mentioned in this Document refers to 25°C ± 2°C.
6.1.1.3 When the combined power source system is delivered, it is required to attach
the necessary operating documents and the interface components (such as
connectors, plugs) connected to the test equipment. The manufacturer needs to
provide the safe operating limits (such as voltage, current, temperature) of the
combined power source system.
6.1.1.4 When the target environmental temperature of the test changes, the test object
needs to complete the environmental adaptation process before the test: stand still at
low temperature for no less than 24h; stand still at high temperature for no less than
16h. If the test sample contains a hybrid power system control unit, it needs to be shut
down during the environmental adaptation process.
6.1.1.5 The method of adjusting the SOC to the test target value m%: Fully charge the
main power source according to the charging method provided by the manufacturer;
stand for 1h; and discharge at a constant current of 1C for (100-m)/100 h. After each
SOC adjustment, the test subjects need to stand for 30 min before the new test starts.
6.1.1.6 The discharge rate during the test shall be implemented in accordance with the
provisions of this Document; and the charging mechanism and discharge cut-off
conditions shall be provided by the manufacturer.
6.1.1.7 If the absolute value of the difference between the actual available capacity
and the rated capacity of the main power source exceeds 5% of the rated capacity, it
shall be clearly stated in the test report; and the actual available capacity shall be used
instead of the rated capacity as the basis for the calculation of charge and discharge
current and SOC.
6.1.1.8 The sign of the discharge current of the main power supply is positive, and the
sign of the charging current is negative.
6.1.2 Test instrument and meter accuracy
6.1.2.1 The accuracy of test instruments and meters shall be no lower than the
following requirements:
a) Voltage measuring device: ±0.5% FS;
b) Current measuring device: ±0.5% FS;
c) Temperature measuring device: ±0.5°C;
d) Time measuring device: ±0.1% FS;
e) Dimension measuring device: ±0.1% FS;
f) Mass measuring device: ±0.1% FS.
6.1.2.2 During the test, the control accuracy of the charging and discharging device,
temperature control box and other control instruments shall be no lower than the
following requirements:
a) Voltage: ±1%;
b) Current: ±1%;
c) Temperature: ±2°C.
6.2 Data recording
Unless otherwise required, the recording interval of test data (such as time,
temperature, current and voltage, etc.) shall be no greater than 100s.
6.3 Test preparation
6.3.1 The low-voltage interface, charge-discharge interface, cooling device, and
battery management system of the combined power source system shall be connected
to the test platform equipment; and the active and passive protection of the combined
power source system shall be turned on. Normal communication is realized between
the test platform and the battery management system. The test platform ensures that
the test parameters and conditions are consistent with the requirements of the test
procedures; and that the battery system works within reasonable limits. These limits
are transmitted by the battery management system to the test platform via the bus.
The program of the battery management system can be changed by the manufacturer
of the combined power source system according to the test procedure when necessary.
Active protection also needs to be guaranteed by the test platform, which can be
realized by disconnecting the main contactor of the combined power source system
when necessary.
6.3.2 During the test of the combined power source system, the combined power
source system communicates with the test platform through the bus; and transmits the
state parameters and operating limits of the combined power source system to the test
platform in real time; and the test platform controls the test procedures according to
3 - test sample;
4 - pressure sensor;
5 - thermocouple;
6 - trigger device;
7 - DC power source.
Figure B.1 – Schematic Diagram of Test Platform
B.3.2 Trigger exhaust
B.3.2.1 When the heating method is used to trigger the exhaust of a single cell, the
test can be carried out in accordance with the provisions of C.5.3 in GB 38031-2020.
B.3.2.2 When the overcharge method is used to trigger the exhaust of a single cell,
the battery must be charged to 200% SOC at a constant current specified by the
manufacturer and not less than 1C or after reaching the exhaust voltage threshold of
the cell specified by the manufacturer, then stop charging.
B.3.3 Gas collection
B.3.3.1 When the gas temperature in the gas collection device returns to the ambient
temperature and the pressure reaches a steady state (the temperature reduction rate
is less than 5°C/h, and lasts for more than 2h), calculate the gas production:
a) Calculate the amount of initial gas substance in the gas collection device before
the test according to Formula (B.1):
Where:
n1 – the amount of initial gas substance in the gas collection device, in mol;
p1 – initial pressure in the gas collection device, in Pa;
V – volume of the gas collection device, in L;
R – ideal gas constant, the value of which is 8.314, in [J/(mol • K)];
T1 – initial ambient temperature, in K.
b) Calculate the amount of gas substance after exhaust according to Formulas (B.2)
and (B.3):
...