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GB/T 34590.10-2017

Chinese Standard: 'GB/T 34590.10-2017'
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BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 34590.10-2017 (GB/T34590.10-2017)
Description (Translated English) Road vehicles--Functional safety--Part 10: Guideline
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard T35
Classification of International Standard 43.040
Word Count Estimation 82,896
Date of Issue 2017-10-14
Date of Implementation 2018-05-01
Drafting Organization China Automotive Technology Research Center, China FAW Co., Ltd., Shanghai Hella Electronics Co., Ltd., Bosch Automotive Components (Suzhou) Co., Ltd., Beijing Xingke Di Technology Co., Ltd., Pan Asia Automotive Technology Center Co., Ltd., Schaeffler Investment (China) Co., Ltd., United Automotive Electronics Co., Ltd., Continental Automotive Investment (Shanghai) Co., Ltd., Zhejiang Unitech Electric Co., Ltd., Beijing New Energy Vehicle Co., Ltd.
Administrative Organization National Automotive Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC 114)
Proposing organization National Automotive Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC 114)
Issuing agency(ies) People's Republic of China General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine, China National Standardization Administration

GB/T 34590.10-2017
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 43.040
T 35
Road vehicles - Functional safety - Part 10. Guideline
道路车辆 功能安全 第 10 部分. 指南
(ISO 26262-10.2012, Road vehicles - Functional safety -
Part 10. Guideline on ISO 26262, MOD)
ISSUED ON. OCTOBER 14, 2017
IMPLEMENTED ON. MAY 01, 2018
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine of the People's Republic of China;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of
China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 4
Introduction ... 7
1 Scope ... 11
2 Normative references ... 11
3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms ... 12
4 Key concepts of GB/T 34590 ... 12
4.1 Functional safety for automotive systems (relationship with GB/T 34590) ... 12
4.2 Item, system, element, component, hardware part and software unit ... 16
4.3 Relationship between faults, errors and failures ... 17
5 Selected topics regarding safety management ... 18
5.1 Work product ... 18
5.2 Confirmation measures ... 19
5.3 Understanding of safety cases ... 22
6 Concept phase and system development ... 24
6.1 General ... 24
6.2 Example of hazard analysis and risk assessment ... 25
6.3 An observation regarding controllability classification ... 26
6.4 External measures ... 26
6.5 Example of combining safety goals ... 28
7 Safety process requirement structure - Flow and sequence of safety
requirements ... 29
8 Concerning hardware development ... 33
8.1 The classification of random hardware faults ... 33
8.2 Example of residual failure rate and local single-point fault metric evaluation
... 39
8.3 Further explanation concerning hardware ... 53
9 Safety element out of context ... 55
9.1 Safety element out of context development ... 55
9.2 Use cases ... 57
10 An example of proven in use argument ... 67
10.1 General... 67
10.2 Item definition and definition of the proven in use candidate ... 68
10.3 Change analysis ... 68
10.4 Target values for proven in use ... 69
11 Concerning ASIL decomposition ... 69
11.1 Objective of ASIL decomposition ... 69
11.2 Description of ASIL decomposition... 70
11.3 An example of ASIL decomposition... 70
Annex A (informative) GB/T 34590 and microcontrollers ... 75
Annex B (informative) Fault tree construction and applications ... 112
Bibliography ... 133
Foreword
GB/T 34590 “Road vehicles - Functional safety” consists of the following
sections.
- Part 1. Vocabulary;
- Part 2. Management of functional safety;
- Part 3. Concept phase;
- Part 4. Product development at the system level;
- Part 5. Product development at the hardware level;
- Part 6. Product development at the software level;
- Part 7. Production and operation;
- Part 8. Supporting processes;
- Part 9. Automotive Safety Integrity Level (ASIL)-oriented and safety-
oriented analyses;
- Part 10. Guideline.
This Part is Part 10 of GB/T 34590.
This Part is drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T 1.1-2009.
This Part uses the redrafting method to modify ISO 26262-10.2012 “Road
vehicles - Functional safety - Part 10. Guideline”.
The technical differences between this Part and ISO 26262-10.2012 and their
reasons are as follows.
- MODIFY the scope of this Part, from the original “applied to safety-related
systems that include one or more electrical and/or electronic (E/E) systems
and that are installed in series production passenger cars with a maximum
gross vehicle mass up to 3 500 kg.” to “applied to safety-related systems
that include one or more electrical and/or electronic (E/E) systems and that
are installed in series production passenger cars”;
- Regarding the normative references, this Part has made some adjustments
with technical differences, to adapt to the technical conditions of China. The
adjustments are mainly reflected in Clause 2 “Normative references”. The
specific adjustments are as follows.
● Replace ISO 26262-1.2011 with GB/T 34590.1-2017 that modifies the
international standard;
● Replace ISO 26262-2.2011 with GB/T 34590.2-2017 that modifies the
international standard;
● Replace ISO 26262-3.2011 with GB/T 34590.3-2017 that modifies the
international standard;
● Replace ISO 26262-4.2011 with GB/T 34590.4-2017 that modifies the
international standard;
● Replace ISO 26262-5.2011 with GB/T 34590.5-2017 that modifies the
international standard;
● Replace ISO 26262-6.2011 with GB/T 34590.6-2017 that modifies the
international standard;
● Replace ISO 26262-8.2011 with GB/T 34590.8-2017 that modifies the
international standard;
● Replace ISO 26262-9.2011 with GB/T 34590.9-2017 that modifies the
international standard.
This Part also made the following editorial changes.
- MODIFY the introduction of the international standard and its expression
and the content of Figure 1.
This Part was proposed and shall be under the jurisdiction of National Technical
Committee of Auto Standardization (SAC/TC 114).
Responsible drafting organizations of this Part. China Automotive Technology
& Research Center, China FAW Co., Ltd., Shanghai Haila Electronics Co., Ltd.,
Bosch Automotive Components (Suzhou) Co., Ltd., Beijing Sincode Science &
Technology Co., Ltd., Pan Asia Technical Automotive Center Co., Ltd.,
Schaeffler Investment (China) Co., Ltd., United Automotive Electronics Co., Ltd.,
Continental Automotive Investment (Shanghai) Co., Ltd., Zhejiang Unite Motor
Co., Ltd., BAIC BJEV Co., Ltd.
Participating drafting organizations of this Part. SGMW Co., Ltd., Hunan CRRC
Times Electric Vehicle Co., Ltd., Peugeot Citroen (China) Automobile Trading
Co., Ltd., Autoliv (China) Electronics Co., Ltd., ADVICS (Changzhou)
Management Co., Ltd., Aisin (Nantong) Automotive Technology Center Co., Ltd.,
BMW (China) Service Co., Ltd., Valeo Automotive Internal Control (Shenzhen)
Co., Ltd.
Road vehicles - Functional safety - Part 10. Guideline
1 Scope
This Part of GB/T 34590 provides an overview of GB/T 34590, as well as giving
additional explanations, and is intended to enhance the understanding of the
other parts of this Standard. It has an informative character only and describes
the general concepts of GB/T 34590 in order to facilitate comprehension. The
explanation expands from general concepts to specific contents.
This Standard is intended to be applied to safety-related systems that include
one or more electrical and/or electronic (E/E) systems and that are installed in
series production passenger cars.
This Standard does not address unique E/E systems in special purpose
vehicles such as vehicles designed for drivers with disabilities.
Systems and their components released for production, or systems and their
components already under development prior to the publication date of I This
Standard, are exempted from the scope of this Standard. For further
development or alterations based on systems and their components released
for production prior to the publication of this Standard, only the modifications
will be developed in accordance with this Standard.
This Standard addresses possible hazards caused by malfunctioning behaviour
of E/E safety-related systems, including interaction of these systems. This
Standard does not address hazards related to electric shock, fire, smoke, heat,
radiation, toxicity, flammability, reactivity, corrosion, release of energy and
similar hazards, unless directly caused by malfunctioning behaviour of E/E
safety-related systems.
This Standard does not address the nominal performance of E/E systems, even
if dedicated functional performance standards exist for these systems (e.g.
active and passive safety systems, brake systems, Adaptive Cruise Control).
In the case of inconsistencies between this Part and another part of this
Standard, the requirements, recommendations and information specified in the
other part of this Standard apply.
2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of
this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated
references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any
amendments) applies.
GB/T 34590.1-2017 Road vehicles - Functional safety - Part 1. Vocabulary
(ISO 26262-1.2011, MOD)
GB/T 34590.2-2017 Road vehicles - Functional safety - Part 2. Management
of functional safety (ISO 26262-2.2011, MOD)
GB/T 34590.3-2017 Road vehicles - Functional safety - Part 3. Concept
phase (ISO 26262-3.2011, MOD)
GB/T 34590.4-2017 Road vehicles - Functional safety - Part 4. Product
development at the system level (ISO 26262-4.2011, MOD)
GB/T 34590.5-2017 Road vehicles - Functional safety - Part 5. Product
development at the hardware level (ISO 26262-5.2011, MOD)
GB/T 34590.6-2017 Road vehicles - Functional safet......
Related standard:   GB/T 34590.1-2017  GB/T 34590.2-2017
Related PDF sample:   GB/T 34590.7-2017  GB/T 38775.1-2020
   
 
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