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GB/T 2888-2008

Chinese Standard: 'GB/T 2888-2008'
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BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 2888-2008 (GB/T2888-2008)
Description (Translated English) Methods of noise measurement for fans blowers compressors and roots blowers
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard J72
Classification of International Standard 23.120
Word Count Estimation 33,316
Date of Issue 2008-07-09
Date of Implementation 2009-02-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) GB/T 2888-1991
Quoted Standard GB/T 1236; GB/T 3947; GB/T 10178; JB/T 3165; JB/T 8690; JB/T 8941.2
Drafting Organization Shenyang Blower Works (Group) Co., Ltd.
Administrative Organization National Standardization Technical Committee fan
Regulation (derived from) National Standard Approval Announcement 2008 No.12 (Total No.125)
Summary This standard specifies the noise measurement method A sound level and sound pressure level. It also provides a method of noise measurement of sound power levels. This standard applies to the general type of fan, turbo blowers, turbine compressor (hereinafter referred to as the fan) and noise measurements Roots blower.

GB/T 2888‐2008 
GB
ICS 23.120
J 72
National Standard
of the People’s Republic of China
Replacing GB/T 2888-1991
Methods of noise measurement for fans blowers
compressors and Roots blowers
ISSUED ON. JULY 9, 2008
IMPLEMENTED ON. FEBRUARY 1, 2009
Issued by. State Administration for Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine of the People's Republic of China;
Standardization Administration of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1  Scope ... 5 
2  Normative references ... 5 
3  Terms, symbols and units ... 5 
4  Measurement items ... 8 
5  Measurement condition ... 8 
6  Measuring instruments, equipment, rack and its requirements ... 9 
7  Measuring device ... 9 
8  Measuring procedure ... 10 
9  Measuring method ... 10 
10  Processing of measurement data ... 20 
11  Measurement reports ... 22 
Annex A ... 24 
Annex B ... 33 
Foreword
This Standard is the revision to GB/T 2888-1991 Methods of noise measurement for fans
blowers compressors and Roots blowers.
Compared with GB/T 2888-1991, the changes of the main technical contents of this
Standard are as follows.
— Revise the title “Main Content and Scope of Application” to “Scope”.
— Reconfirm the validity of the reference standards, and add corresponding standards.
— Revise the title “Code” to “Unit” in Chapter 3.
— Increase the fans sound source of free inlet and free outlet in 3.2, and combine the
notes of icons and figures.
— The statement “When carrying out outlet aerodynamic performance test of fans”
specified in 9.2.1.1 is revised as “When carrying out performance test of free inlet
and pipeline outlet of fans”, and icons for description are added.
— The statement “When carrying out inlet aerodynamic performance test of fans”
specified in 9.2.1.2 is revised as “When carrying out performance test of pipeline
inlet and free outlet of fans”, and icons for description are added.
— The statement “When carrying out inlet and outlet aerodynamic performance test of
fans” specified in 9.2.1.3 is revised as “When carrying out performance test of
pipeline inlet and pipeline outlet of fans”, and icons for description are added. The
statement “Measure the air outlet radiation noise from the vent duct. The measuring
position D is at the 45° direction from the air outlet axis. The distance from the outlet
center is the standard length. The measurement position shall be selected at the
area without airflow vortex”.
— Add icons’ noted in 9.2.1.4, 9.2.1.5 and 9.2.2.
— In 10.2.1, when the test speed n is different from rated speed n0, the sound pressure
level conversion formula is modified.
— In 10.2.2, when the atmospheric pressure and the temperature are significantly
different with that in the standard state, the sound pressure level conversion formula
is modified.
— Add A-sound-level calculation formula of fans noise in 10.2.3.
— Units and icons’ notes of some parameters in the previous standard are modified.
Annex A and Annex B of this Standard are informative.
This Standard was proposed by China Machinery Industry Federation.
This Standard shall be under the jurisdiction of National Technical Committee on Fans of
Standardization Administration of China
Drafting organizations of this Standard. Shenyang Blower (Group) Co., Ltd., Beijing Shiji
Jingye Noise Vibration Control Technology Co., Ltd., and Changsha Blower Co., Ltd.
Main drafters of this Standard. Chen Zhongcai, Shao Bin, Zhu Guixiu, Jiang Yunzhu, Xiao
Binshi, and Wang Dongguo.
The previous standard replaced by this Standard are as follows.
— GB 2888-1982, GB/T 2888-1991.
Methods of noise measurement for fans blowers compressors
and Roots blowers
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the noise measuring methods of the A-sound-level and sound
pressure level. And it also specifies the noise measuring methods of the sound power level.
This Standard applies to noise measurement for fans, turbo-blowers, turbo-compressors
(hereinafter referred to as fans) and Roots blowers.
2 Normative references
The articles contained in the following documents have become part of this Standard when
they are quoted herein. For the dated documents so quoted, all the modifications
(excluding corrections) or revisions made thereafter shall not be applicable to this Standard.
For the undated documents so quoted, the latest editions shall be applicable to this
Standard.
GB/T 1236 Industrial fans-Performance testing using standardized airways
GB/T 3947 Acoustical terminology
GB/T 10178 Industrial fans-performance testing in situ (GB/T 10178-2006, ISO 5802.
1997, IDT)
JB/T 3165 Thermodynamic performance test for centrifugal & axial blowers and
compressor
JB/T 8690 Industrial fans noise limited value
JB/T 8941.2 Roots type blowers for general purpose - Part 2. Performance test methods
3 Terms, symbols and units
3.1 A-sound-level
With A-sound-level meter or other measuring instrument that is equivalent, the noise level
measured by A-weighting network is called A-sound-level, expressed as LA. The unit is
Decibel, with unit symbol of dB. In order to make it clear, this Standard uses dB(A) to
express A-characteristic weighting.
3.2 Sound source
The sound sources generated by enclosure, inlet, outlet and other sources of the fans and
Roots blowers. The specific positions of the sound sources (indicated by X) are shown in
Figure 1-7.
Figure 1 Sound source of fans’ free inlet and free outlet
Figure 2 Sound sources of fans’ free inlet and pipeline outlet
Figure 3 Sound sources of fans’ pipeline inlet and free outlet
Figure 4 Sound sources of fans’ pipeline inlet and pipeline outlet
Figure 5 Sound sources of turbo-blowers and turbo-compressor
Figure 6 The Roots blowers’ sound source that with the inlet duct and outlet duct
are in the same line
Figure 7 The Roots blowers’ sound source that the inlet duct and the outlet duct
is mutually perpendicular
3.3 Standard sound source
Standard sound source is the sound source that has very stable output and good omni-
direction within the range of the measurement frequency, and it is calibrated in anechoic
chamber or reverberation chamber.
3.4 Standard length
The distance from noise measuring point to sound source point. When measuring the noise
at inlet and outlet of the fans, and If the diameter of impeller is less than or equal to 1 m,
the standard distance is 1m; if the diameter of impeller is greater than 1m, the standard
length is equal to impeller diameter. Standard length is expressed as L.
When measuring the noise of fans and Roots blowers’ enclosure, it shall take the standard
length as 1 m.
3.5 Measured value
The read value of the sound level meter after the background noise is corrected.
3.6 Assumed sound source surface
Taking sound source into account, the minimum assumed cuboid surface of basal plane
with good sound insulation. The protuberances of fans and Roots blowers are deemed as
the main parts of sound sources.
3.7 Semi-free field
The sound field in which sound source can be set, and which has a reflecting surface.
4 Measurement items
Under the operating conditions specified, measure A-sound-level and the frequency-band
sound pressure level of fans and Roots blowers.
5 Measurement condition
5.1 Measurement environment
5.1.1 Measurement site
For measurement sites, the sites without reflection conditions (the ground is excluded)
shall be selected as possible. In addition, the fans or Roots blowers to be measured shall
be in operating condition. When the distance from the measuring point to the sound source
point is 1 time and 2 times of the standard length, the difference value of A-sound-level
shall not be less than 5 dB(A).......
Related standard:   GB/T 4974-2018  GB/T 4975-2018
Related PDF sample:   GB/T 4976-2017  GB/T 33625-2017
   
 
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