Powered by Google www.ChineseStandard.net Database: 189760 (20 Apr 2024)

GB/T 24554-2022 (GBT24554-2022)

GB/T 24554-2022_English: PDF (GBT 24554-2022, GBT24554-2022)
Standard IDContents [version]USDSTEP2[PDF] delivered inStandard Title (Description)StatusPDF
GB/T 24554-2022English320 Add to Cart 0--9 seconds. Auto-delivery Performance test methods for fuel cell system Valid GB/T 24554-2022

BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 24554-2022 (GB/T24554-2022)
Description (Translated English) Performance test methods for fuel cell system
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard T47
Classification of International Standard 43.120
Word Count Estimation 22,258
Date of Issue 2022-12-30
Date of Implementation 2023-07-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) GB/T 24554-2009
Drafting Organization Tongji University, China Automotive Research Institute New Energy Vehicle Inspection Center (Tianjin) Co., Ltd., China Automotive Technology Research Center Co., Ltd., Shanghai Jet Hydrogen Technology Co., Ltd., Shanghai Remodeling Energy Technology Co., Ltd., Toyota Motor (China) Investment Co., Ltd., Beijing Yihuatong Technology Co., Ltd., Xiangyang Da'an Automobile Testing Center Co., Ltd., Beijing Hydrogen Power Technology Co., Ltd., Shandong Guochuang Fuel Cell Technology Innovation Center Co., Ltd., Shanghai Motor Vehicle Testing and Certification Technology Research Center Co., Ltd., China First Automobile Co., Ltd., SAIC Maxus Automobile Co., Ltd., Chongqing Changan New Energy Vehicle Technology Co., Ltd., Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Great Wall Motor Co., Ltd., Shanghai Fuel Cell Vehicle Power System Co., Ltd., Shanghai Shenli Technology Co., Ltd.,
Administrative Organization National Automotive Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC 114)
Proposing organization State Administration for Market Regulation, National Standardization Management Committee

Standards related to: GB/T 24554-2022

GB/T 24554-2022
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 43.120
CCS T 47
Replacing GB/T 24554-2009
Performance test methods for fuel cell system
ISSUED ON: DECEMBER 30, 2022
IMPLEMENTED ON: JULY 01, 2023
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 5
2 Normative references ... 5
3 Terms and definitions ... 5
4 Measurement parameters, units and accuracy ... 5
5 Test conditions ... 6
6 General test requirements ... 8
7 Preprocessing methods ... 8
8 Test methods ... 9
Appendix A (Informative) Test sequence of test items ... 21
Appendix B (Normative) Steady-state test data processing ... 22
Appendix C (Normative) Dynamic average power test data processing ... 24
Appendix D (Informative) Block diagram of fuel cell engine boundaries ... 26
Appendix E (Normative) Measurement method for fuel cell stack volumetric power
density ... 27
Performance test methods for fuel cell system
1 Scope
This document specifies the test methods of normal temperature start characteristics,
low temperature cold start characteristics, steady state characteristics, dynamic
response characteristics, dynamic average efficiency, high temperature operation test,
air tightness test, insulation resistance test, mass and power density test, etc. for fuel
cell engine.
This document applies to the testing of proton exchange membrane fuel cell engines for
vehicles.
2 Normative references
The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of
their content constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the
version corresponding to that date is applicable to this document; for undated references,
the latest version (including all amendments) is applicable to this document.
GB/T 8170, Rules of rounding off for numerical values & expression and judgment
of limiting values
GB 18384, Electric vehicles safety requirements
GB/T 24548, Fuel cell electric vehicles - Terminology
GB/T 34593-2017, Test methods of hydrogen emission for fuel cell engine
GB/T 35178, Fuel cell electric vehicles - Hydrogen consumption - Test methods
GB/T 37244, Fuel specification for proton exchange membrane fuel cell vehicles -
Hydrogen
3 Terms and definitions
Terms and definitions determined by GB/T 24548 are applicable to this document.
4 Measurement parameters, units and accuracy
Table 1 specifies the measurement parameters, units and accuracy of the test.
engine shall be shut down immediately. When the ambient temperature reaches the set
temperature, start timing, and the effective immersion time shall not be less than 12
hours.
During the whole low-temperature cold start and low-temperature operation process,
the temperature of the environmental chamber shall be controlled within ±2.0 °C of the
set temperature and shall be lower than 0 °C.
Note: The effective immersion time refers to the time from the time when the
temperature of the environmental chamber reaches the set temperature to the
end of the immersion.
7.3 High temperature immersion method
Before immersion, the process of switching on and off the fuel cell engine shall be
completed once, and the fuel cell engine shall be turned off.
In the high temperature operation test of the fuel cell engine, the radiator or heat
exchanger used for the fuel cell engine shall be placed in the environmental chamber.
Set the temperature of the environmental chamber to 45.0 °C and the relative humidity
to 40% ~ 90%. When the ambient temperature reaches the set temperature, start timing,
and the effective immersion time shall not be less than 2 hours.
During the whole high temperature immersion and high temperature operation process,
the temperature of the environmental chamber shall be controlled within ±2.0 °C of the
set temperature.
Note: The effective immersion time refers to the time from the time when the
temperature of the environmental chamber reaches the set temperature to the
end of the immersion.
7.4 Warming-up method
According to the manufacturer’s use regulations, make the fuel cell engine system work
at a certain power, while monitoring the outlet temperature of the coolant of the fuel
cell engine. When the outlet temperature of the coolant of the fuel cell engine reaches
the normal operating temperature (the temperature is specified by the manufacturer),
the fuel cell engine is considered to be in a hot state.
8 Test methods
8.1 Start characteristic test
8.1.1 Normal temperature start characteristic test
8.1.1.1 Normal temperature idle speed cold start characteristic test
8.1.1.1.1 Test conditions
Before the test, place the fuel cell engine at normal temperature, and carry out the
immersion treatment according to the immersion method in 7.1. The test process shall
be carried out automatically without manual intervention.
8.1.1.1.2 Test procedure
Test according to the following procedure:
a) According to the start procedure recommended by the manufacturer, the test
platform sends a starting command to the fuel cell engine according to the
provisions of 5.4, and starts the fuel cell engine;
b) After the fuel cell engine is started, keep it running for at least 10 minutes at idle
speed (or the lowest power point of the fuel cell engine);
c) If condition b) is not met, the test shall be carried out again according to 8.1.1.1.1
and this article.
8.1.1.1.3 Data measured and recorded during the test
Data measured in the test: cold starting time, fuel cell stack (or fuel cell engine) voltage,
fuel cell stack (or fuel cell engine) current, etc.
8.1.1.2 Normal temperature idle speed hot start test
8.1.1.2.1 Test conditions
Before the test, warm up the fuel cell engine according to the method specified in 7.4,
so that the fuel cell engine is in a warm-up state. The test process shall be carried out
automatically without manual intervention.
8.1.1.2.2 Test procedure
Test according to the following procedure:
a) After the warm-up process is over, stop for 10 s; then, follow the starting procedure
specified by the manufacturer. The test platform sends a starting command to the
fuel cell engine according to the provisions of 5.4, and starts the fuel cell engine;
b) After the fuel cell engine is started, keep it running for at least 10 minutes at idle
speed (or the lowest power point of the fuel cell engine);
c) If condition b) is not met, the test shall be carried out again according to 8.1.1.2.1
and this article.
8.1.1.2.3 Data measured and recorded during the test
b) The test platform sends a loading command to the fuel cell engine in accordance
with the provisions of 5.4. After loading to the rated power point, the fuel cell
engine continues to run at the rated power for at least 10 minutes;
c) If condition b) is not met, the test shall be carried out again according to 8.1.1.4.1
and this article.
8.1.1.4.3 Data measured and recorded during the test
Data measured in the test: hot starting time, fuel cell stack (or fuel cell engine) voltage,
fuel cell stack (or fuel cell engine) current.
8.1.2 Low temperature cold start characteristic test
8.1.2.1 Low temperature idle speed cold start test
8.1.2.1.1 Test conditions
Before the test, place the fuel cell engine in the environmental chamber; set the
temperature of the environmental chamber to the specified temperature; carry out the
immersion treatment according to the immersion method in 7.2. The test process shall
be carried out automatically without manual intervention.
8.1.2.1.2 Test procedure
Test according to the following procedure:
a) After the preprocessing is completed, follow the starting procedure recommended
by the manufacturer. The test platform sends a starting command to the fuel cell
engine in accordance with the provisions of 5.4 to start the fuel cell engine;
b) After the fuel cell engine is started, keep it running for at least 10 minutes at idle
speed (or the lowest power point of the fuel cell engine);
c) If condition b) is not met, the test shall be carried out again according to 8.1.2.1.2
and this article.
8.1.2.1.3 Data measured and recorded during the test
Data measured in the test: starting time, fuel cell stack (or fuel cell engine) voltage, fuel
cell stack (or fuel cell engine) current, ambient temperature, coolant temperature,
auxiliary system voltage, auxiliary system current, hydrogen consumption.
8.1.2.2 Low temperature rated power cold start test
8.1.2.2.1 Test conditions
Before the test, place the fuel cell engine in the environmental chamber; set the
temperature of the environmental chamber to the specified temperature; carry out the
immersion treatment according to the immersion method in 7.2. The test process shall
be carried out automatically without manual intervention.
8.1.2.2.2 Test procedure
Test according to the following procedure:
a) After the preprocessing is completed, follow the starting procedure recommended
by the manufacturer. The test platform sends a starting command to the fuel cell
engine in accordance with the provisions of 5.4 to start the fuel cell engine;
b) The test platform sends a loading command to the fuel cell engine in accordance
with the provisions of 5.4. After loading to the rated power point, the fuel cell
engine continues to run at the rated power for at least 10 minutes;
c) If condition b) is not met, the test shall be carried out again according to 8.1.2.2.1
and this article.
8.1.2.2.3 Data measured and recorded during the test
Data measured in the test: starting time, fuel cell stack (or fuel cell engine) voltage, fuel
cell stack (or fuel cell engine) current, ambient temperature, coolant temperature,
auxiliary system voltage, auxiliary system current, hydrogen consumption.
8.2 Rated power test
8.2.1 Test conditions
Before the test, set the fuel cell engine at a warm-up state. The test process shall be
carried out automatically without manual intervention.
8.2.2 Test procedure
Test according to the following procedure:
a) After the warm-up process is over, return to the idle state (or the lowest power
point of the fuel cell engine) and run for 10 s;
b) The test platform sends a loading command to the fuel cell engine in accordance
with the provisions of 5.4, loads to the rated power and continues to run at this
power for 63 minutes (the loading process is shown in Figure 1);
c) Take the average value of the 60-min operating power in Figure 1 as the rated
power (PE) measured value (in kW) of the fuel cell engine, and round the rated
power measured value to 2 decimal places according to the provisions of GB/T
8170. The nominal value of the rated power is the integer part of the rated power
measured value;
power point for at least 10 minutes, then loads to the set peak power, and
continues to run at this power point (the length of time is determined by the
manufacturer); after the set time is reached, it unloads according to the unloading
method specified by the manufacturer, then the test is successful; otherwise, the
test result is invalid, and the test must be repeated according to 8.3.1 and this
article.
8.3.3 Data measured and recorded during the test
Data measured in the test: peak power operation time, fuel cell stack (or fuel cell engine)
voltage, fuel cell stack (or fuel cell engine) current, auxiliary system voltage, auxiliary
system current, hydrogen consumption.
8.4 Dynamic response characteristic test
8.4.1 Test conditions
Before the test, set the fuel cell engine to a warm-up state. The test process shall be
carried out automatically without manual intervention.
8.4.2 Test procedure
8.4.2.1 Loading dynamic response test
Test according to the following procedure:
a) Perform warm-up treatment on the fuel cell engine first; after the end of the warm-
up process, it returns to the idle state (or the lowest power point of the fuel cell
engine) and runs for 10 s;
b) The test platform sends a loading command to the fuel cell engine according to
the provisions of 5.4, loads to the initial power point of the dynamic response,
and runs stably at this power point for at least 1 min;
c) The test platform continues to send a loading command to the fuel cell engine
until it reaches the cut-off point of the dynamic step; the fuel cell engine continues
to run at this power point for at least 10 minutes, otherwise the test fails, and the
test must be repeated in accordance with 8.4.1 and this article.
Note: It is recommended to select the idle state (or the lowest power point of the fuel
cell engine) as the initial power point of the dynamic response, 90% PE as the
cut-off point of the dynamic step, and the response time of this step as an index
to evaluate the dynamic response of the fuel cell engine. PE is the rated power
of the fuel cell engine.
8.4.2.2 Unloading dynamic response test
Test according to the following procedure:
a) Perform warm-up treatment on the fuel cell engine first; after the end of the warm-
up process, it returns to the idle state (or the lowest power point of the fuel cell
engine) and runs for 10 s;
b) The test platform sends a loading command to the fuel cell engine according to
the provisions of 5.4, and loads to the initial power point of the dynamic response.
It is recommended to select 90% PE as the initial power point of the dynamic
response, and PE as the rated power of the fuel cell engine, at which it shall run
stably for at least 1 minute;
c) The test platform continues to send an unloading command to the fuel cell engine,
so that it reaches the cut-off point of the dynamic step within the specified time;
the fuel cell engine continues to run stably at this power point for at least 10
minutes, otherwise the test fails, and the test must be repeated in accordance with
8.4.1 and this article.
Note: The idle state (or the lowest power point of the fuel cell engine) is used as the
cut-off point of the dynamic step, and the response time of this step is used as
an indicator for evaluating the unloading dynamic response of the fuel cell
engine.
8.4.3 Data measured and recorded during the test
Data measured in the test: dynamic step response time, fuel cell stack (or fuel cell
engine) voltage, fuel cell stack (or fuel cell engine) current, auxiliary system voltage,
auxiliary system current, hydrogen consumption.
8.5 Steady state characteristic test
8.5.1 Test conditions
Before the test, set the fuel cell engine to the warm-up state. The test process shall be
carried out automatically without manual intervention, and the test data processing shall
be in accordance with the provisions of Appendix B.
8.5.2 Test procedure
Test according to the following procedure:
a) Select the following operating points within the working range of the fuel cell
engine, which are respectively the idle state (or the lowest power point of the fuel
cell engine), 10%PE, 20%PE, 30%PE, 40%PE, 50%PE, 60%PE, 70%PE, 80%PE,
90%PE;
b) After the warm-up process is over, it returns to the idle state (or the lowest power
point of the fuel cell engine) and runs for 10 s;
conditions specified by the manufacturer, and continues to run at this power for
63 minutes (the loading process is shown in Figure 1);
c) The output power of the fuel cell engine within the effective measurement period
in Figure 1 shall always be 95% ~ 105% of the average value of the effective
measurement period of 60 minutes of operating power, otherwise the test result is
invalid, and the test shall be carried out according to 8.6.1 and this article again.
8.6.3 Data measured and recorded during the test
Data measured in the test: voltage and current of the fuel cell stack (or fuel cell engine),
consumption of hydrogen, voltage and current of the auxiliary system.
8.7 Dynamic average efficiency characteristic test
Perform the test according to the test method specified in 5.2.2 of GB/T 34593-2017;
collect the voltage, current, hydrogen flow and other parameters of the fuel cell stack
(or fuel cell engine); conduct the test three times; take the average value of the three
tests as the result. The test data processing method shall be processed according to
Appendix C.
8.8 Fuel cell engine air tightness test
8.8.1 Test conditions
Put the fuel cell engine at the ambient temperature without adding coolant; let it stand
for not less than 12 h, so that the fuel cell engine is in a cold state; conduct the test
according to the steps in 8.8.2.
8.8.2 Test procedure
8.8.2.1 Hydrogen flow path air tightness test
Carry out the air tightness test according to the following procedure.
a) If the working pressure on the hydrogen side of the fuel cell engine is greater than
or equal to 50 kPa: close the hydrogen exhaust port of the fuel cell stack; fill
helium-nitrogen mixed gas (helium concentration not less than 10%) from the
hydrogen inlet port (hydrogen inlet of the fuel cell engine); set the pressure at 50
kPa; close the inlet valve after the pressure is stable; keep the other ports open;
keep the pressure 20 min; record the pressure drop value.
b) If the working pressure on the hydrogen side of the fuel cell engine is less than 50
kPa: close the hydrogen exhaust port of the fuel cell stack; fill helium-nitrogen
mixed gas (helium concentration not less than 10%) from the hydrogen inlet port
(hydrogen inlet of the fuel cell engine). If the working pressure on the hydrogen
side of the fuel cell stack is 30 kPa ~ 50 kPa, set the pressure to the working
pressure of the fuel cell stack; if the working pressure on the hydrogen side of the
...