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GB 29938-2013

GB 29938-2013_English: PDF (GB29938-2013)
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GB 29938-2013English150 Add to Cart 0--10 minutes. Auto-delivered. Food additive -- General Rules for Flavorings GB 29938-2013 Valid GB 29938-2013
 

BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB 29938-2013 (GB29938-2013)
Description (Translated English) Food additive��General Rules for Flavorings
Sector / Industry National Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard X09
Word Count Estimation 73,722
Drafting Organization National Food Industry Standardization Technical Committee
Administrative Organization National Health & Family Planning Commission of PRC
Regulation (derived from) China Food & Drug Administration [2013] No. 234, November, 1, 2013
Issuing agency(ies) National Health and Family Planning Commission of the People's Republic of China
Summary This standard applies to GB 2760 allowed in the food with spices.

GB 29938-2013
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
National Food Safety Standard –
General Principles for Food Spices
ISSUED ON. NOVEMBER 29, 2013
IMPLEMENTED ON. JUNE 1, 2014
Issued by. National Health and Family Planning Commission of the People's
Republic of China
Table of Contents
1 Scope ... 3 
2 Terms and Definitions ... 3 
3 Requirements ... 3 
Appendix A Allowable Extraction Solvent for Food Natural Spice ... 5 
Appendix B Food Natural Spice from Marine Products ... 6 
Appendix C Requirements for The Content of Natural Monomeric Spice for Food ... 7 
Appendix D Requirements for the Content of Food Synthetic Spice ... 8 
National Food Safety Standard –
General Principles for Food Spices
1 Scope
This standard is applicable to allowable food spices in GB 2760.
2 Terms and Definitions
2.1 Food spices
Main material for food spices is able to make the food smell good and only taste salty, sweet
or sour. Food spices include natural spices, synthetic spices and fumigated spices which are
generally prepared to be food essence before flavoring; part of them may also be directly used
for flavoring.
2.2 Natural spice for food
Spicy preparation or spicy substance of specific chemical structure obtained from animals and
plants through the process of physical method, enzyme method or microbiological method. It
includes natural compound spice for food and natural monomeric spice for food.
2.2.1 Natural compound spice for food
Spicy preparation for food
Spicy preparation (composed of multiple components/multicomponent) obtained from animals
and plants through the process of physical method, enzyme method or microbiological method.
The animals and plant as source materials may be either crude or processed through
traditional food preparation procedure, including essential oil, juice essential oil, extractive,
protein hydrolysate, distillate or product through baking, heating or enzymolysis.
2.2.2 Natural monomeric spice for food
Spicy substance with specific chemical structure obtained from animals and plants
through the process of physical method, enzyme method or microbiological method. The
animals and plant as source materials may be either crude or processed through traditional food
preparation procedure.
2.3 Synthetic spice for food
Spicy substance with specific chemical structure formed through chemosynthesis.
3 Requirements
3.1 Basic requirements
Quality specification of food spices shall meet the requirements of National Food Safety
Standard or relevant standards.
Appendix A
Allowable Extraction Solvent for Food Natural Spice
Inventory of allowable extraction solvents for food natural spice are shown in Table A.1.
Table A.1 -- Inventory of Allowable Extraction Solvents for Food Natural Spice
No. Name of Solvents
1 Butane
2 Propane
3 Isobutane
4 Toluene
5 Cyclohexane
6 Hexane
7 Light petroleum
8 Methanol
9 1-Butanol
10 Acetone
11 Ethyl methyl ketone
12 Ethyl acetate
13 Diethyl ether
14 Dibutyl ether
15 Methyl tert-butylether
16 Dichloromethane
17 Carbone dioxide
Note. food or food ingredient (such as water, edible alcohol and edible animal and vegetable oil, etc.) and allowable food spice
may also be used as extraction solvent.
Appendix B
Food Natural Spice from Marine Products
Inventory of food natural spice from marine products is shown in Table B.1.
Table B.1 -- Inventory of Food Natural Spice from Marine Products
Code. Name FEMA serial number
N203 Kelp (Laminaria and kereocystis spp.) 2606
N330 Algues absolute -
N379 Katsuobushi CO2 extract -
N396 Algin (Laminaria spp. and other kelps) 2014
Appendix D
Requirements for the Content of Food Synthetic Spice
Requirements for the content of food synthetic spice is shown in Table D.1.
Table D.1 -- Requirements for the content of food synthetic spice
Code Name FEMA serial number Content (≥) Remarks
S0002 1,2,3-Propanetriol (Glycerol) 2525 95.0%
S0003 Isopropyl alcohol 2929 98%
S0004 1-Butanol(Butyl alcohol) 2178 99.5%
S0005 Isobutyl alcohol 2179 98%
S0006 1-Pentanol(Amyl alcohol) 2056 98.0%
S0007 2-Pentanol 3316 97.9%
S0008 Isoamyl alcohol 2057 98.0%
S0009 1-Penten-3-ol 3584 98%
S0010 1-Hexanol(Hexyl alcohol) 2567 96.5%
S0011 2-Hexen-1-ol 2562 95%(sum of cis-isomer and trans-isomer)
S0012 4-Hexen-1-ol 3430 96.0%
S0013 1-Heptanol(Heptyl alcohol) 2548 97.0%
S0014 1-Octanol(Octyl alcohol) 2800 98.0%
S0015 2-Octanol 2801 97.0%
S0016 1-Octen-3-ol 2805 96.0%
S0017 cis-5-Octen-1-ol 3722 90% Minor constituent. trans-5-
OCten-1-ol
S0018 1-Nonanol(Nonyl alcohol) 2789 97.0%
S0019 cis-6-Nonen-1-ol 3465 95.0%
S0020 trans-2-Nonen-1-ol 3379 95%
S0021 2,6-Nonadien-1-ol 2780 95%
S0022 1-Decanol(Decyl alcohol) 2365 98.0%
S0023 Undecyl alcohol 3097 97.0%
S0024 Lauryl alcohol(Dodecyl alcohol) 2617 97.0%
S0025 1-Hexadecanol 2554 97.0%
S0026 Fenchyl alcohol 2480 97% (C10H18O)
S0027 Leaf alcohol(cis-3-Hexen-1-ol) 2563 98.0% (cis-isomer)
S0028 Borneol 2157 97%
S0031 Isopulegol 2962 95%(sum of isomers)
S0032 Styralyl alcohol(α-Methylbenzyl alcohol) 2685 99%
S0035 Phenylpropyl alcohol 2885 98%
S0036 Rhodinol 2980 82%(total alcohol C10H20O)
Minor constituent... citronellyl acetate,
nerolyl actate and geranyl acetate
S0038 Farnesol 2478 96%(sum of isomers) -
S0039 Geraniol 2507 88% (total alcohol C10H20O)
Minor constituent. citronellyl acetate,
nerolyl actate and geranyl acetate
S0040 dl-Citronellol 2309 90%(total alcohol C10H20O)
S0043 α-Ionol 3624 99.0%
S0044 β-Ionol 3625 92%(sum of ionol and ionol isomer -- not
less than 99%)
S0045 Dihydro-β-ionol 3627 97.0%
S0046 Nerol 2770 95%(total alcohol C10H18O) -
S0047 Nerolidol 2772 97% -
S0048 Dimethyl benzyl carbinol 2393 97% -
S0049 1-Propanol(Propyl alcohol) 2928 99.0% -
S0050 3-Hexanol 3351 97.0% -
S0051 1-Hexen-3-ol 3608 98% -
S0052 2-Ethyl-1-hexanol 3151 97.0% -
S0053 2-Heptanol 3288 96.0% -
S0054 3-Octanol 3581 97.0% -
S0055 cis-3-Octen-1-ol 3467 96.0%(C8H16O, cis-iosmer)
S0056 2-Undecanol 3246 98.0% -
S0057 p,α-Dimethylbenzyl alcohol 3139 96% -
S0058 p-Isopropylbenzyl alcohol 2933 97% -
S0059 p, α, α-Trimethylbenzyl alcohol 3242 90%(containing isopropenyltoluene) -
S0060 β-Caryophyllene alcohol 4410 92% -
S0061 Estragole 2411 95% -
S0062 Tetrahydrogeraniol 2391 90%
Minor constituent. geraniol and
citronellol
S0064 1-p-Menthen-4-ol 2248 96% -
S0065 Perilla alcohol 2664 96% -
S0066 Menthol (dl-Menthol, l-Mentho) 2665 95% (sum of two isomers) -
S0067 3-(l-Menthoxy)-2-methylpropane-1,2-diol 3849 99% -
S0068 3,5,5-Trimethylcyclohexanol 3962 98% -
S0069 cis-2-Nonen-1-ol 3720 96% -
S0070
E,E-2,4-Decadien-1-ol (trans,trans-2,4-
Decadien-1-ol)
3911 92% Minor constituent.
trans,trans-2,4-
Decadien-1-ol
S0071 (E)-2-Octen-4-ol 3888 95% -
S0072 p-Menth-3-en-1-ol 3563 95% -
S0073 Menthadienol(p-mentha-1,8(10)-dien-9-ol) - 95% -
S0074 Cedrenol - 95.0% -
S0075
Dehydrolinalool ((E)-3,7-Dimethyl-1,5,7-
octatrien-3-ol)
3830 93%
Minor constituent. linanool
Linanool oxide and nerol oxide
trisulfide and propenyl tetrasulfide -- not
less than 95%)
S0815 Diallyl tetrasulfide(Diallyl polysulfide) 3533 95% -
S0816 2-(Methylthio)methyl-2-butenal 3601 99% -
S0817 3-Methylthio hexanal 3877 95.8% -
S0818 Cyclohexyl acetate 2349 98% -
S0819 o-Amino acetophenone 3906 97.0% -
S0820 2-Methyl-3-(methylthio)furan 3949 95% -
S0821 3-Mercapto-3-methyl-butyl formate 3855 95% -
S0822 3-(Methylthio)propyl acetate 3883 97% -
S0823
S-Methyl 3-
methylbutanethioate(Methylthiol
isovalerate)
3864 95% -
S0824 Methyl methanethiosulfonate - 95.0% -
S0825 Methyl 2-methythio butyrate 3708 99% -
S0826 3-(Methylthio)-1-hexyl acetate 3789 99% -
S0827 S-methyl thioacetate 3876 98% -
S0828
(5H)-5-Methyl-6,7-dihydro-
cyclopenta(b)pyrazine
3306 97% -
S0829 2-Methoxypyrazine 3302 99% -
S0830 2-,5 or 6-Methoxy-3-methyl-pyrazine 3183 97%(sum of isomers) -
S0831 2-Acetyl-3,5(or6)dimethyl pyrazine 3327 97%(sum of isomers) -
S0832 2-Acetyl 3-methyl pyrazine 3964 98% -
S0833 Tetrahydropyrrole(Pyrrolidine) 3523 95% -
S0834 2-Isobutyl pyridine 3370 97% -
S0835 2-Ethyl-4,5-dimethyloxazole 3672 99% -
S0836 Ammonium sulfide 2053 95.0% -
S0837 Ethyl 2-mercaptopropionate 3279 99% -
S0838
N-(4-Hydroxy-3-methoxybenzyl)-
nonanamide
2787 96% -
S0839 1,4-Dithiane 3831 97% -
S0840 Myrtenol 3439 95% -
S0841 Piperine 2909 97% -
S0842 2,3-Dimethylbenzofuran 3535 97% -
S0844 γ-Ionone 3175 95% -
S0845 Dihydro-Alpha-ionone 3628 99.0% -
S0846 d-Piperitone(p-menth-1-en-3-one) 2910 94% Minor constituent. menthol, menthone
S0847 Piperitenone(p-Mentha-1,4(8)-dien-3-one) 3560 95%(sum of isomers) -
S0848 l-Aspartic acid 3656 98% -
S0849 d,l-Isoleucine 3295 98% -
S0853 Disodium succinate 3277 98.0% -
S0857 δ-Hexadecalactone 4673 95.0% -
S0858 (+/-)Dihydromintlactone 4032 99% -
S0859 (Z)-4-Dodecenal 4036 94%(containing dodecyl aldehyde) -
S0860 4,5-Epoxy trans-2-decenal 4037 87%(trans-isomer) Minor constituent. cis-isomer
S0861 2-Ethyl-5-methylpyrazine 3154 95% -
S0862 cis-3-cis-6-Nonadien-1-ol 3885 97% -
S0863 2-Methyl-1-butanol 3998 99% -
S0864 Isoborneol 2158 92% Minor constituent. borneol
S1175 l-Menthone 1,2-glycerol Ketal 3807 98.0% -
S1176 4-(Methylthio)-4-methyl-2-pentanone 3376 99% -
S1177 3-Mercapto-2-pentanone 3300 98% -
S1178 d,l-Menthone 1,2-glycerol Ketal 3808 98% -
S1179 Methyl-α-ionone 2711
90%(sum of methyliononeisomers -- not
less than 95%)
S1180 α-iso-Methylionone 2714 85%(sum of isomers -- not less than 95%)
S1181 Allyl α-ionone 2033
88%(sum of isomers -- not less than
95%)
S1182 6-Methylcoumarin 2699 99% -
S1183 2-Mercaptopropionic acid 3180 95% -
S1185 Benzyl dimethyl carbinyl acetate 2392 98% -
S1186 Allyl cyclohexaneacetate 2023 96% -
S1187 Rhodinyl acetate 2981 87%(totally) Minor constituent. rhodinol
S1188 Ethyl 3-(2-furyl)propanoate 2435 95% -
S1189 Allyl propionate 2040 99% -
S1191 Isobutyl 3-(2-furan)propionate 2198 96% -
S1192 Furfuryl thiopropionate 3347 97% -
S1193 Dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrate 2394 95% -
S1194 Allyl cyclohexanebutyrate 2024 98% -
S1195 1,3-Nonanediol acetate(mixed esters) 2783 95%(sum of 1,3-
Nonanediol acetate and
1,3-Nonanediol acetate)
S1196 Styralyl butyrate 2686 98% -
S1197 Cedryl acetate - 95.0% -
S1198 Maltol isobutyrate 3462 96% -
S1199 Ethyl 2-methyl-4-pentenoate 3489 98.0% -
S1200 Tetrahydrofurfuryl acetate 3055 97% -
S1201 Methyl heptine carbonate 2729 95% -
S1202 Methyl octyne carbonate 2726 97% -
S1203 Diethyl sebacate 2376 98% -
S1204 Ethyl 10-undecenoate 2461 98.0% -
S1205 Allyl phenylacetate 2039 99% -
S1206 Triacetin 2007
98.5%(inspection method in accordance
with YC 114)
S1207 Geranyl phenylacetate 2516 97% -
S1208 p-Cresyl phenylacetate 3077 97% -
S1209 Methyl 4-phenylbutyrate 2739 97% -
S1210 Ethyl 4-phenylbutyrate 2453 97% -
S1211 Allyl cinnamate 2022 97% -
S1212 Ethyl 2-methyl-3-pentenoate 3456 98% -
S1213 Ethyl nitrite 2446 99.0% -
S1214 Amyl heptanoate 2073 93%
Minor constituent. 2-methyl pentyl
hexanoate
S1215 3-Acetyl-2,5-dimethylfuran 3391 99% -
S1216
2,5-Dimethyl-3-Oxo-(2H)-fur-4-yl butyrate
93%
Minor constituent. 4-hydroxy-2,5-dimethyl
furan-3-ketone, butyrate
S1217 2-Methoxy-3(5 or 6)-isopropylpyranzine 3358 97%(sum of isomers) -
S1218
2-Methyl-3,5-or 6-(furfurylthio)-
pyrazine(mixture of isomers)
3189 99% -
S1219
2-Methyl(or ethyl)-(3,5 or 6)-methoxy
pyrazine
3280 99%(sum of six specified compounds) -
S1220 2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-dihydroxy-1,4-dithiane 3450 95% -
S1221
5,7-Dihydro-2-methylthieno(3,4-d)-
pyrimidine
3338 98% -
S1222 2-Ethoxythiazole 3340 99% -
S1223 2,4-Dimethyl-5-acetylthiazole 3267 97% -
S1224 Isoeugenyl acetate 2470 98% -
S1225
p-Methylphenyl 3-methylbutyrate(p-Cresyl
isovalerate)
3387 98% -
S1226 l-Menthol ethylene glycol carbonate 3805 96% -
S1227 3-(2-Methylpropyl)pyridine 3371 97% -
S1228 Ethylvanillin propylene glycol acetal 3838
97%(sum of specified compound and
ethylvanillin)
S1232
Isobutyl benzyl carbinol (α-Butyl iso
phenethyl alcohol)
2208 96% -
S1233 4-Phenyl-3-buten-2-ol 2880 96% -
S1234 2-Methyl-4-phenyl-2-butanol 3629 97% -
S1235
l-Menthol 1-(or2-)-propylene glycol
carbonate
3806 98.0% -
S1236 Allyl octanoate 2037 97.0% -
S1237 α-Propylphenethyl alcohol 2953 96% -
S1238
Hydratropyl alcohol (β-Methylphenethyl
alcohol)
2732 98% -
S1239 Tetrahydrolinalool 3060 98.0% -
S1240 2,3-Dimercaptobutane 3477 99% -
S1241 β-Naphthyl ethyl ether 2768 99% -
S1242 β-Naphthyl isobutyl ether 3719 98% -
S1243 o-Propylphenol 3522 96% -
S1244 Isoeugenyl benzyl ether 3698 96% -
S1245 2-Methyl-3(5-or 6)-(methylthio)pyrazine 3208 99%(sum of isomers) -
S1246 Citronellyloxyacetaldehyde 2310 75%
Minor constituent.
citronellyloxyacetaldehyde, geraniol
S1247 Acetaldehyde phenylethyl propyl acetal 2004 96% -
S1248
2-Methyl-3-(p-methylphenyl)propanal
(Satinaldehyde)
2748 95% -
S1249 2-Phenyl-3-(2-furyl)prop-2-enal 3586 99% -
S1250 3,5,5-Trimethylhexanal 3524 97.0% -
S1251 2-Methyl-3(5 or 6)-ethoxypyrazine 3569 97% -
S1252 Heptanal glyceryl acetal 2542
96%(sum of mixed isomer and unreacted
aldehyde)
S1253 Phenylacetaldehyde glyceryl acetal 2877 95% -
S1254 p-Isopropyl phenylacetaldehyde 2954 97% -
S1255 2-Methyl-4-phenylbutyraldehyde 2737 95% -
S1256 Hydratropic aldehyde 2886 95% -
S1257 Hydratropic aldehyde dimethyl acetal 2888 95% -
S1258 Hydroxycitronellal diethyl acetal 2584 95% -