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GB 18565-2016

Chinese Standard: 'GB 18565-2016'
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Detail Information of GB 18565-2016; GB18565-2016
Description (Translated English): Composite performance requirement and detecting methods for road transport vehicles
Sector / Industry: National Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard: R16
Classification of International Standard: 03.220.20
Word Count Estimation: 49,419
Date of Issue: 6/14/2016
Date of Implementation: 2017-01-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard): GB 18565-2001
Quoted Standard: GB 1589; GB/T 2408; GB 3847; GB 7258; GB 8410; GB/T 12544; GB 12676; GB 13057; GB 13392; GB/T 13594; GB 14166; GB 14167; GB/T 14172; GB 17578; GB/T 18276-2000; GB 18285; GB 18564.1; GB 18564.2; GB/T 18566; GB/T 19056; GB 19578; GB 20300; GB 20997; GB 21668; GB 21670; GB/T 24545; G
Drafting Organization: Ministry of Transport of Highway Science Research Institute, Fujian Provincial Transport Authority, Nantong Automobile Comprehensive Performance Testing Center, Hangzhou Changyun Transportation Group Co., Ltd., Shijiazhuang Huayan Traffic Technology Co., Ltd., Zhejiang Jiangxing Automobile Testing Equipment Co., Ltd., Chengdu Chengbao Development Co., Ltd., Anhui Automobile Testing Center, Jiangxi Provincial Highway Transport Authority, Guangdong Provincial Road Transport Association
Administrative Organization: National Standardization Technical Committee for Vehicle Maintenance (SAC/TC 247)
Regulation (derived from): National Standard Announcement No. 8 of 2016
Proposing organization: Ministry of Transport of the People Republic of China
Issuing agency(ies): General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People Republic of China, Standardization Administration of the People Republic of China
Summary: This standard specifies the technical requirements for applying for road transport vehicles and in-use road transport vehicles, as well as the inspection methods for road transport vehicles. This standard applies to vehicles engaged in road transport operations and vehicles engaged in road transport operations, vehicles engaged in road transport-related business such as driver education, etc. can be implemented with reference to.

GB 18565-2016
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD
OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 03.220.20
R 16
Replacing GB 18565-2001
Composite performance requirement and
detecting methods for road transport vehicles
道路运输车辆综合性能要求和检验方法
ISSUED ON. JUNE 14, 2016
IMPLEMENTED ON. JANUARY 01, 2017
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine of the People's Republic of China;
Standardization Administration of the PRC.
Table of contents
Foreword ... 3 
Introduction ... 7 
1 Scope ... 9 
2 Normative references ... 9 
3 Terms and definitions ... 11 
4 Technical requirements for application in road transport vehicles ... 13 
5 Technical requirements for road transport vehicles in use ... 20 
6 Test method of road transport vehicle in use ... 36 
7 Judgment and treatment of the test results of road transport vehicles in use
... 69 
8 Transition period requirements for standard implementation ... 70 
Appendix A (Normative) Road transport vehicle manual inspection record
sheet ... 72 
Appendix B (Normative) Road transport vehicle performance test record sheet
... 77 
Appendix C (Normative) Road transport vehicle comprehensive performance
test report sheet ... 86 
Foreword
The clause 5.1.3.1.1, 5.1.3.1.3, 5.1.3.2, 5.1.4.1.5, 5.1.6.2.2, 5.1.6.6.3, 5.1.7.1
to 5.1.7.3, 5.1.10.1.4 , 5.1.10.1.5, 5.1.10.2.1, 5.1.10.2.4, 5.1.11.2, 5.1.11.5,
5.1.12.4, 5.3.1.2, the vertical offset of the beam and the horizontal offset of the
beam in Table 6, and the clause 5.3. 2 are recommended, AND the rest is
mandatory.
This standard is drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T 1.1-2009.
This standard replaces GB 18565-2001 “Multiple performance requirement
and detecting methods for commercial vehicles”.
As compared with GB 18565-2001, in addition to editorial changes, the main
technical changes of this standard are as follows.
- CHANGE the standard name (SEE cover; cover of 2001 version);
- ADJUST the whole structure;
- ADD the “Introduction” (SEE the “Introduction” part);
- MODIFY the “Scope” statement; ADD the suitability descriptions of the
vehicle type (SEE Chapter 1; Chapter 1 of 2001 version);
- ADD and DELETE some normative references (SEE Chapter 2; Chapter 2
of 2001 version);
- ADD the terms and definitions of “application in road transport vehicles”
(SEE Chapter 3);
- ADD such performance requirements for the application in road transport
vehicles as “Structural requirements”, “Configuration requirements”, “Fire
proof requirements”, “Power”, “Fuel economy”, “Braking”, “Emission”, and
“Driving stability”, etc. (SEE Chapter 4);
- Respectively PROPOSE the non-quantitative requirements and
quantification requirements for vehicles in use in the “basic requirements”,
“performance requirements”, and “other requirements” (SEE 5.1, 5.2, 5.3);
- In the “basic requirements”, ADD such requirements as “uniqueness
certification” and “electronic control system”, etc. (SEE 5.1.1, 5.1.2);
- DELETE such requirements as the “cylinder compression pressure” and
“the components of the engine ignition, fuel supply, lubrication, cooling and
exhaust systems shall be complete”, etc. (4.1 of 2001 version);
- DELETE such requirements as “the technical conditions of the vehicle
body and the cab shall be such as able to ensure the driver have normal
working conditions and passenger & cargo safety”, the structural size of
“safety exit”, “sleeper bus sleeper layout”, “aisle width”, “passenger door
first step height”, and “fender”, etc. (SEE 11.8.1,11.8.9,11.8.12 ~ 11.8.15,
etc. of 2001 version);
- ADD the evaluation indicators of the power of the vehicles in use (SEE
5.2.1);
- MODIFY the fuel consumption limit of the vehicles in use (SEE 5.2.2;
Chapter 4 and 12.2 of 2001 version);
- ADD the requirements for the braking system of the vehicles in use and
the braking performance of category O3 and O4 trailers and semi-trailers
(SEE 5.2.3);
- MODIFY the requirements for the limit of the emission pollutants of the
ignition engine of the vehicles in use and the emission visible pollutants of
the compression-ignition engine vehicles; ADD the requirements of ignition
engine using the sample working condition method and the
compression-ignition engine using the load deceleration method (SEE
5.2.4; 9.1 and 12.7 of 2001 version);
- DELETE the requirements for the “gasoline vehicle fuel evaporation
pollutant emission control” and “vehicle stationary noise” (SEE 9.1.3 and
9.2.1 of 2001 version);
- ADD the requirements for the “lateral slip of the steering wheel” of the
double steering axle of the vehicles in use (SEE 5.2.5.1);
- MODIFY the evaluation indicators of the “wheel retardation rate” of the
vehicles in use (SEE 5.3.3; 6.13.1.5 of 2001 version);
- ADD and MODIFY the test methods of the basic requirements and the
performance requirements of the vehicles in use (SEE Chapter 6);
- MODIFY the test methods of the “power”, “fuel consumption”, and “braking
performance” of the vehicles in use (SEE 6.5, 6.6 and 6.7, etc.);
- DELETE the methods of evaluating the “suspension characteristics” using
a flat-type braking test-bed (SEE 7.6.2 of 2001 version);
- ADD the “judgment and treatment of the test results of the road vehicles in
use” (SEE Chapter 7);
Introduction
Road transport vehicles have distinctive characteristics and features, AND
their operating intensity, operating mileage, and failure frequency are much
higher than the ordinary social vehicles. In all kinds of traffic accidents, the
road transport vehicles constitute the main road traffic accidents, in addition to
drivers, roads and climatic conditions and other factors, the vehicle's
mechanical failure and technical performance badness are the important
causes for the serious road traffic accidents.
Road transport safety is not only the top priority of safety production, but also
the top priority of traffic safety management, the “comprehensive prevention of
traffic accidents, to build a safe and harmonious road traffic environment” have
been highly focused by the government and industry managers, AND the
“safety, energy conservation, and environmental protection” has become a
focus of the whole society. From the factors affecting the road transport safety
such as “people, vehicle, road and environment”, the safeguarding effects of
the vehicle’s technical conditions are more and more prominent. The effective
maintaining the vehicle’s technical conditions, reducing the occurrence of
safety accidents, minimizing the occurrence of serious accidents, reducing
vehicle fuel consumption, and reducing tailgas emissions are urgent for the
technical management of the road transport vehicles under the new situations
of safe development, green development and fast development of the road
transport industry in China.
National standard “Multiple performance requirement and detecting methods
for commercial vehicles” (hereinafter referred to as “GB 18565-2001”) is an
important technical regulation and main technical basis for the technical
management and performance maintenance of the road transport vehicles in
China. From the date of implementation of this standard, it plays an important
role in such aspects as improving the road transport vehicle performance level
and safeguarding the road traffic safety, etc. Meanwhile, in the implementation
process of GB 18565-2001, some new situations and problems appear, AND
many standard users propose the modification opinions and suggestions.
Therefore, it is necessary to appropriately revise GB 18565-2001. The
contents as specified in the revised GB 18565 are not only the comprehensive
performance requirements of the road transport vehicles in use, but also the
basic technical conditions to be complied with by the application of the road
transport vehicles. This revision pays more attention to the development
characteristics of the road traffic industry, combines closely w......
Related standard:   GB/T 18276-2017  GB/T 35260-2017
   
 
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