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GB 13895-2018 (GB13895-2018)

GB 13895-2018_English: PDF (GB13895-2018)
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GB 13895-2018English115 Add to Cart 0--9 seconds. Auto-delivery Heavy duty gear oils for automobile (GL-5) Valid GB 13895-2018

BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB 13895-2018 (GB13895-2018)
Description (Translated English) Heavy duty gear oils for automobile (GL-5)
Sector / Industry National Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard E34
Classification of International Standard 75.100
Word Count Estimation 10,191
Date of Issue 2018-07-13
Date of Implementation 2019-02-01
Drafting Organization Sinopec Lubricating Oil Co., Ltd., China National Petroleum Corporation Lubricating Oil Company, China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation Petrochemical Science Research Institute, China National Heavy Duty Truck Group Co., Ltd., China FAW Group Corporation, Lanzhou Borun Petroleum Additive Co., Ltd. Responsible company
Administrative Organization National Energy Board
Proposing organization National Energy Board
Issuing agency(ies) State Administration of Markets and China National Standardization Administration

Standards related to: GB 13895-2018

GB 13895-2018
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 75.100
E 34
Replacing GB 13895-1992
Heavy Duty Gear Oils for Automobile (GL-5)
ISSUED ON. JULY 13, 2018
IMPLEMENTED ON. FEBRUARY 1, 2019
Issued by. State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration Committee of the People’s
Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 4 
2 Normative References ... 4 
3 Product Variety and Designation ... 6 
4 Requirements and Test Methods ... 6 
5 Inspection Rules ... 6 
6 Mark, Packaging, Transportation and Storage ... 8 
Appendix A (Informative) Main Technical Changes between This Standard and
GB 13895-1992... 11 
Foreword
Chapter 4 and Chapter 5 in this Standard are mandatory provisions; the remaining is
recommended provisions.
This Standard is drafted in accordance with stipulations in GB/T 1.1-2009.
This Standard serves as a replacement of GB 13895-1992 Heavy Duty Gear Oil for
Automobile. In comparison with GB 13895-1992, there are several main technical
changes, which are listed in Appendix A.
This Standard was proposed by and shall be under the jurisdiction of National Energy
Administration.
The drafting organizations of this Standard. SINOPEC Lubricant Company, PetroChina
Company Limited Lubricant Branch, SINOPEC Research Institute of Petroleum
Processing, China National Heavy Duty Truck Group Co., Ltd., China First Automobile
Works Group, Lanzhou BROIL Petroleum Addictive Co., Ltd.
The main drafters of this Standard. Du Xueling, Zhouyi, Mi Liping, Xu Shuyan, Shiqian,
Wang Qingguo, Wang Shuaibiao, Huang Yunqi, Yanghe, Zhao Mingqiang, Tao
Chunsheng, Ji Changchang.
The release of previous versions of the standard replaced by this Standard is as follows.
---GB 13895-1992.
Heavy Duty Gear Oils for Automobile (GL-5)
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the requirements, test methods, inspection rules, mark,
packaging, transportation and storage of heavy duty gear oils for automobile (GL-5).
Such gear oils are modulated by adding various additives to the base oil of refined
mineral oil, synthetic oil, or the mixture of refined mineral oil and synthetic oil.
This Standard is applicable to heavy duty gear oils for automobile (GL-5). This product
is mainly applicable to automobile drive axle, especially hyperbolic gear that is adopted
under the working condition of high-speed impact load, high-speed low torque and low-
speed high torque.
2 Normative References
The following documents are indispensable to the application of this Standard. In terms
of references with a specified date, only versions with a specified date are applicable
to this Standard. The latest version (including all the modifications) of references
without a specified date is also applicable to this Standard.
GB/T 260 Petroleum Products - Determination of Water
GB/T 265 Petroleum Products - Determination of Kinematic Viscosity and
Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity
GB/T 511 Petroleum Products and Additives - Determination of Mechanical
Impurities - Gravimetric Method
GB/T 1995 Petroleum Products - Calculation of Viscosity Index
GB/T 2433 Determination of Sulfated Ash from Additives and Lubrication Oil with
Additives
GB/T 2541 Petroleum Products - Computation Table for Viscosity Indices
GB/T 3535 Petroleum Products - Determination of Pour Point
GB/T 3536 Petroleum Products - Determination of Flash and Fire Points;
Cleveland Open Cup Method
GB/T 4756 Petroleum Liquids - Manual Sampling
GB/T 5096 Test Method for Corrosiveness to Copper from Petroleum Products by
Copper Strip Test
Lubricating Oil
SH/T 0296 Determination Method for Phosphorus Content of Additive and
Lubrication Oil Containing Additive (Colorimetric method)
SH/T 0303 Determination Method for Sulphur Content in Additive (Coulometric
method)
SH/T 0519 Performance Evaluation Method for Anti-abrasion of Automotive Gear
Oil (L-42 method)
SH/T 0520 Evaluation Method of Thermal and Oxidative Stability for Gear Oil
SH/T 0755 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of the Thermal and Oxidative
Stability of Lubricating Oil Used for Manual Transmissions and Final Drive Axles
(L-60-1 method)
3 Product Variety and Designation
3.1 Product Variety
In accordance with GB/T 17477, products that belong to this Standard can be divided
into 10 grades of viscosity. 75W-90, 80W-90, 80W-110, 80W-140, 85W-90, 85W-110,
85W-140, 90, 110 and 140.
3.2 Product Designation
The designation of heavy duty gear oils for automobile (GL-5) shall be.
viscosity grade, variety code, standard number of heavy duty gear oils for automobile.
For instance. 80W-90 GL-5 heavy duty gear oils for automobile GB 13895
4 Requirements and Test Methods
Please refer to the technical requirements and test methods of heavy duty gear oils for
automobile (GL-5) in Table 1.
5 Inspection Rules
5.1 Inspection Classification and Items
5.1.1 Exit-factory inspection
Exit-factory inspection includes batch inspection and exit-factory cycle inspection.
Appendix A
(Informative)
Main Technical Changes between This Standard and GB 13895-1992
Please see Table A.1 for the main technical changes between this Standard and GB
13895-1992.
Table 1 -- Main Technical Changes between This Standard and GB 13895-1992
Item GB 13895-1992 This Standard
Scope
Products that belong to this standard are
applicable to automobile gears that are
adopted under the working condition of
high-speed impact load, high-speed low
torque and low-speed high torque,
especially hypoid gear drive axle for
buses and other types of automobiles;
manual transmission.
Products that belong to this standard are
mainly applicable to automobile drive
axle, especially hyperboloid gear that is
adopted under the working condition of
high-speed impact load, high-speed low
torque and low-speed high torque.
Multi-grade Oil
Connection Symbol Multi-grade oil connection symbol is “/”
Multi-grade oil connection symbol is
modified into “-”, for example, “80W/90”
is modified into “80W-90”
Viscosity Grade 6 viscosity grades are set. 75W, 80W/90, 85W/90, 85W/140, 90 and 140
10 viscosity grades are set. 75W-90,
80W-90, 80W-110, 80W-140, 85W-90,
85W-110, 85W-140, 90, 110 and 140 (5
viscosity grades are added. 75W-90,
80W-110, 80W-140, 85W-110 and 110;
viscosity grade 75W is deleted)
Kinematic Viscosity
(100 °C)
75W (≥ 4.1 mm2/s)
80W/90, 85W/90 and 90 (13.5 mm2/s ~ <
24.0 mm2/s);
85W/140 and 140 (24.0 mm2/s ~ < 41.0
mm2/s)
75W-90, 80W-90, 85W-90 and 90 (13.5
mm2/s ~ < 18.5 mm2/s);
80W-110, 85W-110 and 110 (18.5 mm2/s
~ < 24.0 mm2/s);
80W-140, 85W-140 and 140 (24.0 mm2/s
~ < 32.5 mm2/s)
Viscosity Index
90 and 140. ≥ 75;
75W, 80W/90, 85W/90 and 85W/140.
report;
Test method. GB/T 2541
90, 110 and 140. ≥ 90;
75W-90, 80W-90, 85W-90, 80W-110,
85W-110, 80W-140 and 85W/140.
report;
Test method GB/T 1995 is added
KRL Shearing
Soundness (20 h)
Post-shearing
100 °C Kinematic
Viscosity/ (mm2/s)
Not requested Within the range of viscosity grade
Pour Point 90. report; 90. ≤ -12 °C;
...