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GB/T 228.4-2019 (GB/T228.4-2019)

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GB/T 228.4-2019: PDF in English (GBT 228.4-2019)

GB/T 228.4-2019
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 77.040.10
H 22
Replacing GB/T 24584-2009
Metallic materials - Tensile testing - Part 4:
Method of test in liquid helium
(ISO 6892-4:2015, MOD)
ISSUED ON: AUGUST 30, 2019
IMPLEMENTED ON: JULY 01, 2020
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
Introduction ... 5 
1 Scope ... 7 
2 Normative references ... 7 
3 Terms and definitions ... 8 
4 Symbols and designations ... 10 
5 Principle ... 10 
6 Apparatus ... 10 
7 Test piece ... 14 
8 Testing conditions ... 15 
9 Determination of properties ... 17 
10 Test report ... 19 
11 Measurement uncertainty ... 19 
Annex A (Informative) Examples of test pieces for tensile testing in liquid helium
... 21 
Foreword
GB/T 228 "Metallic materials - Tensile testing" is divided into the following 4
parts:
- Part 1: Method of test at room temperature;
- Part 2: Method of test at elevated temperature;
- Part 3: Method of test at low temperature;
- Part 4: Method of test in liquid helium.
This Part is Part 4 of GB/T 228.
This Part is drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T 1.1-2009.
This Part replaces GB/T 24584-2009 "Metallic materials - Tensile testing -
Method of test in liquid helium". Compared with GB/T 24584-2009, the main
technical changes of this Part are as follows:
- ADD a control method for strain rate (see the Introduction);
- ADD a note to the Scope (see Clause 1);
- Modify the designation of austenitic stainless steel to domestic designation
(see Clause 6; Clause 6 of GB/T 24584-2009);
- ADD notes to the extensometer (see Clause 6);
- ADD a note to the round bar test piece (see Clause 7);
- ADD dimensional requirements for non-standard test pieces (see Clause
7);
- Modify the range of test rate (see Clause 8; Clause 8 of GB/T 24584-2009);
- ADD the uncertainty of the determination results (see Clause 11).
This Part uses the redraft law to modify and adopt ISO 6892-4:2015 "Metallic
materials - Tensile testing - Part 4: Method of test in liquid helium".
The technical differences between this Part and ISO 6892-4:2015 and the
reasons are as follows:
- As for the normative references, this Part has adjusted the technical
differences, to adapt to the technical conditions of China. The adjustments
are mainly reflected in Clause 2 “Normative references”. The specific
adjustments are as follows:
 Replace ISO 6892-1:2009 with GB/T 228.1-2010 which modifies and
adopts the international standard (see Clause 3, 6.1.2, 7.3, and
Clause 11);
 Replace ISO 6892-3 with GB/T 228.3 which modifies and adopts the
international standard (see Clause 3);
 Replace ISO 7500-1 with GB/T 16825.1 identical to the international
standard (see 6.1.1);
 Replace ISO 9513 with GB/T 12160 identical to the international
standard (see 6.4.1);
 ADD reference to GB/T 34104 (see 6.1.5).
- Modify the type of test piece in Annex A; ADD a rod or plate test piece with
a diameter or width of 3 mm (see Table A.1 and Table A.2).
This Part was proposed by China Iron and Steel Association.
This Part shall be under the jurisdiction of National Technical Committee 183
on Steel of Standardization Administration of China (SAC/TC 183).
Drafting organizations of this Part: Grinm Group Corp., Ltd., Technical Institute
of Physics and Chemistry of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Metallurgical Information and Standardization Institute, Central Iron & Steel
Research Institute, China United Test & Certification Co., Ltd., Industrial
Products and Raw Materials Testing Technology Center of Shanghai Entry-Exit
Inspection and Quarantine Bureau, China Metallurgical Construction Research
Institute Co., Ltd.
Main drafters of this Part: Zhang Hongju, Wang Fusheng, Qu Chengbing, Dong
Li, Gao Yifei, Li Pu, Huang Chuanjun, Hou Huining, Zhai Zhanjiang, Sun
Zeming, Wu Yiwen, Xiao Hongmei, Xia Wen, Jin Yujia, Li Sijin, Wang Wenzhong,
Xiao Cun.
The previous editions of the standard replaced by this Part were released as
follows:
- GB/T 24584-2009.
Metallic materials - Tensile testing - Part 4:
Method of test in liquid helium
1 Scope
This Part of GB/T 228 specifies the principle, definitions, symbols and
designations, test pieces and their dimensions measurement, apparatus,
testing conditions, determination of properties, and test report for the method of
tensile testing of metallic materials in liquid helium temperature (the boiling
point is –269 °C or 4.2 K, designated as 4 K).
This Part applies to the determination of the tensile properties of metallic
materials in liquid helium temperature. This Part may apply also to tensile
testing at cryogenic temperatures (less than –196 °C or 77 K), which requires
special apparatus, smaller test pieces, and concern for serrated yielding,
adiabatic heating, and strain-rate effects.
Note: The boiling point of the rare 3He isotope is 3.2 K. Usually, the tests are performed in
4He or a mixture of 3He and 4He with a high concentration of 4He. Therefore, the
temperature is, as designated before, 4 K.
2 Normative references
The following documents are indispensable for the application of this document.
For the dated references, only the editions with the dates indicated are
applicable to this document. For the undated references, the latest edition
(including all the amendments) are applicable to this document.
GB/T 228.1-2010 Metallic materials - Tensile testing - Part 1: Method of test
at room temperature (ISO 6892-1:2009, MOD)
GB/T 228.3 Metallic materials - Tensile testing - Part 3: Method of test at low
temperature (GB/T 228.3-2019, ISO 6892-3:2015, MOD)
GB/T 12160 Calibration of extensometers used in uniaxial testing (GB/T
12160-2002, ISO 9513:1999, IDT)
GB/T 16825.1 Verification of static uniaxial testing machines - Part 1:
Tension/compression testing machines - Verification and calibration of the
force-measuring system (GB/T 16825.1-2008, ISO 7500-1:2004, IDT)
......
 
Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.