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GB 12695-2016 PDF in English

GB 12695-2016 (GB12695-2016) PDF English
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GB 12695-2016: PDF in English

GB 12695-2016
National Food Safety Standard -
Specifications for Production Sanitation of Drinks
Issued by. National Health and Family Planning Commission of the
People’s Republic of China;
China Food and Drug Administration.
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Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Application Scope ... 4 
2 Terms and Definitions ... 4 
3 Site Selection and Factory Environment ... 4 
4 Plant and Workshop ... 4 
5 Facilities and Equipment ... 5 
6 Hygienic Management ... 8 
7 Food Materials, Food Additives and Food Related Products ... 8 
8 Food Safety Control for Production Process ... 9 
9 Inspection ... 11 
10 Storage and Transportation of Products ... 11 
11 Product Recall Management ... 12 
12 Training ... 12 
13 Management System and Personnel ... 12 
14 Record Keeping and File Management ... 12 
Appendix A ... 13 
This Standard replaces GB 12695-2003, Good Manufacturing Practice of Drink
Compared with GB 12695-2003, the major changes of this Standard are as follows.
-- the standard name is changed into “National Food Safety Standard –
Specifications for Production Sanitation of Drinks”;
-- the framework of the standard is modified;
-- the terms and definitions are modified;
-- the requirements for plant and workshop are modified;
-- the requirements for facilities and equipment are modified;
-- the requirements for food materials, food additives and food related products;
-- the requirements for the food safety control of the production process are
emphasized and the major measures for controlling biological, chemical and
physical contamination are made;
-- the inspection requirements are modified;
-- the requirements for product recall, personnel and training are added;
-- the requirements for record keeping and file management;
-- Annex A “Microbiological Monitoring Procedure Guide for the Production Process
of Drinks” is added.
National Food Safety Standard -
Specifications for Production Sanitation of Drinks
1 Application Scope
This Standard specifies the basic requirements and management guidelines for sites,
facilities and personnel during material purchase, processing, packaging, storage and
transportation and others in the production process of drinks.
This Standard applies to the production of drinks except packaged drinking water; it
does not apply to drinks which are made and sold on site.
2 Terms and Definitions
For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions defined in GB 14881-
2013 apply.
3 Site Selection and Factory Environment
As specified in Article 3 of GB 14881-2013.
4 Plant and Workshop
4.1 As specified in Article 4 of GB 14881-2013.
4.2 Plant and workshop are usually designed including general work zones, quasi-
clean work zones and clean work zones. All zones shall be segregated by effective
means to prevent cross contamination. General work zones include raw material
handling zones, warehouses, outer packing zones and so on; quasi-clean work zones
usually include sterilization zones, batching zones, packaging container cleaning and
sterilization zones and so on; clean work zones include filling protective zones of liquid
drinks or inner packing zones of solid drinks. The specific zoning shall be subjected to
the product characteristics, production process and the requirements of production
process for cleanliness.
4.3 Generally, the enterprise of liquid drinks shall provide water treatment zones,
batching zones, filling protective zones, packing zones, warehouses of raw and
auxiliary materials and packing materials, warehouses of finished products, testing
laboratories and so on, and the enterprise producing concentrates (juices and pulps)
for the food industry shall provide raw material cleaning zone (which shall be
segregated from the subsequent procedures by effective means). Generally, the
sterilization facilities. If air shower facilities are provided, they shall be cleaned and maintained on
a regular basis.
5.2.5 Storage facilities Storage facilities shall be provided in accordance with the quantity of products
produced, storage requirements, circulating period of circulating containers and
product testing period; storage facilities include owned warehouses and rented
warehouses. When materials of different natures are stored in the same warehouse, they
shall be separated or segregated from each other (e.g. they are stored by sorts,
shelves and zones) and marked with visible signs. Provide refrigeration (freezing) warehouses if necessary, refrigeration
(freezing) warehouses shall be provided with devices for correct display of temperature
and humidity in warehouses.
5.3 Equipment
5.3.1 Provide equipment in accordance with the production capacity and actual
process. The equipment for the production of liquid drinks generally includes water
treatment equipment, batching equipment, filter equipment (for products needing to be
filtered), sterilization equipment (for products needing to be sterilized), automatic filling
and capping (sealing) equipment, manufacturing date marking equipment, cleaning
and sterilization equipment of tools and instruments; the equipment for the production
of solid drinks generally include. mixing and batching equipment, baking equipment (if
there is a baking process), drying and dehydration equipment (if there is a wet
manufacturing process), packing equipment, manufacturing date marking equipment
and so on.
5.3.2 Equipment requirements The use of fully automatic equipment is encouraged as filling and capping
(sealing) equipment to prevent cross contamination and operators directly contacting
food to be packed. Production equipment shall be marked clearly with the operating status and
maintained and verified on a regular basis. The handling of installation, maintenance
of equipment shall not be detrimental to the quality of products. The equipment shall
be verified or confirmed to ensure all properties can meet the technological
requirements. The equipment which is out of normal use shall be marked
conspicuously. Examine whether the equipment is in the normal status before production
each time to prevent the occurrences which influences the safety of products; in case
liquids, water and other ingredients and food additives which are used in proportioning,
their characteristics shall be verified before use to ensure there are no abnormalities.
8.2.5 Syrup shall be filtered to remove impurities after dissolving; the syrup prepared
shall be used immediately after preparation.
8.2.6 Temperature and time shall be under strict control for the storage of semi-
finished products; the semi-finished products shall be used immediately after
preparation. When production is delayed for some reason, the semi-finished products
prepared shall be treated in time by effective means to prevent contamination or
deterioration; when production is recovered, they shall be tested and discarded if they
fail to meet the standard.
8.2.7 The sterilization procedures shall be provided with records or charts of
sterilization parameters (such as temperature, time, pressure and so on) and it shall
be examined on a regular basis whether the requirements specified are met.
8.2.8 During production, the impermeability of product sealing shall be ensured.
8.3 Biological contamination control
8.3.1 Cleaning and sterilization The methods for cleaning and sterilization shall be safe, hygienic and
effective. Air purification systems shall be started before the production in clean work
zones to purify the air in the workshops. The number of cleaners shall be ensured; all cleaners shall be well trained in
accordance with the defined responsibilities of each person, to be aware of the hazards
of contamination and the significance of contamination prevention and ensure the
production workshops achieve the hygienic requirements. The cleaning tools used in different clean zones shall be marked clearly,
which shall not be mixed up. Packing containers and materials shall be cleaned or sterilized before use; if
integrated equipment of bottle blowing, filling and capping (sealing) is used and if
equipment has a dedusting function for empty bottles or preforms and the...
Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.