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YY/T 0291-2007

Chinese Standard: 'YY/T 0291-2007'
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Detail Information of YY/T 0291-2007; YY/T0291-2007
Description (Translated English): Environmental requirements and test methods for medical X-ray equipment
Sector / Industry: Medical Device & Pharmaceutical Industry Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard: C43
Classification of International Standard: 11.040.50
Word Count Estimation: 10,171
Date of Issue: 2007-01-31
Date of Implementation: 2008-01-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard): YY/T 0291-1997
Quoted Standard: GB 9706.1-1995; GB 9706.3-2000; GB/T 14710-1993
Drafting Organization: Siemens Shanghai Medical Equipment Co., Ltd.
Administrative Organization: National Standardization Technical Committee of medical X-ray equipment and utensils
Regulation (derived from): Notice of the General Administration of Food and Drug Administration (No. 74 of 2016)
Proposing organization: State Food and Drug Administration
Issuing agency(ies): China Food and Drug Administration
Summary: This standard specifies the medical X-ray equipment (hereinafter referred to as the device) Environmental testing purposes, pilot projects, environmental groups, transportation test, ability to adapt to the power, the benchmark test conditions, special cases, test procedures, test sequence, the test requirements and test methods. This standard applies to assess the work environment in a variety of devices and analog storage, transport environment adaptability.

YY/T 0291-2007
YY
NATIONAL STANDARD OF
THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 11.040.50
C 43
Replacing YY/T 0291-1997
Environmental requirements and test methods for
medical X-ray equipment
医用 X射线设备环境要求及试验方法
ISSUED ON. JANUARY 31, 2007
IMPLEMENTED ON. JANUARY 1, 2008
Issued by. China State Food and Drug Administration
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 5 
2 Normative references ... 5 
3 Environmental groups ... 5 
4 Requirements ... 6 
5 Test methods ... 7 
6 Test results ... 11 
Annex A ... 12 
Foreword
This Standard replaces YY/T 0291-1997 Environmental requirements and test
methods for medical x-ray equipment.
Compared with YY/T 0291-1997, the main changes are as follows.
- rearranged clauses of Standard, according to requirements of GB/T 1.1-
2000;
- modified certain clauses of GB/T 14710-1993 in Clause 1 and 4.2 of this
Standard;
- added requirements for power supply in GB 9706.1 and GB 9706.3;
- modified requirements for “driving road”, “driving distance” and “driving
speed”;
- modified requirements for high temperature storage test from 70°C to
55°C, according to GB/T 14710-1993;
- modified storage recovery time to not less than 4 h or determined by
product standard, according to GB/T 14710-1993; modified recovery time
in Table A.1 in Annex A;
- specified “this test” as “climatic environment test” in the 1st dash in 5.1;
deleted examples; modified the 5th dash to “it shall perform according to
provisions of product standard, if product standard has special
requirements for environment test conditions”;
- modified the initial detection, middle or final detection items and
requirements in the 1st dash in 5.3.1.7 to “specified by product standard”;
- split Figure 1 and Figure 2 into 4 figures, according to different
requirements of Group I and Group II; moved text description of relevant
test in figure to right above the test sequence segment; deleted electrifying
test requirements when temperature changes;
- changed Annex A from informative to normative;
- added instructions on initial detection in Footnote c(1) in Table A.1 of
Annex A.
Annex A of this Standard is normative.
This Standard was proposed by China State Food and Drug Administration.
This Standard shall be under the jurisdiction of National Technical Committee
Environmental requirements and test methods for
medical X-ray equipment
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the purpose of environment test, test items,
environment group, transport test, adaptability to power supply, standard test
conditions, special situations, test procedures, test sequence, test requirements
and test methods of medical X-ray equipment.
This Standard is to evaluate the adaptability of equipment under various
working environments and stimulation of storage and transport environment.
2 Normative references
The following standards contain the provisions which, through reference in this
Standard, constitute the provisions of this Standard. For dated references,
subsequent amendments (excluding corrections) or revisions do not apply to
this Standard. However, the parties who enter into agreement based on this
Standard are encouraged to investigate whether the latest versions of these
documents are applicable. For undated reference documents, the latest
versions apply to this Standard.
GB/T 9706.1-1995 Medical electrical equipment - Part 1. General
requirements for safety (idt IEC 60601.1998)
GB/T 9706.3-2000 Medical electrical equipment Part 2. Particular
requirements for the safety of high-voltage generators of diagnostic X-ray
generators (idt IEC 60601-2-7.1998)
GB/T 14710-1993 Environmental requirement and test methods for
medical electrical equipment
3 Environmental groups
3.1 Classify the equipment according to climatic environment and
mechanical environment
Classify the equipment into Group I and Group II according to climatic
environment and mechanical environment, as shown in 2.1, 2.2 of GB/T 14710-
During the test, power supply network shall meet requirements of 10.2.2 in GB
9706.1-1995 and 10.2.2a) in GB 9706.3-2000.
4.2 Adaptability to power supply
For equipment of network power supply, the power supply frequency is 50 Hz
± 1 Hz (if necessary); voltage is 220 V ± 22 ± or 380 V ± 38 V.
For equipment which has special requirements for power supply frequency and
power supply voltage, the working range of its frequency and voltage is
specified in product standard.
4.3 Test requirements
4.3.1 Climatic environment test requirements
See climatic environment group requirements in Table 1.
4.3.2 Mechanical environment test requirements
See mechanical environment group requirements in Table 1.
4.3.3 Transport test requirements
The equipment shall be tied in the back of heavy-duty truck for transport test
according to normal exit-factory packaging conditions.
After the test, carry out the detection to the equipment according to detection
items specified in product standard.
5 Test methods
5.1 Special situations
The test shall consider the following special situations.
- climatic environment test is only applicable to those parts or components
which might be affected by the stimulated climatic conditions;
- when test for the whole equipment is not feasible, it shall specify in
product standard that which key parts or components are available to the
test;
- if decomposition or re-assembly is essential to the test, the interval
between treatment and test, or the interval between test and inspection
shall be determined according to equipment transport, assembly and
adjustment time;
- the components which can be opened without tools must be opened and
tested together with main components;
- it shall specify in product standard if product standard has special
requirements for environment test conditions.
5.2 Test specification
5.2.1 Test procedure
Every test usually contains the following programs.
a) pre-treatment (when necessary);
b) initial inspection (when necessary);
c) test;
d) middle inspection (when necessary);
e) recovery (when necessary);
f) final inspection.
5.2.2 Test sequence
It shall perform according to the provisions in Clause 8 of GB/T 14710-1993.
5.2.3 Test requirements
It shall perform according to the provisions in Clause 9 of GB/T 14710-1993.
5.3 Environment test methods
5.3.1 Climatic environment test method
See temperature test timing diagrams (Figure 1, Figure 2) and humidity test
timing diagrams (Figure 3, Figure 4).
- Recovery time. the recovery time of storage test shall not be less than 4
h or specified by product standard.
- Thermal equilibrium. it shall make the equipment or parts reach to thermal
equilibrium during inspection. The thermal equilibrium shall not be less
than 1 h.
5.3.2 Mechanical environment test methods
5.3.2.1 Vibration test
It shall perform according to the provisions of 10.7 in GB/T 4710-1993. The
parts for test shall at least include the controller, the high voltage transformer
assembly (excluding a component with an X-ray tube).
5.3.2.2 Impact test
It shall perform according to the provisions of 10.8 in GB/T 14710-1993. The
parts for test shall at least include the controller, the high voltage transformer
assembly (excluding a component with an X-ray tube). The test direction shall
simulate the part easy to touch at normal working position.
5.3.2.3 Transport test
Under normal exit-factory packaging conditions, the equipment shall be tied in
the back of heavy-duty truck according to “upward” sign. The load of truck
during the test s......
Related standard:   YY/T 0291-2016  YY/T 0744-2018
   
 
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