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NB/SH/T 0324-2010 (NBSHT0324-2010)

NB/SH/T 0324-2010_English: PDF (NBSHT 0324-2010, NBSHT0324-2010)
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BASIC DATA
Standard ID NB/SH/T 0324-2010 (NB/SH/T0324-2010)
Description (Translated English) Standard test method for oil separation from lubricating grease (Conical sieve method)
Sector / Industry Energy Industry Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard E30
Classification of International Standard 75.100
Word Count Estimation 8,845
Date of Issue 2011-01-09
Date of Implementation 2011-05-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) SH/T 0324-1992
Quoted Standard GB/T 269; GB/T 10611
Adopted Standard ASTM D6184-1998 (2005), MOD
Drafting Organization China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation Research Institute of Petroleum
Administrative Organization National Petroleum Products and Lubricants Standardization Technical Committee
Regulation (derived from) National Energy Board Notice No. 1 of 2011
Summary This standard applies to the determination of grease under high temperature oil separation tendencies. Grease specifications unless other test conditions, otherwise the standard test conditions of temperature 100��C, time of 30h. This standard does not apply to cone penetration greater than 340 (1/10mm) grease products (test method GB/T 269, more than NLG �� grade grease should be soft).

Standards related to: NB/SH/T 0324-2010

NB/SH/T 0324-2010
PETROCHEMICAL INDUSTRY STANDARD
OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 75.100
E 36
Replacing SH/T 0324-1994
Standard test method for oil separation from
lubricating grease (conical sieve method)
ISSUED ON: JANUARY 09, 2011
IMPLEMENTED ON: MAY 01, 2011
Issued by: National Energy Administration
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 5
2 Normative references ... 5
3 Terms and definitions ... 6
4 Summary of method ... 6
5 Significance and use ... 7
6 Apparatus ... 7
7 Sampling ... 8
8 Preparation of apparatus ... 8
9 Procedure ... 8
10 Calculation ... 9
11 Report ... 9
12 Precision and bias ... 10
13 Keywords ... 11
Standard test method for oil separation from
lubricating grease (conical sieve method)
1 Scope
1.1 This Standard applies to the determination of the tendency of lubricating
grease to separate oil at an elevated temperature. Unless other conditions are
required by the grease specification, the test condition of this Standard is
100 °C for 30 h.
1.2 This Standard does not apply to lubricating grease products having a
penetration greater than 340 (1/10 mm) (test methods GB/T 269, softer than
NLG grade II lubricating grease).
1.3 This Standard uses the International System of Units [SI].
1.4 This Standard may involve certain hazardous materials, operations and
equipment, but does not address all the safety concerns related to them.
Therefore, before using this Standard, users shall establish corresponding
safety and protective measures and determine the applicability of relevant
regulations.
2 Normative references
The following documents contain the provisions which, through reference in this
Standard, become the provisions of this Standard. For dated references, their
subsequent amendments (excluding corrigendum) or revisions do not apply to
this Standard. However, the parties who enter into agreement based on this
Standard are encouraged to investigate whether the latest versions of these
documents are applicable. For undated reference documents, the latest
versions apply to this Standard.
GB/T 269 Lubricating grease and petrolatum - Determination of cone
penetration (GB/T 269-1991, eqv ISO 2137:1985)
GB/T 10611 Industrial screens - Designation and nominal sizes of apertures
(GB/T 10611-2003, ISO 2194:1991, MOD)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purpose of this Standard, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
lubricating grease
A stable semifluid to solid product of a dispersion of a thickener in a liquid
lubricant.
NOTE: The dispersion of the thickener forms a two-phase system and immobilizes the liquid
lubricant by surface tension and other physical forces. Other ingredients imparting special
properties are often included.
3.2
oil separation
The appearance of a liquid fraction from a homogeneous lubricating
composition.
3.3
thickener
In a lubricating grease, a substance composed of finely divided particles
dispersed in a liquid lubricant to form a skeleton structure.
NOTE: The thickener can be fibers (such as various metallic soaps) or plates or spheres (such
as certain non-soap thickeners) which are insoluble or, at most, only very slightly soluble in the
lubricating grease. The general requirements are that the solid particles be extremely small,
uniformly dispersed, and capable of forming a relatively stable, gel-like structure with the liquid
lubricant.
4 Summary of method
The weighed specimen is placed in a cone-shaped, nickel wire, nickel-copper
alloy wire or stainless steel wire cloth sieve, suspended in a beaker, then heated
for the specified time and temperature. Unless otherwise required by the
lubricating grease specification, the specimen is subjected to standard
conditions of 100 °C ± 0.5 °C for 30 h ± 0.25 h before test. The separated oil is
weighed and reported as a percentage of the mass of the starting test specimen.
have been used in the past. Such sieves do not conform to this Standard.
6.2 Oven, capable of maintaining the specified temperature, 100 °C ± 0.5 °C.
6.3 Balance: having a minimum capacity of 250 g and a sensitivity of at least
0.01 g.
7 Sampling
7.1 Examine the specimen for any indication of non-homogeneity such as oil
separation, phase changes, or gross contamination. If any abnormal conditions
are found, obtain a new specimen.
7.2 The amount of the specimen submitted for analysis shall be minimally
sufficient for duplicate testing.
7.3 Although the mass of the test lubricating grease is determined, the amount
of lubricating grease used to fill the cone sieve will still be more than the amount
required by the test. Each test will require a sufficient amount of lubricating
grease to fill the sieve to approximately the same level as indicated in Figure 1
(about 10 mL). Regardless of the lubricating grease density, approximately the
same volume of lubricating grease shall be used for each test; the mass will
range from about 8 g to 12 g.
8 Preparation of apparatus
8.1 Carefully clean the cone sieve, beaker, and cover with a suitable solvent.
Allow the cone sieve to air dry.
NOTE: Use of a solvent to clean the sieve in an ultrasonic tank has been found highly effective
in cleaning the sieve.
8.2 Inspect the cone sieve to make certain that it is clean and free of deposits
that could affect the passage of oil. If the cone sieve has any screen
irregularities such as tears, dents, creases, or enlarged or diminished openings,
it shall be replaced.
9 Procedure
9.1 PREHEAT the oven to test temperature. Unless otherwise specified, the
test shall be conducted at standard conditions of 100 °C ± 0.5 °C for 30 h ±
0.25 h.
9.2 WEIGH the beaker, to the nearest 0.01 g, Wi.
9.3 ASSEMBLE the sieve, cover, and beaker as shown in Figure 1. TARE them
to the nearest 0.01 g.
9.4 With a suitable spatula, FILL the cone sieve with sufficient lubricating grease
to approximate the level shown in Figure 1, being careful to avoid inclusion of
air. Exercise care not to force specimen through the screen. Smooth and shape
the top of the specimen into a slightly convex surface to prevent trapping free
oil.
9.5 ASSEMBLE the entire apparatus as shown in Figure 1, and WEIGH to the
nearest 0.01 g. CALCULATE the mass of the lubricating grease specimen by
difference, W.
9.6 PLACE the assembled cone sieve oil separation apparatus in the oven that
has been controlled at the specified temperature for the specified time.
9.7 REMOVE the cone sieve oil separation apparatus from the oven and COOL
to room temperature. REMOVE the cover from the beaker, tapping it gently
against the inside of the beaker to take off any oil adhering to its tip. WEIGH
the beaker containing the collected oil to the nearest 0.01 g, Wf.
9.8 Soon after completion of the test, CLEAN the apparatus according to
Clause 8 in preparation for subsequent testing.
10 Calculation
10.1 The oil separation, X [% (mass fraction)], of the specimen is calculated
according to formula (1):
where:
Wi - mass of the empty beaker before heating, g;
Wf - mass of the beaker after heating, g;
W - mass of the specimen, g.
11 Report
The test report shall include the following information:
11.1 Specimen identity.
...