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JJF 1126-2004 (JJF1126-2004)

JJF 1126-2004_English: PDF (JJF1126-2004)
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JJF 1126-2004English200 Add to Cart 0--9 seconds. Auto-delivery Calibration Specification for Ultrasonic Thickness Instruments Valid JJF 1126-2004

Standard ID JJF 1126-2004 (JJF1126-2004)
Description (Translated English) Calibration Specification for Ultrasonic Thickness Instruments
Sector / Industry Metrology & Measurement Industry Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard A52
Classification of International Standard 17.040
Word Count Estimation 16,159
Date of Issue 2004-09-21
Date of Implementation 2005-03-21
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) JJG 403-1986
Quoted Standard JJF 1001; JJF 1059; GB/T 12064.1; GB/T 11344
Drafting Organization Tianjin Institute of Measurement Technology
Administrative Organization National Technical Committee geometric length measurement
Regulation (derived from) National Metrology technical regulations (industrial metrology 2005 Volume 15 Number 1) enacted in 2004
Issuing agency(ies) State Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine
Summary This standard applies to: resolution of 0. lmm and 0. 0lmm Ultrasonic Thickness Gauge calibration.

Standards related to: JJF 1126-2004

JJF 1126-2004
JJF 1126-2004
Calibration Specification for Ultrasonic Thickness
Issued by: General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection
and Quarantine of the People's Republic of China
Table of Contents
1 Scope ... 5 
2 Normative references ... 5 
3 Overview ... 5 
4 Metrological characteristics ... 7 
5 Calibration conditions ... 8 
6 Calibration items and calibration methods ... 9 
7 Calibration result expression ... 11 
8 Recalibration time interval ... 11 
Annex A Calibration certificate content ... 12 
Annex B Technical requirements for standard thickness block ... 13 
Annex C Technical requirements for standard round tubes ... 14 
Annex D Uncertainty analysis on calibration results of indication error of
ultrasonic thickness instruments ... 15 
Annex E Sound velocity and sound velocity ratio of various materials ... 19 
Calibration Specification for Ultrasonic Thickness
1 Scope
This Specification is applicable to the calibration of ultrasonic thickness
instruments of which the resolution is 0.1mm and 0.01mm.
2 Normative references
This Specification referred to the following referenced documents.
JJF 1001-1998, General Terms in Metrology and Their Definitions
JJF 1059-1999, Evaluation and Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement
GB/T 12064.1-1999, Nondestructive testing terms - Ultrasonic testing
GB/T 11344-1989, Measuring thickness by ultrasonic pulse-echo contact
When using this Specification, it shall use the currently valid versions of the
above references.
3 Overview
The ultrasonic thickness instruments are mainly used to measure the wall
thickness of hulls, oil and gas pipelines, high-pressure vessels, boilers as well
as the thickness of large area sheet. The material to be tested can be metal
materials such as steel, or non-metal materials such as plastic and nylon. The
principle is that the instrument emits ultrasonic waves through the probe and
reflects back to the test head after reaching the bottom surface of the test piece.
Use a counter to accurately measure the time that ultrasonic waves travel
through the material and calculate it as follows. Display the measured thickness
value on the display.
6 Calibration items and calibration methods
Before calibration, it is necessary to confirm that there are no defects in
appearance and electromechanical functions that affect the calibration
metrological characteristics.
6.1 Repeatability
After the instrument is turned on, operate the sound speed adjustment key or
the sound speed dial to adjust the sound speed to 5900m/s. Return to the state
of the instrument measuring thickness. Apply the coupling agent to the center
of the 5.5mm standard thickness block. Use the probe to continuously measure
this thickness block 5 times. Take the difference between the maximum and
minimum values as the repeatability of the instrument. It can also directly use
the random calibration thickness block of the instrument to conduct this
6.2 Indication error
Conduct calibration according to the procedures specified by the instrument.
Measure the standard thickness blocks in Annex B one by one in the measuring
range of the instrument. Continuously measure each block 3 times. Take the
average value as the indication value of the instrument in the thickness block.
When the same ultrasonic thickness instrument has two resolutions: 0.1mm
and 0.01mm, it shall respectively conduct the calibration of two indication errors.
The indicator error δH is calculated according to the following formula:
- Average indication value of the instrument;
H - Nominal value of standard thickness block.
6.3 Indication error of curved wall thickness measurement
Conduct calibration according to the procedures specified by the instrument (do
not recalibrate if the probe is not replaced). According to the provisions of Table
2, measure the wall thickness of a standard round tube corresponding to its
resolution (see Annex C for technical requirements). When measuring, place
the sound insulation layer 1 of the probe parallel to or perpendicular to the prime
line of the standard round tube 2 (as shown in Figure 2). Swing the probe
slightly and observe the indication value. Take the minimum stable indication
Annex A
Calibration certificate content
1. Title: Calibration certificate;
2. Laboratory name and address;
3. Site for calibration;
4. Certificate or report number, page number and total number of pages;
5. Name and address of the submission authority;
6. Name of the instrument to be calibrated;
7. Manufacturer, model specifications, and number of the instrument to be
8. Name of the metrology standard used for calibration and its expiration date;
9. Name and number of this Specification and description on any deviation,
addition or deletion to this Specification;
10. Ambient temperature during calibration;
11. Calibration results of calibration items;
12. Measurement uncertainty of calibration results of indication error;
13. Signature of calibrator, signature of verifier, signature of approver;
14. Issue date of calibration certificate;
15. Recommendation for recalibration time interval;
16. No partial reproduction of the calibration certificate without written approval
from the calibration laboratory.