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HJ 2515-2012

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HJ 2515-2012English319 Add to Cart Days<=3 Technical requirement for environmental labeling products. Ship anti-fouling paints Valid HJ 2515-2012
HJ 2515-2012Chinese14 Add to Cart <=1-day [PDF from Chinese Authority, or Standard Committee, or Publishing House]

   
Detail Information of HJ 2515-2012; HJ2515-2012
Description (Translated English): Technical requirement for environmental labeling products. Ship anti-fouling paints
Sector / Industry: Environmental Protection Industry Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard: G51
Classification of International Standard: 87.040
Word Count Estimation: 12,179
Quoted Standard: GB 17378.5-2007; GB 18581-2009; GB 1858-2008; GB 24613-2009; GB/T 6824-2008; GB/T 16483; GB/T 21815.1-2008; GB/T 25011-2010; GB/T 26085 -2010; HJ/T 153-2004
Drafting Organization: China-Japan Friendship Center for Environmental Protection
Regulation (derived from): Department of Environmental Protection Notice 2012 No. 38;
Summary: This standard specifies the marine antifouling paints for environmental labeling products terms and definitions, basic requirements, technical contents and test method. This standard applies to all types of antifouling paints.

HJ 2515-2012
Technical requirement for environmental labeling products.Ship anti-fouling paints
National Environmental Protection Standard of the People's Republic
Environmental labeling product technical requirements ship antifouling paint
Technical requirement for environmental labeling products
Ship anti-fouling paints
Published on July 7,.2012
2012-10- 1 Implementation
Ministry of Environmental Protection released
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Content
Foreword.3
1 Scope 4
2 Normative references 4
3 Terms and Definitions..4
4 Basic requirements 4
5 Technical content 5
6 Test method 6
Appendix A (informative) List of low-risk active substances in marine antifouling paints..7
Appendix B (informative) Marine environmental risk assessment method for active substances in marine antifouling paints 8
HJ □□□□-201□
Foreword
To implement the Environmental Protection Law of the People's Republic of China, reduce environmental and human health during the production and use of marine antifouling paints
The impact of protecting the environment and the development of this standard.
This standard puts forward requirements for the banned substances, harmful substances in the ship anti-fouling paint, and the instruction manual.
This standard is the first release.
This standard applies to China Environmental Labeling Product Certification.
This standard was formulated by the Science and Technology Standards Department of the Ministry of Environmental Protection.
This standard is mainly drafted by. China-Japan Friendship Environmental Protection Center, Environmental Protection Foreign Cooperation Center of the Ministry of Environmental Protection.
This standard was approved by the Ministry of Environmental Protection on July 3,.2012.
This standard has been implemented since October 1,.2012.
This standard is explained by the Ministry of Environmental Protection.
HJ □□□□-201□
Environmental labeling product technical requirements ship antifouling paint
1 Scope of application
This standard specifies the terms and definitions, basic requirements, technical contents and inspection methods of marine anti-fouling paint environmental labeling products.
This standard applies to all types of ship antifouling paint.
2 Normative references
The contents of this standard refer to the terms in the following documents. For undated references, the valid version applies to this standard.
GB 16483 Chemical Safety Data Sheet Preparation Regulations
GB 17378.5-2007 Marine monitoring specification Part 5. Sediment analysis
GB 18581-2009 Indoor decoration materials Limits of harmful substances in solvent-based wood coatings
GB 18582-2008 Limits of harmful substances in interior wall coverings for interior decoration materials
GB 24613-2009 Limits of harmful substances in toys
GB/T 6824-2008 Determination of copper ion bleed rate of ship bottom antifouling paint
GB/T 21815.1-2008 Chemical biodegradability shake flask test in seawater
GB/T 25011-2010 Test and determination of DDT content in marine antifouling paint
GB/T 26085-2010 Test and determination of the total amount of anti-fouling paint on ships
HJ/T 153-2004 Chemical Testing Guidelines
3 Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this standard.
3.1 ship antifouling paint ship anti-fouling paints
Refers to coatings used for ship control or to prevent the attachment of unfavorable organisms.
3.2 active substances
Refers to a compound that has a general or specific effect on fouling organisms in antifouling paints.
3.3 Environmental risk assessment
By examining the exposure of chemical emissions or releases and the effects of such exposures on ecosystem structure and effects, quantitative or
The potential impact of the substance on the environment is qualitatively presented.
4 basic requirements
4.1 Product quality should meet the requirements of the corresponding product quality standards.
4.2 Pollutant emissions from product manufacturing enterprises shall comply with national or local standards for pollutant discharge.
4.3 Product manufacturers should strengthen clean production in the production process.
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5 Technical content
5.1 General requirements for products
5.1.1 The substances listed in Table 1 shall not be artificially added.
Table 1 Prohibited substances in products
Disabled banned substances
Glycol ether and its esters
Ethylene glycol methyl ether, ethylene glycol methyl ether acetate, ethylene glycol ether, ethylene glycol ether
Acetate, diethylene glycol butyl ether acetate
Alkane n-hexane
Ketones 3,5,5-trimethyl-2-cyclohexenyl-1-one (isophorone)
Halogenated hydrocarbons methylene chloride, dichloroethane, chloroform, trichloroethane, carbon tetrachloride
Alcohol methanol
Silicate (asbestos) chrysotile, blue asbestos, iron asbestos, asbestos, asbestos, tremolite
5.1.2 The limit of hazardous substances should meet the requirements of Table 2.
Table 2 Limits of hazardous substances in products
Item Note 1 Limit
Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC), g/L ≤ 400
Toluene + xylene + ethylbenzene, % ≤ 25
Benzene, % ≤ 0.05
Soluble heavy metal lead (Pb), mg/kg ≤ 90
Cadmium (Cd), mg/kg ≤75
Chromium (Cr), mg/kg ≤ 60
Arsenic (As), mg/kg ≤ 5
Note 1. According to the construction ratio indicated by the product, after mixing, if the amount of diluent used is within a certain range, it should be matched according to product construction.
The measurement is carried out after mixing with the specified maximum dilution ratio.
5.2 Active substance requirements in products
5.2.1 DDT and mercury (Hg) are prohibited and should not be detected.
5.2.2 The total tin content should not exceed 1500 mg/kg dry paint samples.
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5.2.3 The copper ion bleed rate (steady state) shall not exceed 25μg/cm2·d.
5.2.4 Active substances in antifouling paints should be low risk substances.
Note 1. See Appendix A for a list of low-risk active substances in antifouling paints. Evaluation of active substances not included in the anti-fouling paint in the Appendix A list
The method specified in Appendix B is carried out.
5.3 Product Description Requirements
Product descriptions must be sold with the product and should include the following.
(1) Quality standards for implementation.
(2) The active substance used.
(3) The manufacturer shall provide a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) that meets the requirements of GB 16483.
6 Test methods
6.1 Technical content 5.1.2 Determination of volatile organic compounds, toluene + xylene + ethylbenzene and benzene according to the provisions of GB 18581-2009
The method is carried out.
6.2 Technical content 5.1.2 Determination of lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr) according to the method specified in GB 18582-2008;
The detection of arsenic (As) was carried out in accordance with the method specified in GB 24613-2009.
6.3 Technical content The detection of DDT in 5.2.1 is carried out in accordance with the method specified in GB/T 25011-2010.
6.4 Technical content 5.2.1 The detection of mercury (Hg) is carried out in accordance with the method specified in GB 18582-2008.
6.5 Technical content 5.2.2 The total content of tin in the test is carried out in accordance with the method specified in GB/T 26085-2010.
6.6 Technical content The detection of copper ion bleed rate in 5.2.3 is carried out according to the method specified in GB/T 6824-2008.
6.7 Other indicators in the technical content are verified by means of document review combined with on-site inspection.
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Appendix A
(informative appendix)
List of low-risk active substances in marine antifouling paints
Chinese name English name
Cuprous oxide
Copper pyrithione
4,5-Dichloro-2-n-octyl-3-isothiazolinone 4,5-Dichloro-2-n-octy-4-isothiazolin-3-one (DCOIT)
Zinc pyrithione
Desenzen zinc (ethylene bis(zinc dithiocarbamate)) Zineb
Cuprous thiocyanate
Capsaicin Capsaicin
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Appendix B
(informative appendix)
Marine environmental risk assessment method for active substances in marine antifouling paints
B.1 Principle of the method
Marine environmental risk assessment of active substances in antifouling paints needs to be evaluated in terms of persistence, bioaccumulation and toxicity.
When the active substance meets the durability, bioaccumulation and toxicity assessment criteria mentioned below, it is relatively low in the marine environment.
risk.
(1) Persistence evaluation criteria. 1 The active substance has "rapid biodegradability"; or 2 the mineralization half-life of the active substance is less than
60 days; or 3 active substance degradation half-life of less than 60 days and the bactericidal activity of the active substance gradually decreases during the degradation process;
(2) Bioaccumulation evaluation criteria. lg (Kow) < 4 or the highest BCF < 500;
(3) Toxicity evaluation criteria. when Koc<1000 L/kg, PEC/PNEC<1 in seawater medium; when Koc≥1000 L/kg,
PEC/PNEC<1 in seawater and sediment media.
B.2 Evaluation indicators
B.2.1 Persistence evaluation criteria
B.2.1.1 Rapid biodegradability
According to "301. Rapid biodegradability" in HJ/T 153-2004, the experimental results are positive and the active substance is fast.
Rapid biodegradability.
B.2.1.2 Mineralization half-life and degradation half-life of active substances
Experiments were carried out in accordance with GB/T 21815.1-2008 to determine the mineralization half-life and degradation half-life of the active substance.
B.2.1.3 The bactericidal activity of active substances is gradually reduced during the degradation process
60 days degradation test according to GB/T 21815.1-2008, the 60th day of the solution to the algae, mites and fish ecotoxicity
Test, if the minimum L (E) C50 obtained is more than 10 times higher than the minimum L (E) C50 of the active substance, it can be considered as active during the degradation process.
The killing of matter is gradually reduced. The algae ecotoxicity experiment was based on "201. Algae Growth Inhibition Test" in HJ/T 153-2004
The ecotoxicity test of scorpion is based on "202. 溞24h EC50 Acute Activity Inhibition Test" in HJ/T 153-2004;
The ecotoxicity test was carried out according to "203. Fish Acute Toxicity Test" in HJ/T 153-2004.
B.2.2 Bioaccumulation assessment criteria
B.2.2.1 n-octanol/water partition coefficient (Kow)
According to H107/T 153-2004, "107. Partition coefficient (n-octanol/water) - Shake flask method" or "117. Partition coefficient (n-octanol /
Determination of water)-high pressure liquid chromatography.
B.2.2.2 Bioaccumulation factor (BCF)
According to HJ/T 153-2004, "305. Flowing Fish Test", the unit is L/kg.
B.2.3 Toxicity assessment criteria
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B.2.3.1 Organic carbon standard adsorption coefficient (Koc)
The organic carbon standard adsorption coefficient (Koc) is determined according to "106. Adsorption/desorption test" in HJ/T 153-2004, and the unit is L/kg.
B.2.3.2 Predicted environmental concentration (PEC)
The PEC in seawater and sediment media was calculated using MAMPEC 2.0 software. The environmental parameters in the calculation are all based on the software default parameters.
The default environmental parameters of commercial port, estuary port, dock, open sea area and navigation channel are “Default commercial harbour” and “Default”.
Estuarine harbour", "Default marina", "Default open sea" and "Default shipping lane". Compound parameters are based on
The nature of the compound is selected. The rate of hydrolysis is determined according to "111. pH-dependent hydrolysis" in HJ/T 153-2004. Photolysis rate root
According to the guidelines for the half-life of photolysis in water, the guidelines for environmental safety assessment of chemical pesticides are determined. Melting point according to HJ/T 153-2004
Medium "102. melting point/melting point range" is determined. The vapor pressure is determined according to "104. Vapor Pressure" in HJ/T 153-2004. Solubility in water
Determined according to "105. Water Solubility" in HJ/T 153-2004. Acid dissociation equilibrium constant according to HJ/T 153-2004, "112. in water
The dissociation constant in the middle is determined. The release parameters are based on software default parameters, commercial port, estuary port, dock, open sea area and navigation channel.
The release parameters are “Default commercial harbour TBT 100%” and “Default estuarine harbour TBT 100%”.
“Default marina TBT 100%”, “Default open sea TBT 100%”, “Default shipping lane TBT 100%”. assumed
The release rate is equal when navigating and parking, and the rest are based on the software default parameters according to (B-1).
0.7
Aa W DFT
VSR
ρ× × × ×
= ×⎛ ⎞⎜ ⎟⎝ ⎠
(B-1)
Where. R--the average release rate of the active substance during the use period, μg/cm2/d;
A-- mass fraction of active substance in the biocidal component, %;
Wa--the mass fraction of the killing component in the antifouling paint, %;
VS--the volume fraction of solid matter (the volume of dry paint contained in a certain volume of wet paint), %;
Ρ--the density of wet paint, g/cm3;
DFT--the thickness of dry paint film that needs to be sprayed during use, μm;
T--Dry paint film thickness is the period of use of antifouling paint in DFT, in months.
B.2.3.3 Prediction of no effect concentration (PNEC)
Algal ecotoxicity test according to "201. Algae Growth Inhibition Test" in HJ/T 153-2004; according to HJ/T 153-2004
"202. cockroach 24h EC50 acute activity inhibition test", "211. large cockroach propagation test" for cockroach ecotoxicity test; root
According to HJ/T 153-2004, "203. Fish Acute Toxicity Test", "210. Early Life Stage Toxicity Test of Fish", "212. Fish
Toxicity test of embryo-yolk sac absorption stage, and 215. Fish larval growth test for fish ecotoxicity test, obtaining L(E)C50
Or NOEC, using formula (B-2) or (B-3) to calculate PNEC in seawater media.
NOECPNEC
AF
= (B-2)
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50( )LE CPNEC
AF
= (B-3)
Where. PNEC - PNEC in seawater medium, mg/L;
NOEC - the unobservable effect concentration obtained by long-term testing, mg/L;
L(E)C50-- a concentration that produces a 50% lethal effect (LC50) or a concentration that produces a 50% inhibitory effect (EC50), mg/L;
AF--evaluation factor, selected according to Table B.1. The lowest value is used for either NOEC or L(E)C50.
The PNEC in the sediment medium is calculated using equation (B-4).
Dim 10001150
Susp water
Marine se ent saltwater
PNEC PNEC−− = ⋅ ⋅ (B-4)
Where. PNECmarine-sediment--PNEC in the sediment medium, mg/kg;
PNECsaltwater - PNEC in seawater medium, mg/L, calculated according to formula (B-2) or (B-3);
Ksusp-water--suspension/water partition coefficient, m3/m3, calculated according to formula (B-5).
Su p 0.9 0.25s water suspK Foc Koc− = × ⋅ (B-5)
Where. Focsusp--the content of organic carbon in the suspension, %, determined according to the "Method for Determination of Organic Carbon Content" in GB 17378.5-2007;
Koc--organic carbon standard adsorption coefficient, L/kg, see B.2.3.1 for determination.
Table B.1 Evaluation factor (AF) for PNEC calculation
Data set evaluation factor
The lowest acute L(E)C50 10,000 of representative freshwater or marine organisms of the three-nutrient three-class group (algae, crustaceans, fish)
Three nutrient levels of three taxa (algae, crustaceans, fish) and two other marine taxa (such as echinoderms,
The lowest acute L(E)C50 of representative freshwater or marine organisms of mollusks.
1,000
A long-term NOEC (from freshwater or seawater crustacean reproductive or fish growth studies) 1,000
Two long-term NOEC 500 representing freshwater or marine organisms at two nutrient levels (algae and/or crustaceans and/or fish)
Minimum length of three freshwater or marine organisms (generally algae and/or crustaceans and/or fish) representing three nutrient levels
NOEC
Two long-term two freshwater or marine organisms (algae and/or crustaceans and/or fish) representing two nutrient levels
NOEC and a long-term NOEC representing a group of other marine taxa (such as echinoderms, mollusks).
Minimum length of three freshwater or marine organisms (generally algae and/or crustaceans and/or fish) representing three nutrient levels
NOEC and two long-term NOECs representing a number of other marine taxa (eg, echinoderms, mollusks)
B.3 Environmental Risk Assessment Procedure
B.3.1 Data information acquisition
The data information used in the marine environmental risk assessment of active substances in antifouling paints can be obtained through testing. The test method is this standard.
The method given in the test body with one of the following qualifications can provide tests for which qualifications are permitted.
HJ □□□□-201□
(1) National Laboratory Accreditation
(2) Identification of health related product inspection agencies of the Ministry of Health
(3) GLP approval by the State Food and Drug Administration
The data provided by the website.
B.3.2 Risk assessment
According to the data obtained, the active substances in the antifouling paint simultaneously satisfy the persistence, bioaccumulation and toxicity given in B.1.
When assessing standards, they are relatively low risk in the marine environment.
   
 
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