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GB/Z 27753-2011 (GBZ27753-2011)

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BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/Z 27753-2011 (GB/Z27753-2011)
Description (Translated English) Test method for adaptability to operating conditions of membrane electrode assembly used in PEM fuel cells
Sector / Industry National Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard K82
Classification of International Standard 27.070
Word Count Estimation 17,157
Date of Issue 2011-12-30
Date of Implementation 2012-05-01
Quoted Standard GB 3095-1996; GB/T 20042.1; GB/T 20042.5-2009; GB/T 24548-2009
Drafting Organization Wuhan University of Technology
Administrative Organization National Standardization Technical Committee of the fuel cell
Regulation (derived from) ?National Standard Approval Announcement 2011 No.22
Summary This standard specifies the terms and definitions of proton exchange membrane fuel cell membrane electrode (PEMFC) (MEA) operating conditions typical automotive test methods, boundary conditions, test environmental conditions, test preparation, proton exchange membrane fuel cell membrane electrode on adaptability testing laboratory and test reports. This guidance document applies to the membrane electrode technology is proposed to detect side meets the performance requirements, the use of the active area of ??5 cm �� 5 cm single cell test, used to evaluate the membrane electrode (MEA) adaptation of a typical fuel cell operating conditions, but does not consider the correspondence between accelerated life testing and real life.

Standards related to: GB/Z 27753-2011

GB/Z 27753-2011
GB
NATIONAL STANDARDIZATION GUIDING TECHNICAL
DOCUMENT OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 27.070
K 82
Test method for adaptability to operating conditions of
membrane electrode assembly used in PEM fuel cells
ISSUED ON: DECEMBER 30, 2011
IMPLEMENTED ON: MAY 01, 2012
Issued by: General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of
China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 4 
2 Normative references ... 4 
3 Terms and definitions ... 4 
4 Boundary conditions ... 6 
5 Test environment conditions ... 6 
6 Test preparation ... 7 
7 Adaptability test of membrane electrode for proton exchange membrane fuel
cell ... 8 
8 Test report ... 17 
Annex A (informative) Test preparation ... 19 
Test method for adaptability to operating conditions of
membrane electrode assembly used in PEM fuel cells
1 Scope
This guiding technical document specifies the terms and definitions, boundary
conditions, test environmental conditions, test preparation of the test method
for typical car operating conditions of proton exchange membrane fuel cell
(PEMFC) membrane electrode (MEA), test experiment and test report on
adaptability of membrane electrode of proton exchange membrane fuel cell.
This guiding technical document is applicable to the membrane electrode that
meets the performance requirements of the tested party. Use a single cell with
an active area of 5cm×5cm for testing. It is used to evaluate the adaptability of
membrane electrode (MEA) to typical fuel cell operating conditions. However,
the relationship between accelerated test life and actual life is not considered.
2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of
this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated
references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any
amendments) applies.
GB 3095-1996, Ambient air quality standard
GB/T 20042.1, Proton exchange membrane fuel cell - Terminology
GB/T 20042.5-2009, Proton exchange membrane fuel cell - Part 5: Test
method for membrane electrode assembly
GB/T 24548-2009, Fuel cell electric vehicles - Terminology
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions defined in GB/T
20042.1, GB/T 24548-2009 as well as the followings apply.
3.1 operating condition
the performance that combines each typical condition of the fuel cell into a cycle
spectrum according to the proportion of impact on fuel cell performance, so as
to test the fuel cell
NOTE: In the test, each typical condition can be expressed by power and current, or
voltage. It is recommended to express in voltage in this guiding technical document.
4 Boundary conditions
4.1 Boundary conditions of sample
This guiding technical document does not consider the influence of the following
factors:
- Fuel cell performance;
- Durability of bipolar plates;
- Performance of flow field plate.
4.2 Test boundary conditions
This guiding technical document does not consider the influence of the following
factors:
- Impurity gas;
- Low temperature start (less than 0°C);
- Control perturbation;
- Vibration in work environment;
- Emergencies.
5 Test environment conditions
The test environmental conditions of this guiding technical document are:
- Altitude: < 1000m;
- Temperature: 15°C~30°C;
- Test gas:
• Fuel: Hydrogen without CO, SO2, HS and other impurities generated by
area is 5cm×5cm; the surrounding area outside the effective area of the
sample is sealed.
c) The test sample shall be free of oil, wrinkles, defects and breakage.
d) The number of samples is 5, so as to meet the requirements of 3 effective
tests.
6.3 Other requirements
See Annex A for other requirements of test preparation.
7 Adaptability test of membrane electrode for proton
exchange membrane fuel cell
7.1 General rules
The adaptability test of membrane electrode for proton exchange membrane
fuel cell of this guiding technical document includes the adaptability test of
single operating condition and combined cycle condition.
7.2 Setting of test condition
According to the requirements of submitting party, determine the test items of
operating condition adaptability.
It may, according to the requirements of submitting party, set power, current or
voltage as test condition. This guiding technical document recommends that in
the operating condition adaptability test, the operation state of the fuel cell is
controlled by voltage. In the test, the submitting party provides the operation
condition of each operating condition or output parameters and polarization
curve of each operating condition of the test sample. The testing party,
according to the requirements of the submitting party and the data provided,
formulates the testing plan.
7.3 Fuel cell assembly
Assemble the sample to be tested, the flow field plate, current collector and end
plate of the corresponding specifications into a single cell. The assembly shall
meet the following conditions:
a) The contact resistance between the gas diffusion layer and the bipolar
plate is the smallest.
NOTE: The contact resistance test of the flow field plate and the gas diffusion
7.5.1 Install the single cell on the fuel cell test platform.
7.5.2 Use reactive gas as activation medium. According to the requirements of
the membrane electrode (MEA) submitter, control the operation condition. The
activation conditions are proposed by the submitting party, including
humidification degree, excess coefficient of gas, cell temperature, back
pressure maintenance constant value, current density of fuel cell operation and
fuel cell operating time. Activate the single cell. When the cell voltage stabilizes
at the same value under the same current density, the cell activation is
completed.
7.6 Test of open circuit condition
7.6.1 Use the activated single cell to determine the polarization curve, the
electrochemical active area of the catalyst and the hydrogen permeability. Refer
to GB/T 20042.5-2009 for test method.
7.6.2 Keep the single cell in the open circuit state for 80h then test. The test
conditions are proposed by the submitting party, including humidification degree,
gas excess coefficient, cell temperature, and back pressure maintenance
constant value.
7.6.3 Determine the polarization curve of the single cell, the electrochemical
active area of the catalyst and the hydrogen permeability every 8h. Calculate
the voltage drop when the current density is 600mA/cm2, the decrease in
electrochemical active area of the catalyst and the increase in hydrogen
permeability in the polarization curve test results after each cycle.
7.6.4 Calculate the voltage decay rate, electrochemical active area loss rate
and hydrogen permeation increase rate per hour at 600mA/cm2.
7.7 Test of idle condition
7.7.1 Use the activated single cell to determine the polarization curve, the
electrochemical active area of the catalyst and the hydrogen permeability.
7.7.2 Keep the single cell in the idle condition for 80h then test. The loading
conditions, according to the requirements of the submitting party, can be set as
power, current or voltage. The test conditions are proposed by the submitting
party, including humidification degree, gas excess factor, cell temperature, back
pressure maintenance constant value, loading rate.
7.7.3 Determine the polarization curve of the single cell, the electrochemical
active area of the catalyst and the hydrogen permeability every 8h. Calculate
the voltage drop when the current density is 600mA/cm2, the decrease in
electrochemical active area of the catalyst and the increase in hydrogen
permeability in the polarization curve test results after each cycle.
7.10.1 Use the activated single cell to determine the polarization curve, the
electrochemical active area of the catalyst and the hydrogen permeability.
7.10.2 Cycle the single cell between the idle condition and the overload
condition. Keep each condition for 2min. The loading conditions, according to
the requirements of the submitting party, can be set as power, current or voltage.
The test conditions are proposed by the submitting party, including
humidification degree, gas excess factor, cell temperature, back pressure
maintenance constant value, loading rate.
7.10.3 Respectively cycle 0 times, 120 times, 240 times, 360 times, 480 times,
600 times, 720 times, 840 times, 960 times, 1080 times and 1200 times in the
idle-overloading cycle condition. Determine the polarization curve of the single
cell, the electrochemical active area of the catalyst and the hydrogen
permeability. Calculate the voltage drop when the current density is 600mA/cm2,
the decrease in electrochemical active area of the catalyst and the increase in
hydrogen permeability in the polarization curve test results after each cycle.
7.10.4 Calculate the voltage decay rate, electrochemical active area loss rate
and hydrogen permeation increase rate at 600mA/cm2 per cycle.
7.11 Test of open circuit-idle cycle condition
7.11.1 Use the activated single cell to determine the polarization curve, the
electrochemical active area of the catalyst and the hydrogen permeability.
7.11.2 Cycle the single cell between the open circuit condition and the idle
condition. Keep each condition for 2min. The loading conditions, according to
the requirements of the submitting party, can be set as power, current or voltage.
The test conditions are proposed by the submitting party, including
humidification degree, gas excess factor, cell temperature, back pressure
maintenance constant value, loading rate.
7.11.3 Respectively cycle 0 times, 120 times, 240 times, 360 times, 480 times,
600 times, 720 times, 840 times, 960 times, 1080 times and 1200 times in the
open circuit-idle cycle condition. Determine the polarization curve of the single
cell, the electrochemical active area of the catalyst and the hydrogen
permeability. Calculate the voltage drop when the current density is 600mA/cm2,
the decrease in electrochemical active area of the catalyst and the increase in
hydrogen permeability in the polarization curve test results after each cycle.
7.11.4 Calculate the voltage decay rate, electrochemical active area loss rate
and hydrogen permeation increase rate at 600mA/cm2 per cycle.
7.12 Test of combined cycle condition
7.12.1 Use the activated single cell to determine the polarization curve, the
The report of each type of report shall provide a table of contents.
8.2.3 Test report form
8.2.3.1 Abstract report
The abstract report shall contain the following information:
- Test purpose;
- Test types, instruments and equipment;
- All test results;
- Uncertainty factors and determinants of each test result;
- Summary conclusion.
8.2.3.2 Detailed report
The detailed report, in addition to the content of the abstract report, shall also
contain the following information:
- Test operation mode and test flow chart;
- Description of the arrangement, layout and operation conditions of
instruments and equipment;
- Instrument and equipment calibration;
- Explanation of test result in the form of graphs or tables;
- Discussion and analysis of test result.
8.2.3.3 Complete report
The complete report, in addition to the detailed content, shall also contain the
copy of original data. In addition, the following information shall be included:
- Test duration;
- Accuracy of the measuring equipment used for test;
- Environmental conditions of test;
- Name and qualification of tester;
- Complete and detailed uncertainty analysis.
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