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GB/T 6903-2022 (GBT6903-2022)

GB/T 6903-2022_English: PDF (GBT 6903-2022, GBT6903-2022)
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GB/T 6903-2022English170 Add to Cart 0--9 seconds. Auto-delivery Analysis of water used in boiler and cooling system - General rule Valid GB/T 6903-2022

BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 6903-2022 (GB/T6903-2022)
Description (Translated English) Analysis of water used in boiler and cooling system - General rule
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard G76
Classification of International Standard 13.060.25
Word Count Estimation 8,856
Date of Issue 2022-03-09
Date of Implementation 2022-10-01
Drafting Organization Xi'an Thermal Engineering Research Institute Co., Ltd., Jiangsu Special Equipment Safety Supervision and Inspection Institute Changzhou Branch, Quzhou Special Equipment Inspection Center, Shandong Taihe Water Treatment Technology Co., Ltd., Ningbo Special Equipment Inspection Institute, CNOOC Tianjin Chemical Research and Design Institute Co., Ltd., Shijiazhuang Gaiyuan Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd., China Special Equipment Testing and Research Institute, Jinhua Shuizhiyin Testing Co., Ltd., Ansteel Litian (Anshan) Water Treatment Co., Ltd., Chongqing University
Administrative Organization National Chemical Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC 63)
Proposing organization China Petroleum and Chemical Industry Federation
Issuing agency(ies) State Administration for Market Regulation, National Standardization Administration

Standards related to: GB/T 6903-2022

GB/T 6903-2022
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 13.060.25
CCS G 76
Replacing GB/T 6903-2005
Analysis of water used in boiler and cooling system -
General rule
ISSUED ON: MARCH 09, 2022
IMPLEMENTED ON: OCTOBER 01, 2022
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 5 
2 Normative references ... 5 
3 Terms and definitions... 6 
4 General provisions ... 7 
5 Laboratory requirements ... 9 
6 Expression method of solution concentration ... 10 
7 Expression method of analysis results ... 10 
References ... 13 
Analysis of water used in boiler and cooling system -
General rule
1 Scope
This document specifies the general requirements for water quality analysis methods of
water used in boiler and cooling system, including general regulations, laboratory
requirements, the expression method of solution concentration and the expression
method of analysis results.
This document applies to the quality analysis of water used in boiler and cooling system.
2 Normative references
The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this
document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the
version corresponding to that date is applicable to this document; for undated references,
the latest version (including all amendments) is applicable to this document.
GB/T 601, Chemical reagent - Preparations of reference titration solutions
GB/T 602, Chemical reagent - Preparations of standard solutions for impurity
GB/T 603, Chemical reagent - Preparations of reagent solutions for use in test
methods
GB 3100, The international system of units and its application
GB 3101, General principles concerning quantities, units and symbols
GB/T 3358.2, Statistics - Vocabulary and symbols - Part 2: Applied statistics
GB/T 6682-2008, Water for analytical laboratory use - Specification and test
methods
GB/T 8170, Rules of rounding off for numerical values & expression and judgment
of limiting values
GB/T 14666, Terms for analytical chemistry
GB/T 33087-2016, Ultra-pure water for instrumental analysis specification and test
methods
3.6
reproducibility limit
Under reproducibility conditions, there is a 95% probability that the absolute difference
between the two test results is less than or equal to this number.
[Source: GB/T 3358.2-2009, 3.3.14, modified]
4 General provisions
4.1 Measurement units and symbols
The units and symbols used in the analysis methods (referred to as "methods") for water
used in boiler and cooling system shall comply with the provisions of GB 3100 and GB
3101.
4.2 Selection of test methods
Appropriate analytical methods shall be selected according to the content range and
accuracy requirements of the substance to be tested in the water quality to be determined.
4.3 Reagents or materials
4.3.1 The purity of reagents used for analysis shall meet the requirements of water and
steam quality analytical methods. The reagents used in the method, unless otherwise
specified, shall be of analytical reagents and above.
4.3.2 The reference titration solution, impurity standard solution, preparation and
product required in the method shall be prepared and stored in accordance with the
provisions of GB/T 601, GB/T 602 and GB/T 603 unless other provisions are specified.
4.3.3 The water in the method refers to the test water used for preparing solutions,
washing instruments, diluting water samples and doing blank tests. When no other
requirements are specified, it refers to the grade-3 water that meets the requirements of
GB/T 6682-2008.
4.3.4 According to different measurement ranges of the method, the trace component
analysis shall use the grade-2 water or above according to the method requirements,
and the micro and macro component analysis shall use the grade-2 or grade-3 water
according to the method requirements. For trace instrumental analytical methods, use
high-purity water in accordance with GB/T 33087-2016 if necessary.
4.3.5 When it’s not indicated which solution is used, it refers to the aqueous solution.
4.4 Blank test
4.6.1 Before the water sample analysis, the characteristics such as color, odor,
transparency, and the presence or absence of precipitation shall be observed and
recorded.
4.6.2 Unstable items such as pH value, hydrazine content, chemical oxygen
consumption, and nitrite content shall be measured as soon as possible after sampling,
and other items shall be measured within 72 hours.
4.6.3 The turbid water sample shall be mixed evenly and divided into two water samples,
where for the first one, take the upper clarified liquid to measure pH value, nitrite and
other unstable items, and filter to measure chloride, nitrate and other items. For the
second one, after mixing it evenly, immediately measure the chemical oxygen
consumption, and measure items such as silica, iron, calcium and magnesium.
5 Laboratory requirements
5.1 Laboratory environment
The laboratory environment shall be clean and well ventilated; the temperature and
humidity shall meet the test requirements; measures such as dustproof, shockproof,
anti-electromagnetic and anti-pollution shall be taken when necessary.
5.2 Laboratory facilities
5.2.1 The laboratory shall be equipped with instruments and equipment that meet the
testing requirements according to the measured water quality characteristics.
Laboratories engaged in trace analysis shall be equipped with special utensils.
5.2.2 The laboratory instruments shall be regularly verified or calibrated and checked
during the period according to the metrological requirements. The volume calibration
of glassware shall be carried out in accordance with the glassware calibration procedure.
5.2.3 The laboratory shall be equipped with safety protective devices and facilities.
5.3 Laboratory management system
5.3.1 The laboratory shall establish a system that can ensure the normal working order
of the laboratory and the reliability of analytical data, including sampling, sample
circulation, operating procedures, verification and review of analytical data, instrument
use system and storage system for original records, inspection reports and other data
files.
5.3.2 When toxic and harmful chemical reagents (such as mercury, hydrofluoric acid,
toxic organic reagents, etc.) are used in the laboratory, strict protective measures shall
be taken in accordance with the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) of the reagents.
5.3.3 The laboratory shall manage precursors and explosives in accordance with the
requirements of the relevant departments.
5.3.4 The laboratory shall have measures and procedures for the safe handling and
disposal of laboratory waste chemicals.
6 Expression method of solution concentration
6.1 Mass concentration of substances
It refers to the amount of solute-containing substances per liter of solution. The
concentration of the standard titration solution and the reference solution shall be
expressed as the mass concentration of the substance, expressed in moles per liter
(mol/L), and indicated with the elementary unit.
6.2 Volume by volume concentration
If the solution is prepared by dilution with another specific solution, it shall be
expressed as follows:
-- "Diluted V1→V2" means that a specific solution of volume V1 is diluted to a final
mixture of total volume V2;
-- "V1+V2" means that a specific solution of volume V1 is added to a solvent of
volume V2.
6.3 Mass concentration
The concentration expressed in terms of the mass of an element, ion, compound or
functional group contained in a unit volume of solution, in grams per liter (g/L) or its
submultiples.
7 Expression method of analysis results
7.1 Calculation of analysis result
According to the mass or volume of the sample to be tested, the data obtained from the
measurement and the relevant measurement relationship in the analysis process,
calculate the content of the tested component in the sample.
7.2 Rounding up of significant figures
When calculating the analysis results, the significant figures shall be rounded and
calculated in accordance with the provisions of GB/T 8170.
7.3 Expression of precision
The expression of precision should be carried out in accordance with the provisions of
Appendix B of GB/T 20001.4-2015. The repeatability determinations performed by the
same laboratory shall be expressed as follows:
-- Take the arithmetic mean of the parallel determination results as the determination
result; the absolute difference between the parallel determination results shall not
be larger than …;
-- Take the arithmetic mean of the parallel determination results as the determination
result; the relative deviation of the parallel determination results shall not be
greater than …%;
-- The absolute difference between two independent test results that are obtained by
independently testing the same test object within a short period of time, in the
same laboratory, by the same operator using the same equipment, according to
the same test method, shall not be greater than ...% of the arithmetic mean of the
two measured values.
7.4 Number of determinations
In general, the arithmetic mean of two parallel determinations shall be taken as the
reported value of the analysis result:
-- When the absolute error of the results of the two parallel determinations exceeds
the allowable error, perform the third determination;
-- When the absolute error between the third measured value and the first two
measured values is less than the allowable error, take the arithmetic mean of the
three measured values as the reported value of the analysis result;
-- When the absolute error between the third measured value and any of the previous
two measured values is less than the allowable error, take the arithmetic mean of
the two values as the reported value of the analysis result, and discard the other
determination data;
-- When the absolute error between the three parallel determination exceeds the
allowable error, discard all the data, and perform the determination again after
finding the cause.
...