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GB/T 5680-2023 (GBT5680-2023)

GB/T 5680-2023_English: PDF (GBT 5680-2023, GBT5680-2023)
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GB/T 5680-2023English305 Add to Cart 0--9 seconds. Auto-delivery Austenitic manganese steel castings Valid GB/T 5680-2023

BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 5680-2023 (GB/T5680-2023)
Description (Translated English) Austenitic manganese steel castings
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard J31
Classification of International Standard 77.140.80
Word Count Estimation 20,25
Date of Issue 2023-05-23
Date of Implementation 2023-05-23
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) GB/T 5680-2010
Drafting Organization Jinan University, Zhengzhou Dingsheng High-tech Energy Engineering Technology Co., Ltd., Zhejiang Huasheng Metal Products Co., Ltd., Zhejiang Wujing Machinery Manufacturing Co., Ltd., Harbin Boshen Technology Development Co., Ltd., Guangdong Torch Detection Co., Ltd., Jiangxi Copper Group (Dexing) Foundry Co., Ltd., Guangxi Great Wall Machinery Co., Ltd., Zhejiang Yurong Industrial Co., Ltd., Shaoguan Qujiang Jinyang Wear-resistant Materials Co., Ltd., China Railway Baoqiao Group Co., Ltd., Hunan Bauhinia New Material Technology Co., Ltd., Chengde Rongmao Cast Steel Co., Ltd. Company, Sanming Jinsheng Special Steel Co., Ltd., Ningguo Dongfang Grinding Materials Co., Ltd., Yunnan Kungang Wear-resistant Materials Technology Co., Ltd., Shaoguan Qirui Environmental Protection Equipment Co., Ltd., Guangdong Jinzhili Technology Co., Ltd., Shandong Tianli Machinery Foundry Co., Ltd., Zhejiang
Administrative Organization National Foundry Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC 54)
Proposing organization National Foundry Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC 54)
Issuing agency(ies) State Administration for Market Regulation, National Standardization Management Committee

Standards related to: GB/T 5680-2023

GB/T 5680-2023
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 77.140.80
CCS J 31
Replacing GB/T 5680-2010
Austenitic Manganese Steel Castings
(ISO 13521:2015, MOD)
ISSUED ON: MAY 23, 2023
IMPLEMENTED ON: MAY 23, 2023
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 5
2 Normative References ... 5
3 Terms and Definitions ... 7
4 Order Information ... 7
5 Manufacturing Process ... 7
6 Technical Requirements ... 7
7 Test Methods ... 11
8 Inspection Rules ... 13
9 Marking, Certificate of Conformity, Packaging, Transportation and Storage ... 18
Appendix A (informative) Comparison of Structural No. between this Document and
ISO 13521:2015 ... 20
Appendix B (informative) Technical differences between this Document and ISO
13521:2015 and Reasons for These Differences ... 21
Austenitic Manganese Steel Castings
1 Scope
This document specifies the order information, manufacturing process, technical requirements,
test methods, inspection rules, marking, certificate of conformity, packaging, transportation and
storage of austenitic manganese steel castings.
This document is applicable to wear-resistant austenitic manganese steel castings subject to
impact load. The wear-resistant austenitic manganese steel castings of other working conditions
may take this as a reference in the implementation.
2 Normative References
The contents of the following documents constitute indispensable clauses of this document
through the normative references in the text. In terms of references with a specified date, only
versions with a specified date are applicable to this document. In terms of references without a
specified date, the latest version (including all the modifications) is applicable to this document.
GB/T 222 Permissible Tolerances for Chemical Composition of Steel Products
GB/T 223.4 Alloyed Steel - Determination of Manganese Content - Potentiometric or Visual
Titration Method
GB/T 223.5 Steel and Iron - Determination of Acid-soluble Silicon and Total Silicon Content -
Reduced Molybdosilicate Spectrophotometric Method
GB/T 223.11 Iron, Steel and Alloy - Determination of Chromium Content - Visual Titration or
Potentiometric Titration Method
GB/T 223.25 Methods for Chemical Analysis of Iron, Steel and Alloy - The Dimethylglyoxime
Gravimetric Method for the Determination of Nickel Content
GB/T 223.26 Iron, Steel and Alloy - Determination of Molybdenum Content - The Thiocyanate
Spectrophotometric Method
GB/T 223.43 Iron, Steel and Alloy - Determination of Tungsten Content - Gravimetric Method
and Spectrophotometric Method
GB/T 223.59 Iron, Steel and Alloy - Determination of Phosphorus Content - Bismuth
Phosphomolybdate Blue Spectrometric Method and Antimony Phosphomolybdate Blue
Spectrophotometric Method
GB/T 223.69 Iron, Steel and Alloy - Determination of Carbon Contents - Gas-volumetric
Method after Combustion in the Pipe Furnace
3 Terms and Definitions
The terms and definitions defined in GB/T 5611 are applicable to this document.
4 Order Information
4.1 The demand-side should specify the material designation, supply quantity, name of casting,
delivery state, technical requirements and inspection items of austenitic manganese steel
castings (hereinafter referred to as “castings”).
4.2 The demand-side should provide order drawings and technical conditions.
4.3 When the demand-side has special requirements or other supplementary requirements, the
demand-side and the supply-side shall jointly determine through negotiation.
5 Manufacturing Process
5.1 Casting
5.1.1 Unless the demand-side has special requirements, the smelting method of alloy materials
shall be determined by the supply-side.
5.1.2 Unless the demand-side has special requirements, the casting and forming process and
method shall be determined by the supply-side.
5.2 Heat Treatment
5.2.1 The castings shall be subject to water toughening treatment (water quenching solid
solution heat treatment). During the water toughening treatment, the castings shall be evenly
heated and thermally insulated, and shall be quickly immersed in water. After the castings enter
the water, the water temperature shall not exceed 50 C.
5.2.2 When the thickness of the castings is less than 45 mm and the carbon content is lower
than 0.8%, ZG90Mn14Mo can be directly supplied without heat treatment. All other
designations of castings shall be subject to the water toughening treatment (water quenching
solid solution heat treatment). The temperature of the water toughening treatment shall not be
lower than 1,040 C.
6 Technical Requirements
6.1 General Requirements
6.1.1 The inspection items of the castings shall include: chemical composition, hardness,
surface quality, dimensional tolerance, geometrical tolerance and weight tolerance.
specimen after bending, but the specimen still remains in one piece, it is also deemed to be
qualified.
6.7 Internal Quality
The allowable range of defects and quality level inside the castings are determined by the
demand-side and the supply-side through negotiation.
6.8 Surface Quality
6.8.1 The castings shall not have cracks and casting defects that may affect the properties, such
as: cold shut, misrun, slag inclusions, sand inclusions, pores, shrinkage cavities and shrinkage
porosity, etc.
6.8.2 The pouring gates, risers, burrs, trimmings and stuck sand of the castings shall be cleanly
removed. After grinding, the remaining amount on the gates and riser roots shall comply with
the stipulations of the drawing or order contract.
6.8.3 The surface grinding (mechanical) treatment level, surface non-metallic inclusion level
and surface pore level of the castings may be determined by the demand-side and the supply-
side through negotiation in accordance with the stipulations of GB/T 39428-2020.
6.8.4 The surface roughness grade of the castings shall comply with the stipulations of the
drawing or order contract. If there is no such stipulation in the drawing or order contract, the
surface roughness value of the castings with a single-piece weight less than 1,000 kg shall
comply with the stipulations of Ra  25 m in GB/T 1031-2009, or meet the stipulations of
BM2 in GB/T 39428-2020; the surface roughness value of the castings with a single-piece
weight greater than 1,000 kg shall comply with the stipulations of Ra  100 m in GB/T 1031-
2009, or meet the stipulations of BM3 in GB/T 39428-2020.
6.9 Dimensional Tolerance, Geometrical Tolerance and Weight Tolerance
6.9.1 The dimensional tolerance, geometrical tolerance and weight tolerance of the castings
shall comply with the stipulations of the drawing or order contract. If there is no such stipulation
in the drawing or order contract, the dimensional tolerance of the castings shall comply with
DCTG12 in GB/T 6414-2017, and the geometrical tolerance of the castings shall comply with
GCTG7 in GB/T 6414-2017.
6.9.2 The weight tolerance of the castings shall comply with the stipulations of MT11 in GB/T
11351-2017.
6.10 Welding Repair
6.10.1 Defects in the castings can be repaired by welding. Before welding repair, the welding
procedure shall be evaluated. Before welding repair, the defective parts of the castings shall be
cleaned. After welding repair, the use and appearance quality of the castings shall not be
affected. Unless it is otherwise specified, the welding procedure is determined by the supply-
7.3.1 The metallographic structure inspection shall be carried out in accordance with the
stipulations of GB/T 13298 and GB/T 13925.
7.3.2 The carbides are divided into three categories: undissolved, precipitated and superheated,
in accordance with the stipulations of GB/T 13925 for evaluation.
7.3.3 The non-metallic inclusions are rated in accordance with the stipulations of GB/T 13925.
7.3.4 The grain size is rated in accordance with the stipulations of GB/T 6394.
7.4 Tensile Properties and Impact Properties
7.4.1 The test of tensile properties shall be carried out in accordance with the stipulations of
GB/T 228.1.
7.4.2 The test of impact properties shall be carried out in accordance with the stipulations of
GB/T 229.
7.5 Bending Properties
The test of bending properties shall be carried out in accordance with the stipulations of GB/T
232.
7.6 Non-destructive Testing
7.6.1 The penetrant inspection method and rating standard shall comply with the stipulations of
GB/T 9443.
7.6.2 The X or -ray detection method and rating standard shall comply with the stipulations of
GB/T 5677. The X-ray digital imaging inspection method of the castings can also be used,
which shall be implemented in accordance with the stipulations of GB/T 39638.
7.7 Surface Quality
7.7.1 The testing of the surface grinding (mechanical) treatment level, surface non-metallic
inclusion level and surface pore level of the castings shall be carried out in accordance with the
stipulations of GB/T 39428-2020. Other surface defects of the castings shall be detected using
the intuitive visual method.
7.7.2 When determining the surface roughness parameters of the castings in accordance with
the stipulations of GB/T 1031-2009, the surface roughness shall be tested in accordance with
the stipulations of GB/T 15056 and GB/T 6060.1.
7.7.3 The appearance quality of the castings shall be determined and tested in accordance with
GB/T 39428-2020.
7.8 Dimensional Tolerance, Geometrical Tolerance and Weight Tolerance
7.8.1 The geometrical tolerance and dimensional tolerance of the castings shall be inspected
with testing tools, gauge blocks, templates or markings with corresponding precisions.
7.8.2 The weight inspection of the castings shall adopt the weighing method.
7.9 Welding Repair and Welding Qualification
The welding procedure qualification before welding repair of the castings shall be carried out
in accordance with the stipulations of GB/T 40800.
7.10 Correction
The correction of the castings shall adopt the method of pressure-forming.
8 Inspection Rules
8.1 Location and Time of Inspection
8.1.1 Unless it is otherwise determined by the demand-side and the supply-side through
negotiation, the location of inspection shall be at the supply-side’s place, and the inspection
samples may be selected at the supply-side’s factory.
8.1.2 Unless it is otherwise determined by the demand-side and the supply-side through
negotiation, the time of inspection shall be determined by the supply-side.
8.2 Rights and Responsibilities of Inspection
8.2.1 The inspection of the castings, test blocks and specimens shall be carried out by the
supply-side’s inspection department.
8.2.2 If the supply-side does not have the necessary inspection means, or if there is a dispute
between the demand-side and the supply-side regarding the quality of the castings, the
inspection can be carried out by an independent third-party institution.
8.2.3 Upon agreement between the demand-side and the supply-side, representatives of the
demand-side may enter the location where the castings, test blocks and specimens to be
inspected are manufactured and stored, designate samples to be selected in accordance with the
regulations, and participate in the sample selection, and preparation and inspection of the
castings, test blocks and specimens.
8.3 Division of Inspection Batches
The division of inspection batches shall be based on one of the following three modes. The
specific requirements shall be determined by the demand-side and the supply-side through
negotiation and specified in the order contract. When the demand-side has no specific
requirements, the supply-side may choose one of them.
a) Division of batches by heat: the castings cast from molten steel in the same smelting
8.5.1 If any of the following circumstances occurs during the properties test, the test result shall
be invalid.
a) The specimen is improperly installed on the testing machine, or the testing machine
is improperly operated, or the testing machine functions abnormally.
b) There are casting defects on the surface of the specimen or improper machining of
the specimen (such as: specimen dimensions, transition fillet and roughness that do
not comply with the requirements).
c) The specimen breaks outside the gauge length.
d) There are abnormalities, for example, casting defects, on the fracture surface of the
specimen.
8.5.2 If one of the circumstances in 8.5.1 occurs, another specimen shall be taken from the same
test block (casting) or another test block (casting) of the same batch for testing. The test result
may replace the above invalid test result.
8.6 Chemical Composition
Each smelting furnace is considered as one batch. From each batch, take one specimen for the
inspection of chemical composition. If the inspection result is disqualified, then, double
sampling and re-inspection will be required. If one specimen is still disqualified, then, the batch
of castings shall be considered as disqualified in chemical composition. Chip specimens shall
be taken from the casting surface below 6 mm.
8.7 Hardness
8.7.1 The hardness shall be tested not less than 2 mm below the surface of the casting. When it
is difficult to test hardness on the casting body, the hardness can also be tested on the cast test
block attached to the casting. The hardness test surface shall be produced by machining, wire-
electrode cutting or EDM technology, but the wire-electrode cutting or EDM machined surface
shall also be machined to remove the heat affected zone.
8.7.2 The hardness inspection is carried out in batches. From each batch, randomly take 3
castings or their attached cast test blocks for the inspection. If one piece is disqualified,
randomly take another 3 castings or their attached cast test blocks from the same batch for a re-
inspection. If one piece is disqualified in hardness in the re-inspection, then, the batch of
castings shall be determined as disqualified in hardness. If 2 castings or their attached cast test
blocks are disqualified in hardness in the first sampling, then, the batch of castings shall be
determined as disqualified in hardness.
8.7.3 When dividing batches by the number of pieces, the sampling method shall be determined
by the demand-side and the supply-side through negotiation. When the hardness of the castings
is disqualified, the castings and their attached cast test blocks can be re-subject to the water
toughening treatment, then sampled for a re-inspection. Without the consent of the demand-
side, the castings and their attached cast test blocks shall not be re-subject to the water
toughening treatment more than twice. After being re-subject to the water toughening treatment,
if they are qualified in the inspection, then, the batch of castings can still be determined as
qualified in hardness.
8.8 Metallographic Structure
8.8.1 The metallographic structure specimens shall be taken from a location no less than 6 mm
below the surface of the castings or their attached cast test blocks. The metallographic structure
inspection can also be performed directly on the castings.
8.8.2 The metallographic structure inspection is carried out in batches. From each batch, take
one specimen. If it fails the first inspection, take two spare metallographic specimens from the
same batch for a re-inspection. If the metallographic structure of two re-inspected specimens is
all qualified, then, it can still be determined that this batch of castings is qualified in the
metallographic structure. During the re-inspection of superheated carbides, non-metallic
inclusions and grain size, if one specimen exceeds the specified value, then, it shall be
determined that this batch of castings is disqualified in superheated carbides, non-metallic
inclusions and grain size in the metallographic structure. During the re-inspection of
undissolved carbides or precipitated carbides, if one specimen exceeds the specified value, after
the castings and their attached cast test blocks are re-subject to the water toughening treatment,
conduct sampling for a re-inspection.
8.8.3 Without the consent of the demand-side, the castings and their attached cast test blocks
shall not be re-subject to the water toughening treatment more than twice. After being re-subject
to the water toughening treatment, if all items are qualified in the inspection, then, the batch of
castings can be determined as qualified in undissolved carbides or precipitated carbides in the
metallographic structure.
8.9 Tensile Properties and Impact Properties
8.9.1 The specimens used are taken from a single cast test block simultaneously cast as the
casting. Alternatively, they can be taken from the casting body, or the cast test block attached
to the casting.
8.9.2 The tensile test is carried out in batches. From each batch, take one specimen. If it fails in
the first inspection, take two spare tensile specimens from the same batch for a re-inspection.
If both specimens are qualified in the re-inspection, then, it can be determined that this batch of
castings is qualified in tensile properties. If the properties of one specimen are disqualified in
the re-inspection, then, the batch of castings can be determined as disqualified in tensile
properties.
8.9.3 The impact test is carried out in batches. From each batch, take 3 Charpy impact
specimens with U-shaped notches (the notch depth is 2 mm). The average value of the impact
absorbed energy of the three specimens under the pendulum hammer blade with a radius of
curvature of 2 mm shall comply with the specified value, and only one value of the three
specimens is allowed to be lower than the specified value, but it shall not be lower than 70% of
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