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GB/T 40507-2021 (GBT40507-2021)

GB/T 40507-2021_English: PDF (GBT 40507-2021, GBT40507-2021)
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GB/T 40507-2021English260 Add to Cart 0--9 seconds. Auto-delivery Passenger cars -- Free-steer behaviour -- Steering-pulse open-loop test method Valid GB/T 40507-2021

Standard ID GB/T 40507-2021 (GB/T40507-2021)
Description (Translated English) Passenger cars -- Free-steer behaviour -- Steering-pulse open-loop test method
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard T23
Classification of International Standard 43.040.50
Word Count Estimation 18,146
Date of Issue 2021-08-20
Date of Implementation 2022-03-01
Drafting Organization China Automotive Research Institute Automotive Inspection Center (Tianjin) Co., Ltd., Pan Asia Automotive Technology Center Co., Ltd., State Key Laboratory of Automobile Simulation and Control of Jilin University, Nanjing Automobile Group Co., Ltd. Automobile Engineering Research Institute, National Automobile Quality Supervision and Inspection Center (Xiangyang) , China Automotive Technology and Research Center Co., Ltd., China Automotive Research Institute (Tianjin) Automotive Engineering Research Institute Co., Ltd., China FAW Co., Ltd.
Administrative Organization National Automotive Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC 114)
Proposing organization Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of the People's Republic of China
Issuing agency(ies) State Administration for Market Regulation, National Standardization Administration

Standards related to: GB/T 40507-2021

GB/T 40507-2021
ICS 43.040.50
CCS T 23
Passenger vehicles - Free-steer behaviour - Steering-
pulse open-loop test method
(ISO 17288-2:2011, Passenger vehicles - Free-steer behaviour - Part 2:
Steering-pulse open-loop test method, MOD)
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 5 
2 Normative references ... 5 
3 Terms and definitions ... 5 
4 General ... 5 
5 Measuring variables ... 6 
6 Instruments and equipment... 6 
7 Test conditions ... 6 
8 Test procedure ... 8 
9 Data analysis ... 10 
10 Test report ... 21 
Annex A (normative) Test report -- Basic information ... 22 
Annex B (normative) Test report -- Test conditions... 26 
Passenger vehicles - Free-steer behaviour - Steering-
pulse open-loop test method
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the steering-pulse open-loop test method for free-steer
behaviour of passenger vehicles.
This Standard is applicable to M1 vehicles. Other types of vehicles can be
implemented by reference.
2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of
this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated
references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any
amendments) applies.
GB/T 3730.1, Motor vehicles and trailers - Types - Terms and definitions
GB/T 3730.2, Road vehicle - Masses - Vocabulary and codes (GB/T 3730.2-
1996, idt ISO 1176:1990)
GB/T 12549, Terms and Definitions for Vehicle Controllability and Stability
GB/T 15089, Classification of power-driven vehicles and trailers
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions defined in GB/T
3730.1, GB/T 3730.2, GB/T 12549 and GB/T 15089 apply.
4 General
The purpose of this Standard is mainly to investigate and evaluate the ability of
the vehicle to return to a straight path after the steering wheel angle pulse input
is completed when the vehicle is driving in a straight line in a steady state.
Release the steering wheel free after pulse input. Record the steering wheel
angle and vehicle response during vehicle oscillation. Calculate and obtain the
7.2.2 The atmospheric temperature is between 0°C~40°C.
7.3 Vehicle conditions
7.3.1 Vehicle inspection
Before the test, determine the vehicle's four-wheel alignment parameters.
Check, adjust and tighten the steering system and suspension system, and
lubricate as required. The test can only be carried out if it is confirmed that the
test vehicle has met the technical conditions stipulated by the manufacturer.
The values of the relevant parameters measured and checked shall be
recorded, see Annex A.
7.3.2 Test load
The test vehicle load is the curb weight of the vehicle plus the driver and
equipment not exceeding 150kg to the maximum allowable total mass of the
vehicle. Do not exceed the maximum allowable axle load of the vehicle at the
same time. The recommended test mass is the curb weight of the vehicle plus
the weight of 1 driver, 1 tester and necessary equipment.
7.3.3 Test tires The tires shall be installed on the test vehicle according to the vehicle
manufacturer’s instructions. The tires shall be run-in at least 150km on the
tested vehicle or similar vehicle. But ensure that there is no excessive use, such
as emergency braking, rapid acceleration, sharp turns, road shoulders. After
running-in, the tires shall be kept in the same position for testing. The tire tread depth (including the entire width of the tire contacting the
ground and the entire tire surface) shall be more than 90% of the initial tire tread
depth. The production date of the tire shall be recorded in the test conditions,
see Annex B. The test tire shall not exceed one year from the production date
when it is used for the test. The tires shall be inflated at the pressure corresponding to the test
environment temperature specified by the vehicle manufacturer. For tire
pressure less than or equal to 250kPa, the error of cold inflation pressure shall
be ±5kPa. When the tire pressure exceeds 250kPa, the error shall not exceed
2%. The tire pressure and the depth of the tire tread pattern before warm-up
shall be recorded in the test report, see Annex B. In addition to the basic tire conditions, tests can also be carried out
under other conditions. The specific details shall be recorded in the test report,
see Annex B. The dynamic balance of the wheel/tyre assembly shall be confirmed
before the test.
8 Test procedure
8.1 Hot vehicle
Before the test, drive 10km in a straight line at the test vehicle speed, or drive
500m at the corresponding vehicle speed with a lateral acceleration of 3m/s2
(one left turn and one right turn) to warm up the tires.
8.2 Test speed
The standard value of the test vehicle speed is 100km/h. At least carry out three
speed tests. Other vehicle speeds shall be determined at ±20km/h intervals with
reference to the standard vehicle speed. During the test, the vehicle travels in
a straight line at the test speed. Manual transmission vehicles use the highest
gear. Automatic transmission vehicles use D gear. When the initial speed of the
test does not exceed 100km/h, the error shall not exceed ±1km/h. When the
initial test speed exceeds 100km/h, the error shall not exceed ±2km/h. Keep
the accelerator pedal position unchanged during the test.
8.3 Test methods
At each test speed, the driver gives the steering wheel a steering pulse input to
make it reach the preset steering wheel angle. Immediately release the steering
wheel to allow the vehicle to travel freely. The throttle position remains
unchanged during this period.
The amplitude of the pulse input shall be sufficient to make the vehicle produce
an initial lateral acceleration of 2m/s2±0.2m/s2. Gradually increase the angular
amplitude of the pulse input δHp and repeat the test. Make sure to increase the
lateral acceleration at an interval of no more than 0.5m/s2 until the lateral
acceleration reaches more than 5m/s2. The schematic diagram is shown in
Figure 1.
Annex A
Test report -- Basic information
The basic information in the test report is recorded according to the following
Vehicle identification VIN code: _____________________________________
Vehicle type: ___________________________________________________
Factory: _______________________________________________________
Model: ________________________________________________________
Model year/Registration date: ______________________________________
Driving wheel: ☐Front axle ☐Rear axle
Four-wheel drive type: ____________________________________________
Special function: ________________________________________________
Power system identification number: ________________________________
Power type: ☐Gasoline engine ☐Diesel engine ☐Pure electric ☐ Hybrid
Oil and gas mixing control: ☐ Multi-point EFI ☐ In-cylinder direct injection
Booster system: ☐ Turbocharged ☐ Supercharged
Ignition timing control: ☐ Mechanical control ☐ Electronic control
Oil cut switch: ☐ Yes ☐ No
Cylinder displacement (mL) and quantity (pcs): _________________________
Power system layout type: _________________________________________
Number of motors (piece): _________________________________________
Maximum power (kW) and speed (r/min): _____________________________
Maximum torque (N·m) and speed (r/min): ____________________________
Transmission gearbox model: ______________________________________