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GB/T 29510-2013

Chinese Standard: 'GB/T 29510-2013'
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BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 29510-2013 (GB/T29510-2013)
Description (Translated English) General requirements for the distribution of personal protection equipment
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard C73
Classification of International Standard 13.340.01
Word Count Estimation 17,181
Quoted Standard GB 2890-2009; GB/T 6441; GB/T 11651-2009; GB/T 12903; GB/T 14366; GB/T 18644-2002; GB/T 23466-2009; GB/T 23468-2009; GB/T 24536-2009
Drafting Organization Beijing Institute of Labour Protection
Administrative Organization National Personal Protective Equipment Standardization Technical Committee
Regulation (derived from) National Standards Bulletin 2013 No. 6
Proposing organization State Administration of Work Safety
Issuing agency(ies) General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People's Republic of China, Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of China
Summary This standard specifies the PPE with the basic requirements of the Hazardous Factors principles and methods of identification with the program, sorting, grading and scope, staffing requirements, management and training. This standard applies to production

GB/T 29510-2013
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 13.340.01
C 73
General requirements for the distribution of personal
protection equipment
个体防护装备配备基本要求
ISSUED ON: MAY 09, 2013
IMPLEMENTED ON: FEBRUARY 01, 2014
Issued by: General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of
China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 4 
2 Normative references ... 4 
3 Terms and definitions ... 5 
4 Basic requirements ... 5 
5 Principles and methods for identifying hazard and harmful factors ... 6 
6 Distribution procedures ... 7 
7 Classification, rating and scope of application ... 8 
8 Distribution requirements ... 21 
9 Management and training ... 22 
Bibliography ... 24 
General requirements for the distribution of personal
protection equipment
1 Scope
This Standard specifies basic requirements, identification principles and
methods of dangerous and harmful factors, equipment procedures,
classification, rating and scope of application, equipment requirements,
management and training for distribution of personal protection equipment.
This Standard is applicable to selection, distribution, use, maintenance and
scrap management for personal protection equipment of production and
business operation entity.
2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of
this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated
references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any
amendments) applies.
GB 2890-2009, Respiratory protection - Non-powered air-purifying
respirators
GB/T 6441, The classification for casualty accidents of enterprise staff and
workers
GB/T 11651-2009, Code of practice for selection of personal protective
equipment
GB/T 12903, Personal protective equipment terminology
GB/T 14366, Acoustics - Estimation of noise-induced hearing loss
GB/T 18664-2002, Selection, use and maintenance of respiratory protective
equipment
GB/T 23466-2009, Guideline for selection of hearing protectors
GB/T 23468-2009, Code of practice for safety use of fall protection
equipment
4.5 When multiple protection equipment is required at the same time, the use
compatibility and functional substitution shall be considered to avoid protection
failure.
5 Principles and methods for identifying hazard and
harmful factors
5.1 Identification principle
5.1.1 Identify hazard and harmful factors based on scientific, systematic and
comprehensive basic principles.
5.1.2 According to safety science theory, national laws, regulations, standards
and professional knowledge, according to the characteristics of different
workplaces, production processes and operating environments, identify
possible hazard and harmful factors.
5.1.3 Systematically analyze hazard and harmful factors in all links of
production and operation activities. Determine the location of the hazard and
harmful factors, the hazards, the ways and consequences of the accident.
5.1.4 Identify in terms of personnel, equipment and facilities, environmental
conditions, management systems. It shall not only analyze hazard and harmful
factors existing in normal production operations, but also possible hazard and
harmful factors in the case of changes in technology, materials, processes,
equipment damage or failure, and personnel operation errors.
5.2 Identification method
5.2.1 The production and business operation entity shall, according to the
accident categories specified in GB 6441, the hazard factors in the "Category
of Occupational Disease Hazard Factors" published by the Ministry of Health
and other occupational health regulations, identify hazard and harmful factors.
5.2.2 Professionals shall analyze the hazard and harmful factors in the working
environment by means of on-site investigation, measurement, inspection of
relevant records, safety checklists, inquiry and communication. Determine
hazard and harmful factors, types of injuries, likelihood, extent and
consequences of harm to humans.
5.2.3 When identifying hazard and harmful factors, it shall analyze mainly from
the following aspects:
- Normal working condition;
Table 1 -- Classification, rating and scope of application of personal protection equipment
Protection classification Name of protection equipment Features Rating Grade indicator Reference scope of application
Head protection
Ordinary hard hat
Made of plastic, rubber,
fiberglass and other materials.
Resist damage from falling
objects
-- -- Places where there is a danger of falling objects or a possible collision with the head
Flame retardant
hard hat
Add flame retardant function
on the basis of ordinary hard
hat to resist the injury caused
by open flame burning
-- --
Places where there is a danger of falling
objects or a collision with the head, open
flames or flammable substances
Anti-static hard hat
Eliminate the accumulation of
charge on the hat body based
on the ordinary hard hat
-- --
Places where there is a danger of falling
objects or a collision with the head and no
discharge is allowed. Mostly used in
precision instrument processing,
petrochemical, coal mining and other
industries
Electrically
insulated hard hat
Prevent current from passing
on the basis of the ordinary
hard hat to prevent accidental
electric shock
-- --
Work places where there is a danger of
falling objects or a collision with the head
and live working, such as power and water
conservancy industry
Compression
resistant hard hat
It has lateral rigidity on the
basis of ordinary hard hat to
prevent the head from being
crushed
-- --
Work places where there is a danger of
falling objects or the head may be bumped
and squeezed, such as tunnels, mines
Cold protection hard
hat
On the basis of ordinary hard
hats, it has low temperature
resistance and heat insulation
performance to prevent
personnel from frostbite
-- --
Places where there is a danger of falling
objects or a collision with the head in a low-
temperature operating environment, such
as cold storage, forestry
High temperature
resistant hard hat
High temperature resistance
on the basis of the ordinary
hard hat to prevent personnel
from being injured by high
temperature
-- --
Places where there is a danger of falling
objects or a collision with the head in a hot
working environment, such as forging,
steelmaking
Eye and face protection Impact-resistant eye protection gear
Prevent the impact of particles
and splash debris L
Test impact speed is
(45~46.5) m/s
Low-energy impact workplaces such as
cutting, metal cutting, and stone crushing
fabric after washing
p≥1020Pa
Shielding clothing
for live work
With electromagnetic shielding
and flame retardancy, the
resistance value between the
far points of the entire suit is
less than 20Ω
Type I
Voltage level is AC 110
(66)kV~500kV, DC
±500kV and below
Live work on electrical equipment with
voltage level AC 110 (66)kV~500kV, DC ±
500kV and below
Type II Voltage level is 750kV AC
Live work on electrical equipment with
voltage level AC 750kV
Radiation protection
suits
Contain metal materials, which
can attenuate or eliminate the
electromagnetic energy acting
on the human body
-- --
Communication, aviation, medical, radar,
high-voltage substation, and other high-
power radar and similar electromagnetic
radiation workplaces
High voltage static
protective clothing
Conductive materials are
interwoven with textile fibers,
which can effectively protect
the human body from high
voltage electric fields and
electromagnetic waves
-- -- Low-potential working place working on 330kV ~ 500kV tower
Neutron radiation
protective clothing
It is composed of three layers
of fabric, functional protective
lining and lining. The lining is
made of non-woven fiber by
anti-neutron radiation
-- --
Used in places where neutron radiation
exists in atomic energy, health care,
petroleum logging, geological exploration
Life jacket
With a certain buoyancy, it can
prevent people from drowning
in the water
-- -- Places at risk of falling into the water
Immersion suit
With a certain buoyancy, it can
maintain the body temperature
of the person falling into the
water, eye-catching and visible
-- -- Work places where there is a danger of falling water on or near the water surface
Hand protection Insulated gloves for live work With good insulation properties
Grade 0
AC test minimum
withstand voltage if
10kV, DC minimum
withstand voltage is
20kV
Applicable to 380V level voltage operation
Grade 1
AC test minimum
withstand voltage is
20kV, DC minimum
withstand voltage is
40kV
Applicable to 3000V level voltage operation
High temperature
protective shoes
Protection against thermal
radiation, splashing molten
metal sparks or scalds or
burns when working on hot
surfaces (generally not
exceeding 300°C) for a short
time
-- --
Smelting, metal thermal processing, coking,
industrial furnaces and other high-
temperature working places
Low temperature
environmental
protection boots
Good thermal insulation and
low thermal conductivity -- --
Low temperature operation at 5°C and
below
Vibration protective
shoes
Attenuate the vibration from
the foot and ease the damage
of vibration
-- -- Places where there is a severe vibration environment
Welding protective
shoes
High temperature resistance,
insulation -- --
Gas cutting, gas welding, electric welding
and other welding operations
Falling protection
Fence working
safety belt
Bind the human body near the
fixed structure so that the
operator's hands can perform
other operations
-- --
Electricians, telecommunications workers,
gardeners and other pole workers. See
Clauses 4 and 5 of GB/T 23468-2009
Zone restricted
safety belt
Limit the range of activities of
the operator to avoid the area
where it may fall
-- --
Construction, shipbuilding, installation,
maintenance, lifting, bridges, quarrying,
mining, highway and railway shunting. See
Clauses 4 and 5 of GB/T 23468-2009
Falling
hanging safety
belt
When working at heights or
when the ascending person
falls, hang the operator safely
-- --
Construction, shipbuilding, installation,
maintenance, lifting, bridges, quarrying,
mining, highway and railway shunting. See
Clauses 4 and 5 of GB/T 23468-2009
Horizontal
safety net
The installation plane is not
perpendicular to the horizontal
plane, and the width is not less
than 3m, to prevent people
and objects from falling, or to
avoid and reduce the damage
of falling and objects
-- --
Work at a height 3m and above 3m above
the fall height reference plane. See Clauses
4 and 5 of GB/T 23468-2009
Vertical safety
net
The installation plane is
perpendicular to the horizontal
plane, and the width (height) is
not less than 1.2m, to prevent
people and objects from
-- --
Work at a height of 3m and above 3m above
the falling height reference plane. See
Clauses 4 and 5 of GB/T 23468-2009
8 Distribution requirements
8.1 The production and business operation entity shall, according to the needs
of the entity for safe production and prevention of occupational hazards,
according to the job type, environment and operator's physical conditions,
distribute appropriate protection equipment for operators. See Table 1 for
classification, rating and scope of application of personal protection equipment.
8.2 In workplaces where object strikes, mechanical injuries, falling from heights
may cause collision damage to the operator's head, it shall distribute hard hats
and other head protection equipment for operators.
8.3 In workplaces where splashes, chemical substances, non-ionizing radiation
may harm the eyes and face of the operator, it shall distribute eye and face
protection equipment, such as safety glasses, chemical splash goggles, face
shield, welding goggles, face shield or protective mask.
8.4 Measure according to the method specified in GB/T 14366. When the
operator's rated noise exposure level LEX is normalized for 8h working days,
8h value is greater than or equal to 85dB (A), the operator shall wear hearing
protectors for hearing protection, such as earplugs, ear muffs, anti-noise helmet.
8.5 Operators exposed to dust shall be distributed with face protection
equipment such as particulate respirator and dust glasses.
8.6 Operators who come into contact with toxic and harmful substances shall
choose to be distributed with corresponding gas masks, air breathing apparatus
and other respiratory protection equipment according to the types of possible
exposure to poisons.
8.7 Operators who are likely to be injured by the transmission machinery
twisting or winding shall wear tight-mouthed protective clothing. Long hair
operators shall wear protection caps. Must not wear protection gloves.
8.8 Operators who are exposed to corrosive chemicals shall wear chemical-
resistant protection clothing, chemical-resistant protection shoes, chemical-
resistant protection gloves and other protection equipment.
8.9 Operators working on water shall wear protection equipment for water work
such as immersion suits and life jackets.
8.10 Operators in flammable and explosive places shall wear protection
equipment with anti-static performance, anti-static shoes, anti-static gloves and
other protection equipment.
Related standard:   GB/T 29511-2013  GB/T 29512-2013
Related PDF sample:   GB/T 29511-2013  GB/T 29512-2013
   
 
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