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GB/T 24281-2009 (GBT24281-2009)

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BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 24281-2009 (GB/T24281-2009)
Description (Translated English) Textiles. Determination of volatile organic compounds. Gas chromatography/mass spectrography
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard W04
Classification of International Standard 59.080.01
Word Count Estimation 12,188
Date of Issue 2009-06-11
Date of Implementation 2010-01-01
Quoted Standard GB/T 5009.67-2003; GB/T 6682
Drafting Organization Jiangsu Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine of the People's Republic
Administrative Organization Textile -based branch of the National Standardization Technical Committee
Regulation (derived from) National Standard Approval Announcement 2009 No.9 (Total No.149)
Proposing organization China Textile Industry Association
Issuing agency(ies) General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People's Republic of China, China National Standardization Administration Committee
Summary This standard specifies the use of solid-phase micro extraction (SPME)-headspace sampler (HS)-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) method for the determination of total volatile organic compounds in textiles, total aromatic compounds and vinyl chloride, 1, 3 butadiene, toluene, vinylcyclohexene, styrene and 4-phenyl cyclohexene methods. This standard applies to all types of textiles.

Standards related to: GB/T 24281-2009

GB/T 24281-2009
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 59.080.01
W 04
Textiles - Determination of Volatile Organic
Compounds - Gas Chromatography / Mass
Spectrography
ISSUED ON: JUNE 11, 2009
IMPLEMENTED ON: JANUARY 1, 2010
Issued by: General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine;
Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of
China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 4 
2 Normative References ... 4 
3 Terms and Definitions ... 4 
4 Principle ... 5 
5 Reagents and Standard Solutions ... 5 
6 Instruments and Materials ... 7 
7 Preparation before Tests ... 7 
8 Test Procedures ... 8 
9 Calculation of Results ... 10 
10 Expression of Results ... 12 
11 Lower Determination Limits ... 14 
12 Test Report ... 14 
Appendix A (informative) A Table of Typical Organic Volatiles ... 15 
Appendix B (informative) Total Ion Current Chromatogram of Typical Organic
Volatiles ... 18 
Textiles - Determination of Volatile Organic
Compounds - Gas Chromatography / Mass
Spectrography
Warning: personnel using this Standard shall have practical experience of
working in a regular laboratory. This Standard does not point out all the possible
safety issues. Users of this Standard shall undertake the responsibility of taking
appropriate safety and health measures; ensure the compliance with the
conditions stipulated by relevant national regulations.
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the method of adopting solid-phase microextraction (SPME) -
headspace sampler (HS) - gas chromatography / mass spectrometry (GC/MS) for the
determination of total volatile organic compounds, total aromatic hydrocarbons and
vinyl chloride, 1,3-butadiene, toluene, vinyl-cyclohexene, styrene and 4-
phenylcyclohexene in textiles.
This Standard is applicable to all types of textiles.
2 Normative References
Through the reference in this Standard, the clauses of the following documents
become clauses of this Standard. In terms of references with a specified date, all the
subsequent modification sheets (excluding the corrected content) or revised versions
are not applicable to this Standard. However, the various parties that reach an
agreement in accordance with this Standard are encouraged to explore the possibility
of adopting the latest version of these documents. In terms of references without a
specified date, the latest version is applicable to this Standard.
GB/T 5009.67-2003 Method for Analysis of Hygienic Standard of Product of Polyvinyl
Chloride for Food Packaging
GB/T 6682 Water for Analytical Laboratory Use - Specification and Test Methods (GB/T
6682-2008, ISO 3696:1987, MOD)
3 Terms and Definitions
The following terms and definitions are applicable to this Standard.
5.2 Internal Standard Substance
N-octane or n-heptane.
5.3 Organic Solvents
N-pentane, methanol and butanone.
5.4 Preparation of Aromatic Hydrocarbon Mixed Solution
Use weight reduction method to respectively weigh-take around 0.1 g of aromatic
hydrocarbon standard substance. Place it in a 4 mL sample bottle with a stopper (6.7).
Seal it up, then, shake it well.
NOTE: this mixed solution shall be sealed and stored in a refrigerator at 0 °C ~ 4 °C; the
validity period is 2 weeks.
5.5 Preparation of Standard Stock Solutions of Toluene, Vinyl-
cyclohexene, Styrene and 4-phenylcyclohexene
Transfer-take a small amount of n-pentane into a 100 mL brown volumetric flask (6.8).
Use weight reduction method to respectively weigh-take around 0.4 g (accurate to 0.2
mg) of toluene, vinyl-cyclohexene, styrene and 4-phenylcyclohexene in volumetric
flasks. Use n-pentane to reach a constant volume.
NOTE: the standard stock solutions shall be sealed and stored in a refrigerator at 0 °C ~
4 °C; the validity period is 2 weeks.
5.6 Preparation of Standard Working Solutions of Toluene, Vinyl-
cyclohexene, Styrene and 4-phenylcyclohexene
Transfer-take an appropriate amount of the above-mentioned standard stock solutions
(5.5) into 10 mL brown volumetric flasks (6.8). Use n-pentane to dilute to the scale, so
that the concentration of the calibration working solutions is respectively: 2,000 μg/mL,
1,000 μg/mL, 500 μg/mL, 200 μg/mL, 50 μg/mL and 10 μg/mL.
NOTE: the standard working solutions shall be sealed and stored in a refrigerator at 0 °C
~ 4 °C; the validity period is 2 weeks.
5.7 Preparation of Standard Working Solutions of Vinyl Chloride and 1,3-
butadiene
Use butanone as the solvent. In accordance with the methods of 6.2.3 and 6.2.4 in
GB/T 5009.67-2003, respectively prepare standard working solutions of vinyl chloride
and 1,3-butadiene with the concentration of 100 mg/mL, 50 mg/mL, 20 mg/mL, 10
mg/mL and 5 mg/mL. Prepare the solutions before usage.
NOTE: the relative density of vinyl chloride and 1,3-butadiene is respectively: 0.912 g/mL
7.2 Purification of SPME Extraction Head
Insert SPME extraction head into the gas chromatography inlet or other purification
devices. At 300 °C, purify it for 60 min. Then, immediately insert the SPME extraction
head into the gas chromatography inlet for GC / MS analysis, till there is no target
object or non-stability interference chromatographic peak in the analysis
chromatogram.
7.3 Preparation of Headspace Sampler
Use methanol to clean the inner wall of the headspace sampler (6.2) and the sample
holder; dry them. After raising the temperature to 120 °C, place 2 blank test pieces
(7.1), cover with the top cover; equilibrate it for 60 min. Through the sampling port on
the top cover, insert the already-purified SPME extraction head (7.2) into the
headspace sampler; conduct extraction for 20 min. Then, immediately insert it into the
gas chromatography inlet for GC / MS analysis, till there is no target object or non-
stability interference chromatographic peak in the analysis chromatogram.
8 Test Procedures
8.1 Preparation of Test Pieces
From test sample, cut 2 test pieces with the area of 100 cm2. Accurately weigh-take its
mass (accurate to 1 mg). Use aluminum foil to seal it up.
NOTE: during the preparation, appropriate measures may be adopted to avoid test piece
contamination that might be caused by grease or environmental organic matters.
8.2 Determination of Standard Working Curves of Toluene, Vinyl-
cyclohexene, Styrene and 4-phenylcyclohexene
Wait till the headspace sampler (6.2) is raised to 120 °C, stack two blank test pieces
(7.1) on the sample holder; cover with the top cover. Use 10 μL micro-injection needle
to respectively transfer-take 4 μL of toluene, vinyl-cyclohexene, styrene and 4-
phenylcyclohexene standard working solution (5.6). Through the sampling port on the
top cover, promptly inject into the headspace sampler. Meanwhile, inject 4 μL of internal
standard solution (5.8); equilibrate it for 60 min. Then, through the sampling port on
the top cover, insert the already-purified SPME extraction head (7.2) into the
headspace sampler; conduct extraction for 20 min. Then, immediately insert it into the
gas chromatography inlet. In accordance with the chromatographic conditions (8.5),
analyze, determine and draw a standard working curve.
8.3 Determination of Standard Working Curves of Vinyl Chloride and 1,3-
butadiene
8.3.1 In accordance with the steps of 8.2, through the sampling inlet of the headspace
aromatic hydrocarbons in the chromatographic peak.
8.7 Sample Determination
Wait till the headspace sampler (6.2) is raised to 120 °C, then, stack two test pieces
(8.1) on the sample holder; cover with the top cover. Through the sampling port on the
top cover, inject 4 μL of the internal standard solution (5.8); equilibrate it for 60 min.
Then, through the sampling port on the top cover, insert the already-purified SPME
extraction head (7.2) into the headspace sampler. Conduct extraction for 20 min, then,
immediately insert it into the gas chromatographic inlet; in accordance with the
chromatographic conditions (8.5), analyze it. Before the determination, the sample
shall receive a blank test.
NOTE: when the sample simultaneously contains vinyl chloride and 1,3-butadiene, the
selective ion scanning mode may be used for determination.
9 Calculation of Results
9.1 Establishment of Linear Calibration Formula
Respectively use the corresponding ratio of the peak area and mass of six monomers
(vinyl chloride, 1,3-butadiene, toluene, vinyl-cyclohexene, styrene and 4-
phenylcyclohexene) in the standard working solutions, and the peak area and mass of
the internal standard substances. Use the least square fitting method to obtain linear
calibration formula (1), where the linear correlation coefficient  shall be greater than
0.995.
Where,
Ai---peak area of six monomers;
As---peak area of internal standard substances;
Ki---slope of linear calibration formula of six monomers;
mi---mass of six monomers, expressed in (mg);
ms---mass of internal standard substances, expressed in (mg);
bi---intercept of linear calibration formula of six monomers on the Y-axis.
9.2 Calculation of Desorption
9.2.1 Calculation of desorption of vinyl chloride, 1,3-butadiene, toluene, vinyl-
Wmc---mass concentration of total volatile organic compounds, expressed in (mg/kg);
Mc---desorption of total volatile organic compounds, expressed in (mg);
m0---mass of test piece, expressed in (kg).
11 Lower Determination Limits
The lower determination limits of this Method are: vinyl chloride 0.3 mg/m2, 1,3-
butadiene 0.3 mg/m2, toluene 0.001 mg/m2, vinyl-cyclohexene 0.005 mg/m2, styrene
0.005 mg/m2 and 4-phenylcyclohexene 0.0005 mg/m2.
12 Test Report
Test report shall at least provide the following content:
a) Standard being used;
b) Sample source and description;
c) Instruments being used and composition of blank test pieces;
d) Test result;
e) Statement of any deviation from this Standard;
f) Date of test.
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