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GB/T 22712-2021 (GBT22712-2021)

GB/T 22712-2021_English: PDF (GBT 22712-2021, GBT22712-2021)
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GB/T 22712-2021English245 Add to Cart 0--9 seconds. Auto-delivery Technical specification for G series cooling fans applying to variable frequency motors Valid GB/T 22712-2021

BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 22712-2021 (GB/T22712-2021)
Description (Translated English) Technical specification for G series cooling fans applying to variable frequency motors
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard K22
Classification of International Standard 29.160.30
Word Count Estimation 13,124
Date of Issue 2021-10-11
Date of Implementation 2022-05-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) GB/T 22712-2008
Drafting Organization Shanghai Motor System Energy-saving Engineering Technology Research Center Co., Ltd., Wuxi Mingtong Power Industry Co., Ltd., Jiangsu Global Special Motor Co., Ltd., Shandong Huali Motor Group Co., Ltd., Zhejiang Fangyuan Sifu Mechanical and Electrical Co., Ltd., Shanghai Rujing Intelligent Control Technology Co., Ltd., Shanghai Electrical Equipment Inspection Co., Ltd., Jiamusi Electric Co., Ltd., Anhui Tonghua New Energy Power Co., Ltd., Zhejiang Special Motor Co., Ltd.
Administrative Organization National Standardization Technical Committee for Rotating Electric Machines (SAC/TC 26)
Regulation (derived from) National Standard Announcement No. 12 of 2021
Proposing organization China Electrical Equipment Industry Association
Issuing agency(ies) State Administration for Market Regulation, National Standardization Administration

Standards related to: GB/T 22712-2021

GB/T 22712-2021
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 29.160.30
CCS K 22
Replacing GB/T 22712-2008
Technical specification for G series cooling fans applying to
variable frequency motors
ISSUED ON: OCTOBER 11, 2021
IMPLEMENTED ON: MAY 01, 2022
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 5
2 Normative references ... 5
3 Terms and definitions ... 6
4 Types, basic parameters and dimensions ... 6
5 Technical requirements ... 9
6 Test methods ... 14
7 Inspection rules ... 14
8 Marking, packaging and warranty period ... 16
Technical specification for G series cooling fans applying to
variable frequency motors
1 Scope
This document stipulates the type, basic parameters and dimensions, technical
requirements, test methods, inspection rules, marking, packaging and warranty period
for G series cooling fans for YVF2 series (IP54) three-phase asynchronous motors
powered by frequency converters.
This document applies to G series cooling fans (axial flow) for YVF2 series (IP54)
three-phase asynchronous motors powered by frequency converters (hereinafter
referred to as “fan”); for other series of three-phase asynchronous motors powered by
frequency converters, this document applies as a reference for the selection of fans. It
can also be implemented as a reference for all kinds of fans derived from this fan.
2 Normative references
The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of
their content constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the
version corresponding to that date is applicable to this document; for undated references,
the latest version (including all amendments) is applicable to this document.
GB/T 191-2008, Packaging - Pictorial marking for handling of goods
GB/T 755-2019, Rotating electrical machines - Rating and performance
GB/T 1032-2012, Test procedures for three-phase induction motors
GB/T 1236-2017, Industrial fan - Performance testing using standardized airways
GB/T 1971-2021, Rotating electrical machines - Terminal markings and direction of
rotation
GB/T 1993-1993, Cooling methods for rotating electrical machines
GB/T 2888-2008, Methods of noise measurement for fans blowers compressors and
roots blowers
GB/T 4772.1-1999, Dimensions and output series for rotating electrical machines -
Part 1: Frame numbers 56 to 400 and flange numbers 55 to 1 080
GB/T 4942-2021, Degrees of protection provided by the integral design of rotating
electrical machines (IP code) - Classification
GB/T 5171.1-2014, Small power motors - Part 1: General technical requirements
GB/T 5171.21-2016, Small power motors - Part 21: General test methods
GB/T 10068-2020, Mechanical vibration of certain machines with shaft heights 56
mm and higher - Measurement, evaluation and limits of vibration severity
GB/T 12350, Safety requirements of small power motors
GB/T 12665-2017, Requirements of damp-heat testing of electrical machine for
service in general environmental condition
GB/T 22719.1-2008, Interturn insulation of random-wound winding for AC low-
voltage electrical machines - Part 1: Test methods
GB/T 22719.2-2008, Interturn insulation of random-wound winding for AC low-
voltage electrical machines - Part 2: Test limits
JB/T 6445-2017, Overspeed test for fan impeller
JB/T 9101-2014, Fan rotor balance
3 Terms and definitions
No terms and definitions need to be defined in this document.
4 Types, basic parameters and dimensions
4.1 The type of fans consists of three parts: series code, specification code and design
code.
Example:
4.2 The fan is directly connected to the motor, and the motor is of an outer rotor structure,
or an inner rotor structure, which is also allowed.
4.3 The cooling method of the motor applied to the fan (hereinafter referred to as the
fan motor) is IC01 (according to the regulations of GB/T 1993-1993).
5.2 The deviation of the power supply voltage and frequency from the rated value
during the operation of the fan motor shall comply with the provisions of GB/T 755-
2019.
5.3 The fan motor adopts 155 (F) class insulation, and the temperature rise (resistance
method) of the stator winding is assessed by 80 K.
5.4 When the fan motor is in a hot state and the torque is gradually increased, it shall
be able to withstand an over-torque exceeding 60% of the rated torque for 15 s without
sudden change in speed or stalling, and the voltage and frequency shall be maintained
at the rated value at this time.
5.5 Under no-load conditions, the fan motor shall be able to withstand an increase in
speed to 120% of its rated value for 2 minutes without harmful deformation.
5.6 The insulation resistance of the stator winding of the fan motor shall not be lower
than 2 MΩ in the hot state, and not lower than 20 MΩ in the normal state.
5.7 The stator winding of the fan motor shall be able to withstand the 1 min voltage
withstand testing without breakdown. The frequency of the test voltage is 50 Hz, which
shall be as sinusoidal as possible; the effective value of the voltage is 1 760 V. The same
fan shall not be subjected to this test repeatedly.
5.8 The stator winding of the fan motor shall be able to withstand the inter-turn impulse
withstand voltage test without breakdown, and the peak value of the test impulse
voltage of the coil shall comply with the provisions of GB/T 22719.2-2008.
5.9 After the stator winding of the fan motor is tested for 6 cycles according to the 40 °C
damp heat cyclic test method specified in GB/T 12665-2017, the insulation resistance
shall not be lower than 2 MΩ, and it shall be able to withstand the withstand voltage
test specified in 5.7 without breakdown, but the effective value of the test voltage shall
be 1 500 V, and the test time shall be 1 min.
5.10 Measure the current (hereinafter referred to as “no-load current of the fan”) under
the condition of rated voltage, rated frequency, and fan motor with impeller. The value
shall be within a certain range and shall be lower than the rated current of the fan motor.
5.11 When the three-phase power supply is balanced, the deviation between any phase
of the three-phase no-load current of the fan and the average value of the three phases
shall not exceed 10% of the average value of the three phases. The deviation between
any phase of the DC resistance of the three-phase stator winding of the motor and the
average value of the three phases in the actual cold state shall not be greater than ±2%
of the average value.
5.12 The fan motor shall be able to start directly when the terminal voltage is not lower
than 85% of the rated voltage.
5.19 The fan shall be provided with an independent junction box, and it shall be placed
in the same direction as the junction box of the equipped motor. The junction box is
equipped with a grounding terminal and a grounding mark, which shall be guaranteed
to be indelible throughout the entire service life of the fan. When the variable frequency
motor is attached with other devices such as encoder or brake, the fan shall be separately
installed with a junction box, and the number of terminals in the junction box shall meet
the requirements of the additional device (negotiated by the user and the manufacturer).
5.20 When the variable frequency motor is provided with oil filling and oil draining
devices, the outer cover of the fan shall have holes for oil filling and draining, and shall
be set with dustproof plugs.
5.21 When the variable frequency motor is equipped with other devices such as encoder
or brake, the outer cover of the fan shall have holes that meet the encoder outlet or the
stroke of the brake handle (negotiated by the user and the manufacturer).
5.22 The rotation direction of the fan shall be marked at a conspicuous position on the
outer cover, and the mark shall be clear and indelible during the entire service life of
the fan. And it shall be ensured that it can still be checked clearly after installation.
5.23 The outer cover material of the fan shall have good tensile strength and flexural
strength.
5.24 The outer cover of the fan shall be flat in shape, firmly welded, and free from
defects such as desoldering, false welding, and lack of riveting.
5.25 The rotor assembly of the fan shall be subjected to a static or dynamic balance test.
The balance quality grade of the impeller is G≤5.6 mm/s (according to the regulations
of JB/T 9101-2014). The balance quality grade G is represented by the value obtained
by dividing the product of the rotor mass eccentricity ε and the rotor’s maximum
operating angular velocity ω by 1000.
5.26 The impeller of the fan shall be subjected to the impeller overspeed test according
to the provisions of JB/T 6445-2017.
5.27 The riveting of the impeller of the fan shall be firm, and the surface of the riveting
and the head of the rivet shall be smooth and flat, and shall be free of defects such as
cracks, skew, or lack of riveting.
5.28 The mechanical inspection items of fans include:
a) Operation inspection: When the fan impeller rotates, it shall be smooth and brisk
without stagnation;
b) Appearance inspection: Check whether the assembly of the fan is complete and
correct, and the paint on the surface of the fan shall be dry, complete, uniform,
and free from stains, bumps, cracks, etc.;
c) Inspection of installation dimensions and overall dimensions: The installation
dimensions and overall dimensions shall comply with the provisions of 4.10.
6 Test methods
6.1 The heat test shall be carried out in accordance with the provisions of GB/T
5171.21-2016.
6.2 The aerodynamic performance test shall be carried out in accordance with the
provisions of GB/T 1236-2017.
6.3 The 40 °C damp heat cyclic test shall comply with the provisions of GB/T 12665-
2017.
6.4 The noise test method shall be carried out according to the provisions of GB/T 2888-
2008.
6.5 The test method of vibration shall be carried out in accordance with the provisions
of GB/T 10068-2020.
6.6 The test method of leakage current shall be carried out according to the provisions
of GB/T 12350.
6.7 The measurement of the insulation resistance between the fan motor stator winding
and the casing and the withstand voltage test of the fan motor winding shall be carried
out in accordance with the provisions of GB/T 5171.21-2016.
6.8 The measurement of the DC resistance of the fan motor stator winding in the actual
cold state, the measurement of the no-load current of the fan motor, and the short-term
over-torque test shall be carried out in accordance with the provisions of GB/T 1032-
2012.
6.9 The inter-turn impulse withstand voltage test of fan motor windings shall be carried
out in accordance with the provisions of GB/T 22719.1-2008.
6.10 The overspeed test of the fan impeller shall be carried out in accordance with the
provisions of JB/T 6445-2017.
6.11 The test method for the protection grade of the enclosure shall be carried out in
accordance with the provisions of GB/T 4942-2021.
7 Inspection rules
7.1 Motor inspection is divided into ex-factory inspection and type inspection.
...