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GB/T 15336-2013 (GBT15336-2013)

GB/T 15336-2013_English: PDF (GBT 15336-2013, GBT15336-2013)
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Standard ID GB/T 15336-2013 (GB/T15336-2013)
Description (Translated English) Phthalic anhydride
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard G56
Classification of International Standard 71.100.01; 87.060.10
Word Count Estimation 11,124
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) GB/T 15336-2006
Quoted Standard GB 190; GB/T 191; GB/T 601; GB/T 603; GB/T 605; GB/T 2385; GB/T 6678-2003; GB/T 6682-2008; GB/T 8170-2008; GB/T 9722-2006; GB 12268-2012; GB 12463; GB 15258; GB 15603; GB/T 16483
Drafting Organization Tongling Chemical Industry Group Organic Chemical Co., Ltd.
Administrative Organization National Standardization Technical Committee dye
Regulation (derived from) National Standards Bulletin 2013 No. 10
Proposing organization China Petroleum and Chemical Industry Federation
Issuing agency(ies) General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People's Republic of China, Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of China
Summary This standard specifies: phthalic anhydride requirements, safety information, sampling, test methods, inspection rules, marking, labeling, packaging, transport and storage. This standard applies to phthalic anhydride product quality control.

Standards related to: GB/T 15336-2013

GB/T 15336-2013
ICS 71.100.01; 87.060.10
G 56
Replacing GB/T 15336-2006
Phthalic anhydride
ISSUED ON. JULY 19, 2013
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine of the People's Republic of China;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of
Table of Contents
1 Scope ... 4 
2 Normative references ... 4 
3 Requirements ... 5 
4 Safety information ... 6 
5 Sampling ... 6 
6 Test methods ... 6 
7 Inspection rules ... 12 
8 Marking, labelling, transportation and storage ... 13 
This Standard is drafted in accordance with the rules provided in GB/T 1.1-2009.
This Standard replaces GB/T 15336-2006 “Phthalic anhydride”; compared with GB/T
15336-2006, the main technical changes, other than editorial changes, are as follows.
— Add CAS No. (see chapter 1);
— Add technical indicators and inspection methods for determination of purity through
gas chromatographic method (see chapter 3; 5.9);
— Delete technical indicators and inspection methods for determination of phthalic
anhydride content through chemical method in original standard (chapter 3 and 5.7
of edition 2006).
— Revise the indicators of superior products on sulfuric acid colour No. (see chapter 3;
3 of edition 2006);
— Delete the technical indicators and test methods of ash content in original standard
(chapter 3 and chapter 6 of edition 2006);
— Revise crystallization point to type inspection items (see 7.1; 7.1 of edition 2006);
— Add “safety information” (see chapter 4).
This Standard was proposed by Chine Petroleum and Chemical Industry Federation.
This Standard shall be under the jurisdiction of National Technical Committee on Dyestuff
of Standardization Administration of China (SAC/TC 134).
Drafting organizations of this Standard. The Organic Chemical Co., Ltd. of Tongling
Chemical Industry Group Corporation AND Shenyang Research Institute of Chemical
Industry Co., Ltd.
Main drafters of this Standard. Yang Jiaren, Yang Jiemin and Cao Wenlian.
Previous versions replaced by this Standard are as follows.
- GB/T 15336-1994, GB/T 15336-2006.
Phthalic anhydride
Warning — Personnel that use this Standard shall have practical
experience in normalized laboratory. This Standard does not indicate all
possible safety issues. Users have the responsibilities to take appropriate
safety and health measures, and ensure the conformity to relevant
national laws and regulations.
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the phthalic anhydride’s requirements, safety information,
sampling, test methods, inspection rules, marking, labelling, packaging, transportation and
This Standard applies to product quality control of phthalic anhydride.
Structural formula.
Molecular formula. C8H4O3
Relative molecular mass. 148.12 (based on international relative atomic mass in 2009)
CAS RN. 85-44-9
2 Normative references
The following documents are indispensable for application of this document. For the dated
documents so quoted, only the dated versions apply to this document. For the undated
documents so quoted, the latest versions (including all modification sheets) apply to this
GB190 Packing symbol of dangerous goods
GB/T 191 Packaging - Pictorial markings for handling of goods (GB/T 191-2008, ISO
780.1997, MOD)
GB/T 601 Chemical reagent - Preparations of standard volumetric solutions
4 Safety information
4.1 Safety
According to GB/T2268-2012, phthalic anhydride belongs to the eighth category of
corrosive substances; hazardous material No. is UN. 2214 (CN. 81631). It stimulates eyes
and skins, and contact with the skin may cause allergies. Necessary protective measures
shall be taken during use and handling, so as to avoid contact with eyes and skins; pay
close attention to safety.
4.2 Safety technical instructions
According to GB/T 16483, this product shall be accompanied with detailed safety technical
instructions during delivery, which shall include following contents.
a) Providing risk information of this product;
b) Safe application method;
c) Transportation and storage requirements;
đ) Protective measures;
e) Emergency measures, etc.
5 Sampling
Sampling is based on batches; uniform-products for each inspection are regarded as one
batch. The number of samples for each batch shall conform to the provisions in 7.6 of GB/T
6678-2003. Packages of all samples shall be intact; be sure to prevent foreign matters
from falling into products. During sampling, use a probe tube to take samples from three
parts of the upper, middle and lower; total amount of samples taken shall not be less than
500 g; respectively put into two clean, dry and well-sealed containers after sufficiently
mixing the samples taken; affix with labels. Indicate the product name, batch No., name of
manufacturer, sampling date and place. One sample for inspection; the other one for future
6 Test methods
6.1 General provisions
Unless otherwise specified, only use reagents that are verified analytically pure and Grade-
3 water prescribed in GB/T 6682-2008. When there is no other requirement, the standard
titration solutions, preparations and products used in test shall be prepared and calibrated
according to the provisions of GB/T 601 and GB/T 603; determination of inspection results
are based on rounding-value comparison method in 4.4.3 of GB/T 8170-2008.
same volume (colorimetric method is same as 6.3).
6.4.2 Tolerance
The same as 6.3.3.
6.5 Determination of sulfuric acid chromaticity
6.5.7 Determination steps
Weigh 2 g of fine phthalic anhydride sample (accurate to 0.1 g); place into a dry and clean
colorimetric tube; add sulfuric acid to 25 mL; shake until the sample is completely dissolved;
make it stand for 20 min; compare with chromaticity standard solution of the same volume
along axial direction (colorimetric method is same as 6.3).
6.5.2 Tolerance
The same as 6.3.3.
6.6 Determination of crystallizing point
Conduct in accordance with the provisions of GB/T 2385.
6.7 Determination of phthalic anhydride purity
6.7.1 Determination principles
Adopt gas chromatographic method; the sample is separated through capillary
chromatographic column; detected by flame ionization detector; and measured through
peak area normalization method.
6.7.2 Reagents
Acetone. Chromatographically pure.
6.7.3 Instruments and equipment
a) Gas chromatograph. Instrument sensitivity and stability shall conform to the
provisions of 6.3 and 6.4 in GB/T 9722-2006.
b) Detector. Flame ionization detector (FID);
c) Chromatographic work station or integrator;
d) Micro-injector. 1.0μL~10.0μL;
e) Chromatographic column. Length is 30 m, inner diameter is 0.32 mm, film thickness
is 0.25μm, stationary phase is (50% phenyl)-methylpolysilicone (e.g. DB-17 or other
capillary columns that can achieve the same separation effect).
7.2 Exit-factory inspection
Phthalic anhydride shall pass the inspection by quality inspection department of the
manufacturer and may be delivered only after certificate of quality has been attached.
Manufacturer shall ensure that all delivered products conform to requirements of this
7.3 Re-inspection
If one indicator in inspection results does not conform to this Standard, it is necessary to
take samples from a double amount of packaged products for inspection; the entire batch
of products is deemed as disqualified even if only one indicator in re-inspection results
does not conform to the requirements in this Standard.
8 Marking, labelling, transportation and storage
8.1 Marking
Each packaging container of phthalic anhydride shall be marked durably and clearly
according to relevant provisions of GB 190 and GB/T 191; contents of marking shall at
least include.
a) Product name;
b) Manufacturer’s name and address;
c) Production date/batch No.;
d) Production license No. and mark;
e) Net content;
f) Warning mark (corrosive substances).
8.2 Labelling
Products shall bear labels, which shall conform to the provisions of GB 15258. Label shall
indicate production date, certificate of quality, executive standard No. and batch No.
8.3 Packaging
Phthalic anhydride is packaged in woven bag with lining plastic bag or multilayer moisture-
proof Kraft paper bag; net content of each bag is 25 kg±0.25 kg or 50 kg±0.50 kg. Other
packages may be determined through negotiation with users. Product packaging shall
conform to GB 12463 or the provisions on packaging of hazardous chemicals.
8.4 Transportation
Phthalic anhydride may not be close to fire source during product transportation; protective
equipment must be used during handling; handle gently and avoid exposure to the sun and
rain. Phthalic anhydride has a stimulatory effect on eyes and skins; close attention shall be
paid during handling. Be sure to avoid skin contact and inhalation.
8.5 Storage
Phthalic anhydride is a corrosive substance and shall be kept in a clean, cool and dry
warehouse in accordance with GB 15603 and relevant provisions; ...