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GB/T 11540-2008 (GBT11540-2008)

GB/T 11540-2008_English: PDF (GBT 11540-2008, GBT11540-2008)
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BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 11540-2008 (GB/T11540-2008)
Description (Translated English) Fragrance/Flavor substances. Determination of relative density
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard Y41
Classification of International Standard 71.100.60
Word Count Estimation 8,857
Date of Issue 2008-07-15
Date of Implementation 2008-11-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) GB/T 11540-1989; GB/T 14455.4-1993
Quoted Standard GB/T 14454.1
Adopted Standard ISO 279-1998, MOD
Drafting Organization Shanghai Institute of Spices
Administrative Organization Fragrance Flavor and Cosmetic National Standardization Technical Committee
Regulation (derived from) National Standard Approval Announcement 2008 No.12 (Total No.125)
Proposing organization China Light Industry Federation
Issuing agency(ies) Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of People's Republic of China; Standardization Administration of China
Summary This standard specifies the method for determination of spices at a certain temperature relative density. This standard applies to oils, determination Isolate and synthetic fragrances relative density.

Standards related to: GB/T 11540-2008

GB/T 11540-2008
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 71.100.60
Y 41
Replacing GB/T 11540-1989, GB/T 14455.4-1993
Fragrance/flavor substances –
Determination of relative density
(ISO 279.1998, Essential oils - Determination of
relative density at 20 °C - Reference method, MOD)
ISSUED ON. JULY 15, 2008
IMPLEMENTED ON. NOVEMBER 01, 2008
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine of the People's Republic of China;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of
China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 4 
2 Normative references ... 4 
3 Terms and definitions ... 4 
4 Principles ... 5 
5 Reagents ... 5 
6 Instruments ... 5 
7 Specimen preparation ... 5 
8 Operating procedures ... 6 
9 Results expression ... 6 
10 Test report ... 8 
Appendix A (Normative) Densitometer operating procedures ... 9 
Appendix B (Normative) Westphal scale method ... 10 
Foreword
This standard is modified using ISO 279.1998 “Essential oils - Determination of
relative density at 20 °C - Reference method”, the main differences between
this standard and ISO 279.1998 are as follows.
- DELETE the sampling method of ISO 279.1998;
- ADD the determination of the relative density of single and synthetic
fragrance substance, as well as the conversion formula of relative density
at t' temperature and t temperature;
- ADD the densitometer operating procedures (Appendix A) and Westphal
scale method (Appendix B).
This standard is the combination and revision of GB/T 11540-1989 “Single and
synthetic fragrance substance - Determination of the relative density” and GB/T
14455.4-1993 “Essential oils - Determination of relative density”. The main
change of this standard is the addition of densitometer operating procedures.
The Appendix A, Appendix B of this standard are normative appendixes.
This standard was proposed by the China Light Industry Federation.
This standard shall be under the jurisdiction of the National Spice Cosmetics
Standardization Technical Committee.
This standard was responsibly drafted by Shanghai Institute of Spices.
The main drafters of this standard. Cao Yi, Xu Yi, Jin Qizhang.
This standard replaces the standards previously issued as follows.
- GB/T 11540-1989;
- GB/T 14455.4-1993.
Fragrance/Flavor substances –
Determination of relative density
1 Scope
This standard specifies the method of determining the relative density of spices
at a certain temperature.
This standard applies to the determination of the relative density of essential
oils, single and synthetic spices.
2 Normative references
The provisions in following documents become the provisions of this Standard
through reference in this Standard. For the dated references, the subsequent
amendments (excluding corrections) or revisions do not apply to this Standard;
however, parties who reach an agreement based on this Standard are
encouraged to study if the latest versions of these documents are applicable.
For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document applies.
GB/T 14454.1 Spices - Specimen preparation (GB/T 14454.1-2008, ISO
356.1996, MOD)
3 Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this standard.
3.1
Relative density
The ratio of the mass of spices of a certain volume to the mass of the distilled
water of the same volume at same temperature, at a certain temperature
(t °C).
Note. It is represented by the symbol , without unit.
3.2
Absolute density
8 Operating procedures
8.1 Preparation of density bottle
Carefully WASH the density bottle (6.1), then USE ethanol, acetone to rinse it
sequentially, USE the dry air stream to dry the inner wall of the density bottle.
If necessary, USE dry cloth or filter paper to wipe the outer wall clean.
When the temperature of the balance chamber and that of the density bottle
reach a balance, if there is a bottle plug, WEIGH the mass of the density bottle
containing the bottle plug, accurate to 0.001 g (essential oil), 0.0002 g (single
and synthetic spices).
8.2 Weighing of distilled water
INJECT the density bottle full of distilled water (5.2).
IMMERSE the density bottle in a water bath (6.2). After 30 minutes, ADJUST
the water level to the mark if necessary. If there is bottle plug, ADD the plug,
USE dry cloth or filter paper to wipe out the wall dry.
When the temperature of the balance chamber and that of the density bottle
reach a balance, if there is a bottle plug, WEIGH the mass of the density bottle
containing the bottle plug, accurate to 0.001 g (essential oil), 0.0002 g (single
and synthetic spices).
8.3 Spice weighing
EMPTY the density bottle, CLEAN and DRY it as described in 8.1.
USE the specimen instead of distilled water, OPERATE in accordance with the
provisions of 8.2.
Densitometer operating procedures are as described in Appendix A.
Westphal scale method is as described in Appendix B.
9 Results expression
9.1 USE the formula (1) to calculate the relative density .
...