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GB 5009.93-2017

Chinese Standard: 'GB 5009.93-2017'
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GB 5009.93-2017English85 Add to Cart 0--10 minutes. Auto immediate delivery. Food safety national standard -- Determination of selenium in food Valid GB 5009.93-2017
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Detail Information of GB 5009.93-2017; GB5009.93-2017
Description (Translated English): Food safety national standard -- Determination of selenium in food
Sector / Industry: National Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard: X09
Word Count Estimation: 11,119
Date of Issue: 2017-04-06
Date of Implementation: 2017-10-06
Older Standard (superseded by this standard): SN/T 0860-2000; SN/T 0926-2000; GB/T 21729-2008; GB 5009.93-2010
Regulation (derived from): State Health and Family Planning Commission Notice No. 5 of 2017

GB 5009.93-2017
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
National food safety standard -
Determination of selenium in foods
食品安全国家标准
食品中硒的测定
ISSUED ON. APRIL 06, 2017
IMPLEMENTED ON. OCTOBER 06, 2017
Issued by. National Health and Family Planning Commission of the
People’s Republic of China;
China Food and Drug Administration.
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Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope .. 4
2 Principle ... 4
3 Reagents and materials ... 4
4 Instruments and equipment .. 6
5 Analysis procedure .. 6
6 Expression of analysis results .. 8
7 Precision ... 8
8 Others ... 8
9 Principle ... 9
10 Reagents and materials ... 9
11 Instruments and equipment .. 11
12 Analysis procedure ... 11
13 Expression of analysis results ... 12
14 Precision ... 13
15 Others ... 13
Annex A Microwave digestion temperature rise program reference conditions
... 14
Foreword
This Standard replaces GB 5009.93-2010 “National food safety standard -
Determination of selenium in foods”, GB/T 21729-2008 “Tea - Determination of
selenium content”, SN/T 0860-2000 “Method for the determination of selenium in
canned mushroom for export - Fluorometry” and SN/T 0926-2000 “Method for the
determination of selenium in tea for import and export - Fluorimetry”.
Compare this Standard with GB 5009.93-2010, the main changes are as follows.
- RETAIN the hydride atomic fluorescence spectrometry as Method I, fluorescence
spectrophotometry as Method II;
- ADD the inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry as Method III.
National food safety standard -
Determination of selenium in foods
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the determination of selenium content in foods by hydride
atomic fluorescence spectrometry, fluorescence spectrometry and inductively coupled
plasma mass spectrometry.
This Standard applies to the determination of selenium in all types of foods.
Method I -- Hydride atomic fluorescence spectrometry
2 Principle
After the sample is acid-heated and digested, in the 6 mol/L hydrochloric acid medium,
the hexavalent selenium in the sample is reduced to tetravalent selenium. Sodium
borohydride or potassium borohydride is used as the reducing agent to reduce the
tetravalent selenium in the hydrochloric acid medium to hydrogen selenide, which is
introduced by carrier gas (argon) into the atomizer for atomization. In the irradiation of
selenium hollow cathode lamp, the ground-state selenium atoms are excited to a high
energy state. When deactivating back to the ground state, the fluorescence of the
characteristic wavelength is emitted, of which the fluorescence intensity is proportional
to the selenium content. Compare with the standard series.
3 Reagents and materials
Unless otherwise indicated, the reagents used in this method are analytical regents,
and the water is the Grade 2 water as specified in GB/T 6682.
3.1 Reagents
3.1.1 Nitric acid (HNO3). excellent regent.
3.1.2 Perchloric acid (HClO4). excellent regent.
3.1.3 Hydrochloric acid (HCl). excellent regent.
3.1.4 Sodium hydroxide (NaOH). excellent regent.
3.1.5 Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2).
3.1.6 Sodium borohydride (NaBH4). excellent regent.
3.1.7 Potassium ferricyanide [K3Fe(CN)6].
3.2 Preparation of reagents
3.2.1 Nitric acid - perchloric acid mixed acid (9 + 1). MIX 900 mL of nitric acid with 100
mL of perchloric acid.
3.2.2 Sodium hydroxide solution (5 g/L). WEIGH 5 g of sodium hydroxide; DISSOLVE
in 1000 mL of water; MIX well.
3.2.3 Sodium borohydride solution (8 g/L). WEIGH 8 g of sodium borohydride;
DISSOLVE in sodium hydroxide solution (5 g/L); MIX well. PREPARE before use.
3.2.4 Hydrochloric acid solution (6 mol/L). WEIGH 50 mL of hydrochloric acid; slowly
ADD to 40 mL of water; COOL; DILUTE with water to 100 mL; MIX well.
3.2.5 Potassium ferricyanide solution (100 g/L). WEIGH 10 g of potassium ferricyanide;
DISSOLVE in 100 mL of water; MIX well.
3.2.6 Hydrochloric acid solution (5 + 95). MEASURE 25 mL of hydrochloric acid; slowly
ADD to 475 mL of water; MIX well.
3.3 Standard
Selenium standard solution. 1000 mg/L, or selenium standard solution at a certain
concentration certified by the state and awarded the standard substance certificate.
3.4 Preparation of standard solutions
3.4.1 Selenium standard intermediate solution (100 mg/L). accurately PIPETTE 1.00
mL of selenium standard solution (1000 mg/L) in a 10 mL volumetric flask; ADD
hydrochloric acid solution (5 + 95) to the mark; MIX well.
3.4.2 Selenium standard use solution (1.00 mg/L). accurately PIPETTE 1.00 mL of
selenium standard intermediate solution (100 mg/L) in a 100 mL volumetric flask; ADD
hydrochloric acid solution (5 + 95) to the mark; MIX well.
3.4.3 Selenium standard series solutions. respectively PIPETTE 0 mL, 0.500 mL, 1.00
mL, 2.00 mL and 3.00 mL of selenium standard use solution (1.00 mg/L) in 100 mL
volumetric flasks; ADD 10 mL of potassium ferricyanide solution (100 g/L); ADD
hydrochloric acid solution (5 + 95) to the mark; MIX well for test. The mass
concentrations of the selenium standard series solutions are 0 μg/L, 5.00 μg/L, 10.0
μg/L, 20.0 μg/L and 30.0 μg/L, respectively.
NOTE. The mass concentration of selenium in the standard series solutions may be determined
according to the sensitivity of the instrument and the actual content of selenium in the sample.
potassium ferricyanide solution (100 g/L); ADD water to constant volume; MIX well for
test. At the same time carry out the reagent blank test.
5.2.2 Microwave digestion
WEIGH 0.2 g ~ 0.8 g (to the nearest 0.001 g) of solid sample or accurately PIPETTE
1.00 mL ~ 3.00 mL of liquid sample; PLACE in the digestive tube; ADD 10 mL of nitric
acid and 2 mL of hydrogen peroxide; SHAKE to mix well. DIGEST in the microwave
digestion instrument, and the recommended microwave digestion conditions are
shown in Annex A (set digestion conditions according to different instruments). After
the digestion is completed and cool, TRANSFER the digestion solution into the conical
flask; ADD a few grains of glass beads; continue to HEAT on the electric hot plate to
near dry, it must not be evaporated to dry. ADD 5 mL of hydrochloric acid solution (6
mol/L); continue to HEAT until the solution becomes clear and colorless accompanied
by white smoke; COOL; TRANSFER to a 10 mL volumetric flask. ADD 2.5 mL of
potassium ferricyanide solution (100 g/L); ADD water to constant volume; MIX well for
test. At the same time carry out the reagent blank test.
5.3 Determination
5.3.1 Instrument reference conditions
Adjust the instruments to the best condition according to their performance. Reference
conditions. negative high voltage 340 V; lamp current 100 mA; atomization
temperature 800 °C; furnace height 8 mm; carrier gas flow rate 500 mL/min; shielding
gas flow rate 1000 mL/min; standard curve method of measurement method; peak
area of reading method; delay time 1 s; reading time 15 s; solution adding time 8 s;
sample injection volume 2 mL.
5.3.2 Plotting of standard curve
TAKE hydrochloric acid solution (5 + 95) as the carrier, sodium borohydride solution (8
g/L) as the reducing agent. INJECT sample continuously with the zero tube of the
standard series. After the reading is stable, introduce the selenium standard series
solutions into the instrument according to the order of the mass concentration from low
to high, to measure their fluorescence intensity. The standard curve is plotted by taking
the mass concentration as the abscissa and the fluorescence intensity as the ordinate.
5.3.3 Sample determination
Under the same test conditions as the determination of standard series solutions, the
blank solution and the sample solution are respectively introduced into the instrument,
and the corresponding fluorescence intensity is measured, to compare with the
standard series.
NOTE. This reagent has a certain toxicity, personnel who use this reagent shall pay attention
to protection.
10.2.3 Nitric acid - perchloric acid mixed acid (9 + 1). MIX 900 mL of nitric acid with
100 mL of perchloric acid.
10.2.4 Hydrochloric acid solution (6 mol/L). MEASURE 50 mL of hydrochloric acid;
slowly ADD to 40 mL of water; COOL; ADD water to 100 mL; MIX well.
10.2.5 Ammonia solution (1 + 1). MIX 5 mL of water with 5 mL of ammonia.
10.2.6 EDTA mixture.
a) EDTA solution (0.2 mol/L). WEIGH 37 g of EDTA-2Na; ADD water and HEAT until
completely dissolved; COOL and DILUTE to 500 mL with water;
b) Hydroxylamine hydrochloride solution (100 g/L). WEIGH 10 g of hydroxylamine
hydrochloride to dissolve in water; DILUTE to 100 mL; MIX well;
c) Cresol red indicator (0.2 g/L). WEIGH 50 mg of cresol red to dissolve in a small
amount of water; ADD 1 drop of ammonia solution (1 + 1); after completely
dissolved, DILUTE with water to 250 mL; MIX well;
d) Respectively TAKE 50 mL of EDTA solution (0.2 mol/L) and hydroxylamine
hydrochloride solution (100 g/L); ADD 5 mL of cresol red indicator (0.2 g/L);
DILUTE to 1 L with water; MIX well.
10.2.7 Hydrochloric acid solution (1 + 9). MEASURE 100 mL of hydrochloric acid;
slowly ADD to 900 mL of water; MIX well.
10.3 Standard
Selenium standard solution. 1000 mg/L, or selenium standard solution at a certain
concentration certified by the state and awarded the standard substance certificate.
10.4 Preparation of standard solutions
10.4.1 Selenium standard intermediate solution (100 mg/L). accurately PIPETTE 1.00
mL of selenium standard solution (1000 mg/L) in a 10 mL volumetric flask; DILUTE
with hydrochloric acid solution (1 %) to the mark; MIX well.
10.4.2 Selenium standard use solution (50.0 μg/L). accurately PIPETTE 0.50 mL of
selenium standard intermediate solution (100 mg/L); DILUTE with hydrochloric acid
solution (1 %) to 1000 mL; MIX well.
10.4.3 Selenium standard series solutions. accurately PIPETTE 0 mL, 0.200 mL, 1.00
mL, 2.00 mL and 4.00 mL of standard selenium use solution (50.0 μg/L), which are
equivalent to containing 0 μg, 0.010 0 μg, 0.050 0 μg, 0.100 μg and 0.200 μg of
12.3.1 Instrument reference conditions
Adjust the instruments to the best condition according to their performance. The
reference conditions. excitation light wavelength 376 nm, emission light wavelength
520 nm.
12.3.2 Plotting of standard curve
Measure the fluorescence intensity of 4,5-Benzo piaselenol in seleni......
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