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GB 5009.157-2016

Chinese Standard: 'GB 5009.157-2016'
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Detail Information of GB 5009.157-2016; GB5009.157-2016
Description (Translated English): Determination of organic acid in foods
Sector / Industry: National Standard
Word Count Estimation: 8,821
Date of Issue: 2016-08-31
Date of Implementation: 2017-03-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard): GB/T 5009.157-2003
Regulation (derived from): Announcement of the State Administration of Public Health and Family Planning 2016 No.11

GB 5009.157-2016
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
National Food Safety Standard -
Determination of Organic Acid in Foods
ISSUED ON. AUGUST 31, 2016
IMPLEMENTED ON. MARCH 1, 2017
Issued by. National Health and Family Planning Commission of the
People’s Republic of China
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 4 
2 Principle ... 4 
3 Reagents and Materials ... 4 
4 Instruments and Equipment ... 6 
5 Analytical Procedures ... 6 
6 Expression of Analysis Results ... 9 
7 Precision ... 10 
8 Others ... 10 
Appendix A Standard Chromatogram of Acidity Regulator ... 11 
Foreword
This Standard is drafted as a replacement of GB/T 5009.157-2003 “Determination of
Organic Acid in Foods”.
In comparison with GB/T 5009.157-2003 “Determination of Organic Acid in Foods”,
there are several main modifications as follows.
-- The name of this Standard is modified into “National Food Safety Standard -
Determination of Organic Acid in Foods”;
-- The scope of application is extended to jelly, solid beverage and canned fruit,
etc.;
-- Certain tested objects are added to this Standard, such as lactic acid, fumaric
acid and adipic acid, etc.
National Food Safety Standard -
Determination of Organic Acid in Foods
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the method of determining tartaric acid, lactic acid, malic acid,
citric acid, succinic acid, fumaric acid and adipic acid in foods.
This Standard is applicable to the determination of seven types of organic acid in fruit
juice, fruit juice beverage, carbonated beverage, solid beverage, gum-based candy,
cookies, pastry, jelly, canned fruit, fresh dough products and fillings in baked goods.
2 Principle
Directly add water to dilute the sample or adopt water to extract the sample; adopt
strong anion exchange solid phase extraction column for purification; adopt reversed
phase column for separation. Determine the nature through the retention time;
quantify with the external standard method.
3 Reagents and Materials
Unless otherwise indicated, the reagents adopted under this method are of analytical
purity. The water is first-grade water as specified in GB/T 6682.
3.1 Reagents
3.1.1 Methanol (CH3OH). chromatographic purity.
3.1.2 Anhydrous ethanol (CH3CH2OH). chromatographic purity.
3.1.3 Phosphoric acid (H3PO4).
3.2 Preparation of Reagents
3.2.1 Phosphoric acid solution (0.1%). weigh-take 0.1 mL of phosphoric acid; add
water to dilute to 100 mL; mix it up.
3.2.2 Phosphoric acid - methanol solution (2 %). weigh-take 2 mL of phosphoric acid;
add methanol to dilute to 100 mL; mix it up.
3.3 Standards
5.2 Sample Processing
5.2.1 Fruit juice beverage, fruit juice and fruity carbonated beverage
Weigh-take 5 g (accurate to 0.01 g) of homogenized sample (heat up the sample to
remove carbon dioxide if the sample contains carbon dioxide), place it in 25 mL
volumetric flask; add water to the constant volume; adopt 0.45 μm aqueous
membrane to filter the sample; inject it into high-performance liquid chromatograph for
analysis.
5.2.2 Jelly and canned fruit
Weigh-take 10 g (accurate to 0.01 g) of homogenized sample, place it in 50 mL plastic
centrifuge tube, then, add 20 mL of water; homogenize and extract at 15,000 r/min for
2 min, start centrifugation at 4,000 r/min for 5 min; take the upper extract and place it
in 50 mL volumetric flask. Use 20 mL of water to re-extract the remains; combine the
extract in the same volumetric flask. Use water to dilute to the constant volume; adopt
0.45 μm aqueous membrane to filter the sample; inject it into high-performance liquid
chromatograph for analysis.
5.2.3 Gum-based candy
Weigh-take 1 g (accurate to 0.01 g) of homogenized sample, place it in 50 mL plastic
centrifuge tube which is equipped with a plug; add 20 mL of water, then, start
oscillation extraction on a swirling mixer for 5 min; start centrifugation for 3 min at
4,000 r/min, then, transfer the supernatant into 100 mL volumetric flask; add 20 mL of
water to re-extract the remains; combine the extract in the sample volumetric flask.
Use anhydrous ethanol (3.1.2) to dilute to the constant volume, shake it well.
Accurately remove-take 10 mL of supernatant and place it in 100 mL heart-shaped
bottle; add 10 mL of anhydrous ethanol (3.1.2) to the bottle, then, rotate and
concentrate it under 80°C±2°C till it approaches dryness; add 5 mL of anhydrous
ethanol (3.1.2) to continue the concentration, till it reaches absolute dryness. Use 1
mL x 1 mL of water to rinse the heart-shaped bottle twice. Transfer all the liquid to be
purified to solid phase extraction column (SAX) that’s pre-activated, control the flow
rate at 1 mL/min~2 mL/min, then, remove the effluent. Use 5 mL of water to rinse the
purification column; use 5 mL of phosphoric acid - methanol solution (3.2.2) to elute it,
control the flow rate at 1 mL/min~2 mL/min; gather the eluent and place it into 50 mL
heart-shaped bottle; rotate the eluent under 45 °C and evaporate till it approaches
dryness; add 5 mL of anhydrous ethanol (3.1.2) to continue the concentration, till it
reaches absolute dryness. Use 1.0 mL of phosphoric acid solution (3.2.1) to oscillate
and dissolve the remains; adopt 0.45 μm membrane to filter it; inject it into
high-performance liquid chromatograph for analysis.
5.2.4 Solid beverage
Weigh-take 5 g (accurate to 0.01 g) of homogenized sample, place it in 50 mL beaker.
Add 40 mL of water to dissolve it, and transfer it into 100 mL volumetric flask. Adopt
anhydrous ethanol (3.1.2) to dilute to the constant volume; shake it well, place it
evenly for 10 min.
Accurately remove-take 20 mL of supernatant and place it in 100 mL heart-shaped
the balance for 5 min.
5.3.1.3 Column temperature. 40 °C.
5.3.1.4 Inlet volume. 20 μL.
5.3.1.5 Detection wavelength. 210 nm.
5.3.2 Determination of adipic acid
5.3.2.1 Chromatographic column. CAPECELL PAK MG S5 C18 column, 4.6 mm x 250
mm, 5 μm, or other chromatographic columns with equivalent performance.
5.3.2.2 Mobile phase. use 0.1% phosphoric acid solution - methanol=75+25 (volume
ratio) equivalent flow to elute for 10 min.
5.3.2.3 Column temperature. 40 °C.
5.3.2.4 Inlet volume. 20 μL.
5.3.2.5 Detection wavelength. 210 nm.
5.4 Draw a Standard Curve Line
Respectively inject standard series of working fluid into high-performance liquid
chromatograph; determine the ......
Related standard:   GB 5009.149-2016  GB 5009.150-2016
   
 
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