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GB 27948-2020

Chinese Standard: 'GB 27948-2020'
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BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB 27948-2020 (GB27948-2020)
Description (Translated English) General requirements for air disinfectant
Sector / Industry National Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard C50
Classification of International Standard 11.080
Word Count Estimation 10,149
Date of Issue 2020-04-09
Date of Implementation 2020-11-01
Drafting Organization China Center for Disease Control and Prevention Environment and Health-related Product Safety, Hunan Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Zhejiang Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Chinese People's Liberation Army, General Hospital of Chinese People's Liberation Army, Shanghai Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese People Characteristic Medical Center of PLA Air Force, Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Comprehensive Supervision Bureau of Hunan Provincial Health Commission, Shenzhen Center for Disease Control and Prevention
Administrative Organization National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China
Proposing organization National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China
Issuing agency(ies) State Administration of Market Supervision and Administration, National Standardization Management Committee

GB 27948-2020
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 11.080
C 50
Replacing GB 27948-2011
General Requirements for Air Disinfectant
空气消毒剂通用要求
ISSUED ON: APRIL 09, 2020
IMPLEMENTED ON: NOVEMBER 01, 2020
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 5
2 Normative References ... 5
3 Terms and Definitions ... 5
4 Requirements of Raw Materials ... 6
5 Technical Requirements ... 6
6 Inspection Methods ... 7
7 Use Methods ... 7
8 Label, Instruction Manual and Precautions ... 7
Appendix A (Normative) Identification Test of the Air Disinfectant Neutralizer . 9
Appendix B (Normative) Metal Corrosion Test ... 12
General Requirements for Air Disinfectant
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the requirements of raw materials, technical requirements,
inspection methods, use methods, label instruction manual and precautions for the
disinfectants used for indoor air disinfection.
This Standard is applicable to indoor air disinfectants for the major purpose of killing
microorganisms in the air, and can meet the requirements of disinfection.
2 Normative References
The following documents are essential to the application of this document. For the
dated documents, only the versions with the dates indicated are applicable to this
document; for the undated documents, only the latest version (including all the
amendments) are applicable to this document.
GB/T 26366 Hygienic Standard for Chlorine Dioxide Disinfectant
GB/T 26371 Hygienic Standard for Peroxide Disinfectants
Technical Standard for Disinfection (2002 Edition) [Ministry of Health (WFJF (2002)
No.282)]
3 Terms and Definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1 Air disinfection
Use disinfectant to kill pathogenic microorganisms suspended in the air in the closed
room, so as to achieve harmless treatment.
3.2 Air disinfectant
Disinfectant used for air disinfection.
3.3 Aerosol sprayer
The sprayer that may occur the atomized particle diameter range below 50μm, of which
5.3.2 Metal corrosion
The metal corrosion test shall be carried out, and the corrosion level shall be indicated
in the instruction manual of the product.
6 Inspection Methods
6.1 Test of physical and chemical indicators
It shall be carried out as per the provisions of relevant standard.
6.2 Evaluation method of disinfection effect
Test according to the relevant provisions of Technical Standard of Disinfection (2002
Edition); thereof, the identification test method of air disinfectant neutralizer can refer
to Appendix A.
6.3 Safety inspection method
6.3.1 Inspection methods of toxicological indicators
Test according to the relevant provisions of Technical Standard of Disinfection (2002
Edition).
6.3.2 Inspection method of metal corrosion
Inspect according to Appendix B.
7 Use Methods
Disinfection may be conducted by aerosol spray, heating vaporization fumigation or
gas fumigation.
8 Label, Instruction Manual and Precautions
8.1 The label and instruction manual of the product shall comply with the requirements
of the relevant specifications and standards of the disinfectant product label instruction
manual, and shall indicate that it can only be used for air disinfection under unmanned
conditions.
8.2 When preparing and using the air disinfectant, pay attention to the personal
protection; wear the protective mark, protective glasses and protective gloves. If
necessary, use the comprehensive respirator. If inadvertently contact, immediately use
Appendix A
(Normative)
Identification Test of the Air Disinfectant Neutralizer
A.1 Neutralizer test for liquid impact sampling method
A.1.1 Scope of application
This method is suitable for evaluation test of 1m3 aerosol cabinet disinfection effect,
the sampler is a liquid impact sampler.
A.1.2 Preparation of bacterial suspension
Take the fresh culture (18h~24h) of the nutrient agar medium slant of Staphylococcus
albicans (8032) (3rd generation to 8th generation); use a 5.0mL pipette to take
3.0mL~5.0mL of nutrient broth into the slant test tube; and repeat pressure-vacuum;
wash off the bacterial lawn; filter by sterile absorbent cotton; then dilute with nutrient
broth to a test bacterial suspension with a concentration of 5×103 CFU/mL ~ 3×104
CFU/mL.
A.1.3 Neutralizer identification tests are conducted in three groups
A.1.3.1 Group 1: According to the amount of disinfectant required in the instruction
manual, spray hard water in a 1m3 aerosol cabinet; after affecting to the disinfection
time, immediately use a liquid impact sampler containing 10mL of neutralizer for
sampling (sampling volume is consistent with the sampling volume of the pre-setting
disinfection effect identification test); then affect for 10min. Pipette 0.1mL of the test
bacterial suspension in the above neutralizer solution for counting the live bacteria
culture.
A.1.3.2 Group 2: According to the amount of disinfectant required in the instruction
manual, spray the air disinfectant in a 1m3 aerosol cabinet. After affecting to the
disinfection time, immediately use a liquid impact sampler containing 10mL of
neutralizer for sampling (sampling volume is consistent with the sampling volume of
the pre-setting disinfection effect identification test); then affect for 10min. Pipette
0.1mL of the test bacterial suspension in the above neutralization product solution for
counting the live bacteria culture.
A.1.3.3 Group 3: According to the amount of disinfectant required in the instruction
manual, spray hard water in a 1m3 aerosol cabinet. After affecting to the disinfection
time, immediately use a liquid impact sampler containing 10mL of sampling liquid for
sampling (sampling volume is consistent with the sampling volume of the pre-setting
disinfection effect identification test); then affect for 10 minutes. Pipette 0.1mL of the
airtightness and ventilation conditions) of a pair of aerosol cabinets or aerosol
chambers shall be consistent. The cabinet (or chamber) should be constructed of
stainless steel or aluminum alloy and glass. Temperature and humidity control devices,
ventilator devices and corresponding pipes shall be installed.
B.4.2 Sample placement
B.4.2.1 Three pieces of samples are hanged in sequence along the inner, middle and
outer equidistant of a diagonal side of the aerosol cabinet or aerosol chamber. The
suspension height in the aerosol cabinet shall be the sample is located in the height
center of the aerosol cabinet. The suspension height in the aerosol chamber is 0.8m ~
1.2m above the ground. The placement and position of the test group and the control
group shall be the same.
B.4.2.2 When placing the sample, ensure that the test surface of the sample is not to
be directly sprayed.
B.4.2.3 The bracket of the sample shall be made of inert non-metallic materials, such
as glass, plastic or coated wood products. The material where the sample is hanged
shall use man-made fiber, cotton fiber or other inert insulating materials.
B.4.3 Test procedure
B.4.3.1 Simultaneously adjust the temperature and relative humidity of two aerosol
cabinets (or chambers) to the temperature (20°C~25°C) and relative humidity
(70%~80%) required by the test.
B.4.3.2 Place the samples for test group and control group according to the
requirements of B.4.2.
B.4.3.3 The test group prepares the required disinfectant solution according to the
volume of the aerosol cabinet (or room) and as per the instruction manual
(concentration and used amount) of the disinfectant product, and the number of cycles.
Calc......
Related standard:   GB 27949-2020  GB 27950-2020
Related PDF sample:   GB 27948-2011
   
 
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