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GB 21350-2008_English: PDF (GB21350-2008)
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GB 21350-2008English479 Add to Cart 4 days [Need to translate] The norm of energy consumption per unit product of copper and copper-alloy tube Obsolete GB 21350-2008
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BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB 21350-2008 (GB21350-2008)
Description (Translated English) The norm of energy consumption per unit product of copper and copper-alloy tube
Sector / Industry National Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard F01
Classification of International Standard 27.010
Word Count Estimation 12,177
Date of Issue 2008-01-09
Date of Implementation 2008-06-01
Quoted Standard GB/T 2589; GB/T 3484; GB/T 8170; GB/T 12723; GB/T 15587
Drafting Organization Zhejiang Hailiang Co., Ltd.
Administrative Organization National Standardization Technical Committee of non-ferrous metals
Regulation (derived from) Announcement of Newly Approved National Standards No. 1 of 2008 (total 114)National Standards Bulletin 2013 No. 18
Proposing organization The National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Resources Conservation and Environmental Protection, the National Standardization Management Committee, and the China Nonferrous Metals Industry Association
Issuing agency(ies) General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People's Republic of China, China National Standardization Administration Committee
Summary This Chinese standard specifies the copper and copper alloy tube of energy consumption per unit of product technical requirements, calculation principles, statistical coverage and calculation methods, energy management and measures. This standard applies to copper and copper alloy pipe production processing enterprise energy consumption calculation, assessment and control of energy consumption for new projects.

Standards related to: GB 21350-2008

GB 21350-2008
The norm of energy consumption per unit product of copper and copper-alloy tube
ICS 27.010
F01
National Standards of People's Republic of China
Copper and copper alloy tube of energy consumption per unit product
Posted 2008-01-09
2008-06-01 implementation
Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of People's Republic of China
Standardization Administration of China issued
Foreword
4.1, 4.2 of this standard is mandatory, the rest are recommended.
The Standard Appendix A, Appendix B are informative appendices.
This standard by the National Development and Reform Commission Resource Conservation and Environmental Protection, the National Standardization Management Committee and an Industry Standard
China Nonferrous Metals Industry Association presented.
This standard by the National Standardization Technical Committee of non-ferrous metals.
This standard is drafted by. Zhejiang Hailiang Co., Ltd., China Nonferrous Metals Industry Institute of Standards and Metrology and Quality.
Participated in the drafting of this standard. Gao Xin Zhang Group Limited shares, Golden Dragon Precise Copper Tube Group Co., Ltd., Chinalco Luoyang Copper
Ltd., Shenyang-Copper Industry Co., Ltd., Ningbo Jintian Copper (Group) Co., Ltd.
The main drafters of this standard. Cao Jianguo, Yang Lijuan, Wei Lian Yun, following a text, Liuai Kui, Guo Hui steady, Pyeongchang, Xu-Jun, Yu Guoqiang,
Zhao Xuelong, Dongjiang Hua, Ma Wan, Yang Shengquan, Wang Li, Hong Xie Ping, Chen Yuliang, Wang Hu.
Copper and copper alloy tube of energy consumption per unit product
Range 1
This standard specifies the copper and copper alloy tube (hereinafter referred to as tubes) unit product energy consumption (hereinafter referred to as energy) technology to the limit
Seek, in principle, the scope of statistics and computational methods, energy management and measures calculation.
This standard applies to calculate the copper and copper alloy pipe production and processing enterprises energy consumption, assessment and control of new energy projects.
2 Normative references
Terms of the following documents become provisions of this standard by reference in this standard. For dated reference documents, all later
Amendments (not including errata content) or revisions do not apply to this standard, however, encourage the parties to agreements based on this standard
Whether the latest versions of these documents. For undated references, the latest version applies to this standard.
GB/T 2589 General Principles of comprehensive energy consumption calculation
GB/T 3484 General corporate energy Ping Heng
GB/T 8170 rounding off rule
GB/T 12723 energy consumption per unit product preparation General
GB/T 15587 industrial enterprise energy management guidelines
GB 17167 energy use per unit of energy measurement apparatus equipped and General Management
3 terms, definitions and symbols
The following terms, definitions and symbols apply to this standard.
3.1
Single-step production process production units qualified pipe direct consumption of certain amount of physical energy.
3.2
Qualified pipe direct consumption of total energy amount of a single step in the production process production units.
3.3
Auxiliary energy production system for pipe production consumption. For example. shop lighting, internal transport and other energy consumption.
3.4
EJ
Or auxiliary production not directly, but indirectly provide energy necessary conditions for the production or consumption of auxiliary systems. Including factory lighting, office
Public, physical and chemical testing, mold manufacturing, and other energy consumption.
3.5
Comprehensive energy consumption per unit of product, refers to energy consumption and energy consumption of auxiliary step process, and the amount of loss allocation of indirect energy consumption and.
3.6
EKB
For the overall energy consumption of non-intact pipe manufacturer in accordance with a certain way of conversion, with the intact pipe manufacturer can be formed
Comparison of energy consumption.
4. Technical Requirements
4.1 Existing copper and copper alloy pipe processing business unit product energy consumption quota limit
Conventional copper and copper alloy pipe processing business unit energy consumption limit values should be defined in accordance with Table 1. Two kinds or more kinds of tubes
The company to all the pipes comprehensive energy consumption for the evaluation based on single species production tubing or pipe of some kind over the entire pipe
90% of production to the type of pipe that is the basis for the evaluation.
Table 1 existing copper and copper alloy pipe processing business unit product energy consumption quota limit
Step
Energy consumption limits limit values / (kgce/t)
Simple and complex copper brass brass brass white bronze tube
Casting process energy consumption ≤95 ≤90 ≤100 ≤150 ≤150
Energy processing step ≤280 ≤310 ≤500 ≤400 ≤450
Various types of pipes comprehensive energy consumption ≤375 ≤400 ≤600 ≤550 ≤600
All pipes comprehensive energy consumption ≤530
4.2 New copper and copper alloy pipe processing business unit product energy consumption limits access for value
New copper and copper alloy pipe processing business unit product energy consumption limits access for value should be in accordance with Table 2. Two kinds or more kinds of tubes
The company to all the pipes comprehensive energy consumption for the evaluation based on single species production tubing or pipe of some kind over the entire pipe
90% of production to the type of pipe that is the basis for the evaluation.
Table 2 New copper and copper alloy tube processing enterprise value per unit product energy consumption limits access
Step
Energy consumption limits access value/(kgce/t)
Simple and complex copper brass brass brass white bronze tube
Casting process energy consumption ≤90 ≤85 ≤95 ≤140 ≤140
Machining process energy consumption ≤265 ≤285 ≤475 ≤350 ≤380
Comprehensive energy consumption of various types of pipe ≤355 ≤370 ≤570 ≤490 ≤520
All pipes comprehensive energy consumption ≤485
4.3 copper and copper alloy pipe processing business unit product energy consumption limits for advanced value
Copper and copper alloy pipe processing business unit product energy consumption limits should reach advanced value specified in Table 3.
Table 3 copper and copper alloy pipe processing business unit product energy consumption limits for advanced value
Step
Advanced energy limit value/(kgce/t)
Simple and complex copper brass brass brass white bronze tube
Casting process energy consumption ≤85 ≤80 ≤90 ≤140 ≤140
Energy processing step ≤255 ≤275 ≤460 ≤340 ≤370
Comprehensive energy consumption of various types of pipe ≤340 ≤355 ≤550 ≤480 ≤510
All pipes comprehensive energy consumption ≤465
5 calculation principles, calculation methods and statistical coverage
5.1 Calculation Principle
Various energy 5.1.1 Pipe actual (production) consumption
The actual energy consumption of various pipes, means for various energy pipe production activities. Including. primary energy (coal, crude oil, natural
Gas, etc.), secondary energy (such as electricity, heat, petroleum products, coke, gas, etc.) and energy used in the production of the working fluid (water, oxygen, compressed air, etc.)
It consumed energy. Mainly used in the production system, auxiliary production system and ancillary production system does not include life energy and infrastructure approved
(Including technological) energy project. As an aid product Energy consumption is not included in the product, such as charcoal molten coating agent, lubricant,
Wash oil. Wherein the plant area and office energy use can be assessed in each step energy consumption.
Life energy refers to the dormitory, school, culture and entertainment, health care, cafeteria, bathrooms enterprise systems (not including bathroom Workshop), business services
Child care and early childhood education and other aspects of energy.
5.1.2 Pipe energy consumption during the reporting period
Calculate the energy consumption of a certain kind of product during the reporting period shall be conforming to the formula (1).
Where.
Calculation of energy consumption of products during the reporting period shall be consistent with the formula (2).
E = E1 + E2-E3-E4-E5 (2)
Where.
E --- Product energy consumption;
E1 --- business purchase amount of energy;
E2 --- beginning inventory amount of energy;
E3 --- export amount of energy;
E4 --- life and infrastructure projects approved by the amount of energy consumption;
E5 --- ending stocks amount of energy.
Calculate the amount of energy pipes reporting period, shall comply with the formula (3).
EG = EZG + EZF + EZJ
EH = EZG + EZF + EZJ (3)
Where.
EG --- Pipe energy consumption;
--- EZG step energy consumption of various types of pipe;
EZF --- auxiliary production department and with the amount of energy loss;
EZJ --- indirect energy consumption;
EH --- various types of pipes and comprehensive energy consumption.
All kinds of energy consumed and the weight must not leak meter. When there is supply and demand, input and output sides in the calculation values should be consistent.
Discontinued repair apparatus should also be taken into account in the energy consumption, operational cycle and press apparatus overhauled assessed monthly average.
Waste heat recovery companies belonging to energy conservation recycling is not part of purchased energy, when calculating the energy consumption, to avoid repetition and purchased energy
Calculation. Waste heat utilization device can be included in the energy consumption. Energy recovery own part, included in the process for their own use; the turn for other processes, used in step
In normal consumption included, should be deducted in the step, a moderate amount of process waste heat recovery off coal recovered energy. The case before deduction of waste heat recovery
The energy consumption indicators, should be marked ' "unfastened waste heat recovery' (or 'containing waste heat recovery')" message.
5.1.3 Measurement of the amount of physical energy
Measurement of the amount of physical energy must meet the "Metrology Law of People's Republic of China" and the requirements of GB 17167.
5.1.4 various units of measurement of energy
Pipe energy technology (or direct pipe comprehensive energy consumption), pipe comprehensive energy consumption per unit. kg of standard coal (kgce), tons of standard coal
(Tce), tons of standard coal (104tce) or GJ (GJ);
Coal, coke, petroleum products, physical energy per unit. kilograms (kg), t (t), ten thousand tons (104t);
Real electric energy per unit. kilowatt (kW · h), ten thousand kwh (104kW · h);
Physical vapor per unit of energy. kilograms (kg), t (t) or kilojoules (kJ), megajoules (MJ), GJ (GJ);
Physical energy per unit of gas, water, gas, compressed air, oxygen, nitrogen, natural gas. cubic meters (m3), one thousand cubic meters (103m3), Wan
Cubic meters (104m3).
5.1.5 various energy (including energy production energy consumption working fluid) amount of coal conversion method
Heat equal 29.3076MJ (MJ) of fuel, known as one kg of standard coal (kgce).
Measured fuel energy purchased desirable low (bit) actual heat generation or supply units to provide value calculated on the basis, or according to the national statistical offices
The conversion coefficient conversion, see Appendix A.
Secondary energy and energy working fluid are by the respective energy conversion value. When companies convert energy production, according to the actual amount of physical energy into the fold
Count the amount of standard coal; by the time centralized production unit export supply its energy value shall be subject to the provisions of the competent authorities; export value when purchased, its energy
It must be the same; when the energy value is not provided, according to the national statistical offices conversion coefficient converted, see Appendix B.
Business waste heat recovery calculated conversion coefficient of heat.
5.1.6 Calculation principles pipe production tubing unit energy consumption
Kind of calculation brass comprehensive consumption should be used in the output of the same period of the statistical production qualified class brass, pipe return pipe should be offset against current
Timber production.
All pipe production, companies are subject to statistical department data.
5.1.7 Calculation principle for energy
5.1.7.1 Enterprises and process energy consumption shall comply with the provisions of GB/T 2589 and GB/T 3484's.
5.1.7.2 Direct energy consumption by the production processes direct statistical measurement.
Calculation principle 5.1.7.3 indirect energy consumption
While the production of sheet, strip, foil, tubes, rods, lines, and two or more integrated copper enterprises to press a certain Scale, apportioned to each species
Total energy consumption, then the type of assessment to all kinds of brass.
Indirect energy consumption of a single pipe processing enterprises of all included among the tubes energy consumption.
5.1.7.4 Auxiliary energy consumption by type apportionment apportioned to various types of copper tube.
5.2 statistical range
5.2.1 casting process
It refers to the raw material from the beginning to the output of qualified ingot up with energy. Includes ingredients, melting, casting, ingot sawing and supporting system (material transport
Lose, heating fuel, powder, dust collection, waste heat recovery), and other various amount of energy consumed.
5.2.2 Processing Step
It refers to the beginning of the ingot from the heating output of qualified products to enter and use energy until the finished products. Including heating the ingot, extrusion, cutting, rolling,
Various amount of energy consumed by the system head, drawing, forming, finishing, straightening length, annealing, packaging and supporting systems.
5.3 Calculation Method
5.3.1 Calculation process energy
5.3.1.1 Step physical energy consumption calculation method
Step energy consumption calculation method according to the kind of formula (4) is calculated.
(4)
Where.
5.3.1.2 total energy consumption calculation method of step
Processes all energy consumption in accordance with the formula (5) Calculated.
(5)
Where.
5.3.1.3 Pipe indirect energy consumption calculation method assessed
Pipe indirect energy consumption calculation method of apportionment in accordance with the formula (6) Calculated.
EJ = EZJ PZ3 × A3
(6)
Where.
EJ --- pipe indirect energy consumption assessed amount, in kilograms per tonne of coal equivalent (kgce/t);
Indirect plants --- EZJ total energy consumption, in kilograms per tonne of coal (kgce/t);
PZ3 --- pipe output, tonnes (t);
A3 --- pipe sharing energy coefficient (Table 4);
Variety copper material.
All varieties foil copper material.
Table 4 integrated copper processing enterprise species assessed energy coefficient
Varieties with plates A1 A2 A3 rod pipe line A4 A5 A6 foil
Note. The hollow profile according PIPE, calculated as solid profile rod.
5.3.1.4 Step auxiliary energy consumption calculation method
Step auxiliary energy consumption calculation method according to equation (7) Calculated.
× B-like
P × B-like shape
(7)
Where.
Miscellaneous brass, bronze tube, white brass various types of brass.
B --- shape corresponding to the type of energy brass sharing coefficient, see Table 5. 1,2,3,4,5 take shape, representing the copper, brass simple, complex
Miscellaneous brass, bronze tube, white brass various types of brass.
Table sharing different types of copper consumption coefficient 5 single copper producers
species
Copper
B1
Simple brass
B2
Complex brass
B3
Bronze pipes
B4
White brass
B5
Energy sharing
B-like factor
Casting 1.0 1.0 1.3 2.0 2.0 Step
Processing operations 1.0 1.3 1.8 2.0 1.8
5.3.1.5 Each step of indirect energy consumption calculation method
Indirect energy consumption calculation formula according to the method of step (8) Calculated.
(8)
Where.
--- EJ pipe indirect energy sharing, and the unit is kgce (kgce);
Miscellaneous brass, bronze tube, white brass various types of brass.
B --- shape corresponding to the type of energy brass sharing coefficient, see Table 5. 1,2,3,4,5 take shape, representing the copper, brass simple, complex
Brass, bronze tube, white brass various types of brass.
5.3.1.6 Step comprehensive energy consumption calculation method
Step comprehensive energy consumption calculation method in accordance with the formula (9) Calculated.
(9)
Where.
Formula (9). a variety of standard coal energy off the physical volume of the amount of consumption of this process and to algebra and, when containing waste heat recovery, according to the processing 5.2.
5.3.2 Comprehensive energy consumption of various types of pipe
Comprehensive energy consumption of various types of pipe in accordance with the formula (10) Calculated.
EZ = Σ
Where.
EZ --- integrated energy consumption of various types of pipe, in kilograms per tonne of coal equivalent (kgce/t);
3,4,5, representing copper, brass simple, complex brass, bronze tube, white brass various types of brass.
5.3.3 All pipes comprehensive energy consumption
All pipes integrated energy consumption according to formula (11) Calculated.
EZZ =
(11)
Where.
EZZ --- all pipes integrated energy consumption in kilograms per tonne of coal equivalent (kgce/t);
EZ --- like some kind of pipe integrated energy consumption in kilograms per tonne of coal equivalent (kgce/t). 1,2,3,4,5 take shape, representing Violet
Brass, brass simple, complex brass, bronze tube, white brass various types of brass;
Complex brass, bronze tube, white brass various types of brass.
5.3.4 Pipe comparable energy consumption
Do not have the energy from the casting to the finished tube pipe production conditions NONHOLONOMIC copper pipe processing enterprises should be converted into a single comparable energy
Consumption. Energy consumption than according to formula (12) is calculated.
EKB = EZZ
C k
(12)
Where.
EKB --- comparable energy consumption in kilograms per tonne of coal equivalent (kgce/t);
EZZ --- all pipes integrated energy consumption in kilograms per tonne of coal equivalent (kgce/t);
C k --- actual production energy conversion coefficient of each step, see Table 6. 1,2,3,4,5,6 take k, representing casting, extrusion, rolling, pulling
Extension, annealing, finishing molding production processes.
Table 6 non-intact copper producers energy conversion coefficient
Production processes
Cast (Package
Including continuous casting)
C1
Squeeze C2
Rolling (for
Including planetary rolling
Tube) C3
C4 C5 Tensile finish annealing, the molded C6
Energy conversion coefficient k C 0.3 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.20 0.05
6 and energy management measures
6.1 basic management of energy-saving
6.1.1 The enterprise should review the cases of several major copper production process energy assessment, and the assessment indicators break down into the grass-roots single
Bit, build energy accountability.
6.1.2 Enterprises should be required to establish energy consumption statistics system, establish energy consumption calculation and assessment of the results of paper files, and files controlled
management.
6.1.3 The energy business should be equipped with measuring instruments according to the requirements of GB 17167 and the establishment of energy measurement management system.
6.2 Energy Saving Technology Management
Pipe manufacturer each step should be equipped with advanced energy-saving equipment, to maximize energy efficiency, as much as possible to recover energy.
Appendix A
(Informative)
Common varieties of energy off the current reference standard coal coefficient
Table A. A common energy types of coal off the current coefficient
Fold of standard coal energy coefficient and units
Variety average calorific coefficient unit
Coal 20908kJ/kg (5000kcal/kg) 0.7143 kgce/kg
Coal washing 26344kJ/kg (6300kcal/kg) 0.900 kgce/kg
Heavy 41816kJ/kg (10000kcal/kg) 1.4286 kgce/kg
Diesel 42652kJ/kg (10200kcal/kg) 1.4571 kgce/kg
Gasoline 43070kJ/kg (10300kcal/kg) 1.4714 kgce/kg
Coke (ash content 13.5%) 28435kJ/kg (6800kcal/kg) 0.9714 kgce/kg
LPG 50179kJ/kg (12000kcal/kg) 1.7143 kgce/kg
Electricity (equivalent value) 3600kJ/kW · h [860kcal/(kW · h)] 0.1229 kgce/(kW · h)
Thermal - 0.03412 kgce/MJ
Gas 1250 × 4.1868kJ/m3 1.786 tce/104m3
Gas 38931kJ/m3 (9310kcal/m3) 1.3300 tce/103m3
Note 1. coefficient of coal off steam by heat value.
Note 2. This appendix fold of standard coal coefficient case of national statistical offices regulations change, energy consumption level indicators should be set separately.
Appendix B
(Informative)
Energy working fluid energy equivalent to the reference value
Table B. 1 common energy working fluid energy value
No. Name Unit
Energy value
Calorific value /
MJ
Fold of standard coal /
kgce
Remark
liquid
Fresh water t 7.5350 0.2571
Demineralized water t 14.2347 0.4857
Refers not been used tap water, according to
Average power consumption calculation
When the by-product
When the main product
Press the power consumption for computing
Average consumption of coke, electricity and other computing
gas
solid
Compressed air m3
Carbon dioxide m3
Oxygen m3
Nitrogen m3
Acetylene m3
Calcium carbide kg
1.1723 0.0400
6.2806 0.2143
11.7230 0.4000
11.7230 0.4000
19.6771 0.6714
243.6722 8.3143
60.9188 2.0786
Note. This appendix energy value subject to change data to the latest national statistical offices shall prevail.
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