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GB 18581-2009 (GB18581-2009)

GB 18581-2009_English: PDF (GB18581-2009)
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GB 18581-2009English85 Add to Cart 0--9 seconds. Auto-delivery Indoor decorating and refurbishing materials -- Limit of harmful substances of solvent based coatings for woodenware Obsolete GB 18581-2009

BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB 18581-2009 (GB18581-2009)
Description (Translated English) Indoor decorating and refurbishing materials. Limit of harmful substances of solvent based coatings for woodenware
Sector / Industry National Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard G51
Classification of International Standard 87.040
Word Count Estimation 16,152
Date of Issue 2009-09-30
Date of Implementation 2010-06-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) GB 18581-2001
Quoted Standard GB/T 1250; GB/T 1725-2007; GB/T 3186; GB/T 6750-2007; GB/T 9750; GB/T 9754-2007; GB/T 18446-2009; GB 18582-2008
Drafting Organization CNOOC Changzhou Paint & Chemicals Research Institute
Administrative Organization National Standardization Technical Committee of paints and pigments
Regulation (derived from) Announcement of Newly Approved National Standards No. 10 of 2009 (No. 150 overall)
Proposing organization China Petroleum and Chemical Industry Association
Issuing agency(ies) Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of People's Republic of China; Standardization Administration of China
Summary This Chinese standard specifies the interior decoration with polyurethane, nitro and alkyd solvent -based coatings and solvent -based wood putty to humans and the environment of allowable limits for hazardous substances requirements, test methods, inspection rules, packaging, signs, painting safety and protection and so on. This standard applies to interior decoration and the factory coating with polyurethane, nitro and alkyd solvent -based coatings (including primer and paint) and solvent -based wood putty. Does not apply to radiation curable coatings and unsaturated polyester putty.

Standards related to: GB 18581-2009

GB 18581-2009
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD
OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 87.040
G 51
Replacing GB 18581-2001
Indoor decorating and refurbishing materials - Limit of
harmful substances of solvent based coatings for
woodenware
室内装饰装修材料
ISSUED ON. SEPTEMBER 30, 2009
IMPLEMENTED ON. JUNE 01, 2010
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine of the People's Republic of China;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of
China.
Table of contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 5 
2 Normative references ... 5 
3 Terms and definitions ... 6 
4 Requirements ... 7 
5 Test method ... 8 
6 Inspection rules ... 8 
7 Packaging mark ... 9 
8 Painting safety and protection ... 9 
Appendix A (Normative) Determination of volatile organic compounds (VOC)
content ... 10 
Appendix B (Normative) Determination of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene,
xylene and methanol content ... 17 
Appendix C (Normative) Determination of halogenated hydrocarbon content 22 
Foreword
All the technical contents of this standard are mandatory.
The standard replaces GB 18581-2001 “Indoor decorating and refurbishing
materials - Limit of harmful substances of solvent based coatings for
woodenware”.
As compared with GB 18581-2001, main technical changes of this standard
are as follows.
- DEFINE the scope of application as the polyurethane, nitro and alkyd
solvent based coatings (including primer and finish) for woodware AND the
solvent based putty for woodware for the purposes of indoor decorating &
refurbishing and factory coating;
- In the scope of application, ADD the solvent based putty for woodware;
and SPECIFY the limit of harmful substance;
- In the scope of application, SPECIFY clearly that it is not applicable to the
radiation curing coatings and unsaturated polyester putty;
- In the nitro-based paint, ADD the methanol content control items;
- DEFINE the total content control item of toluene and xylene as the total
content control item of toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene;
- CHANGE the original standard free toluene diisocyanate (TDI) content
control item to free diisocyanate (TDI, HDI) total content control item;
- ADD the halogenated hydrocarbon content control item;
- MAKE the limits of the total content of volatile organic compounds, free
diisocyanate (TDI, HDI) total content, total content of toluene,
ethylbenzene and xylene, and the benzene content in the coating more
stringent.
- ADD the definition of volatile organic compounds and volatile organic
compounds content; ESTABLISH the corresponding test methods;
- ESTABLISH the test methods of methanol and halogenated hydrocarbon
content;
- MODIFY and IMPROVE the benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene
content test method;
Indoor decorating and refurbishing materials - Limit of
harmful substances of solvent based coatings for
woodenware
1 Scope
This standard specifies the allowable limit value requirements, test methods,
inspection rules, packaging marks, coating safety and protection, etc., of the
human and environmental harmful substances in polyurethane, nitro and alkyd
solvent based coatings of woodware AND the solvent based putty of
woodware for indoor decorating and refurbishing purposes.
This standard applies to the polyurethane, nitro and alkyd solvent based
coatings (including primer and finish) for woodware AND the solvent based
putty for woodware for the purposes of indoor decorating & refurbishing and
factory coating. It does not apply to radiation curing coatings and unsaturated
polyester putty.
2 Normative references
The provisions in following documents become the provisions of this Standard
through reference in this Standard. For the dated references, the subsequent
amendments (excluding corrections) or revisions do not apply to this Standard;
however, parties who reach an agreement based on this Standard are
encouraged to study if the latest versions of these documents are applicable.
For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document applies.
GB/T 1250 Method of expression and determination of limit value
GB/T 1725-2007 Paints varnishes and plastics - Determination of
non-volatile-matter content (ISO 3251.2003, IDT)
GB/T 3186 Paint, varnishes and raw materials for paints and varnishes -
Sampling (GB/T 3186-2006, ISO 15528.2000, IDT)
GB/T 6750-2007 Paints and varnishes - Determination of density -
Pyknometer method (ISO 2811-1.1997, Paints and varnishes -
Determination of density - Part 1. Pyknometer method, IDT)
GB/T 9750 Marks for package of coating products
GB/T 9754-2007 Paints and varnishes - Determination of specular gloss of
non-metallic paint films at 20°, 60° and 85°(ISO 2813.1994, IDT)
GB/T 18446-2009 Binders for paints and varnishes - Determination of
monomeric diisocyanates in isocyanate resins (ISO 10283.2007, IDT)
GB 18582-2008 Indoor decorating and refurbishing materials - Limit of
harmful substances of interior architectural coatings
3 Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this standard.
3.1
Volatile organic compounds (VOC)
It refers to, at the standard atmospheric pressure of 101.3 kPa, any organic
compound having an initial boiling point of less than or equal to 250 °C.
3.2
Volatile organic compounds content
It refers to the content of the volatile organic compounds as obtained
through testing the product by the specified test methods.
3.3
Polyurethane coatings
It refers to a kind of coating for which the main film forming substance is the
polyamine (methacrylic acid) ester resin which is formed by the reaction of
polyisocyanate and an active hydrogen-containing compound.
3.4
Nitrocellulose coatings
It refers to a kind of coating for which the main film forming substance is the
nitric acid cellulose which is formed by the esterification reaction between
the mixture of nitric acid and sulfuric acid and cellulose.
3.5
- In case of major change in the production formula, process, the key source
of raw materials and product construction proportioning;
- In case of production restoration after suspension for three months.
6.2 Determination of test results
6.2.1 The test results shall be determined in accordance with the rounding off
value comparison method in GB/T 1250. When the test result after rounding off
is 0, 0.0, the result is reported as one significant digit.
6.2.2 While reporting the inspection results, it shall indicate at the same time
the stated construction proportioning of the product.
6.2.3 When the test results of all the items reach to the requirements of this
standard, the products comply with the requirements of this standard.
7 Packaging mark
7.1 The product packaging mark may, in addition to comply with the provisions
of GB/T 9750, be indicated accordingly if passing the inspection in accordance
with this standard.
7.2 As for the coating and putty composed of double components or multiple
components, it shall clarify the construction proportioning of each component
on the packing mark or product instruction manual. As for the coating and putty
requiring dilution before use, it shall clarify the dilution proportion in the packing
mark or the product instruction manual.
8 Painting safety and protection
8.1 The room shall be well ventilated during painting.
8.2 The construction workers shall wear the necessary protective equipment
during coating.
8.3 After completion of coating, it shall continuously maintain the indoor air
circulation.
Split ratio. split sample injection, with the split ratio adjustable;
Injection volume. 1.0 μL.
Note. It may also select the optimal gas chromatographic test conditions in
accordance with the performance of the instrument used and the actual
conditions of the sample to be tested.
A.5 Test procedures
All tests shall be subjected to secondary parallel determination.
A.5.1 Density
PREPARE the mixed sample in accordance with the stated construction
proportioning of the product; after stirring it uniformly, DETERMINE the sample
density in accordance with the provisions of GB/T 6750-2007, at the test
temperature of (23 ± 2) °C.
A.5.2 Volatile content
PREPARE the mixed sample in accordance with the stated construction
proportioning of the product; after stirring it uniformly, DETERMINE the content
of the non-volatile compound of the sample in accordance with the provisions
of GB/T 1725-2007, in grams per gram (g/g); USE 1 to minus the content of the
non-volatile compound to obtain the content of the volatile compound, in grams
per gram (g/g). WEIGH the sample amount (1 ± 0.1) g, AND the test conditions.
(105 ± 2) °C/h.
A.5.3 Gloss
The polyurethane coating film gloss is determined in accordance with the
provisions of GB/T 9754-2007. PREPARE the mixed s...
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