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GB 18484-2001

Chinese Standard: 'GB 18484-2001'
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Standard ID GB 18484-2001 (GB18484-2001)
Description (Translated English) Pollution control standard for hazardous wastes incineration
Sector / Industry National Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard Z70
Classification of International Standard 13.030.01
Word Count Estimation 7,717
Date of Issue 2001-11-12
Date of Implementation 2002-01-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) GWKB 2-1999
Quoted Standard GHZB 1-1999; GB 3095-1996; GB/T 16157-1996; GB 15562.2-1995; GB 8978-1996; GB 12349-1990; HJ/T 20-1998
Drafting Organization China Environmental Monitoring Station
Administrative Organization State Environmental Protection Administration of Science, Technology
Summary This Chinese standard process from the hazardous waste pollution prevention needs, provides for hazardous waste incineration facility siting places the principle of basic technical performance indicators incineration, burning emissions of atmospheric pollutants maximum allowable emission limits, the disposal of incineration residues principles and corresponding environmental monitoring, this standard applies except outside of explosive and radioactive hazardous waste incineration facility design, environmental impact assessment, as well as during the operation completion and acceptance of pollution control and management.

GB 18484-2001
ICS 13.030.01
Z 70
Replacing GWKB 2-1999
Pollution control standard for
hazardous waste incineration
Issued by: State Environmental Protection Administration;
General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine of PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 4 
2 Normative references ... 4 
3 Terms ... 5 
4 Technical requirements ... 7 
5 Control limits of pollutants (items) ... 9 
6 Supervision and monitoring ... 10 
7 Implementation of standard ... 11 
Pollution control standard for
hazardous waste incineration
1 Scope
This standard, from the aspect of the need to prevention and control of the
environmental pollution in the disposal process of hazardous wastes, specifies
the principles for the site selection of the hazardous waste incineration facilities,
the basic technical performance indicators of incineration, the maximum
allowable emission limit of the atmospheric pollutants from incineration, the
principle for the disposal of the incineration residues, the corresponding
environmental monitoring, etc.
This standard is applicable to the design, environment impact evaluation, as-
built acceptance, the pollution control & management in the operation process
of the hazardous waste incineration facilities, except for the explosive and
radioactive wastes.
2 Normative references
The clauses as contained in the following standards become the clauses of this
standard through reference in this standard, which have the same effect as this
GHZB 1-1999 Environmental quality standard for surface water
GB 3095-1996 Ambient air quality standard
GB/T 16157-1996 The determination of particulates and sampling methods
of gaseous pollutants emitted from exhaust gas of stationary source
GB 15562.2-1995 Graphical signs for environmental protection solid waste
storage (disposal) site
GB 8978-1996 Integrated wastewater discharge standard
GB 12349-90 Method of measuring noise at boundary of industrial
HJ/T 20-1998 Technical specifications on sampling and sample preparation
from industry solid waste
3.7 Smoke retention time
Refers to the retention time of the smoke as generated by combustion from the
last air injection port or burner’s outlet to the heat transfer surface (such as the
heat exchanger of waste heat boiler) or of the smoke between cold-air injection
ports of the flue.
3.8 Incinerator’s temperature
Refers to the temperature at the center of the outlet of the incinerator’s
combustion chamber.
3.9 Combustion efficiency (CE)
Refers to the percentage of the concentration of carbon dioxide in the exhaust
gas of the flue to the sum of the concentration of carbon dioxide and carbon
monoxide. It is expressed by the following formula:
[CO2] and [CO] - The concentrations of CO2 and CO in the exhaust after
combustion, respectively.
3.10 Destructive removal efficiency (DRE)
Refers to the percentage of reduction of an organic substance after incineration.
It is expressed by the following formula:
Wi - The weight of an organic substance in the incinerated substance;
W0 - The sum of the weight of the organic matter, as corresponding to Wi, in
the flue gas and incineration residue.
3.11 Dioxins
A general term for polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin and polychlorinated
3.12 Dioxin toxicity equivalent (TEQ)
The dioxin’s toxicity equivalent factor (TEF) is the ratio of the affinity of dioxin-
1) In the test calculation process, it uses the 11% O2 (dry gas) as a conversion basis.
The conversion formula is:
c - The converted concentration of the measured pollutants under standard state
O2 - The concentration of oxygen in the exhaust gas (%);
Cs - The concentration of the measured pollutants under standard state (mg/m3).
2) It refers to the total amount of arsenic and nickel.
3) It refers to the total amount of chromium, tin, antimony, copper and manganese.
6 Supervision and monitoring
6.1 Monitoring of exhaust gas
6.1.1 The number of sampling points and the location of sampling points for
monitoring the smoke or gaseous pollutants in the exhaust pipe of the
incinerator shall be implemented according to GB/T 16157.
6.1.2 After the incineration facility is operated for 1 h under normal conditions,
start collecting the gas sample at a frequency of 1 time/h; each sampling time
shall be not less than 45 min; continuously take sample for three times; make
determination respectively. Use the average value as the determination value.
6.1.3 Exhaust gas from......
Related standard: GB 18484-2020    GB 18598-2019
Related PDF sample: GB 18597-2001    GB 18599-2001