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DL/T 506-2018 (DLT 506-2018)

DL/T 506-2018_English: PDF (DLT506-2018)
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DL/T 506-2018English385 Add to Cart 0--10 minutes. Auto-delivered. Method of humidity measurement of sulfur hexafluoride insulated gas in electrical equipment DL/T 506-2018 Valid DL/T 506-2018

BASIC DATA
Standard ID DL/T 506-2018 (DL/T506-2018)
Description (Translated English) Method of humidity measurement of sulfur hexafluoride insulated gas in electrical equipment
Sector / Industry Electricity & Power Industry Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard F20
Classification of International Standard 29.240
Word Count Estimation 20,231
Date of Issue 2018-06-06
Date of Implementation 2018-10-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) DL/T 506-2007
Quoted Standard DL/T 639
Drafting Organization Electric Power Research Institute of Guangdong Power Grid Co., Ltd.
Administrative Organization Technical Committee for Standardization of High Voltage Switchgear and DC Power in the Power Industry
Regulation (derived from) National Energy Administration Announcement No.8 of 2018
Summary This standard specifies the method for measuring the humidity of insulating gases in SF6 electrical equipment. This standard is applicable to the measurement of the humidity of the insulating gas during the type test, factory test, handover test and preventive test of sulfur hexafluoride electrical equipment. Mixed gas insulated electrical equipment can be implemented by reference.

DL/T 506-2018
DL
ELECTRIC POWER INDUSTRY STANDARD
OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 29.240
F 20
Record No.: 64484-2018
Replacing DL/T 506-2007
Method of Humidity Measurement of Sulfur
Hexafluoride Insulated Gas in Electrical Equipment
ISSUED ON: JUNE 06, 2018
IMPLEMENTED ON: OCTOBER 01, 2018
Issued by: National Energy Administration
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 5
2 Normative References ... 5
3 Terms and Definitions ... 5
4 Requirements for Humidity Meter ... 7
5 Requirements for the Measurement Gas Circuit System ... 8
6 Requirements for Measuring Ambient Temperature and Humidity ... 8
7 Requirements for Measuring Pressure ... 9
8 Expression of Humidity ... 9
9 Measurement Method ... 9
10 Temperature Conversion of Measurement Results ... 11
11 Safety Precautions ... 11
12 Report on Measurement Results ... 11
Appendix A (Informative) Conversion Formula of Humidity Measurement ... 13
Appendix B (Normative) Saturated Water Vapor Pressure Table ... 15
Appendix C (Normative) Temperature Conversion Table for the Measurement
Results of Sulfur Hexafluoride Gas Humidity ... 19
Method of Humidity Measurement of Sulfur
Hexafluoride Insulated Gas in Electrical Equipment
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the method for measuring the humidity of insulated gas in
sulfur hexafluoride electrical equipment.
This Standard is applicable to the measurement of the humidity of the insulated gas in
sulfur hexafluoride electrical equipment in the type test, exit-factory test, handover test
and preventive test. The mixed gas insulated electrical equipment can be implemented
as a reference.
2 Normative References
The following documents are essential to the application of this document. For the
dated documents, only the versions with the dates indicated are applicable to this
document; for the undated documents, only the latest version (including all the
amendments) is applicable to this document.
DL/T 639 Safety and Protection Rules for Operation, Test and Maintenance
Personnel of SF6 in Electrical Apparatus
3 Terms and Definitions
For the purposes of this Document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1 Water vapour
It is also called water vapor. The gaseous state of water, which is formed by the
vaporization of water or the sublimation of ice.
3.2 Humidity
The content of water vapor in the gas.
3.3 Dry gas
Gas that contains no water vapor.
The percentage of the molar fraction of water vapor in wet gas to the molar fraction of
saturated water vapor at the same temperature and pressure; or the ratio of the partial
pressure of water vapor in wet gas to the saturated water vapor pressure at the same
temperature.
3.14 Uncertainty of measurement
It characterizes the evaluation of the range of the measured true value.
3.15 Humidity meter
The general term for instruments that measure the humidity of a gas.
3.16 Error of indication of a measuring instrument
The indication value of the measuring instrument minus the true value of the
corresponding input quantity.
3.17 Fiducial error of a measuring instrument
The percentage of indication error of the measuring instrument and the instrument
range.
4 Requirements for Humidity Meter
4.1 The used humidity meter shall meet the following requirements when the ambient
humidity is 10°C~40°C:
--- The measuring range of the electrolytic humidity meter shall satisfy
1µL/L~1000µL/L.
--- Fiducial error: within the range of 1µL/L~30µL/L, it shall not exceed ±10%;
within the range of 30µL/L~1000µL/L, it shall not exceed ±5%.
4.2 The measuring dew-point range of the chilled dew-point meter shall satisfy 0°C~ -
70°C when the ambient temperature is 20°C; and the measurement error shall not
exceed ±0.6°C.
4.3 The dew-point range of resistance capacitive humidity measurement shall satisfy
0°C~-60°C; and the measurement error shall not exceed ±2.0°C.
4.4 The humidity meter shall be checked and calibrated regularly; and the validity
period of the calibration result certificate is one year.
5 Requirements for the Measurement Gas Circuit
System
5.1 The measuring pipeline must be made of stainless steel, copper or
polytetrafluoroethylene, with a wall thickness of no less than 1mm and an inner
diameter of 2mm~4mm. The inner wall of the pipeline shall be smooth and clean; and
it is not allowed to use pipelines with strong water absorption capacity, such as rubber
pipes and polyvinyl chloride pipes, etc.
5.2 The joints are required to be well sealed, clean, and free from damage and burrs.
It is made of stainless steel or brass, and it is forbidden to use iron joints.
5.3 Use red copper gaskets or polytetrafluoroethylene gaskets for the inner pads. The
joints shall be clean; and contaminants such as flux and grease shall be removed.
5.4 The cleaning method of the pipeline shall meet the following requirements:
a) Cleaning of stainless-steel pipes. Unused or heavily contaminated stainless-steel
pipes must be cleaned before use. When cleaning, rinse by 5% hot trisodium
phosphate, then rinse by distilled water to neutral; finally, rinse with absolute
ethanol; and then dry by high-purity nitrogen and seal both ends of the pipe for
later-use.
b) Cleaning of polytetrafluoroethylene pipe. The unused polytetrafluoroethylene
pipe is generally rinsed by distilled water first; then rinsed by absolute ethanol
once; finally, dried by high-purity nitrogen; and sealed at both ends for later-use.
5.5 Before connecting the measuring pipeline and joints to the equipment, make sure
that the equipment joints are clean and dry, and then connect to the instrument.
5.6 The gas outlet of the measuring instrument shall be equipped with an exhaust pipe
of more than 5m to prevent moisture in the atmosphere from affecting the
measurement results.
6 Requirements for Measuring Ambient Temperature
and Humidity
6.1 The ambient temperature shall be between 10°C ~ 40°C (measure between 10°C
and 30°C as much as possible).
6.2 The relative humidity shall be no greater than 85%.
9.2.5 Disassemble the connection between the measuring gas circuit and the sampling
joint of the equipment. Close the sampling valve on the equipment; disassemble the
sampling joint on the connected equipment; cover (connect) the sealing cover (plate)
of the equipment sampling joint; and restore the sealing of the equipment sampling
joint.
9.2.6 Leak detection at the sampling port of the equipment. After restoring the sealing
of the sampling port of the equipment, check by a sulfur hexafluoride leak detector to
ensure that the sealing of the sampling port of the equipment does not leak.
9.2.7 After using the instrument, dry and blow by nitrogen for 15min ~ 20min, then turn
off the instrument; and seal the inlet and outlet of the instrument for later-use.
9.2.8 The method of using the instrument refers to the instruction manual of the
instrument.
10 Temperature Conversion of Measurement Results
10.1 Since the ambient temperature has a significant effect on the gas humidity in the
equipment, the measurement results shall be converted to the value at 20°C in
accordance with Appendix C.
10.2 If the equipment manufacturer provides conversion curves and charts, the curves
and charts provided by the manufacturer can be used for temperature conversion.
11 Safety Precautions
11.1 Safety precautions shall be taken when testing the equipment while it is live.
11.2 During the test, the test site shall be ventilated.
11.3 The safety protection of test personnel shall be implemented in accordance with
the relevant provisions of DL/T 639.
12 Report on Measurement Results
The report on measurement results shall include the following:
a) The name, model, exit-factory number, and exit-factory date of the tested
equipment;
b) The name, model, exit-factory number, calibration date of humidity meter;
Appendix A
(Informative)
Conversion Formula of Humidity Measurement
A.1 When measuring the humidity in the gas, it can be expressed in various
measurement units. Such as dew point, saturated water vapor pressure, volume ratio,
weight ratio, absolute humidity, relative humidity. The measured dew point can be used
to convert between measurement units.
The symbols and meanings are as follows:
ed – saturated water vapor pressure under measuring dew point, in Pa;
NOTE: When the dew-point is lower than 0°C, if the condensate on the surface of the dew
sensor is supercooled water, take the saturated water vapor pressure on the surface of the
supercooled water; if the condensate on the surface of the dew sensor is ice crystals, take the
saturated water vapor pressure on the ice surface.
Pt – total pressure of the measurement system, in Pa;
Vr – volume ratio, in µL/L;
Wr – weight ratio, in µg/g;
Mw – relative molecular mass of the water vapour;
Mt – relative molecular mass of the test gas;
es – saturated water vapor pressure of the water under the measuring temperature, in
Pa;
U – relative humidity, in %;
Ta – temperature of gas sample, in K;
dv – absolute humidity, in g/L;
SVP0 – saturated water vapor pressure under the measuring pressure, in Pa;
SVPa – saturated water vapor pressure under the atmospheric pressure, in Pa;
P0 – absolute working pressure in the equipment, in Pa;
Pa – atmospheric pressure, in Pa.