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NB/T 47013.2-2015 (NB/T47013.2-2015, NBT 47013.2-2015, NBT47013.2-2015) & related versions
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NB/T 47013.2-2015: PDF in English (NBT 47013.2-2015)
NB/T 47013.2-2015
ICS 77.040.20
H 26
Replacing JB/T 4730.2-2005
Nondestructive testing of pressure equipment -
Part 2. Radiographic testing
Issued by. National Energy Administration
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 4
1 Scope ... 8
2 Normative references ... 8
3 Terms and definitions ... 9
4 General requirements ... 11
5 Inspection process and its selection ... 17
6 Evaluation of radiographic testing results and quality grading for melting
welding joints of pressure equipment ... 35
7 Radiographic testing result evaluation and quality grading for melting
welding joints of pressure equipment’s pipes and pressure pipelines made of
steel, nickel and copper ... 43
8 Inspection records and reports ... 49
Annex A (Informative) Radiography requirements for tube-fillet welds ... 52
Annex B (Normative) Industrial radiographic film system’s characteristic
indexes ... 60
Annex C (Informative) Regular inspection methods of the nigrometer (optical
densimeter) ... 61
Annex D (Informative) Determination of darkroom’s safety irradiation time ... 62
Annex E (Informative) Diagram of typical penetrating methods ... 67
Annex F (Informative) Determination methods of penetrating times for circular
butt welds ... 73
Annex G (Normative) Calculation methods of focal size ... 81
Annex H (Normative) Calculation methods of geometric sharpness (Ug) ... 82
Annex I (Informative) Light filters ... 83
Annex J (Normative) Placement principle of positioning marks ... 84
Annex K (Informative) Measuring methods for ionic concentration of thiosulfate
on films ... 88
Annex L (Normative) Reference blocks’ type and specification ... 89
This Standard, NB/T 47013 “Nondestructive testing of pressure equipment”, consists
of the following 13 parts.
- Part 1. General requirements;
- Part 2. Radiographic testing;
- Part 3. Ultrasonic testing;
- Part 4. Magnetic particle testing;
- Part 5. Penetrant testing;
- Part 6. Eddy current testing;
- Part 7. Visual testing;
- Part 8. Leak testing;
- Part 9. Acoustic emission testing;
- Part 10. Ultrasonic time of flight diffraction technique testing;
- Part 11. X-ray digital radioscopic examination;
- Part 12. Magnetic flux leakage testing;
- Part 13. Pulsed eddy current testing.
This Part is Part 2. Radiographic testing of NB/T 47013.
This Part is drafted according to the rules provided in GB/T 1.1-2009 “Directives for
standardization - Part 1. Structure and drafting of standards”.
This Part replaces JB/T 4730.2-2005 “Nondestructive testing of pressure equipment -
Part 2. Radiographic testing”, compared with JB/T 4730.2-2005, main technical
changes are as follows.
- ENLARGE the application scope of the standard; ADD plug-in fillet joint butt welds,
put-type fillet joint butt welds, as well as the detection technology and quality
grading requirements for X-ray and γ-ray on tube-plate board welds; CANCEL the
classification of steel;
- MODIFY and ADD parts of normative references;
weld, the welds of ellipsoidal head and butterfly head in small γ zone, as well as
the welds with continuously changed curvature;
- ADD the technical requirements for overlapping in effective evaluation zone;
- MODIFY the transmission principle of small-diameter pipe in the case that the
structure is limited;
- ADD the broadening principle of f when the put-type and plug-in pipe-seat fillet
weld source is in inner transmission method;
- ADD the placement principle of the distance between the film and the workpiece
- ADD the limit of exposure time for γ-ray source, and the provisions of limiting
application of multi-source exposure, as well as the placement requirements of IQI
for exposure of the whole sphere;
- ADD the recommended technical requirements for application of filter plates;
- MODIFY the placement principle of positioning marks and identification marks;
- ADD the selection principle for darkroom handling reagent of films, and the
contents about delayed time for film handling, as well as quality inspection for film
- MODIFY the contents of film’s quality requirements; ADD the contents of storage
of films;
- MODIFY the IQI’s sensitivity that different transmission thickness shall meet;
ENLARGE the corresponding scope of material thickness; ADD the sensitivity
requirements of hole IQI;
- ADD the applicable welding structures IN the parts of radiographic testing results
at welding joints and quality grading;
- ADD and MODIFY the contents of radiographic testing records and reports.
- CANCEL the contents of “Types and specifications of special IQI”;
- MODIFY special reference block for small-diameter tube.
This Part is proposed by and shall be under the jurisdiction of National Technical
Committee on Boiler Pressure Vessel of the Standardization Administration of China
(SAC/TC 262).
Drafting organizations of this Part. China Special Equipment Detection Research
Nondestructive testing for pressure equipment –
Part 2. Radiographic testing
1 Scope
1.1 This Part of NB/T 47013 specifies detection technology and quality grading
requirements for X-ray and γ-ray used for welding joints on metal melting of pressure
1.2 In this Part, the metals used for welding joints of metal melting include steel, copper
and copper alloy, aluminum and aluminum alloy, titanium and titanium alloy, nickel and
nickel alloy. The types of welding joints include butt welds of plate and tube’ butt joints
(hereinafter referred to as “butt welds”), butt welds of plug-in and put-type connecting
pipe’s fillet joint (hereinafter referred to as “fillet welds”) and welds of pipe-pipe sheet
welds (refer to Annex A).
1.3 The radiographic testing for other metal materials, welding joints of supporting
parts and structural parts of pressure equipment can also refer to this Part.
2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this
document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references,
the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
GB 11533 Standard logarithmic visual acuity charts
GB/T 12604.2 Non-destructive testing - Terminology - Terms used in radiographic
GB 18871 Basic standards for protection against ionizing radiation and for the
safety of radiation sources
GB/T 19348.1 Non-destructive testing - Industrial radiographic films - Part 1.
Classification of film systems for industrial radiography
GB/T 19348.2 Non-destructive testing - Industrial radiographic films - Part 2. Control
of film processing by means of reference values
GB/T 19802 Non-destructive testing - Industrial radiographic illuminators - Minimum
GB/T 23901.2 Non-destructive testing - Image quality of radiographs - Part 2. Image
quality indicators (step/hole type) - Determination of image quality value
GBZ 117 Radiological protection standards for industrial X-ray detection
GBZ 132 Radiological protection standards for industrial gamma-radiography
NB/T 47013.1 Nondestructive testing of pressure equipment - Part 1. General
JB/T 5075 Non-destructive testing - Metal intensifying screens for radiographic
JB/T 7902 Image quality indicators (wire type) for radiographic testing
3 Terms and definitions
For the purpose of this Part, the following terms and definitions and those defined in
GB/T 12604.2 and NB/T 47013.1 apply.
penetrated thickness; W
Nominal thickness in radial irradiation direction. In multi-layer penetrating, the
penetrated thickness shall be equal to the sum of nominal thickness of each layer of
material passed.
object-to-film distance; b
The distance between side surface of radiation source at object’s inspected position
measured along the central axis of the ray bundle.
source-to-object distance; f
The distance between sides surfaces of radiation source at object’s inspected position
measured along the central axis of ray bundle.
focal distance; F
The distance between radiation source inspected along the central axis of ray bundle
feature indications of the film system, see Annex B. The film manufacturer shall conduct system performance test to the films
produced, provide types and parameters. The handling methods, equipment and
chemical agents shall meet GB/T 19348.2, using the pre-exposure fi...

Standard ID NB/T 47013.2-2015 (NB/T47013.2-2015)
Description (Translated English) [Including 2018XG1] Nondestructive testing of pressure equipments - Part 2: Radiographic testing
Sector / Industry Energy Industry Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard H26
Word Count Estimation 62,615
Date of Issue 2015-04-02
Date of Implementation 2015-09-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) JB/T 4730.2-2005
Regulation (derived from) ?Energy Bureau Announcement 2015 No. 3