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JJG 846-2015: PDF in English
JJF 846-2015
JJF
NATIONAL METROLOGICAL VERIFICATION REGULATIONS
OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
JJG 846-2015
Dust Concentration Measuring Instruments
ISSUED ON: JUNE 15, 2015
IMPLEMENTED ON: DECEMBER 15, 2015
Issued by: General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine of the People's Republic of China
Table of Contents
Introduction ... 5
1 Scope ... 7
2 Overview ... 7
3 Metering performance requirements ... 7
3.1 Indication error ... 7
3.2 Indication repeatability ... 7
4 General technical requirements ... 8
4.1 Appearance and mark ... 8
4.2 Insulation resistance ... 8
4.3 Insulation strength ... 8
5 Measuring instrument control ... 8
5.1 Verification environment conditions ... 8
5.2 Verification equipment ... 8
5.3 Verification items ... 10
5.4 Verification methods ... 10
5.5 Processing of verification result ... 15
5.6 Verification period ... 15
Annex A Calibration method for indication error of reference dust meter ... 16
Annex B Format for inner page of verification certificate/verification result notification
... 18
Annex C Format for original record of verification ... 21
Verification Regulation of Dust Concentration Measuring
Instrument
1 Scope
This Regulation applies to the first verification, follow-up verification and in-use
inspection of dust concentration measuring instruments (hereinafter referred to as dust
meters).
2 Overview
A dust meter is an instrument used to measure the mass concentration of particulate
matter suspended in the air. It can display concentration value or output concentration
signal. The principle of the dust meter is mainly to convert the dust concentration signal
into an electrical signal by light scattering method, β-ray method and light transmission
method, and then display it through the secondary instrument.
A dust meter is generally composed of a dust concentration conversion component, a
sampling head (including a cutter or separator), an air pump, a power supply, and a
circuit. Some dust meters also have structures or functions such as flow meters,
sampling time display or setting, sampling volume display or setting, and signal output.
According to the measurement range, the dust meter is divided into high concentration
dust meter (the measurement range is generally 10mg/m3~1000mg/m3) and low
concentration dust meter (the measurement range is generally 0.1mg/m3~10mg/m3).
3 Metering performance requirements
3.1 Indication error
Indication error shall not exceed ±20%.
3.2 Indication repeatability
Indication repeatability shall not exceed 10%. For dust meters based on the optical
principle, if a standard light-transmitting film plate is used for testing, the repeatability
of the indication value shall not be greater than 2%.
4 General technical requirements
4.1 Appearance and mark
4.1.1 The nameplate of the dust meter shall have the product name, model, exit-factory
serial number, date of manufacture, and name of the manufacturer. The domestic dust
meter shall have the mark and number of the manufacturing measuring instrument
license. Explosion-proof dust meters shall have explosion-proof signs and numbers.
4.1.2 The surface of the dust meter and the sampling head (including the cutter or
separator) and other components must not have obvious dents, cracks, deformations
and other defects that affect normal operation.
4.1.3 The connection of dust meter is reliable. All knobs and buttons shall be able to
operate and control normally. After power on, the display part shall be clear and
complete.
4.2 Insulation resistance
For dust meters using AC power, the insulation resistance shall not be less than 20MΩ.
4.3 Insulation strength
For the dust meter using AC power supply, it shall be able to withstand the voltage with
AC effective value of 1500V and frequency of 50Hz. Leakage current is not greater
than 5mA. The duration is 1min. There is no flashover or breakdown phenomenon.
5 Measuring instrument control
Measuring instrument control includes initial verification, follow-up verification and
inspection in use.
5.1 Verification environment conditions
The temperature is (15~30)℃. The relative humidity is not more than 85%. The dust
meter shall be stabilized under this condition before it can be verified.
5.2 Verification equipment
5.2.1 High-concentration dust meter verification equipment
5.2.1.1 High-concentration dust generating device
When the measurement upper limit of the dust meter under verification is greater than
10mg/m3, a high-concentration dust generating device shall be used. The concentration
range is (10~1000) mg/m3. The dust used is dry coal dust, talcum powder or other
suitable dust particles. In the test section, the deviation of the average value of three
identical measurements at the sampling port of the standard sampling device and the
sampling port of the dust meter under verification shall not be greater than 5%. The
experimental standard deviation of central point stability (6 consecutive same
measurements) shall not be greater than 5%.
5.2.1.2 Standard sampling device
The technical requirements are as follows:
A pump with less pulsation such as a vane type shall be used as the air source. The flow
rate of the air source shall not be less than twice the flow rate of the dust meter. There
is a flow buffer device in the gas path. Its buffer volume is not less than the rated
sampling volume in 10s of the dust meter. The flowmeter accuracy level is 1.0.
5.2.1.3 Barometer: the measuring range (86~105) kPa; the allowable error limit is
±200Pa.
5.2.1.4 Stopwatch: the division value is 0.01s.
5.2.1.5 Thermometer: the measuring range is (0~50)℃; the division value is 0.1℃.
5.2.1.6 Balance: the division value is 0.1mg.
5.2.1.7 Insulation resistance meter: the output voltage is 500V; the accuracy level is 10.
5.2.1.8 Voltage withstand tester: the AC voltage is (0~1500)V; the frequency is 50Hz;
the accuracy level is better than level 5.
5.2.2 Low-concentration dust meter verification equipment
5.2.2.1 Low-concentration dust generating device
When the measurement upper limit of the dust meter under verification is less than or
equal to 10mg/m3, a low-concentration dust generating device or a standard particle
generating device shall be used. The concentration occurrence range is (0.1~10) mg/m3.
The dust used is dry coal dust, talcum powder, monodisperse polystyrene particles, and
other suitable particles whose particle size is smaller than or equal to the cut particle
size of the tested dust instrument. In the test section, the deviation of the average value
of the three same measurements at the sampling port of the reference dust meter and
the sampling port of the measured meter shall not be greater than 5%. The experimental
standard deviation of central point stability (6 consecutive same measurements) shall
not be greater than 5%.
5.2.2.2 Technical requirements for reference dust meter
Reference dust meter: the measuring range is (0.1~10) mg/m3; the maximum allowable
error is not more than ±5%; the repeatability of indication value is not more than 3%
For instruments with total dust sampling function, the indication error testing adopts its
total dust sampling function. For a dust meter that can only measure respirable dust (or
with a single particle size cutter), the standard sampling device shall be connected to
the same separation device (or a single particle size cutter) as the tested dust meter.
The dust meter and standard sampling device shall preferably be placed in a dusty
environment. But its blocking area to the flow field shall not exceed 5%. If it is placed
outside the dusty environment, the sampling head and filter membrane shall be placed
in the dusty environment. The shape, size and material of the sampling transfer tubes
shall be exactly the same. Ensure the same transmission efficiency for the sampled dust.
Before the test, relevant preparation shall be done according to the requirements of the
dust meter instruction manual, for example, determine the dust coefficient (K value) of
the test dust.
5.4.2.2 When the upper limit of the measurement range of the dust meter is greater than
10mg/m3, the verification system for measuring the error of the indication value can
refer to the device shown in Figure 1.
Figure 1 -- Schematic diagram of dust measurement error verification with
transmission tube
1 - dust supply device; 2 - wind speed measurement point; 3 - thin-walled standard sampling pipe; 4 -
dust concentration monitoring probe; 5 - fan; 6 - sampling port for tested dust meter; 7 - Dust
concentration verification device test section; 8 - transmission pipe; 9 - standard sampling device with
filter membrane; 10 - tested dust meter
Select 3 measurement points of about 20%, 50% and 80% of the concentration range
tested by the dust meter. Use a standard sampling device and a dust meter to sample
under the same conditions. Evenly record 6 stable dust concentration display values of
the dust meter every time. Take the arithmetic mean value as the displayed
concentration value of the dust meter . Use the sampling flow rate of the standard
sampling tube, sampling time, and the mass of the increased dust before and after the
filter membrane sampling (generally controlled at 1mg~5mg) and other parameters to
calculate the dust concentration according to formula (1) as the standard dust
concentration . Repeat the above operation 3 times for each measurement point.
Take the arithmetic mean of 3 and respectively as ρ1 and ρ0. Then use formula
(2) to calculate the indication error of this point.
Where,
- the concentration of standard dust mass, mg/m3;
m1 - the mass of the filter membrane before collecting dust, mg;
m2 - the mass of dust collected by the filter membrane, mg;
qv - the sampling flow rate, L/min;
t - the sampling time, min.
Where,
δ- the Indication error, %;
ρ1 - the average value displayed by the dust meter, mg/m3;
ρ0 - the average value measured by the standard sampling device or displayed by the
reference dust meter, mg/m3.
Take the indication error with the largest absolute value among the three measuring
points as the indication error of the dust meter.
5.4.2.3 When the upper limit of the measuring range of the tested dust meter is less than
or equal to 10mg/m3, the verification of the indication error shall be made by referring
to the reference dust meter.
The system for verifying dust meters using low-concentration dust generators and
reference dust meters is shown in Figure 2.
The system for verifying dust meters using standard particle generators and reference
dust meters is shown in Figure 3.
For optical dust meters, if a standard light-transmitting film is used for testing, it shall
be tested continuously and independently for 6 times around 50% of its range. Calculate
its repeatability according to formula (3).
5.4.4 Insulation resistance
Use an insulation resistance meter to measure the insulation resistance between the two
poles of the power jack of the dust meter to the ground and the exposed metal parts on
the shell. Take the minimum value as the insulation resistance of the dust meter.
5.4.5 Insulation strength
Connect the output terminal of the withstand voltage tester to the AC input terminal of
the dust meter and the exposed metal parts of the shell, respectively. Make the withstand
voltage tester output 1500V AC voltage. Keep it for 1min. Observe whether the dust
meter has broken down or is arcing.
5.5 Processing of verification result
A verification certificate will be issued to the dust meter that meets the requirements of
this Regulation after verification (see B.1 and B.2 for the format of the inner page). For
dust meters that do not meet the requirements of this Regulation, a notification of
verification results shall be issued (see B.1 and B.3 for the format of the inner pages).
See Annex C for the original record format.
5.6 Verification period
The verification cycle of the dust meter is generally not more than 1 year. When the
dust meter is repaired or the main parts are replaced, it shall be sent for verification in
time.
Annex A
Calibration method for indication error of reference dust meter
A low-concentration dust generator or a standard particle generator shall be used. The
particle size of the standard particles shall be less than or equal to the selected particle
size of the particle size cutter of the tested dust meter. Connect the reference dust meter
to the dust concentration generating device shown in Figure A.1 for testing. The
methods are as below:
A.1 For instruments with total dust sampling function, the indication error testing
adopts its total dust sampling function. For a dust meter that can only measure respirable
dust (or with a single particle size cutter), the standard sampling device (shall meet the
requirements of 5.2.1.2) shall be connected to the separation device (or a single particle
size cutter) same as the reference dust meter.
A.2 The reference dust meter and standard sampling device shall preferably be placed
in a dusty environment. But its blocking area to the flow field shall not exceed 5%. If it
is placed outside the dusty environment, the sampling port shall be placed in the dusty
environment. The shape, size and material of the sampling tubes shall be exactly the
same. The transmission path of sampled dust shall be the same.
A.3 Use the dust concentration generating device to generate 0.5mg/m3, 1mg/m3,
3mg/m3, 7mg/m3 or a stable dust environment of about 20%, 50%, and 80% of the
measured concentration range (select appropriate 3 concentration test points within its
measurement range). Then use the standard sampling device and the reference dust
meter to sample and measure under the same conditions. Record the 6 dust
concentration display values of the reference dust meter evenly each time. Take the
arithmetic mean value as the display concentration value of the dust meter for this
time (for the tested dust meter that can directly display the average value of the
concentration during the sampling period, the displayed average value can be read
directly; for the tested dust meter that can only display the cumulative concentration
value, divide the cumulative concentration value by the set sampling time to get the
average concentration of the testing point). The dust concentration calculated according
to formula (1) is taken as the standard dust concentration using parameters such as
the sampling flow rate of the standard sampling (pipe) device, sampling time, and the
mass of the increased dust before and after filter membrane sampling. Repeat the above
operation 3 times for each measurement point. Take the arithmetic mean of 3 and
respectively as ρ1 and ρ0. Then use formula (2) to calculate the dust concentration
indication error of the verification point. In the written results of the calibration of the
......

BASIC DATA
Standard ID JJG 846-2015 (JJG846-2015)
Description (Translated English) Dust Concentration Measuring Instruments
Sector / Industry Metrology & Measurement Industry Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard A61
Classification of International Standard 17.02
Word Count Estimation 19,175
Date of Issue 2015-06-15
Date of Implementation 2015-12-15
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) JJG 846-1993
Drafting Organization National Mine Safety metering station; China Institute of Metrology; Huainan Run Technology Co., Ltd.; Zhengzhou City Light Power Technology Co., Ltd; Mining Machinery and Electrical Equipment Co., Ltd. Changshu; Beijing Greenwood innovation Digital Technology Co.,
Administrative Organization National Environmental Chemometrics Technical Committee
Regulation (derived from) AQSIQ Announcement 2015 No.72
Issuing agency(ies) State Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine
Summary This Standard applies to the dust concentration measuring instrument (hereinafter referred to as dust monitor) the initial verification, use and subsequent verification check.