HOME   Cart(1)   Quotation   About-Us Tax PDFs Standard-List
Powered by Google-Search & Google-Books www.ChineseStandard.net Database: 189760 (17 Feb 2024)

HJ 556-2010 (HJ556-2010)

Chinese standards (related to): 'HJ 556-2010'
Standard IDContents [version]USDSTEP2[PDF] delivered inStandard Title (Description)See DetailStatusGoogle Book
HJ 556-2010English239 Add to Cart 3 days Technical guideline on environmental safety application of pesticides HJ 556-2010 Valid HJ 556-2010


   
BASIC DATA
Standard ID HJ 556-2010 (HJ556-2010)
Description (Translated English) Technical guideline on environmental safety application of pesticides
Sector / Industry Environmental Protection Industry Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard Z05
Word Count Estimation 9,937
Date of Issue 2010-07-09
Date of Implementation 2011-01-01
Quoted Standard GB 8321; NY 686
Drafting Organization Ministry of Environmental Protection, Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences
Administrative Organization Ministry of Environment Protection
Regulation (derived from) Department of Environmental Protection Notice No. 54 of 2010
Summary This standard specifies the principles of safe use of pesticides in the environment, control measures and management measures and other related content. This standard applies to guide the safe use of pesticides in the environment supervision and management, but also as a guide agricultural producers agricultural technology sector scientific basis for rational drug use.


HJ 556-2010: PDF in English
HJ 556-2010
Technical guideline on environmental safety application of pesticides
National Environmental Protection Standard of the People's Republic
Environmental Safety Technical Guidelines for Pesticide Use
Released on.2010-07-09
2011-01-01 Implementation
Ministry of Environmental Protection released
Ministry of Environmental Protection
announcement
No. 54 of.2010
In order to implement the "Environmental Protection Law of the People's Republic of China", protect the environment, strengthen the prevention and control of agricultural non-point source pollution, and protect human health,
The two standards, such as the “Technical Guidelines for Environmental Safety of Pesticide Use”, are national environmental protection standards and are issued.
The standard name and number are as follows.
2. Technical Specifications for Rural Life Pollution Control (HJ 574-2010).
The above standards have been implemented since January 1,.2011 and published by the China Environmental Science Press. The standard content can be found on the website of the Ministry of Environmental Protection.
Special announcement.
July 9,.2010
Content
Foreword..iv
1 Scope..1
2 Normative references..1
3 Terms and Definitions.1
4 Principles for the safe use of pesticides..2
5 Technical measures to prevent pollution of the environment.3
6 Management measures to prevent pollution of the environment.4
Iv
Foreword
To implement the Environmental Protection Law of the People's Republic of China, the Law of the People's Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Water Pollution, and the Solid
The Waste Pollution Prevention and Control Law, to prevent or mitigate the adverse environmental impacts caused by the use of pesticides, to protect the ecological environment, and to develop this standard.
This standard specifies the principles of environmentally safe use of pesticides, technical measures for pollution control and management measures.
This standard is the first release.
This standard was formulated by the Science and Technology Standards Department of the Ministry of Environmental Protection.
This standard is mainly drafted by. Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences, Ministry of Environmental Protection, China Academy of Environmental Sciences.
This standard was approved by the Ministry of Environmental Protection on July 9,.2010.
This standard has been implemented since January 1,.2011.
This standard is explained by the Ministry of Environmental Protection.
Environmental Safety Technical Guidelines for Pesticide Use
1 Scope of application
This standard specifies the principles of the safe use of pesticides, control technical measures and management measures.
This standard is applicable to the supervision and management of guiding the safe use of pesticides. It can also be used as an agricultural technical department to guide agricultural producers.
The basis for rational use of drugs.
2 Normative references
The contents of this standard refer to the terms in the following documents. For undated references, the valid version applies to this standard.
GB 8321 rational use guidelines for pesticides
NY 686 Sulfonylurea Herbicide Rational Use Guidelines
Regulations on the Safety Management of Dangerous Chemicals (Order No. 344 of the People's Republic of China)
Measures for the Prevention and Control of Environmental Pollution by Abandoned Hazardous Chemicals (Order No. 27 of the State Environmental Protection Administration)
3 Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this standard.
3.1
Pesticide pesticide
Used to prevent, destroy or control diseases, insects, grasses and other harmful organisms that endanger agriculture and forestry, and to regulate plants and Kun
Chemical synthesis of insect growth or a substance derived from organisms, other natural substances or a mixture of several substances and preparations thereof.
3.2
Soil adsorption
The adsorption performance of pesticides in the soil in the equilibrium between solid and liquid phases. Commonly used adsorption constant Kd. According to soil adsorption
The size of sex is divided into five levels. easy to adsorb, easy to adsorb, medium adsorption, difficult to adsorb, and difficult to adsorb.
3.3
Pesticide mobility
The phenomenon that pesticides in the soil are transferred from one place to another by the form of molecules or adsorbed on the surface of solid particles, with the diffusion of water and gas.
Divided into horizontal movement and vertical movement. According to the mobility of pesticides in the soil, it is divided into extremely mobile, mobile, medium
Move, not easy to move, do not move five levels.
3.4
Soil leaching
The phenomenon that pesticides move vertically downward with water in the soil is the main way for pesticides to pollute groundwater. Leaching in soil according to pesticides
The size of the sex is divided into four levels. easy to leaching, leaching, difficult to leaching, and difficult to leaching.
3.5
Degradation in soil
Under the joint influence of factors such as soil formation factors and field cultivation, the pesticides remaining in the soil are gradually decomposed into small molecules by macromolecules.
To the entire process of losing biological activity. The commonly used degradation half-life t0.5 is the time required for the pesticide to degrade by half. According to pesticides
The degree of degradability in the soil is divided into five levels. easy to degrade, more easily degraded, moderately degraded, more difficult to degrade, and difficult to degrade.
3.6
Pesticide water retention pesticide persistence in water
The time when pesticides are stable in water. According to the different retention time of pesticides in water, they are classified as non-retaining pesticides and weakly retained.
Sex pesticides, retention pesticides, and very stable pesticides.
3.7
Bioconcentration
The process by which organisms continuously absorb residual pesticides from their surroundings or food and gradually accumulate in their bodies. Bioconcentration factor
The size of the (BCF value) is divided into three levels. low, medium, and high.
3.8
Long residual herbicide
A herbicide that has a long residual time in the soil and is liable to cause phytotoxicity of the posterior sputum sensitive crop.
3.9
Killer herbicide non-selective herbicide
Lack of selective or selective herbicides on plants.
3.10
Beneficial organism
Under certain conditions, it is possible to control the growth and reproduction of organisms that seriously endanger human life or production; or those with economic value.
Object.
3.11
Good agricultural practice, GAP
Refers to a set of codes of conduct for agricultural production and post-processing of agricultural products that are designed to be effective while obtaining safe and healthy agricultural products.
Reliably control pests; use pesticides in a state-approved or officially recommended manner, with pesticides no higher than the maximum approved amount and
Minimize pesticide residues.
3.12
Integrated pest management, IPM
Considering all available pest control techniques, it is preferred to combine appropriate measures to prevent the development of pests and diseases while controlling
The use of chemical pesticides and minimizes the risk of harm to human health and the environment.
3.13
Pesticide waste obsolete pesticide
Refers to the waste packaging materials produced during the use of pesticides and pesticides that are banned during the failure or renewal of storage and transportation.
4 Principles for safe use of pesticides
4.1 Environmental protection principles
Following the environmental protection policy of “prevention first, comprehensive prevention and control”, it is not advisable to use highly toxic pesticides and persistent pesticides to reduce the use of highly toxic pesticides.
Long-residue pesticides, using safe, efficient and environmentally friendly pesticides, encourage the implementation of biological control technologies. Protect beneficial and rare species and maintain
The balance of the ecosystem.
4.2 Principles of Scientific Drug Use
The use of pesticides should comply with the relevant provisions of GB 8321, and in accordance with the use and technology specified in the label and instructions for pesticide products.
Methods such as scientific application.
5 Technical measures to prevent pollution of the environment
5.1 Technical measures to prevent contaminated soil
5.1.1 According to soil type, crop growth characteristics, ecological environment and climate characteristics, rational selection of pesticide varieties and reduction of pesticides in soil
Residue.
5.1.2 Control medication. Combine the occurrence of pests and diseases, scientifically control the amount of pesticides used, the frequency of use, the period of use, etc., reduce the entry
The total amount of pesticide in the soil.
5.1.3 Change the farming system and improve the self-purification ability of the soil. Adopting land rotation, water and drought rotation, deep ploughing, applying organic fertilizer and other agriculture
Industrial measures to increase the environmental capacity of the soil for pesticides.
5.1.4 Scientific use of biotechnology to accelerate the safe degradation of pesticides. Applying microbial agents with pesticide degradation to promote soil residue
Degradation of pesticides.
5.2 Technical measures to prevent contamination of groundwater
5.2.1 Pesticide varieties with the following properties are susceptible to contamination of groundwater. water solubility > 30 mg/L, soil degradation half-life > 3 months,
A variety of pesticides that are extremely mobile and easily leached in the soil.
5.2.2 Where the groundwater level is less than 1 m, leaching or semi-leaching soil areas, or areas with large annual rainfall, water should not be used
A variety of pesticides that are highly soluble, difficult to degrade, easy to leached, and highly stable in water retention.
5.2.3 Apply according to the nature of the soil. It is not advisable to use water-soluble and easily leaching pesticides in soils with high water permeability or sandy loam.
When a soluble or slow-release pesticide is used, the type of medication, the amount of medication, and the number of doses should be reduced.
5.2.4 When implementing over-water irrigation, the use of pesticides with high water solubility and stable water retention should be avoided.
5.3 Technical measures to prevent pollution of surface water
5.3.1 Pesticide varieties with the following properties are susceptible to contamination of surface water. water solubility > 30 mg/L, adsorption coefficient Kd < 5, in the soil
A variety of pesticides that are extremely mobile and have a very stable water retention.
5.3.2 Planting areas in areas such as surface water network dense areas, aquaculture and other fishery waters, recreational water areas, etc., should not be easy to move and difficult to absorb.
A variety of pesticides with stable retention in water.
5.3.3 Strengthen field agronomic management measures. It is not advisable to apply water before or after application, and to reduce the discharge of field water with high concentration of the drug into the surface water body.
5.3.4 Farmland drainage should not directly enter the drinking water source. Avoid cleaning the applicator in water sources such as streams, rivers or ponds;
Water passing through the application device should not be dumped into drinking water sources, fishery waters, settlements, etc.
5.4 Technical measures to prevent harm to non-target organisms
5.4.1 Different herbicide varieties are selected according to different soil characteristics, climate and irrigation conditions. Pesticide production of chlorsulfuron-methyl and metsulfuron-methyl
Pinyi should be used in the wheat field of the acid-soil (pH< 7) rice-wheat rotation area in the Yangtze River Basin and its southern areas.
5.4.2 Herbicide species containing active ingredients such as chlorsulfuron, metsulfuron, ethametsulfuron, chlorsulfuron, and monosulfuron, according to NY 686
And other relevant standards and regulations are used correctly.
5.4.3 Adjust the planting structure, adopt a suitable rotation system, and arrange the crops afterwards. Use long residual herbicide varieties and add them
For plots where the active ingredient is mixed, it is not advisable to plant sensitive crops during the residual effect period.
5.4.4 Encourage the use of organic fertilizers, inoculate effective microorganisms, accelerate the degradation rate of pesticides and herbicides in the soil, and reduce the number of crops
The harmful effects.
5.4.5 When the herbicide is used for weeding in railways, highways, warehouses, forest fire prevention roads, etc., select reasonable pesticide varieties.
Establish a safety barrier using appropriate application techniques.
5.5 Technical measures to prevent harm to beneficial organisms
5.5.1 The use of pesticides should pay attention to the protection of beneficial organisms and rare species.
5.5.2 Pesticide species that are highly toxic, highly toxic, and/or bioaccumulating to aquatic organisms are not suitable for use in aquaculture ponds and nearby areas.
Or other areas that need to protect the water environment. Establish a buffer zone between farmland and protected water to reduce pesticide drift, diffusion, and flow
Lost into the water.
5.5.3 Pesticide species that are highly toxic to birds should not be used in or near the bird nature reserve or other areas where bird protection is required.
When using pesticide seed coating or granules, the soil should be completely covered to prevent bird feeding poisoning.
5.5.4 For pesticides that are highly toxic and highly toxic to bees, it is not appropriate to use crops in farmland (such as rapeseed, Chinese milk vetch, etc.), fruit trees (jujube, alfalfa, etc.) and
Honeysucking plants such as street trees (artichokes, eucalyptus, etc.) are applied at the flowering stage.
5.5.5 For pesticides that are highly toxic and highly toxic, it is not suitable for use in silkworm indoors or silkworms for disinfection and silkworm disease prevention. Formulated pesticides should not be used in silkworms
In the vicinity of the house and the mulberry field, a safe isolation zone is established between the application farmland and the silkworm house and the mulberry garden, and the use of pesticides is avoided in the isolation zone.
6 Management measures to prevent pollution of the environment
6.1 Management measures to prevent the use of pesticides from polluting the environment
6.1.1 Promote integrated pest management measures, encourage the use of natural enemy organisms, biological pesticides, and reduce the use of chemical pesticides.
6.1.2 Promote the development and application of pesticide application equipment and pesticide application technology by implementing pesticide reduction and efficiency use technology and good agricultural standardization technology.
Improve the efficiency of pesticide application.
6.1.3 Encourage agricultural technology extension service agencies to carry out unified defense actions and encourage professionals to guide farmers in scientific drug use.
6.1.4 Strengthen the environmental monitoring of pesticide use areas and timely grasp the environmental risks after pesticide use.
6.1.5 Strengthen publicity and education and popularization of science to raise public awareness of the harm caused by the unreasonable use of pesticides.
6.2 Management measures to prevent pesticide waste from polluting the environment
6.2.1 In accordance with the relevant provisions of laws and regulations, prevent the loss of pesticide waste, leakage, dissipation or other ways to pollute the environment.
6.2.2 Pesticide waste should not be dumped or stacked without authorization. Containers and packaging for pesticide waste and collection, storage, transportation and disposal
Hazardous waste facilities and sites shall be provided with hazardous waste identification marks and in accordance with the Hazardous Chemicals Safety Management Regulations and Waste Hazardous
Disposal of relevant regulations such as the Prevention and Control Measures for Polluted Environments.
6.2.3 The pesticide waste packaging should not be used for other purposes; the intact packaging can be recycled by the sales department or the manufacturer.
6.2.4 Pesticide waste should not be disposed of in areas prone to human, livestock, crops and other plants, as well as food and water sources.
6.2.5 When an accident or other unexpected event occurs, causing spillage of pesticides on the non-use site, measures should be taken immediately to eliminate or mitigate
Environmental impacts.
......