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HJ 519-2020 (HJ519-2020)

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HJ 519-2020English349 Add to Cart 3 days Technical specification of pollution control for treatment of waste lead-acid battery HJ 519-2020 Valid HJ 519-2020
HJ 519-2009English599 Add to Cart 3 days Technical specifications of pollution control for treatment of Lead-acid Battery HJ 519-2009 Obsolete HJ 519-2009



HJ 519-2020: PDF in English
HJ 519-2020
Technical specification of pollution control for treatment of waste lead-acid battery
National Environmental Protection Standards of the People's Republic of China
Replace HJ 519-2009
Technical specification for pollution control of waste lead battery treatment
2020-03-26 release
2020-03-26 Implementation
Issued by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment
Table of contents
Foreword...I
1 Scope of application...1
2 Normative references...1
3 Terms and definitions...1
4 Requirements for the collection, transportation and storage of waste lead batteries...2
5 Requirements for the construction and clean production of secondary lead enterprises...4
6 Pollution control requirements for secondary lead enterprises...5
7 Operational environmental management requirements for recycled lead enterprises...6
8 Environmental emergency plan...7
Appendix A (informative appendix) Monitoring requirements for main pollutant emissions from pyrometallurgical processes in secondary lead enterprises...8
Appendix B (informative appendix) Monitoring requirements for main pollutants discharged from hydrometallurgical process of recycled lead enterprises...10
Appendix C (informative appendix) Environmental monitoring requirements for recycled lead enterprises...11
Preface
To implement the "Environmental Protection Law of the People's Republic of China" and the "Law of the People's Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Environmental Pollution by Solid Waste" and other laws and regulations
To prevent and control pollution, protect the ecological environment, and regulate pollution control during the collection, storage, transportation, utilization and disposal of waste lead storage batteries, this standard is formulated.
This standard specifies the pollution control requirements for the collection, storage, transportation, utilization and disposal of waste lead batteries.
Appendix A to Appendix C of this standard are informative appendices.
This standard was first published in.2009, and this is the first revision.
The main content of this revision.
--Modified the name of the standard;
- Adjusted the scope of application of the standard;
- Adjusted the collection, transportation and storage requirements of waste lead batteries;
- Refinement of the requirements for the construction and clean production of secondary lead enterprises;
- Refinement of pollution control requirements for secondary lead enterprises;
- Refinement of environmental management requirements for the operation of recycled lead enterprises;
- Increased the monitoring requirements for the main pollutants emission of the pyrometallurgical process and the hydrometallurgical process of recycled lead enterprises;
- Increased the requirements for groundwater environmental monitoring of recycled lead enterprises.
From the date of implementation of this standard, the "Technical Specification for Pollution Control in the Treatment of Waste Lead-acid Battery" (HJ 519-2009) shall be abolished.
This standard is organized and formulated by the Solid Waste and Chemicals Department and the Laws and Standards Department of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment.
The main drafting organizations of this standard. Solid Waste and Chemical Management Technology Center of Ministry of Ecology and Environment, Beijing University of Technology.
This standard was approved by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment on March 26, 2020.
This standard shall be implemented from the date of issuance.
This standard is interpreted by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment.
Technical specification for pollution control of waste lead battery treatment
1 Scope of application
This standard specifies the pollution control requirements for the collection, storage, transportation, utilization and disposal of waste lead batteries.
This standard applies to pollution control in the collection, storage, transportation, utilization and disposal of waste lead batteries, and can be used to guide recycled lead enterprises
Site selection, engineering construction, and pollution control management after construction of the industry.
2 Normative references
The content of this standard refers to the terms in the following documents. For undated reference documents, their valid versions are applicable to this standard.
GB 190 Dangerous Goods Packaging Mark
GB 3095 Ambient Air Quality Standard
GB 12348 Environmental Noise Emission Standard at the Boundary of Industrial Enterprises
GB 13392 Road Transport Vehicle Signs for Dangerous Goods
GB 15562.2 Environmental Protection Graphic Sign Solid Waste Storage (Disposal) Site
GB 15618 Soil Environmental Quality Agricultural Land Soil Pollution Risk Control Standard (for Trial Implementation)
GB 18597 Pollution Control Standard for Hazardous Waste Storage
GB 31574 Pollutant Emission Standard for Secondary Copper, Aluminum, Lead and Zinc Industry
GB/T 14848 Groundwater Quality Standard
HJ 863.4 Technical Specification for Application and Issuance of Pollution Discharge Permit Non-ferrous Metal Industry-Recycled Metal
"Guidelines for the Preparation of Emergency Plan for Hazardous Waste Management Units" (State Environmental Protection Administration Announcement No. 48,.2007)
"Assessment Index System for Cleaner Production in the Secondary Lead Industry" (National Development and Reform Commission Announcement No. 36,.2015)
"Industrial Structure Adjustment Guidance Catalog (2019)" (Order No. 29 of the National Development and Reform Commission of the People's Republic of China)
3 Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this standard.
3.1
Lead-acid battery
The finger electrode is mainly made of lead and its oxide, and the electrolyte is a kind of storage battery with sulfuric acid solution or colloidal substance.
3.2
Waste lead-acid battery
Refers to production, life and other activities that have lost their original use value or have been abandoned or abandoned although they have not lost their use value
Lead-acid batteries do not include lead-acid batteries returned to the factory for fault detection, repair and refurbishment within the warranty period.
3.3
Electrode plate
Refers to the positive and negative poles in the battery. The grid is made of lead. The surface of the positive electrode is coated with lead dioxide and the surface of the negative electrode is coated with porous and permeable gold.
Belongs to lead. It usually contains chemicals such as antimony, arsenic, bismuth, cadmium, copper, calcium and tin, as well as expanding materials such as barium sulfate, carbon black and lignin.
3.4
Electrolyte
Refers to a liquid or colloidal substance with ionic conductivity based on sulfuric acid.
3.5
Collection
Refers to the centralized activities of scattered lead-acid batteries.
3.7
Temporary storage
Refers to the activity of temporarily placing scattered lead-acid batteries at a collection point.
3.8
Storage
Refers to the activities of placing centralized collection of waste lead storage batteries at centralized transfer points and recycling lead enterprises.
3.9
Collect network
Refers to a place that meets the requirements of temporary storage facilities for waste lead storage batteries and is mainly used for collecting waste lead storage batteries generated in daily life.
3.10
Centralized transport spot
Refers to a place for storing waste lead storage batteries of a certain scale that meets the requirements for storage facilities for waste lead storage batteries.
3.11
Lead recovery
Refers to the use of various methods, technologies and processes to extract lead from waste lead batteries for easy utilization.
3.12
Recovery rate of lead
Refers to the ratio of the lead content in the product to the lead content in the raw material within a certain measurement time.
3.13
Pyrometallurgy
Refers to the science and technology of extracting and refining metals from ore, concentrate or other materials at high temperatures.
3.14
Hydrometallurgy
Refers to the science and technology of dissolving certain metal components in ore, concentrate, calcine or other materials in an aqueous solution to extract metals from it.
3.15
Secondary lead enterprise
Refers to an enterprise that uses waste lead storage batteries as raw materials, has the ability to smelt recycled lead, and holds a hazardous waste business license.
4 Requirements for the collection, transportation and storage of waste lead batteries
4.1 General requirements
4.1.1 Enterprises engaged in the collection and storage of waste lead storage batteries should obtain a hazardous waste business license in accordance with the law;
Engage in the collection and storage of waste lead storage batteries in accordance with the operating license.
4.1.2 The containers or pallets for collecting, transporting, and storing waste lead storage batteries should be designed according to the characteristics of waste lead storage batteries and not easy to be damaged or deformed.
The materials used can effectively prevent leakage and diffusion, and are resistant to acid corrosion. Containers or trays containing waste lead batteries must be pasted in accordance with GB
Hazardous waste label required by 18597.
4.1.3 The waste lead storage battery collection and storage enterprise shall establish a waste lead storage battery collection and processing data information management system to truthfully record the collection, storage,
Transfer information about the weight, source, and destination of used lead batteries, and realize data docking with the national solid waste management information system.
4.1.4 It is forbidden to dismantle, break or discard waste lead storage batteries without authorization in the process of collection, transportation and storage; it is forbidden to dump lead-containing acid electrolyte.
4.1.5 The collection, transportation and storage process of waste lead storage batteries shall not only meet the relevant requirements of environmental protection, but also meet the national safety production and occupational health
The relevant requirements of regulations and standards such as health, transportation, and fire protection.
4.1.6 Waste lead battery collection companies and transportation companies should organize collection personnel, transport vehicle drivers and other relevant personnel to participate in hazardous waste environment
Training in management and emergency rescue of environmental accidents.
4.2 Collection
4.2.1 Lead storage battery manufacturers should adopt independent recycling, joint recycling or entrusted recycling modes, through their own sales channels or regenerated lead
The network established by enterprises and professional collection companies to collect waste lead batteries at the end of consumption can increase the collection rate by adopting methods such as "selling one, collecting one".
Recycling lead companies can build a network to collect waste lead batteries through self-built or cooperation with professional collection companies.
4.2.2 Collecting enterprises can set up waste lead storage battery collection outlets in the collection area, and build waste lead storage battery centralized transfer points to facilitate transfer.
4.2.3 The following precautions should be taken during the collection of waste lead storage batteries to avoid environmental pollution accidents.
a) Waste lead storage batteries should be packaged reasonably to prevent damage and electrolyte leakage during transportation.
b) If the waste lead storage battery is damaged or the electrolyte leaks, the waste lead storage battery and its leakage should be stored in an acid-proof container.
4.3 Transportation
4.3.1 Waste lead storage battery transportation enterprises shall implement the relevant national regulations on the management of dangerous goods transportation,
Ability to deal with leaks or other accidents. Special transportation vehicles that meet the requirements should be used to transport waste lead storage batteries. Road transport vehicles should be
Corresponding signs should be hung in accordance with the provisions of GB 13392; during railway and water transportation, corresponding signs should be hung outside the container in accordance with the provisions of GB 190.
Waste lead batteries that meet the requirements of national transportation and environmental protection regulations are exempted from transportation enterprise qualifications, professional vehicles and employee qualifications
Grid and other road dangerous goods transportation management requirements.
4.3.2 The waste lead storage battery transportation enterprise shall formulate detailed transportation plans and routes, and formulate accident emergency plans, equipped with accident emergency and personal protection
Protection equipment to ensure that environmental pollution can be effectively prevented when accidents occur during collection and transportation.
4.3.3 Effective packaging measures should be taken during the transportation of waste lead storage batteries. The damaged waste lead storage batteries should be placed in a corrosion-resistant container, and the necessary measures should be taken.
The necessary measures to prevent wind, rain, leakage and spillage.
4.4 Temporary storage and storage
4.4.1 Based on the particularity of the waste lead storage battery collection process and its environmental risks, it can be divided into two methods. temporary storage at collection sites and storage at centralized transfer points.
4.4.2 The temporary storage time of collection outlets should not exceed 90 days, and the weight should not exceed 3 tons; the longest storage time of centralized transfer points should not exceed 1 year.
The storage scale should be smaller than the design capacity of the storage site.
4.4.3 The temporary storage facilities of collection outlets shall meet the following requirements.
a) A special storage area should be divided, with an area of not less than 3m2.
b) There are measures to prevent the damage of waste lead batteries and electrolyte leakage, hardened ground and corrosion-resistant packaging containers.
d) Post reminder information and warning signs for the collection of waste lead-acid batteries in prominent locations.
4.4.4 The storage facilities at the centralized transfer point of waste lead storage batteries shall be subjected to environmental impact assessment, and construction and management shall be carried out in accordance with the relevant requirements of GB 18597.
Management, meet the following requirements.
a) It should be protected from rain and must be far away from other water and heat sources.
b) The area is not less than 30m2, with hardened ground and necessary anti-seepage measures.
c) There should be interception tanks, diversion channels, temporary emergency tanks and waste liquid collection systems.
d) It should be equipped with communication equipment, metering equipment, lighting facilities, and video surveillance facilities.
e) Warning signs should be set up, and only specialized personnel who collect waste lead storage batteries are allowed to enter.
f) There should be an exhaust ventilation system to ensure good ventilation.
g) Corrosion-resistant, non-destructive special containers should be equipped for separate storage of open-ended lead-acid batteries and damaged sealed
Type maintenance-free waste lead batteries.
4.4.5 It is forbidden to stack the waste lead storage battery in the open field to avoid the waste lead storage battery being exposed to rain.
5 Requirements for construction and clean production of secondary lead enterprises
5.1 General requirements
5.1.1 The construction of secondary lead enterprises should undergo sufficient technical and economic demonstration and pass environmental impact assessment, including environmental risk assessment.
5.1.2 The determination of the production scale and the selection of detailed technical routes for secondary lead enterprises should be based on the
The level of economic development, overall urban planning, technological advancement, etc. shall be reasonably determined; the scale of new, renovated, and expanded secondary lead projects shall comply with the "Production
Industry Structure Adjustment Guidance Catalogue (2019).
5.1.3 The utilization and disposal of waste lead storage batteries should adopt mature and reliable technologies, processes and equipment to ensure stable operation, convenient maintenance, economical and reasonable
protect environment. It is prohibited to use outdated equipment that is immediately eliminated according to the national industrial policy.
5.1.4 Enterprises without the ability to regenerate lead shall not dismantle waste lead batteries.
5.2 Site selection requirements
5.2.1 The site selection shall comply with environmental protection laws and regulations and relevant statutory planning requirements.
5.2.2 Recycled lead companies should not be selected in the ecological
Protect the red line area, permanent basic farmland concentration area and other areas that need special protection.
5.2.3 The site selection should also meet the following conditions.
a) It should meet the engineering geological conditions, hydrogeological conditions and meteorological conditions of the project construction, and should not be selected for seismic faults, landslides, and debris
Currents, swamps, quicksand, mining hidden areas and residential areas dominate the wind upwind direction.
b) The site selection should comprehensively consider factors such as traffic, transportation distance, land use status, and infrastructure conditions.
c) Should not be threatened by floods, tides or waterlogging, or have reliable flood control and drainage measures.
d) There should be water sources for production and living nearby.
e) Power supply should be guaranteed nearby.
5.3 Requirements for facility construction
5.3.1 The secondary lead enterprise shall include the pretreatment system, lead smelting system, environmental protection facilities, and corresponding supporting engineering and production management facilities.
5.3.2 Warning signs should be set up in accordance with the requirements of GB 15562.2 at the entrances and exits, storage facilities and disposal sites of recycled lead enterprises.
5.3.3 An isolation enclosure structure should be set up at the legal boundary to prevent the entry of irrelevant persons, poultry and pets.
5.3.4 Waste lead storage battery storage warehouses and workshops should be designed with micro-negative pressure, and indoor exhaust air must be purified to reach GB 31574
After the requirements are discharged. In principle, the storage time of waste lead batteries shall not exceed 1 year. The storage capacity of waste lead battery storage warehouse should not be lower than utilization
Utilization and disposal of disposal facilities on 15 days.
5.3.5 The le......
BASIC DATA
Standard ID HJ 519-2020 (HJ519-2020)
Description (Translated English) Technical specification of pollution control for treatment of waste lead-acid battery
Sector / Industry Environmental Protection Industry Standard
Word Count Estimation 15,176
Date of Issue 2020-03-26
Date of Implementation 2020-03-26
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) HJ 519-2009
Regulation (derived from) Ministry of Ecology and Environment Announcement No. 22, 2020