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HJ 2044-2014 (HJ2044-2014)

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HJ 2044-2014
Technical specifications of wastewater treatment for fermentative pharmaceutical industry
People's Republic of China National Environmental Protection Standards
Fermentative pharmaceutical Wastewater Treatment Project Technical Specifications
Technical specifications of wastewater treatment for fermentative
pharmaceutical industry
(release
draft)
Issued on.2014-10-24
2015-1-1 implementation
Issued by the Ministry of Environmental Protection
Table of Contents
Preface ..I
1 Scope ..2
2 Normative references ..2
3 Terms and definitions .5
4 ..5 pollution load
5 ..7 general requirements
6 Wastewater Treatment Process Design .8
7 main process equipment and materials .14
8 detection and process control 15
9 structures and ancillary works ..15
10 labor safety and occupational health ..16
11 construction and acceptance .17
Operation and maintenance 12 18
Foreword
To implement the "People's Republic of China Environmental Protection Law" and "People's Republic of China Water Pollution Prevention Law"
The implementation of "fermentative pharmaceutical industrial water pollutant discharge standards" to regulate the fermentative pharmaceutical wastewater treatment project
Construction and operation of facilities, improving environmental quality, the development of this standard.
This standard of fermentative pharmaceutical wastewater treatment project design, construction, inspection and operation management of a
skills requirement.
This standard is a guiding standard.
This standard is the first release.
This standard is developed by the Ministry of Environmental Protection Science, Technology organization.
This standard drafting units. China Environmental Science Society, South Jiangsu Environmental Protection Technology Co., river
Northern Provincial Academy of Environmental Sciences, Zhejiang Environmental Protection Science Design Institute, Shandong Shengli Biological Engineering Co.,
the company.
This standard is approved by the Ministry of Environmental Protection October 24, 2014.
This standard since January 1, 2015 implementation.
The standard explanation by the Ministry of Environmental Protection.
Fermentative pharmaceutical Wastewater Treatment Project Technical Specifications
1 Scope
This standard specifies the technical requirements of fermentative pharmaceutical wastewater treatment project design, construction, inspection and operation.
This standard applies to fermented-based pharmaceutical wastewater treatment project, as fermentative pharmaceutical environment projects
Impact assessment, environmental protection facilities design and construction, and acceptance of completed construction projects after the completion of operation and management skills
Surgery basis.
2 Normative references
This standard refers to the contents of the following documents or the terms. Where undated references, the latest edition of
To this standard.
GB 3096 acoustic environment quality standards
GB 7251 Low-voltage switchgear and control equipment
GB 12348 industrial enterprises of environmental noise emission standard plant boundary
GB 12801 General requirements for the production process safety and health
GB 14554 standard malodorous emissions
GB 18597 Hazardous Waste Storage Pollution Control Standard
GB 18598 Hazardous Waste Landfill Pollution Control Standard
GB 18599 general industrial solid waste storage and disposal site pollution control standards
GB/T 18920 urban recycling urban miscellaneous water quality
GB 21903 fermentative pharmaceutical industrial water pollutant discharge standards
GB 50009 building structural load specifications
GB 50014 outdoor drainage design specifications
GB 50016 architectural design code for fire protection
GB 50019 Heating, ventilation and air conditioning design
GB 50052 power supply and distribution system design specifications
GB 50053 10kV substation and below design specifications
GB 50054 low voltage power distribution design specifications
GB 50055 Universal power distribution equipment design specifications
GB 50057 Lightning in design
GB 50093 Automation Instrumentation Construction and Quality Acceptance
GB 50168 electric equipment installation engineering construction and acceptance of cable lines
GB 50169 electric equipment installation engineering construction and acceptance of grounding devices
GB 50187 for General graphic design specification
GB 50191 Code for seismic design of structures
GB 50194 engineering construction site for electrical safety norms
GB 50204 Construction Quality Acceptance of Concrete Structure Engineering
GB 50208 Underground Waterproof Engineering Quality Acceptance
GB 50231 mechanical equipment installation construction and acceptance of universal norms
GB 50236 field equipment, industrial pipe welding engineering for construction
GB 50243 Construction Quality Acceptance of Ventilation and Air Conditioning Engineering
GB 50254 electrical low-voltage electrical equipment installation engineering construction and acceptance
GB 50255 electric equipment installation engineering power converter equipment for construction and acceptance
GB 50256 electrical equipment installation engineering construction and acceptance of electric device
GB 50257 electrical equipment installation engineering explosion and fire hazard electrical equipment installation and acceptance
GB 50268 and drainage in construction and acceptance
GB 50275 compressor, fan and pump installation engineering construction and acceptance
Building Construction Quality GB 50303 Electrical Projects
GB 50335 Code for design of wastewater reclamation and reuse
GB 50683-site equipment, industrial pipe welding engineering construction quality acceptance
GB J 22 factories and road design specifications
GB J 87 Industrial Enterprise Noise Control Design Specification
GB J 141 water supply and drainage construction and acceptance of structures
CECS 97 aeration system design procedures
Cold regions sewage activated sludge process design procedures CECS 111
CECS 112 oxidation ditch design procedures
CECS 128 Biological Contact Oxidation Method Design Practice
CECS 162 meter water supply and drainage construction and acceptance of automation and control engineering
HG 20571 chemical companies with safety and health regulations
HJ/T 91 surface water and wastewater monitoring technical specifications
HJ/T 92 water pollutant total emissions monitoring technical specifications
HJ/T 96 pH water quality automatic analyzer technical requirements
HJ/T 101 ammonia water quality automatic analyzer technical requirements
HJ/T 212 pollution-line automatic monitoring (monitoring) system data transmission standards
HJ/T 242 environmental protection product sludge dewatering with belt filter press
HJ/T 245 environmental protection product hanging packing
HJ/T 246 environmental protection product filler suspension
HJ/T 247 environmental protection product vertical shaft mechanical surface aerator
HJ/T 250 environmental protection product Rotary fine grid
HJ/T 251 environmental protection product Roots Blower
HJ/T 252 environmental protection product, the microporous aerator
HJ/T 259 environmental protection product brush aerator
HJ/T 260 environmental protection product blast submersible aerator
HJ/T 262 environmental protection product Screen Rack
HJ/T 263 environmental protection product jet aerator
HJ/T 278 environmental protection product - high-speed single-stage centrifugal blower aeration
HJ/T 280 environmental protection product carousel aerator
HJ/T 281 environmental protection product diffuser aeration
HJ/T 283 environmental protection product and Van filter frame filter
HJ/T 335 environmental protection product with concentrated sludge dewatering machine
HJ/T 354 environmental protection product water sources on-line monitoring system for acceptance of technical specifications
HJ/T 355 environmental protection product water sources on-line monitoring and assessment system operation specifications
HJ/T 369 environmental protection product used in water treatment dosing device
HJ/T 377 environmental protection product chemical oxygen demand (CODcr) Water Quality Online Automatic Monitoring Instrument
HJ 576 Anaerobic - anoxia - aerobic activated sludge wastewater treatment project technical specifications
HJ 577 sequencing batch activated sludge wastewater treatment project technical specifications
HJ 578 oxidation ditch activated sludge wastewater treatment project technical specifications
HJ 579 membrane separation wastewater treatment engineering technical specifications
HJ 2006 sewage coagulation and flocculation process engineering and technical specifications
HJ 2007 flotation sewage treatment project technical specifications
HJ 2008 sewage treatment filtration engineering technical specifications
HJ 2009 biological contact oxidation process of sewage treatment works technical specifications
HJ 2010 film biological wastewater treatment engineering technical specifications
HJ 2013 upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor wastewater treatment engineering technical specifications
HJ 2014 biofilter wastewater treatment engineering technical specifications
HJ 2023 anaerobic expanded granular sludge bed reactor wastewater treatment project technical specifications
HJ 2024 completely mixed anaerobic reaction tank Wastewater Treatment Project Technical Specifications
HJ 2025 hazardous waste collection storage and transportation Technical Specifications
NY/T 1220 biogas technical specifications
"Project (Project) final acceptance approach" (Total construction [1990] No. 1215)
"Acceptance of completed construction projects management approach" (SEPA Order No. 13)
"Pollution automatic monitoring and management approach" (SEPA Order No. 28)
"Dangerous chemical safety regulations" (State Council Decree No. 591)
"Outfall standardized remediation technical requirements" (trial) (EM [1996] No. 470)
"The pharmaceutical industry pollution control technology policy" (Ministry of Environmental Protection Bulletin No. 18, 2012)
3 Terms and Definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this standard.
3.1 fermentative pharmaceutical fermentative pharmaceutical
Refers to the production of antibiotics or other ingredients by fermentation method, and then after the separation, purification and refining processes to produce
Process the drug, according to product categories are divided into classes of antibiotics, vitamins, amino acids and other classes.
3.2 fermentative pharmaceutical industry wastewater wastewater of fermentative pharmaceutical industry
It refers to the fermented-based pharmaceutical companies waste generated in the production process, including process water, production of washing drainage,
Power system drainage and sewage, which does not include solvent recovery produced high concentrations of bottoms.
3.3 Pretreatment classification treatment
It refers to create favorable conditions for wastewater treatment, biological treatment to reduce the load on the set of biochemical process technology before.
3.4 biochemical treatment biological treatment
It refers to the use of microbial life activities to remove the organic matter in wastewater, waste water purification process.
3.5 depth treatment advanced treatment
Refers to the removal of the purification process further biological treatment can not completely remove contaminants.
4 pollution load
4.1 Wastewater origin and classification
4.1.1 fermentative pharmaceutical typical production process and wastewater mainly generated links shown in Figure 1.
Culture fermentation extraction and purification filter
Solvent recovery
product
Fermentation tank flushing water
Bottoms
The solvent to flush water reuse
Solvents Solvents
Waste and waste water waste liquor liquor
Wastewater Process
Figure 1 fermentative pharmaceutical typical production process and wastewater sectors
4.1.2 fermentative pharmaceutical waste including.
a) Process wastewater. extraction or refining process produces waste liquor and waste water, waste liquor such as extraction, refining waste liquor, resin
Regeneration wastewater;
b) Production Flush Drainage. equipment wash water, ground water rinse;
c) power system Drainage. circulating cooling water drainage, water control and drainage;
d) domestic sewage.
4.1.3 high concentration bottoms, waste solvents, waste mycelia residue, genetic engineering drugs during the mother liquor and other "anti-pollution Pharmaceutical Industry
Governance Technology Policy "and the" List of Hazardous Wastes "made in a separate provision of pollutants allowed to enter the wastewater treatment system.
4.2 Water Wastewater
4.2.1 Total comprehensive wastewater plant should be in total wastewater discharge port for the actual measurement to determine, for each production process emissions from a variety of work
Arts and wastewater should be measured one by one wastewater emissions, wastewater emissions measurement shall comply with HJ/T 91 requirements.
4.2.2 waste water can be compared to the same existing production scale, the same raw materials and products, production processes similar fermentative pharmaceutical enterprises
Emissions data is determined. Fermentation class pharmaceutical company representative pharmaceutical wastewater. See Schedule 1.
4.2.3 no measured and analog data can be estimated by the following formula.
Qi = α • β • Q Ti (1)
QY = ΣQi (2)
Where.
Qi - the production process displacement (m3/d);
Q - produced water (m3/d), may be determined according to the production quotas of water;
α - according to the calculation of water displacement reduction factor, should production processes and level of drainage facilities in accordance with due
Su determined, and generally 70% to 90%;
β - term water supply process with a moisture percentage can be determined according to the actual material accounting;
QY - the total amount of wastewater generated (m3/d);
Ti - step into the water in/carry-out (m3/d), into a positive, turn out negative.
4.2.4 In the whole plant water use estimates, the amount of waste water should take 80% to 90% of the total water consumption of the plant, according to which the production process and
The actual situation of the region and other adjustments.
4.3 Water Wastewater
4.3.1 fermentative pharmaceutical wastewater The main pollutants fermentation residues and intermediate products, extraction and refining process in a variety of residues are
Solvent and inorganic salts.
4.3.2 appropriate wastewater generated in the production process of each sampling tests, water quality testing should be consistent with HJ/T 91 requirements.
4.3.3 Water Wastewater same analogy existing scale of production, raw materials and similar products, similar production processes fermentative pharmaceutical enterprises
Emissions data is determined.
4.3.4 no measured data and analog, wastewater quality before the production process can be referred to in Schedule 2 and Schedule 3.
5 general requirements
5.1 General provisions
5.1.1 Enterprises should implement national environmental regulations, industrial policy and other relevant provisions, be produced from waste water treatment and disposal
Control the whole process, priority adopt cleaner production technologies, improve resource and energy efficiency, reduce the generation and emission of pollutants.
5.1.2 Wastewater Treatment should be based on the requirements of GB 21903 and the environmental impact assessment approval documents, and follow the "three simultaneous" system,
And production conditions and the overall plan as the basis to co-ordinate existing projects and new (expanded, changed) construction of the relationship.
5.1.3 Enterprises should follow the principle of "decontamination triage, dual processing", according to the type and quality characteristics of wastewater collection and
Pretreatment.
5.1.4 contains the chemical synthesis processes of fermentation pharmaceutical companies deal with waste generated by chemical synthesis processes take pretreatment measures
Biological treatment to ensure the water quality meets the system requirements.
5.1.5 antibiotics containing active ingredients, biological or ecological risk of toxic wastewater pretreatment alone should meet the corresponding quality requirements
Only after entering the subsequent processing steps.
5.1.6 should improve the environmental risk prevention system, set up an accident pools and other relevant environmental risk prevention facilities, to ensure that state in the accident
Under the wastewater can be sufficiently collected and processed by the effective discharge standards.
5.1.7 The key wastewater treatment facilities should be taken in parallel design, in order to improve the stability and flexibility of the system is running.
5.1.8 anaerobic methane collection process produces, purification, storage and use shall NY/T 1220 design.
5.1.9 should take measures to prevent secondary pollution, odor and solid waste treatment and disposal should conform to "the pharmaceutical industry pollution prevention
Governance Technology Policy "and GB 14554, GB 18597, GB 18598, GB 18599 of the regulations.
5.2 Construction Scale
5.2.1 Construction scale fermentative pharmaceutical wastewater treatment project should be different products, different production processes and yield and the corresponding waste according to
Water quality, water quantity determination, the process can be enlarged according to the size of the water and the amount of pollutants estimates, the amplification factor is generally
1.2 to 1.5.
5.2.2 Construction scale collection and adjustment unit associated with the size of production units should match the highest when the flow calculation.
5.3 project constitutes a
5.3.1 fermentative pharmaceutical wastewater treatment project consists of the main project, aided engineering.
5.3.2 The main works include. collection regulation system, pretreatment system, biological treatment system, advanced treatment systems, sludge treatment
Systems, exhaust gas treatment systems, biogas systems, monitoring and process control.
5.3.3 ancillary works include. electrical, plumbing, fire protection, heating, ventilation, air conditioning, landscaping, office space, workshops and the like.
5.4 General layout
5.4.1 General layout should be consistent with GB 50014, GB 50187 and other standards, and to meet environmental impact assessment approval documents
Requirements.
5.4.2 Wastewater Treatment should be arranged according to the various functions and processing facilities requirements, combined with topography, geology, prevailing wind direction, Pai
Water conditions and other factors from the sensitive area, it is determined after technical and economic comparison.
5.4.3 partition layout should be reasonable, and strive compact and reasonable, easy to civil construction, equipment installation, pipeline connections and maintenance
Maintenance Management.
Vertical Design 5.4.4 processing unit should be done as far as possible earthwork balance, gravity drainage, reduce energy consumption requirements.
5.4.5 Design of the pipeline should be routed beyond repair and emptying facilities.
5.4.6 When the wastewater treatment project stage, which covers the whole process should be reserved for the size of the venue, and overall layout.
Pipeline network and underground structures should be built first.
5.4.7 Wastewater Treatment should be set to produce an auxiliary building, and meet the treatment process and daily management needs, the area should be based on
Wastewater Treatment scale, process technology and management system is determined.
6 Wastewater Treatment Process Design
6.1 General provisions
6.1.1 Before the design process, to deal with water quality, quantity and variation of water to conduct a comprehensive investigation and make the necessary monitoring,
analysis.
6.1.2 high strength wastewater and special waste should be based on water quality characteristics, provided at the workshop or production site or a wastewater treatment project
Multi-stage pretreatment measures to ensure that the water quality meets the system requirements for biological treatment.
6.1.3 should be based on water quality characteristics of wastewater, conduct a small test or pilot study of treated water whereabouts, emissions standards, and reliable
Degree and economy than after the election to determine the appropriate process route.
6.1.4 Process Selection should be combined with local natural conditions, considering the different regions, different seasons of ambient temperature on microbial Movies
Sound, and targeted to take measures such as insulation or cooling.
6.1.5 Wastewater treatment process should be possible to select a small secondary pollution agents, and improve utilization, reduce drug dosing.
6.2 Overall Process selection
6.2.1 fermentative pharmaceutical wastewater treatment process is generally shown in Figure 2, the typical process shown in Fig. 3 to 5.
Pretreatment biological treatment
High concentration wastewater and
Special pretreatment of wastewater plant
Low concentration waste water
Advanced Treatment
Discharge
Or reuse
Figure 2 fermentative pharmaceutical wastewater treatment process
Anaerobic Hydrolysis - Aerobic depth treatment
Oxidation \\ Restore refractory wastewater
Aerobic secondary settling tank
Sludge Treatment
Was refluxed
Sludge
Discharge
Or reuse
\\ Flotation
Other Wastewater
hydrolysis
Stripping
Evaporation of high salinity wastewater
Coagulating sedimentation
Figure 3 "deep biological pretreatment two combination treatment" Typical treatment process
Processing depth anoxia
Oxidation
Refractory wastewater aerobic secondary settling tank
Was refluxed
Coa......
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BASIC DATA
Standard ID HJ 2044-2014 (HJ2044-2014)
Description (Translated English) Technical specifications of wastewater treatment for fermentative pharmaceutical industry
Sector / Industry Environmental Protection Industry Standard
Word Count Estimation 24,256
Date of Issue 2014/10/24
Date of Implementation 2015/1/1
Drafting Organization China Environmental Science Society
Administrative Organization Ministry of Environmental Protection
Regulation (derived from) Ministry of Environmental Protection notice 2014 No. 67