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HJ 168-2020 (HJ168-2020)

Chinese standards (related to): 'HJ 168-2020'
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HJ 168-2020English899 Add to Cart 6 days (Technical Guidelines for the Establishment of Environmental Monitoring Analysis Method Standards) HJ 168-2020 Valid HJ 168-2020
HJ 168-2010EnglishRFQ ASK 6 days Enviromental monitoring. Technical guideline on drawing and revising analytical method standards HJ 168-2010 Obsolete HJ 168-2010
HJ/T 168-2004EnglishRFQ ASK 9 days Technical guideline on drawing environmental monitoring analytical method standards HJ/T 168-2004 Obsolete HJT 168-2004


   
BASIC DATA
Standard ID HJ 168-2020 (HJ168-2020)
Description (Translated English) (Technical Guidelines for the Establishment of Environmental Monitoring Analysis Method Standards)
Sector / Industry Environmental Protection Industry Standard
Word Count Estimation 40,495
Date of Issue 2020-12-29
Date of Implementation 2021-04-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) HJ 168-2010
Regulation (derived from) Ministry of Ecology and Environment Announcement No. 72 (2020)


HJ 168-2020: PDF in English
HJ 168-2020
(Technical Guidelines for the Establishment of Environmental Monitoring Analysis Method Standards)
National Ecological Environment Standard of the People's Republic of China
Replace HJ 168-2010
Technical Guidelines for the Establishment of Environmental Monitoring Analysis Method Standards
Technical guideline for the development of environmental monitoring
analytical method standards
2020-12-29 release
2021-04-01 implementation
i table of contents
Foreword...ii
1 Scope of application...1
2 Normative references...1
3 Terms and definitions...1
4 Basic requirements...3
5 Technical route for standard formulation...3
6 Method validation...7
7 Structural elements of the standard...9
8 Main technical content...10
Appendix A (Normative appendix) Method for determining method characteristic index...18
Appendix B (Informative Appendix) Method Comparison. Test for Significant Difference of Measurement Results...25
Appendix C (informative appendix) Content requirements of the argumentation report...26
Appendix D (informative appendix) Content requirements for standard preparation instructions...29
Appendix E (Informative Appendix) Content Requirements of Method Validation Report...34
1 Technical guidelines for the development of environmental monitoring and analysis method standards
1 Scope of application
This standard specifies the basic requirements, technical routes, standard text and related
Technical requirements for technical documents.
This standard applies to the formulation of environmental monitoring and analysis method standards.
2 Normative references
This standard quotes the following documents or their clauses. For undated reference documents, their valid versions are applicable to this
standard.
GB/T 6379 Measurement method and accuracy of results (accuracy and precision) (ISO 5725)
GB/T 7714 Information and literature reference description rules
GB/T 8170 Numerical rounding rules and the expression and determination of limit values
HJ 565 Environmental Protection Standard Compilation and Publication Technical Guide
JJF 1059.1 Evaluation and expression of measurement uncertainty
3 Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this standard.
3.1
Method detection limit
The lowest concentration or the smallest amount of the substance to be tested can be qualitatively detected from the sample within a given confidence level by a specific analytical method.
3.2
Minimum quantitative detection limit
On the premise that the limited error can meet the predetermined requirements, the specific analysis method can accurately and quantitatively determine the maximum value of the substance to be tested.
Low concentration or minimum amount.
3.3
Maximum quantitative detection limit
On the premise that the limited error can meet the predetermined requirements, the specific analysis method can accurately and quantitatively determine the maximum value of the substance to be tested.
High concentration or maximum amount.
3.4
Determination range
The range between the lower limit of measurement and the upper limit of measurement.
3.5
Precision
The degree of agreement between independent test results under specified conditions.
23.6
Repeatability
Refers to using the same method by the same operator on the same object under test in the same laboratory, using the same instruments and equipment,
The degree of consistency between independent test results under the same test conditions.
3.7
Repeatability limit
For a value, under repeatability conditions, the probability that the absolute difference between the two test results does not exceed this number is 95%.
Note. The symbol of repeatability limit is r.
3.8
Reproducibility
Also known as "reproducibility", it refers to the use of the same method by different operators on the same object under test in different laboratories.
Using the same instrument and equipment, under the same test conditions, the degree of agreement between the test results obtained.
3.9
Reproducibility limit
For a value, under the condition of reproducibility, the probability that the absolute difference between the two test results does not exceed this number is 95%.
Note. The reproducibility limit symbol is R.
3.10
Trueness
The degree of agreement between the average value of the measured value of repeated measurements and a reference value.
3.11
Accuracy
The degree of agreement between the measured value of the measured value and its true value.
Note. The accuracy of the measurement result is characterized by two indicators of accuracy and precision.
3.12
Uncertainty uncertainty
It characterizes the parameters that are reasonably assigned to the dispersion of the measured value and are related to the measurement result.
Note 1.This parameter can be the standard deviation or its multiples, or it indicates the half-width of the confidence interval.
Note 2.The uncertainty is composed of multiple components, and the standard uncertainty of each component must be evaluated. The evaluation methods are divided into A and B categories.
Type A evaluation is to use the method of statistical analysis on the observation column, which is characterized by the experimental standard deviation; Type B evaluation is different from Type A
Other methods are characterized by the estimated standard deviation.
Note 3.The measurement result should be understood as the best estimate of the measured value, and all the uncertainty components contribute to the dispersion, including those
The component caused by system effects.
3.13
Laboratory sample
Collect samples that are stored and sent to the laboratory for testing.
3.14
Test sample
Prepare samples from laboratory samples and draw samples from them.
3.15
Test portion
Take it from the sample (if the sample and the laboratory sample are the same, take it from the laboratory sample) and use it for
3 A certain amount of materials tested or observed.
3.16
Blank test
Refers to the test that does not contain the substance to be tested, using the same procedure as the laboratory sample. The corresponding sample is called
It is a blank sample, referred to as blank.
3.17
Calibration
Under specified conditions, in order to determine the value represented by the measuring instrument or measuring system or the value represented by the physical measuring tool or standard material
A set of operations corresponding to the relationship between the measured known values.
3.18
Qualitative method
An analytical method that identifies substances based on their chemical, biological or physical properties.
3.19
Quantitative method
The analytical method for measuring the amount of the substance to be measured can be expressed in numerical values in appropriate units.
4 Basic requirements
4.1 The method and standard should be able to meet the ecological environmental quality standards, ecological environmental risk control standards, and implementation of pollutant discharge standards
The needs of other ecological environment management work should be connected with relevant standards such as environmental monitoring technical specifications.
4.2 The method adopted by the method standard should be stable and reliable, scientific, reasonable, practical, and capable of realizing the value
Traceability.
4.3 The method standards are complete, accurate, easy to understand, and easy to implement.
4.4 The technical documents and data related to the method standards should be complete.
4.5 The method standards shall not stipulate that the technology, products and services of a specific company shall be adopted, and the brand name of a specific company shall not
Said that it is not allowed to use patented technology and undisclosed reagents that are still in the protection period.
4.6 Reagents that are banned or eliminated by the state shall not be used in the method standards.
5 Technical route for standard formulation
5.1 General requirements
The main technical content of the standard formulation of environmental monitoring analysis methods includes standard formulation demand analysis, domestic and foreign related standards
Standard and literature research, method condition test research, method characteristic index confirmation in laboratory, method comparison, method verification, and
Standard text and compilation instructions are compiled, and the technical route is shown in Figure 1.
5 Route, application situation, etc., and the content to be used for reference.
5.3.2 Investigate the relevant method standards of other countries and international organizations, and clarify the scope of application of relevant foreign method standards,
Determine the target, technical route, application situation, etc., and the content to be used for reference.
5.3.3 Collect literature on relevant analysis methods, study the conditional factors of method establishment, and clarify the content to be used for reference.
5.3.4 Clarify the method standard target and the analysis method to be adopted, and clarify the conditions that need to be studied and analyzed in the process of method establishment
Factors, put forward the test plan and main work content, and form the technical route of method establishment.
5.4 Method condition test study
5.4.1 Experimental research on sample collection and storage conditions
a) On the basis of relevant environmental monitoring technical specifications, research and propose methods for special requirements for sample collection, including
Including sampling methods, sampling equipment, reagent materials, etc., carry out sampling efficiency or penetration test research when necessary;
b) Research and propose methods for the requirements of sample storage utensils, preservatives, storage time and temperature;
c) Research and put forward requirements for the preparation and storage time of standard solutions and other related reagents and materials;
d) When necessary, study and put forward requirements for sample pretreatment at the sampling site.
5.4.2 Experimental research on sample pretreatment conditions
a) Research and propose methods for sample digestion, extraction, enrichment, purification and other pretreatment conditions;
b) Carry out necessary penetration tests, propose adsorption and enrichment capacities under certain conditions, and appropriate injection volume and determination
Concentration range
c) Study the applicability of using this method for determination of high-concentration (content) samples after dilution, and propose the dilution operation
Claim.
5.4.3 Interference test research
a) Analyze the interference (signal, peak, etc.) to the target;
b) When the conditions are met, the interfering substances and the amount of interference should be specified;
c) Combining literature and experiments, research and propose methods to eliminate interference.
5.4.4 Experimental research on analysis and test conditions
a) Research and propose methods and requirements for sample preparation;
b) Research and put forward requirements for instrument debugging and calibration parameters;
c) If a calibration curve needs to be established, the best linear range should be determined according to the experiment, and the relevant ecological
Convergence of limit concentration (content) levels in standards, ecological environment risk control standards, and pollutant discharge standards;
Generally, at least 6 calibration points (including zero concentration) are required to be distributed as evenly as possible in the linear range, quantitative
Method The correlation coefficient of the linear regression equation is not less than 0.999;
d) If the average relative response factor is used for calculation, it is generally required that the relative standard deviation of the relative response factor does not exceed
20%;
e) Research and propose the operation steps and condition parameters of the determination.
If the target is not detected in 7 products, the sample can be obtained by adding standard to the actual sample matrix.
5.6.5 Collect at least 7 samples with similar concentration levels for each type of actual sample, and adopt the new method and the standard of the comparison method respectively
Perform measurement and obtain at least 7 sets of paired measurement data. When sufficient actual sample quantity cannot be obtained, actual sample can be used
At least 7 sets of paired measurement data are obtained by the method of matrix addition. The paired sample t test method can be used to determine the two methods of determination
Whether the results are significantly different, see Appendix B for specific methods; other applicable statistical test methods can also be used according to specific conditions
law.
5.7 Method verification
Method verification is performed in accordance with the requirements of Chapter 6.
5.8 Standard text and compilation instructions
5.8.1 The structural elements of the standard text shall be implemented in accordance with the requirements of Chapter 7.
5.8.2 The standard text is compiled in accordance with the requirements of Chapter 8.
5.8.3 The standard opening report and preparation instructions shall be prepared in accordance with the requirements of Appendix C and Appendix D.
5.9 Calculation rules for approximate results during research
5.9.1 When adding and subtracting approximate values, the number of significant digits of the sum or difference obtained shall be the same as the number of digits after the decimal point in each approximate value.
with. In the process of calculation, one more decimal place can be kept, and the numerical value of the calculation result is rounded according to the requirements of GB/T 8170.
5.9.2 When the approximate value is multiplied and divided, the resultant product and the number of significant digits of the quotient shall be the same as the number of significant digits of each approximate value.
with. In the process of calculation, you can first round each approximate value to one more than the one with the least significant number of digits, and finally calculate the result.
The results are processed according to the above rules.
5.9.3 When the approximate value is squared or rooted, the number of significant digits of the calculation result is the same as that of the original approximate value.
5.9.4 In the logarithmic calculation of the approximate value, the number of digits after the decimal point of the result (excluding the leading digit) should be the same as the significant digits of the original number
The numbers are the same.
5.9.5 When calculating the average of four or more values with close accuracy, the effective digits can be increased by one.
5.9.6 If the quantitative value of a certain type of substance is obtained by adding the measurement results of multiple components (such as total xylene, organochlorine
The total amount of medicine, etc.), the contract should be calculated before revision, and no second revision should be made.
6 Method verification
6.1 General requirements
6.1.1 The purpose of method verification is to further confirm the scientificity of the method, and to examine the applicability and feasibility of the method under various environmental conditions.
Operate, and finally determine the characteristic index and quality assurance and quality control requirements of the method according to the data of each verification laboratory.
6.1.2 The characteristic indexes of each type of method verification are the same as those confirmed in the laboratory. See Table 1 for details.
6.1.3 The draft method standard shall be verified by at least 6 laboratories. The laboratories participating in the method verification should pass the inspection and testing machine
Qualification accreditation or laboratory accreditation, with verification experiment conditions; should cover a representative geographical area (or typical environmental
Files), and can cover all levels of national environmental monitoring agencies. If the 6 verification laboratories cannot be obtained, the same
A laboratory is divided into groups of different personnel, and uses different equipment, environmental conditions and different batches of reagent materials as much as possible.
Exhibition verification.
86.1.4 The standard preparation team shall prepare a method verification plan, based on the main factors affecting the accuracy (precision, correctness) of the method
Factors and mathematical statistics require selection of appropriate sample types, instruments and equipment, analysis time, etc. Verification instruments and equipment should
Cover the main types of the market, including domestic instruments and equipment as much as possible.
6.1.5 Use certified reference materials/standard samples (or samples prepared with commercially available reagents and standard samples) and actual samples
For method verification, actual samples should try to cover the applicable scope of the method standard. The verification samples should be compiled as standard as possible
1.The samples distributed to the verification laboratories, or the samples with the same matrix (abbreviated as
As a "uniform sample"). In principle, the verification sample should be a highly uniform sample. When the sample cannot be homogenized (such as metal, rubber
Solid waste samples such as glue or textiles), the verification data should indicate the type of sample that is only applicable to the test.
6.1.6 The reagents and materials, instruments and equipment and analysis procedures used in the method verification process should meet the relevant requirements of the method.
6.1.7 Before the method verification, the operators participating in the verification should be familiar with and master the method principle, operation steps and process.
Should receive training when.
6.1.8 The operators participating in the verification and the standard preparation group should truthfully fill in the "Method Verification Report" as required (see appendix
E) "Original Test Data Sheet", and attach a map or other equipment produced by the instrument that matches the content of the original test data sheet.
Health record printouts, etc.
6.1.9 Refer to the relevant content in GB/T 6379 for the elimination method of abnormal values during the verification process.
Explain, correct, or eliminate fully explain.
6.1.10 The standard preparation team will finally form the "Method Validation Report" based on the method verification data and statistics, analysis and evaluation results.
6.2 Specific requirements
6.2.1 Verification of the detection limit
If the method in Appendix A.1.1 is used to determine the detection limit, each verification laboratory shall use a uniform sample and follow the method operatio......