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HJ 130-2019 (HJ130-2019)

Chinese standards (related to): 'HJ 130-2019'
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HJ 130-2019English579 Add to Cart 5 days Technical guideline for planning environmental impact assessment -- General principles HJ 130-2019 Valid HJ 130-2019
HJ 130-2014EnglishRFQ ASK 3 days (Planning Environmental Impact Assessment Technical Guidelines Master) HJ 130-2014 Obsolete HJ 130-2014
HJ/T 130-2003EnglishRFQ ASK 6 days Technical guidelines for plan environmental impact assessment (on trial) HJ/T 130-2003 Obsolete HJT 130-2003


   
BASIC DATA
Standard ID HJ 130-2019 (HJ130-2019)
Description (Translated English) Technical guideline for planning environmental impact assessment -- General principles
Sector / Industry Environmental Protection Industry Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard P50
Word Count Estimation 25,275
Date of Issue 2019
Date of Implementation 2020-03-01


HJ 130-2019: PDF in English
HJ 130-2019
(Technical Guidelines for Planning Environmental Impact Assessment)
National Environmental Protection Standard of the People's Republic of China
Replaces HJ 130-2014
Technical guidelines for planning environmental impact assessment
General outline
Technical guideline for planning environmental impact assessment
-General principles
2019-12-13 Release
2020-03-01 implementation
Released by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment
Contents
Foreword ... II
1 Scope ... 1
2 Normative references ... 1
3 Terms and definitions ... 1
4 General ... 3
5 Planning analysis ... 4
6 Status Investigation and Evaluation ... 5
7 Construction of Environmental Impact Identification and Evaluation Index System ... 6
8 Environmental Impact Prediction and Evaluation ... 7
9 Comprehensive demonstration of planning schemes and suggestions for optimization and adjustment ... 8
10 Environmental Impact Mitigation Measures and Measures ... 10
11 EIA requirements for construction projects included in the plan ... 10
12 Environmental Impact Tracking Evaluation Plan ... 10
13 Handling of public participation and consultation ... 11
14 Evaluation conclusions ... 11
15 Requirements for the preparation of environmental impact assessment documents ... 11
Appendix A (Normative Appendix) General Workflow of Planning Environmental Impact Assessment ... 14
Appendix B (informative) Planning environmental impact assessment methods ... 15
Appendix C (Normative Appendix) Environmental Status Survey Contents ... 16
Appendix D (informative) Factors to be considered in identifying major adverse ecological and environmental impacts ... 18
Appendix E (Normative Appendix) Environmental Management and Control Requirements and Eco-Environment Access Checklist Included ... 19
Appendix F (Normative Appendix) Graphic Requirements for Environmental Impact Report ... 20
Foreword
To implement the "Environmental Protection Law of the People's Republic of China", "Environmental Impact Assessment Law of the People's Republic of China"
Regulations, regulate and guide the planning of environmental impact assessment work, prevent environmental pollution and ecological damage from the source of decision-making, and promote economic and social
Comprehensively coordinate sustainable development with the environment and formulate this standard.
This standard specifies the general principles, working procedures, content, methods and requirements for planning environmental impact assessment.
This standard is a revision of the General Guidelines for Planning Environmental Impact Assessment Technical Guidelines (HJ 130-2014).
Improved the operability by one step, and added with the "red line for ecological protection, the bottom line for environmental quality, the online use of resources, and access to the ecological environment.
"Single line" (hereinafter referred to as "three lines and one order") work, strengthened the guidance of planning and environmental assessment for construction project environmental assessment, the main amendments
as follows.
-Added ecological space, ecological protection red line, environmental quality bottom line, resource utilization online, ecological environment access checklist and environmental protection
Terms and definitions such as environmental management and control units have improved the terms and definitions of environmentally sensitive areas and key ecological function areas.
-General section, revised the description of the purpose of evaluation, further highlighting the requirements of improving environmental quality as the core;
The price process is divided into a work process and a technical process, in which the content requirements of the work process are adjusted to Appendix A, and a technical flowchart is added.
--The chapter of planning analysis has deleted the content of planning uncertainty analysis, and added predictions in the chapter of environmental impact prediction and evaluation
Content and requirements of the scenario.
--Environmental status survey and evaluation chapter, added relevant content and requirements of "three lines and one order" in the analysis area, further improved
The requirements for the investigation of the status quo of the environment were clarified, and the specific survey contents were adjusted to Appendix C.
--Environmental impact prediction and evaluation chapter, strengthened the requirements for forecasting and evaluation in combination with scenarios, and improved the water environment,
The content of the evaluation of the atmospheric environment and other factors clearly requires an analysis of whether the red line of ecological protection, the bottom line of environmental quality, and resources can be met after the implementation of the plan.
Use on-line.
-Comprehensive demonstration of planning schemes and chapters of recommendations for optimization and adjustment, clarifying the red line based on ecological protection, the bottom line of environmental quality, and resources
The use of the on-line planning plan to demonstrate the requirements for environmental rationality; adjusted the formulation of the planning sustainable development argument, and increased the theory of environmental benefits
The content and requirements of the certificate.
--Environmental impact mitigation measures chapter, added content of environmental management and control requirements, and supplemented ecological planning for industrial parks and other plans
Content requirements for environmental access checklists (Appendix E).
-Added the chapter on environmental assessment requirements for construction projects included in the plan, clearly specifying the key points for environmental assessment of construction projects included in the plan
Notes and simplified content.
-The follow-up evaluation section further clarified the main content of the follow-up evaluation plan.
-The section on requirements for the preparation of environmental impact assessment documents has added requirements for the format and content of drawings in the planning environmental impact assessment document.
As of the implementation of this standard, the General Guidelines for Planning Environmental Impact Assessment Technical Guidelines (HJ 130-2014) is abolished.
This standard is formulated by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment in conjunction with relevant departments of the State Council.
The main drafters of this standard. the Environmental Engineering Assessment Center of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, Beijing Normal University.
This standard was approved by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment on December 13,.2019.
This standard will be implemented from March 01, 2020.
This standard is explained by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment.
Technical guidelines for planning environmental impact assessment
1 Scope
This standard specifies the general principles, working procedures, contents, methods and requirements for carrying out planning environmental impact assessment.
This standard applies to the land use rights compiled by relevant departments of the State Council, local people's governments at or above the city level and their related departments.
Related planning, construction, development and utilization planning of regions, river basins, and sea areas, as well as industry, agriculture, animal husbandry, forestry, energy,
Environmental impact assessment of water resources, transportation, urban construction, tourism, and development of natural resources. Other planned environmental impacts
Response evaluation can refer to implementation.
Technical guidelines and technical specifications for environmental impact assessment of comprehensive planning and special planning shall be formulated (revised) in accordance with this standard.
2 Normative references
This standard refers to the following documents or clauses therein. For undated references, the valid version is applicable to this standard.
HJ 2.2 Technical Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment, Atmospheric Environment
HJ 2.3 Technical Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment Surface Water Environment
HJ 2.4 Technical Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment Acoustic Environment
HJ 19 Technical Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment Ecological Impact
HJ 169 Technical Guidelines for Environmental Risk Assessment of Construction Projects
HJ 610 Technical Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment Groundwater Environment
HJ 623 Regional Biological Diversity Evaluation Criteria
HJ 964 Technical Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment Soil Environment (Trial)
3 terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this standard.
3.1 environmental goals
Refers to the environmental quality, ecological functions, and other
The objectives and requirements related to ecological environment protection are the overall requirements for ecological environment protection that must be met during the planning and implementation.
3.2 ecological space
Refers to the land space with natural attributes and the main function of providing ecological services or ecological products, including forests, grasslands, wetlands,
Rivers, lakes, tidal flats, shorelines, oceans, wastelands, deserts, Gobi, glaciers, alpine tundra, uninhabited islands and other areas are protected
Barriers, the stability and integrity of ecosystems, and the main areas that provide ecological services.
3.3 ecological conservation redline
Refers to areas that have special important ecological functions within the scope of ecological space and must be compulsorily and strictly protected.
The bottom line and lifeline of ecological security usually include important water conservation, biodiversity maintenance, soil and water conservation, wind and sand fixation,
Ecologically important areas with functions such as coastal ecological stability, and ecological environments such as soil erosion, land desertification, rocky desertification, and salinization
Sensitive and vulnerable areas.
3.4 environmental quality bottom line
Refers to the principle of continuous optimization of water, atmosphere and soil environmental quality, combined with the current status of environmental quality and related planning and functional zoning guidelines.
Requirements, taking into account the potential for environmental quality improvement, determining the regional environmental quality targets by stage and corresponding environmental management and pollutant emission control
System and other requirements.
3.5 resource utilization upper limit line
In order to ensure ecological security and improve environmental quality, combined with natural resource development and control, the proposed resources are divided into regions and phases.
Development and utilization requirements for total control, intensity, and efficiency.
3.6 environmental sensitive area
Refers to various types of protected areas established at various levels and areas that are particularly sensitive to the environmental impact of planning and implementation, mainly including ecological
Protect the following areas within or outside the red line.
a) Nature Reserves, Scenic Spots, World Cultural and Natural Heritage Sites, Marine Special Protection Areas, Drinking Water Source Protection Areas;
b) permanent basic farmland, basic grassland, forest park, geopark, important wetland, natural forest, important habitat for wild animals,
Key areas for protection of wild plant growth and reproduction, natural spawning grounds for important aquatic organisms, bait grounds, wintering grounds and migratory passages, natural fishing grounds,
Key areas for soil erosion prevention, protected areas for desertification, closed and semi-closed sea areas;
c) Areas with the main functions of residence, medical and health, cultural education, scientific research, administrative office, etc., and cultural relics protection units.
3.7 key ecological function area
Refers to fragile ecosystems or important ecological functions that require large-scale and high-intensity industrialization and urbanization in the development of land and space
Areas developed to maintain and increase the supply capacity of ecological products.
3.8 ecosystem integrity
Refers to the natural ecosystem through its organization, structure, relationships, etc. to respond to external disturbances and maintain its own state stability and production capacity
Functional level.
3.9 environmental control unit
Refers to the control area that integrates the ecological protection red line and ecological space, the environmental quality bottom line, and the use of resources.
3.10 list for eco-environmental permits
Refers to the management and control requirements based on the environmental management and control unit, which considers the ecological protection red line, environmental quality bottom line, and resource utilization online.
Eco-environment access requirements for space layout, pollutant discharge, environmental risk prevention and control, resource development and utilization, etc., as proposed in the inventory form.
3.11 follow-up evaluation
Refers to those planning agencies that monitor, analyze, and evaluate environmental impacts that have occurred and are occurring during the implementation of the plan.
Process to verify the actual environmental impact of the implementation of the plan and the effectiveness of mitigation measures for adverse environmental impacts, and based on the evaluation results,
Propose a perfect environmental management plan, or revise the plan being implemented.
4 General
4.1 Evaluation purpose
With the goal of improving environmental quality and guaranteeing ecological security, demonstrate the ecological environment rationality and environmental benefits of the planning plan, and propose regulations
Plan optimization and adjustment recommendations; identify mitigation measures for adverse ecological environment impacts, put forward ecological environmental protection recommendations and management control requirements, and plan for
Provide the basis for ecological environment management in the process of decision-making and planning implementation.
4.2 Evaluation principles
4.2.1 Early intervention and process interaction
Evaluation should be involved in the early stages of planning. In the early stages of planning, research and program preparation, demonstration, validation and other key links
In the process, we fully interacted with each other to continuously optimize the plan and improve the environmental rationality.
4.2.2 Coordination and classification guidance
The evaluation work should highlight the characteristics of different types and different levels of planning and their environmental impact, and fully integrate the results of the “three lines and one order”.
The layout and ecological environment access of construction projects included in the category guidance plan.
4.2.3 Objective evaluation and scientific conclusion
According to the existing knowledge level and technical conditions, objectively analyze the scope and degree of adverse environmental impacts that may occur during the implementation of the plan.
The evaluation method should be mature and reliable, the data should be complete and credible, and the conclusions and recommendations should be specific and operable.
4.3 Evaluation Scope
4.3.1 Define the evaluation scope according to the time dimension of implementation and the spatial scale of possible impact.
4.3.2 In the time dimension, the entire planning period shall be included, and the key period of evaluation shall be selected according to the content and duration of the planning scheme.
4.3.3 On the spatial scale, the planned spatial scope and surrounding areas that may be affected by the implementation of the plan shall be included. Peripheral area determination
The assessment scope of each environmental factor should be considered, taking into account the characteristics of regional river basin pollutant transmission and diffusion, ecosystem integrity and administrative boundaries.
4.4 Evaluation process
4.4.1 Work flow
See Appendix A for the general workflow of planning environmental impact assessment.
4.4.2 Technical Process
The technical process of planning environmental impact assessment is shown in Figure 1.
Figure 1 Technical flow chart of planning environmental impact assessment
(Note. The technical process for preparing the chapter or description of planning environmental impact can be implemented with reference to Figure 1)
4.5 Evaluation method
See Appendix B for common methods of planning environmental impact assessment work. It can be selected according to needs when carrying out specific evaluation work.
You can choose other widely used and verifiable technical methods.
5 Planning analysis
5.1 Basic requirements
Planning analysis includes planning overview and planning coordination analysis. The plan outline should identify the areas within the plan that may have an impact on the ecological environment.
Content; the analysis of planning coordination should clearly identify the consistency of the plan with relevant laws, regulations, and policies, and
Conflicts and contradictions in protection and utilization, ecological environment protection, etc.
5.2 Planning Overview
Introduce the background and positioning of planning, analyze the spatial scope and layout of the plan by combining maps and tables, plan the goals at different stages,
Development scale, layout, structure (including industrial structure, energy structure, resource utilization structure, etc.), construction timing, supporting infrastructure, etc.
Planning contents that may affect the ecological environment, sort out planned environmental goals, environmental pollution control requirements, environmental protection infrastructure construction
Design, ecological protection and construction. If the specific construction project included in the planning plan has clear planning content, it should be explained
Construction period, content, scale, site selection, etc.
5.3 Planning coordination analysis
5.3.1 Screen out the ecological environment protection laws and regulations, environmental economic policies, environmental technology policies, and resource utilization related to this plan
And industrial policies, and analyze the compliance of this plan with its related requirements.
5.3.2 Analyze the planning scale, layout, structure and other planning content, upper-level planning, regional "three-line, one-single" management control requirements, and strategies
Or plan the compliance of the environmental assessment results, identify and clarify the impacts on spatial layout, resource protection and utilization, ecological environment protection, etc.
Conflict and conflict.
5.3.3 Screen out the analysis and analysis of natural resources development and utilization or ecological envi......