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GB/T 4214.3-2023 (GB/T4214.3-2023, GBT 4214.3-2023, GBT4214.3-2023) & related versions
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GB/T 4214.3-2023English230 Add to Cart 0-9 seconds. Auto delivery. Test method for noise of household and similar electrical appliances -- Particular requirements for dishwashers GB/T 4214.3-2023 Valid GBT 4214.3-2023
GB/T 4214.3-2008English145 Add to Cart 0-9 seconds. Auto delivery. Household and similar electrical appliances -- Test code for determination of airborne acoustical noise -- Particular requirements for dishwashers GB/T 4214.3-2008 Obsolete GBT 4214.3-2008
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GB/T 4214.3-2023: PDF in English (GBT 4214.3-2023)
GB/T 4214.3-2023
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 17.140.20
CCS Z 32
Replacing GB/T 4214.3-2008
Test Method for Noise of Household and Similar Electrical
Appliances - Particular Requirements for Dishwashers
(IEC 60704-2-3:2017, Household and Similar Electrical Appliances - Test Code for
the Determination of Airborne Acoustical Noise - Part 2-3: Particular Requirements
for Dishwashers, MOD)
ISSUED ON: MARCH 17, 2023
IMPLEMENTED ON: OCTOBER 1, 2023
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
Introduction ... 6
1 Scope and Determined Quantity ... 8
2 Normative References ... 9
3 Terms and Definitions ... 10
4 Measurement Method and Acoustic Environment ... 11
5 Measurement Device ... 11
6 Operation and Positioning of the Device under Test ... 11
7 Measurement of Sound Pressure Level ... 14
8 Calculation of Sound Pressure Level and Sound Power Level ... 15
9 Record Content ... 15
10 Report Content ... 16
Appendix ... 17
Foreword
This document was drafted in accordance with the rules of GB/T 1.1-2020 Directives for
Standardization - Part 1: Rules for the Structure and Drafting of Standardizing Documents.
GB/T 4214 Test Method for Noise of Household and Similar Electrical Appliances series of
standards has issued the following documents:
---General Requirements (GB/T 4214.1);
---Particular Requirements for Vacuum Cleaners (GB/T 4214.2);
---Particular Requirements for Dishwashers (GB/T 4214.3);
---Particular Requirements for Washing Machines and Spin Extractors (GB/T 4214.4);
---Particular Requirements for Electric Shavers, Hair Clippers or Trimmers (GB/T 4214.5);
---Particular Requirements for Electric Hair Care Appliances (GB/T 4214.6);
---Particular Requirements for Tumbler Dryers (GB/T 4214.7);
---Particular Requirements for Electric Cooking Ranges, Ovens, Grills, Microwave Ovens
and Any Combination of These (GB/T 4214.8);
---Particular Requirements for Fans (GB/T 4214.9);
---Procedure for Determining and Verifying Declared Noise Emission Values (GB/T
4214.10);
---Particular Requirements for Electrically-operated Food Preparation Appliances (GB/T
4214.11);
---Particular Requirements for Fan Heaters (GB/T 4214.12);
---Particular Requirements for Range Hoods and Other Cooking Fume Extractors (GB/T
4214.13);
---Particular Requirements for Refrigerators, Frozen-food Storage Cabinets and Food
Freezers (GB/T 4214.14);
---Particular Requirements for Electric Thermal Storage Room Heaters (GB/T 4214.15);
---Particular Requirements for Food Waste Disposers (GB/T 4214.16).
This document serves as a replacement of GB/T 4214.3-2008 Household and Similar Electrical
Appliances - Test Code for Determination of Airborne Acoustical Noise - Particular
Test Method for Noise of Household and Similar Electrical
Appliances - Particular Requirements for Dishwashers
1 Scope and Determined Quantity
Except for the following contents, this Chapter of GB/T 4214.1-2017 is applicable.
1.1 Scope
1.1.1 Overview
Added:
This document applies to household and similar single-unit electric dishwashers, with or
without automatic program controls, using hot and / or cold water sources, which may be
separated or permanently connected to a water supply or drainage system, intended to be placed
against a wall on the floor, embedded or placed under a counter, under a kitchen operating
surface or under a sink, and mounted on a wall or on a counter.
1.1.2 Type of noise
Replaced:
The methods specified in GB/T 6881.2-2017, GB/T 6881.3-2002 and GB/T 3767-2016 can be
used to test the noise emitted by dishwashers.
1.1.3 Size of sound sources
Replaced:
The method specified in GB/T 3767-2016 is applicable to sound sources of any size. When
adopting GB/T 6881.2-2017 and GB/T 6881.3-2002, it should be noted that the maximum size
of the dishwasher under test shall satisfy the requirements specified in GB/T 6881.2-2017 and
GB/T 6881.3-2002.
1.2 Determined Quantity
Added:
The requirements for the declared values of noise are beyond the scope of this document.
NOTE 101: for the determination and verification of the noise emission values declared in the
product specification, see GB/T 4214.10-2021.
Reverberant Fields - Comparison Method for a Hard-walled Test Room (ISO 3743-1:2010, IDT)
Added:
GB 38383-2019 The Minimum Allowable Values of the Energy, Water Consumption and
Grades for Dishwashers
IEC 60436:2015 Electric Dishwashers for Household Use - Methods for Measuring the
Performance
3 Terms and Definitions
The following terms and definitions are applicable to this documents.
This chapter of GB/T 4214.1-2017 is applicable, except for the following contents.
3.3 operational cycle
Added:
The dishwasher’s operational cycle starts when the program starts (excluding any user-set
delays) and ends when all activity ceases (i.e., the end of the cycle); at the end of the cycle, all
activity in the dishwasher has stopped. In other words, the dishwasher may revert to a power-
off mode, or the dishwasher may have a steady state of power consumption before being turned
on or off by the user.
NOTE: the program termination prompt tone should be turned off or minimized. If this operation
cannot be performed, then, the prompt tone shall be included in the measurement.
3.101 rated dishwasher capacity
When loaded in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions, the total number of sets of
tableware (place setting and service pieces) that can be washed and dried in one cycle.
NOTE: the manufacturer declares the rated dishwasher capacity of the dishwasher and expressly
indicates the number of sets of tableware.
[source: IEC 60436:2015, 3.1.12]
3.102 place setting and service pieces
The tableware defined in IEC 60436:2015, or the tableware defined in GB 38383-2019.
NOTE: the tableware used is stated in the test report.
3.103 drying
The operating stage, during which, the load is dried. Drying starts when the washer pump stops
working after the final rinse and ends at the end of the operational cycle.
4 Measurement Method and Acoustic Environment
This chapter of GB/T 4214.1-2017 is applicable, except for the following contents.
4.2 Direct Method
Added:
If pure tone components are present in the noise emitted by the sound source, then, the estimated
value of the standard deviation of sound pressure levels measured in an exclusive reverberation
chamber may increase. Under this circumstance, in accordance with the stipulations of GB/T
6881.3-2002, it may be necessary to add additional microphone locations or sound source
locations.
4.3 Comparison Method
Added:
If pure tone components are present in the noise emitted by the sound source, then, the estimated
value of the standard deviation of sound pressure levels measured in a hard-walled test room or
an exclusive reverberation chamber may increase. Under this circumstance, in accordance with
the stipulations of GB/T 6881.2-2017 or GB/T 6881.3-2002, it may be necessary to add
additional microphone locations or sound source locations.
5 Measurement Device
This chapter of GB/T 4214.1-2017 is applicable.
6 Operation and Positioning of the Device under Test
This chapter of GB/T 4214.1-2017 is applicable, except for the following contents.
6.1 Assembly and Pretreatment of Appliances
6.1.3
Replaced:
Before starting the measurement, the inner surface of the appliance and the filter shall be clean.
The salt container, if available, shall be filled with salt and water in accordance with the
manufacturer’s instructions, and the rinse aid box shall be filled with rinse aid. The amount of
salt and acid rinse (Type III) used shall comply with the contents of 5.8 and 5.9 in IEC
60436:2015. Then, the equipment shall be operated for at least 2 cycles in accordance with the
Dishwashers shall be operated in accordance with the standard test procedures in 6.101 and
loaded with the standard load specified in 6.102. In accordance with different nominal numbers
of sets of place setting (and artificial pollutants), the recommended detergent dosage is also
different: 5 g for 1 ~ 3 sets, 10 g for 4 ~ 7 sets, 15 g for 8 ~ 10 sets and 20 g for above 10 sets.
Detergent D specified in IEC 60436:2015 shall be used.
Immediately before the start of the program, the detergent shall be placed in the location of the
dishwasher specified by the manufacturer. If a dispenser is installed, the detergent shall be
added in whole or in part in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. Before adding the
detergent, the dispenser shall maintain dry and clean. Unless otherwise specified by the
manufacturer, the detergent shall be put into the main compartment of the dispenser.
At the beginning of the standard test procedures, the standard test load shall be dry and at room
temperature. Within 2 min before the start of the standard test procedures, the glasses with
artificial pollutants shall be removed from the refrigerator and placed in the dishwasher.
Place in accordance with the loading scheme provided by the manufacturer. If there is no
loading scheme or the loading scheme does not describe how the glasses are to be placed, then,
place the glasses with frozen milk in the upper basket in a position where they can be directly
spray-washed by the water from the nozzles. If the machine does not have an upper basket or
the glasses cannot fit in the upper basket, then, place the glasses in the lower basket where they
can be directly spray-washed by the water from the nozzles.
Care shall be taken to avoid the collision sound of the tableware due to the impact of water flow
or the collision of the spray arms.
NOTE 101: under normal circumstances, the dishwasher door is opened for 3 h after an operational
cycle, so as to allow the appliance to thoroughly cool.
6.5 Positioning and Installation of Appliances
6.5.2
Not applicable.
6.5.5
Added:
Appliances with non-detachable worktops and appliances specified by the manufacturer to be
used only on a stand-alone basis shall be independently placed during measurement. All other
appliances shall be placed in the test enclosure described in Appendix B of GB/T 4214.1-2017;
if there is a worktop, it shall be removed.
The front edge (except the door) of the dishwasher cabinet designed to be built-in shall be 20
mm ~ 25 mm behind the front edge of the test enclosure.
If there is no skirting board integrated with the appliances, and the location of the skirting board
is not specified in the instructions for use, then, the skirting board shall be tightly pressed on
the appliance.
6.101 Standard Test Procedures of Noise Test
The standard test procedures of noise measurement are the same as the procedures used to
measure and determine the cleaning performance, drying performance, energy consumption
and water consumption in accordance with IEC 60436:2015.
6.102 Standard Test Load of Noise Test
The standard test load of noise measurement includes all sets of place settings and a
corresponding number of service pieces, which jointly constitute the rated washing capacity
specified by the manufacturer, which is the load specified in IEC 60436:2015, or the load
specified in Appendix B of GB 38383-2019. The standard test load shall be loaded in
accordance with the rated washing capacity and the load placement scheme specified by the
manufacturer in the instructions for use. If no load placement scheme is provided, then, the load
placement shall be the same as that used to measure and determine the cleaning performance,
drying performance, energy consumption and water consumption.
The standard test load consists of a glass filled with frozen artificial pollutant. Except for this
glass, the rest of the load shall be clean. The artificial pollutants shall use ultra-heat treated milk,
with a fat content of 3.5%  0.5%.
Depending on different nominal capacities, different amounts of artificial pollutants shall be
used. 50 mL for 1 ~ 3 sets, 100 mL for 4 ~ 7 sets, 150 mL for 8 ~ 10 sets and 200 mL for above
10 sets.
The glasses shall be filled with the artificial pollutants specified above and frozen in a
refrigerator at 18 C or colder for at least 24 h.
7 Measurement of Sound Pressure Level
This chapter of GB/T 4214.1-2017 is applicable, except for the following contents.
7.1 Arrangement of Microphones, Measurement Surface and RSS Location in
Approximately Free Field Above Reflective Surfaces
7.1.3
Not applicable.
7.1.5
Not applicable.
7.1.6
......

BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 4214.3-2023 (GB/T4214.3-2023)
Description (Translated English) Test method for noise of household and similar electrical appliances -- Particular requirements for dishwashers
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard Z32
Classification of International Standard 17.140.20
Word Count Estimation 13,163
Date of Issue 2023-03-17
Date of Implementation 2023-10-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) GB/T 4214.3-2008
Drafting Organization China Household Electrical Appliance Research Institute, Qingdao Haier Dishwasher Co., Ltd., Foshan Shunde District Midea Washing Appliance Manufacturing Co., Ltd., Ningbo Olin Technology Co., Ltd., Zhongjiayuan (Beijing) Testing and Certification Co., Ltd., Hangzhou Robam Electric Co., Ltd. , Whirlpool (China) Co., Ltd., Zhongshan Galanz Household Appliances Co., Ltd., Vantage Co., Ltd., Zhuhai Gree Electric Appliances Co., Ltd., Hisense (Shandong) Kitchen and Bathroom Co., Ltd., BSH Electric (Jiangsu) Co., Ltd.
Administrative Organization National Standardization Technical Committee of Household Appliances (SAC/TC 46)
Issuing agency(ies) China National Light Industry Council