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GB/T 38800-2020 (GBT 38800-2020)

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BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 38800-2020 (GB/T38800-2020)
Description (Translated English) General technical requirements of modular isolation units for emergency medical use
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard H23
Classification of International Standard 77.040.10
Word Count Estimation 13,190
Date of Issue 2020-04-03
Date of Implementation 2020-10-01
Drafting Organization MCC Tiangong Group Co., Ltd., Haier Kaos Wulian Ecological Technology Co., Ltd., China Standardization Association, China Academy of Building Research Co., Ltd., China Zhongyuan International Engineering Co., Ltd., MCC Tiangong (Tianjin) Equipment Manufacturing Co., Ltd. , Tongji University, Jiangsu Jasmine Medical Technology Co., Ltd., Beijing Minglang Clean Technology Service Co., Ltd., Jiangsu Heji Home Furnishing Co., Ltd., Wuhan Third Hospital of Hubei Province
Administrative Organization China Standardization Association
Regulation (derived from) National Standards Announcement No. 6 of 2020
Proposing organization China Standardization Association
Issuing agency(ies) State Administration for Market Regulation, Standardization Administration of China


GB/T 38800-2020: PDF in English (GBT 38800-2020)
GB/T 38800-2020
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 13.040.30
C 70
General Technical Requirements of Modular Isolation
Units for Emergency Medical Use
ISSUED ON: APRIL 03, 2020
IMPLEMENTED ON: OCTOBER 01, 2020
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Normative References ... 4
3 Terms and Definitions ... 5
4 Requirements ... 6
5 Inspection and Testing ... 13
6 Marking, Packaging, Transportation and Storage ... 16
7 Settlement and Evacuation Requirements ... 16
Appendix A (Normative) Use Requirements of the Unit ... 19
Appendix B (Informative) Maintenance of the Unit ... 20
General Technical Requirements of Modular
Isolation Units for Emergency Medical Use
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the requirements, inspection and testing, marking, packaging,
transportation and storage of modular isolation units for emergency medical use.
This Standard is applicable to modular isolation units for emergency medical use, and
is not applicable to medical isolation warehouses for the isolation and transfer of
infectious patients.
2 Normative References
The following documents are essential to the application of this document. For the
dated documents, only the versions with the dates indicated are applicable to this
document; for the undated documents, only the latest version (including all the
amendments) are applicable to this document.
GB/T 5338 Series 1 Freight Containers - Specification and Testing - Part 1:
General Cargo Containers for General Purposes
GB 5749 Sanitary Standard for Drinking Water
GB/T 7106 Graduation and Test Method for Wind Resistance Performance of
Windows
GB 18466 Discharge Standard of Water Pollutants for Medical Organization
GB 18582 Limit of Harmful Substances of Architectural Wall Coatings
GB/T 20145 Photobiological Safety of Lamps and Lamp Systems
GB/T 29468 Cleanroom and Associated Controlled Environments - Guidelines of
Partition Sandwich Panel Application Technology
GB/T 35248-2017 Consumer Product Safety - Guidelines for Suppliers
GB/T 36372-2018 Cleanrooms and Associated Controlled Environments - General
Technical Requirements of Combined Envelope Structure
GB 50009 Load Code for the Design of Building Structures
GB 50057 Design Code for Protection of Structures against Lightning
GB 50068 Unified Standard Reliability Design of Building Structures
GB 50242 Code for Acceptance of Construction Quality of Water Supply Drainage
and Heating Works
GB 50312-2016 Code for Engineering Acceptance of Generic Cabling System
GB 50303 Code for Acceptance of Construction Quality of Building Electrical
Engineering
GB 50325 Code for Indoor Environmental Pollution Control of Civil Building
Engineering
GB 50343 Technical Code for Protection of Building Electronic Information System
against Lightning
GB 50346-2011 Architectural and Technical Code for Biosafety Laboratories
GB 50591-2010 Code for Construction and Acceptance of Cleanroom
GB 50686-2011 Code for Construction and Acceptance of Infectious Diseases
Hospitals
GB 50849-2014 Code for Design of Infectious Diseases Hospital
GB 51039-2014 Code for Design of General Hospital
WS/T 367 Regulation of Disinfection Technique in Healthcare Settings
3 Terms and Definitions
For the purpose of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1 Isolation area
Modular space that is used to block the transmission route of patients or suspected
patients who are and may be infectious through the air. Ventilation is adopted to make
the static air pressure lower than the atmospheric pressure and that of the adjacent
and connecting areas, and to effectively control the exhaust gas and prevent the virus
from spreading out.
4.2.2 Isolation channel
4.2.2.1 The clear width shall be no less than 1.4m.
4.2.2.2 There shall be conditions for medical staff to wear and take off protective
clothing in accordance with the prescribed medical procedures.
4.2.2.3 Pressure display devices, non-manual faucet sinks, lighting facilities and
storage cabinets for medical supplies shall be provided for easy observation.
4.2.2.4 In application, the unit door and the isolation area door shall be interlocked;
and the unit door may only be opened after the isolation area door is closed for 1 min.
4.2.2.5 Reliable measures shall be taken to prevent unauthorized personnel from
entering.
4.2.3 Pass-through box
4.2.3.1 The size shall meet the requirements of relevant standards and meet the
transmission requirements.
4.2.3.2 Double-sided windows and doors shall be airtight and interlocked, and
equipped with safe and reliable disinfection devices.
4.2.4 Isolation area
4.2.4.1 The indoor height shall be no less than 2.4m; and the plane size shall be no
less than 3.0m×2.8m.
4.2.4.2 The isolation area door shall be a side-hung door, which shall open to the
isolation channel. There shall be an observation window on the door, and the door shall
be equipped with a door closer and an emergency unlocking switch. The door width
shall be no less than 1.1m.
4.2.4.3 Medical equipment belts shall be equipped, and the installation height shall be
1.35m~1.45m above the ground.
4.2.4.4 Hospital beds, lockers, network interfaces, power sockets, lighting equipment,
etc. shall be equipped.
4.2.4.5 The windows of the isolation area shall conform to above Level-6 (including
Level-6) sealing windows specified in the standard of GB/T 7106; and shall be at least
double-glass. The glass shall be impact-resistant and shatter-resistant. A curtain is
arranged between the two layers of glass, which is controlled by the patient or medical
staff to open.
4.2.4.6 The height of the built-in bathroom shall be no less than 2.1 m, the width of the
heat insulation, sound insulation, vibration resistance, impact resistance, insect
resistance, corrosion resistance, fire prevention and airtightness. Materials with few
joints and tight joints should be selected.
4.4.2 External envelop door and window materials should meet the requirements of
4.3.5 in GB 50686-2011, with the following features such as long life, corrosion
resistance, non-shedding, easy maintenance, light weight, high strength, non-fading,
and good sealing performance. Closed windows rather than the wooden doors and
windows should be used; and the glass shall be resistant to impact and breakage.
4.4.3 Unit doors and equipment room doors shall meet the requirements of impact
resistance, corrosion resistance, waterproof, fireproof and airtightness.
4.5 Envelop structure
4.5.1 Sealing measures shall be adopted for all types of wall-piercing pipelines. In
addition, there shall be no cracks, holes, openings, etc. penetrating the structure.
4.5.2 Non-combustible materials of at least Class-B1 shall be selected for interior trim
panels, which shall conform to the relevant provisions of GB/T 29468. The surface
shall be resistant to weak acid and alkali corrosion, able to withstand the cleaning
agents and disinfectants recommended by the manufacturer, and have certain impact
resistance and weather resistance.
4.5.3 The ceiling, floor, and wall shall be easy to clean or wash, and the yin and yang
angles shall be circular and reliably sealed. Skirting boards and wall skirts shall be
level with the wall. The ground shall be leak-proof, seamless, smooth and non-slip.
4.5.4 The partition wall should reach the top, and the gap of the floor shall be filled and
sealed.
4.5.5 There must be no hazardous substances in the materials, and they shall conform
to the relevant provisions of GB 50325 and GB 18582.
4.6 Electrical and intelligent systems
4.6.1 It shall be designed, installed and used in accordance with GB 51039-2014 and
GB 50849-2014.
4.6.2 The lighting design shall use high energy efficiency, high color rendering light
source. The lighting fixture shall adopt diffuse reflection type. When using LED lamps,
the photobiological safety (no blue light hazard and ultraviolet light hazard) shall be
tested according to the requirements of GB/T 20145, and reach the "non-hazardous"
standard.
4.6.3 A network interface shall be provided in the unit, and a wireless network shall be
b) Ordinary fan coil units shall not be used.
NOTE: When it is difficult to use a fresh air system due to the limit of the external
environment, it should use the partial circulating air after the user has a clear
understanding of the operating principle and proposes a safe and reliable unit application
process.
4.8.2 The indoor airflow organization shall be conducive to the flow of airflow from the
space with low risk of contamination to the space with high risk of contamination,
minimizing indoor backflow and eddy currents, and the method of upper delivery and
lower discharge should be adopted.
4.8.3 The supply air of the ventilation system shall be sent into the room after three-
stage filtration at coarse, medium and sub-high efficiency.
4.......