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GB/T 37283-2019 (GB/T37283-2019)

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BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 37283-2019 (GB/T37283-2019)
Description (Translated English) Service robot machine -- Electromagnetic compatibility -- Generic standards -- Immunity requirements and limits
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard L06
Classification of International Standard 33.100
Word Count Estimation 14,126
Date of Issue 2019-03-25
Date of Implementation 2019-10-01
Drafting Organization Shanghai Electrical Apparatus Research Institute (Group) Co., Ltd., Harbin Institute of Technology Robot Group Co., Ltd., Shanghai Muye Robot Technology Co., Ltd., Beijing Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau Inspection and Quarantine Technology Center, Beijing Kangli Youlan Robot Technology Co., Ltd., China Household Appliances Research Institute, Shanghai Electric Apparatus Research Institute
Administrative Organization National Robot Standardization General Group
Issuing agency(ies) State Administration for Market Regulation, China National Standardization Administration


GB/T 37283-2019: PDF in English (GBT 37283-2019)
GB/T 37283-2019
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 33.100
L 06
Service robot machine - Electromagnetic compatibility
- Generic standards - Immunity requirements and
limits
ISSUED ON: MARCH 25, 2019
IMPLEMENTED ON: OCTOBER 01, 2019
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 4 
2 Normative references ... 4 
3 Terms and definitions ... 5 
4 Performance criteria ... 8 
4.1 Overview ... 8 
4.2 Performance criterion level ... 8 
5 Test conditions ... 9 
5.1 Overview ... 9 
5.2 Test descriptions ... 10 
6 Test arrangement ... 11 
7 Applicability ... 11 
8 Immunity test requirements ... 12 
8.1 Overview ... 12 
8.2 Immunity tests ... 12 
9 Result report ... 16 
Bibliography ... 18 
Service robot machine - Electromagnetic compatibility
- Generic standards - Immunity requirements and
limits
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the electromagnetic compatibility immunity test
requirements for service robot.
This Standard applies to all types of service robot, mainly including
personal/household service robot and public service robot.
The special robot part can refer to the use of this Standard.
Note: In the case of relevant special product electromagnetic compatibility immunity
standards, product standards take precedence over this Standard.
2 Normative references
The following documents are indispensable for the application of this document.
For the dated references, only the editions with the dates indicated are
applicable to this document. For the undated references, the latest edition
(including all the amendments) are applicable to this document.
GB/T 4365-2003 Electrotechnical terminology - Electromagnetic
compatibility
GB/T 12643-2013 Robots and robotic devices - Vocabulary
GB/T 17626.2 Electromagnetic compatibility - Testing and measurement
techniques - Electrostatic discharge immunity test
GB/T 17626.3 Electromagnetic compatibility - Testing and measurement
techniques - Radiated, radio-frequency, electromagnetic field immunity test
GB/T 17626.4 Electromagnetic compatibility - Testing and measurement
techniques - Electrical fast transient/burst immunity test
GB/T 17626.5 Electromagnetic compatibility - Testing and measurement
techniques - Surge immunity test
GB/T 17626.6 Electromagnetic compatibility - Testing and measurement
techniques - Immunity to conducted disturbances, induced by radio-
frequency fields
GB/T 17626.7 Electromagnetic compatibility - Testing and measurement
techniques - General guide on harmonics and interharmonics measurements
and instrumentation, for power supply systems and equipment connected
thereto
GB/T 17626.8 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 8: Testing and
measurement techniques - Power frequency magnetic field immunity test
GB/T 17626.11 Electromagnetic compatibility - Testing and measurement
techniques - Voltage dips, short interruptions and voltage variations immunity
tests
GB/T 17626.34 Electromagnetic compatibility - Testing and measurement
techniques - Voltage dips, short interruptions and voltage variations immunity
tests for equipment with mains current more than 16 A per phase
3 Terms and definitions
The terms and definitions defined in GB/T 4365-2003 and GB/T 12643-2013
and the following apply to this document. For ease of use, some of the terms
and definitions in GB/T 4365-2003 and GB/T 12643-2013 are repeated below.
3.1 Robot
An actuator with two or more programmable axes and a certain degree of
autonomy that can move within its environment to perform the intended task.
Note 1: The robot includes a control system and a control system interface.
Note 2: According to the intended use, the robot can be classified into industrial robot and
service robot.
[GB/T 12643-2013, definition 2.6]
3.2 Service robot
Except industrial automation applications, robots which can perform useful
tasks for humans or equipment.
Note 1: Industrial automation applications include, but are not limited to, manufacturing,
inspection, packaging, and assembly.
3.8 Electromagnetic compatibility; EMC
The ability of an equipment or system to function satisfactorily in its
electromagnetic environment without introducing intolerable electromagnetic
disturbances to anything in that environment.
[GB/T 4365-2003, definition 161-01-07]
3.9 Port
A specific interface between the equipment and the external electromagnetic
environment.
Note: In some cases, different ports may be combined.
3.10 Enclosure port
The physical interface of the equipment through which electromagnetic fields
can radiate or invade.
3.11 Power port
The port through which the wires or cables required to power the operation of
the equipment or related equipment are connected to the equipment.
3.12 A.c. power port
This port is connected to the AC power distribution system outside the
equipment, to supply power to the equipment. These power supplies include
common or dedicated power supply facilities, as well as equivalent power
supplies such as motor-driven generators and uninterrupted power supplies.
3.13 D.c. power port
A port used to connect to a low voltage DC power system or energy storage or
to another source/load.
Note: Such a system may be a photoelectric or fuel cell power system, or a battery.
3.14 Configuration
The operating mode and other operating conditions of the EUT.
[GB/T 9254-2008, definition 3.9]
3.15 Mobile service robot
A service robot based on its own control and movement.
The user has reason to require that the equipment used meets this provision.
4.2.3 Performance criterion B
After the test, without the intervention of an operator, the EUT shall be able to
continue to work as expected. When the equipment is used as intended, no
degradation or loss of functionality below the minimum performance level
specified by the manufacturer is allowed. Performance levels can be replaced
with allowable performance degradation.
During the test, performance degradation is allowed. But after the test, the
working state shall not be changed; and the stored data shall not be lost.
If the manufacturer does not specify the minimum performance level (or an
allowable performance loss), it can be found in the product manual or technical
documentation. The user has reason to require that the equipment used meets
this provision.
4.2.4 Performance criterion C
During and after the test, temporary loss of function is allowed. Only this
function can be recovered by itself; or the user, according to the manufacturer’s
instructions, restores it by controller operation or by re-energizing the EUT.
Functions and/or information stored in non-volatile memory or protected by a
backup battery shall not be lost.
4.2.5 Specific performance criterion
The specific performance criterion specified in the normative appendix takes
precedence over the corresponding portion of the general performance.
If no specific performance criterion for a particular function is given, the general
performance criteria shall be used.
5 Test conditions
5.1 Overview
The service robot shall, in accordance with the typical working state specified
by the manufacturer, be properly installed (electrical and mechanical installation)
and fully operated (start-up and functional tests). The robot equipment shall be
measured under the typical configuration specified by the manufacturer.
If the service robot is part of the system, or if the auxiliary equipment can be
connected, the service robot, when conducting the test, shall be connected to
infrared sensors.
Working mode test state: The service robot shall be tested at a maximum
speed of 60%~80% or a typical speed in a state where the bottom is
supported by an insulating bracket to ensure the robot is suspended in midair.
The typical speed is preferred.
b) Fixed service robot
In working mode, all items shall be tested. According to the normal working
state, the measurement shall be carried out. The normal operation of fixed
service robot shall be simulated. If there is auxiliary equipment for providing
services, it shall be included in the test. When testing, by reference to the
actual use requirements, it shall be considered whether the charging cable
or charger is accessed.
6 Test arrangement
The requirements for the arrangement of electrostatic discharge immunity test
are shown in GB/T 17626.2.
The requirements for the arrangement of radio-frequency, electromagnetic field
immunity test are shown in GB/T 17626.3.
The requirements for the arrangement of electrical fast transient/burst immunity
test are shown in GB/T 17626.4.
The requirements for the arrangement of surge immunity test are shown in
GB/T 17626.5.
The requirements for the arrangement of immunity to conducted disturbances,
induced by radio-frequency fields are shown in GB/T 17626.6.
The requirements for the arrangement of power frequency magnetic field
immunity test are shown in GB/T 17626.8.
7 Applicability
The application of immunity test depends on the specific robot and robot
configuration, port, technique, process, and working state.
In accordance with the requirements of Table 1 ~ Table 4, the relevant ports of
the equipment shall be tested, and shall be tested only in the presence of the
relevant ports.
......