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GB/T 36699-2018 (GBT 36699-2018)

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BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 36699-2018 (GB/T36699-2018)
Description (Translated English) Specification for liquid fuels and gaseous fuels burners of boilers
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard J98
Classification of International Standard 27.060.30
Word Count Estimation 66,677
Date of Issue 2018-09-17
Date of Implementation 2019-04-01
Drafting Organization China Special Equipment Inspection and Research Institute, Shanghai Jingjing Combustion Equipment Testing Co., Ltd., China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation Seventy-one Research Institute, Tangshan Jidong Petroleum Machinery Co., Ltd., Shanghai Lingyun Ruisheng Combustion Equipment Co., Ltd., Wuxi Longquan Burner Manufacturing Co., Ltd., Shenzhen Jiayuntong Electronics Co., Ltd., Shanghai University of Technology, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Guangdong Special Equipment Inspection and Research Institute Dongguan Inspection Institute, Shanghai Industrial Boiler Research Institute Co., Ltd., China National Petroleum Corporation, Shanghai Huazhi State Technology Co., Ltd., Zhangzhou Tianlong Combustion Equipment Co., Ltd., Beijing Environmental Protection Research Institute
Administrative Organization National Boiler and Pressure Vessel Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC 262)
Regulation (derived from) National Standard Announcement No. 11 of 2018
Proposing organization China Special Equipment Inspection and Research Institute
Issuing agency(ies) State Administration of Markets and China National Standardization Administration


GB/T 36699-2018: PDF in English (GBT 36699-2018)
GB/T 36699-2018
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 27.060.30
J 98
Specification for liquid-fuels and
gaseous-fuels burners of boilers
ISSUED ON. SEPTEMBER 17, 2018
IMPLEMENTED ON. APRIL 01, 2019
Issued by. State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 4 
Introduction ... 5 
1 Scope ... 6 
2 Normative references ... 6 
3 Terms and definitions ... 8 
4 Classification and preparation of model ... 13 
5 Composition and basic configuration ... 15 
6 Basic requirements ... 19 
7 Performance requirements ... 20 
8 Design and manufacturing ... 29 
9 Special requirements ... 36 
10 Inspection, testing and detection ... 38 
11 Technical documents and markings ... 41 
12 Packaging, transportation and storage ... 42 
13 Installation, commissioning and use ... 43 
Appendix A (Normative) Basic configuration of burner ... 47 
Appendix B (Normative) Requirements for arrangement of safety shut-off valve
of liquid-fuel burner ... 53 
Appendix C (Normative) Opening requirements of safety shut-off valve of main
gas ... 59 
Appendix D (Normative) Measurement and correction of emissions ... 63 
Appendix E (Informative) Measurement of flue-gas’s blackness ... 67 
Appendix F (Normative) Control timing diagram of liquid-fuel and gaseous-fuel
burner ... 69 
Appendix G (Normative) Conditions of type test ... 70 
Appendix H (Normative) Type test, exit-factory inspection, post-modification
inspection, in-use detection items ... 80 
Appendix I (Normative) Type test, exit-factory inspection, in-use test method
... 81 
Specification for liquid-fuels and
gaseous-fuels burners of boilers
1 Scope
This standard specifies the technical requirements for the classification and
model preparation, composition and basic configuration, basic requirements,
performance requirements, design and manufacture, inspection, testing and
detection, technical documentation and identification, packaging, transportation
and storage, installation, commissioning, use of liquid-fuels and gaseous-fuels
burners of boilers.
This standard applies to forced draught burners and natural ventilation burners
which use the liquid-fuels and gaseous-fuels for boilers. Power plant boiler’s
startup burners, various industrial furnaces, industrial heating furnaces, burners
for other purposes may make reference to this standard.
2 Normative references
The following documents are essential to the application of this document. For
the dated documents, only the versions with the dates indicated are applicable
to this document; for the undated documents, only the latest version (including
all the amendments) are applicable to this standard.
GB/T 1184 Geometrical tolerancing - Geometrical tolerance for features
without individual tolerance indications
GB/T 1804 General tolerances - Tolerances for linear and angular
dimensions without individual tolerance indications
GB/T 4208 Degrees of protection provided by enclosure (IP code)
GB/T 6414 Castings - Dimensional tolerances and geometrical tolerances
and machining allowances
GB/T 13384 General specifications for packing of mechanical and electrical
product
GB/T 13611 Classification and essential property of city gas
GB/T 14486-2008 Dimensional tolerances for molded plastic parts
GB/T 14536.1 Automatic electrical controls for household and similar use -
Part 1. General requirements
GB/T 14536.6 Automatic electrical controls for household and similar use -
Particular requirements for automatic control systems for burners
GB/T 14536.7 Automatic electrical controls for household and similar use -
Special requirements for pressure-sensitive electrical automatic controllers,
including mechanical requirements
GB 16663 Alcohol base liquid-fuel
GB 18613 Minimum allowable values of energy efficiency and energy
efficiency grades for small and medium three-phase asynchronous motors
GB/T 19212.4 Safety of transformers, reactors, power supply units and
combinations thereof - Part 4. Particular requirements and tests for gas and
oil burners, ignition transformers
GB 19517 National safety technical code for electric equipments
GB/T 19804 Welding - General tolerances for welded constructions -
Dimensions for lengths and angles - Shape and position
GB/T 24146 Rubber hoses and hose assemblies for use in oil burners -
Specification
GB 25989 Fuel oils for burners
GB/T 30597 General requirements of safety and control devices for gas
burners and gas-burning appliances
JB/T 10562 Technical specification for general purposes axial fans
JB/T 10563 Technical specification for general purposes centrifugal fans
TSG G0001 Boiler safety technical supervision administration regulation
ISO 23551-1 Safety and control devices for gas burners and gas-burning
applications - Particular requirements - Part 1. Automatic and semi-
automatic valves
ISO 23551-2 Safety and control devices for gas burners and gas-burning
appliances - Particular requirements - Part 2. Pressure regulators
ISO 23551-3 Safety and control devices for gas burners and gas-burning
appliances - Particular requirements - Part 3. Gas/air ratio controls,
pneumatic type
Gaseous-fuel
A gaseous combustible substance that generates heat when burned.
Note. The gaseous-fuels referred to in this standard include natural gas,
liquefied petroleum gas, coke-oven gas, mixed city gas, bio-gas, low-
calorific-value gas, combustible industrial tail-gas, hydrogen gas, methane.
3.6
Biomass pyrolysis gas
A low-calorific-value combustible gas produced by a pyrolysis process of a
biomass solid fuel.
3.7
Dual fuel burner
A burner capable of burning liquid and/or gaseous-fuel simultaneously or
separately.
3.8
Surface burner
A fully-premixed burner in which fuel is burned on the surface of a porous
medium.
3.9
Heat output
The amount of heat as released by the burner per unit time.
Note. The heat output referred to in this standard is based on the net calorific
value of the fuel, in the unit of kilowatt (kW).
3.10
Nominal heat output
The heat as released by the burner during continuous combustion per unit
time under rated conditions.
Note. The nominal heat output is expressed in QF, in kilowatts (kW).
3.11
Maximum heat output
Flame detector device
A device for monitoring the presence of a flame.
3.19
Main flame
A flame that burns on the main combustion nozzle.
3.20
Ignition flame
The flame that is first ignited to ignite the main flame.
3.21
Controlled shutdown
When the burner does not need to supply heat, the process of shut-down by
automatically cutting off the fuel supply.
3.22
Safety shutdown
After the safety device responds or the automatic control system fails, the
process of shut-down by automatically cutting off the fuel supply.
3.23
Pre-ignition time
The time interval between the startup of discharge of the ignition electrode
and the opening of the fuel valve.
Note. The pre-ignition time is expressed in ty, in seconds (s).
3.24
Ignition safety time
The safe time for the burner’s ignition flame to ignite, that is, when the
ignition flame is not formed, the interval between the time when the ignition
fuel control valve gets the opening signal and the time when it gets the
closing signal.
Note. The ignition safety time is expressed in ts, in seconds (s).
The ratio of the actual amount of supplied air to the amount of theoretical air.
3.31
Working diagram
A curve which represents the relationship between the combustion
chamber’s pressure and the heat output, whose enveloped zone is the
working range as designed for the burner.
3.32
Original emission
Emission concentration of combustion products without any treatment
determined under type test conditions.
Note. The original emission concentration is converted according to the
oxygen content of the flue-gas of 3.5%, in milligrams per cubic meter
(mg/m3).
3.33
In service burner modification
The behavior of making major changes to the type of fuel, internal structure,
combustion method of the burner.
4 Classification and preparation of model
4.1 Classification
The burners are divided according to the type of fuel used, the mode of
adjustment, the mode of air supply, the method of atomization, the type of
structure, as follows.
a) According to the type of fuel used, it is divided into liquid-fuel burners,
gaseous-fuel burners, dual (multi) fuel burners;
b) According to the heat output’s control mode, it is divided into single-stage
control burner, multi-stage control burner, modulating control burner;
c) According to the air supply mode of combustion air, it is divided into forced
draught burners and natural ventilation burners;
d) According to the atomization mode of the liquid-fuel, the liquid-fuel bur......