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GB/T 29307-2022 related PDF English

GB/T 29307-2022 (GB/T29307-2022, GBT 29307-2022, GBT29307-2022) & related versions
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GB/T 29307-2022: PDF in English (GBT 29307-2022)
GB/T 29307-2022
ICS 43.120
CCS T 47
Replacing GB/T 29307-2012
Reliability Test Methods of Drive Motor System for Electric
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 5
2 Normative References ... 5
3 Terms and Definitions ... 5
4 Test Conditions ... 6
4.1 General requirements ... 6
4.2 Cooling ... 6
5 Test Procedures ... 7
5.1 Preparation before the test ... 7
5.2 Preliminary test of the performance ... 7
5.3 Reliability test ... 7
5.4 Performance retest ... 7
6 Test Methods ... 7
6.1 Test sample ... 7
6.2 Speed up and down cycle ... 8
6.3 Torque load cycle ... 9
7 Inspection and Maintenance ... 11
7.1 General requirements ... 11
7.2 Inspection at any time ... 11
7.3 Inspection every hour ... 11
7.4 Inspection every 24 hours ... 11
7.5 Handling of failure and Shutdown ... 11
8 Processing of Test Result ... 12
9 Reliability Assessment ... 12
10 Test Report ... 14
Appendix A (Informative) Recommended Principles for Reliability Test Cycle Times
... 15
Bibliography ... 16
Reliability Test Methods of Drive Motor System for Electric
1 Scope
This Document specifies the test conditions, test procedures, test methods, inspection and
maintenance, arrangement of test results, reliability evaluation and test report for bench
reliability tests of drive motor systems for electric vehicles.
This Document is applicable to the drive motor system for electric vehicles, and the vehicle
motor system with only auxiliary drive function or power generation function shall be
implemented as a reference.
2 Normative References
The provisions in following documents become the essential provisions of this Document
through reference in this Document. For the dated documents, only the versions with the dates
indicated are applicable to this Document; for the undated documents, only the latest version
(including all the amendments) is applicable to this Document.
GB/T 2900.13 Electrotechnical terminology - Dependability and quality of service
GB/T 18488.1 Drive motor system for electric vehicles - Part 1: Specification
GB/T 18488.2 Drive motor system for electric vehicles - Part 2: Test methods
GB/T 19596 Terminology of electric vehicles
QC/T 893 Failure Classification and Assessment of Electrical Machine System for Electric
QC/T 1022-2015 Technical specification for reduction gearbox of battery electric
passenger cars
3 Terms and Definitions
For the purposes of this Document, the terms and definitions given in GB/T 2900.13, GB/T
18488.1, GB/T 19596 and QC/T 893 apply.
3.1 Rated voltage
The nominal voltage value of the DC bus declared by the manufacturer.
3.2 Continuous torque
Under the conditions specified by the manufacturer, the maximum mechanical torque that the
drive motor system can work continuously for a long time.
3.3 Rated speed
Under the conditions specified by the manufacturer, the maximum speed at which the drive
motor system can output continuous torque.
4 Test Conditions
4.1 General requirements
4.1.1 The device under test shall be a drive motor system that complies with the provisions of
product technical documentation.
4.1.2 Unless otherwise specified, the test conditions shall meet the test preparation requirements
specified in GB/T 18488.2.
4.2 Cooling
The cooling equipment or cooling conditions during the test shall meet the following
--- For the air-cooled drive motor system, the air-cooled motor in the actual loading shall be
included in the test process;
--- For the natural-cooled drive motor system, an external fan can be added to cool the drive
motor system;
--- For the liquid-cooled or oil-cooled drive motor system, the coolant or lubricating oil
specified by the manufacturer shall be used; and shall be replaced regularly during the
test according to the manufacturer's provisions;
--- The cooling conditions of the drive motor system shall simulate its actual use conditions
in the vehicle. The model of the drive motor system cooling device, the type of coolant,
the flow rate (or pressure) and the temperature shall be recorded in the test report.
5 Test Procedures
5.1 Preparation before the test
5.1.1 The connection line between the controller and the motor shall be consistent with the
actual vehicle, and the monitoring system shall be installed at the same time. In order to ensure
that the system can work normally, the necessary associated signals shall be simulated or
shielded by other methods.
5.1.2 The working status of power supply, test bench and monitoring system shall be normal.
5.1.3 When the drive motor system under test includes a reducer, it shall be run-in according to
the requirements of 6.2.3 in QC/T 1022-2015 or the manufacturer's provisions before the test;
and the lubricating oil shall be replaced after the run-in.
5.1.4 When the drive motor system under test includes a reducer, the setting of the preliminary
test of performance, performance retest and reliability test conditions shall be converted
according to the reduction ratio of the reducer.
5.2 Preliminary test of the performance
The preliminary test of performance shall be conducted in accordance with the requirements of
GB/T 18488.2 for insulation resistance test, peak torque test at rated speed and maximum
operating speed.
5.3 Reliability test
The reliability test shall be carried out in accordance with the provisions of Clause 6.
5.4 Performance retest
After the reliability test is completed, perform a performance retest in accordance with the
provisions of 5.2.
6 Test Methods
6.1 Test sample
The reliability test in this Document consists of two parts, as shown in Table 1, and each part
shall be tested with separate samples a and b.
7 Inspection and Maintenance
7.1 General requirements
The inspection and maintenance shall be carried out in accordance with the requirements of
7.2~7.5; but the content and period may be appropriately increased or decreased; and the
inspection results and maintenance conditions shall be recorded in detail.
7.2 Inspection at any time
7.2.1 Use fault diagnostic devices, instruments, and computers to monitor the operating data at
any time. When the limit value is exceeded, an alarm or emergency shutdown will be issued,
and handling will be carried out according to the severity of the fault. If it belongs to the failure
of the drive motor system under test, it shall be regarded as a failure shutdown. Record
downtime, reasons and handling of failures.
7.2.2 Monitor the running sound of the drive motor system under test. When there is obvious
abnormal noise, stop the machine to check the fasteners, mechanical connectors and the state
of the drive motor system under test; check and confirm the noise source; and judge whether to
continue the test further according to the actual situations.
7.3 Inspection every hour
Record, in a timely manner within 1 hour, the torque and speed of the motor under test, the DC
bus voltage and current of the motor controller, cooling conditions, and the operating
temperature of the power components of the motor controller. If the motor is equipped with a
temperature sensor, check the working temperature of the motor windings together; and observe
and monitor through the temperature-time relationship curve. If the drive motor system under
test includes a reducer, the oil temperature of the reducer shall also be monitored and must not
exceed the maximum allowable temperature.
7.4 Inspection every 24 hours
7.4.1 It is allowed to stop for one time, inspect the test equipment, and check the fasteners,
mechanical connectors and pipelines, especially the hoses; and check the connecting cables and
7.4.2 Check the liquid level of the coolant, whether there is leakage in the cooling system circuit,
etc., and replenish the coolant when there is a shortage of liquid.
7.4.3 The shutdown inspection time shall not exceed 1h at most.
7.5 Handling of failure and Shutdown
7.5.1 Record the reason and operation content of each shutdown.
10 Test Report
The test report shall at least include the following:
a) foreword: explain the source of the test task;
b) test basis;
c) the purpose of the test;
d) test object: indicate the main parameters of the drive motor system under test, and attach
graphics, photos and necessary descriptions;
e) test equipment and instruments: the name, manufacturer, model, accuracy and other basic
parameters of the main equipment and instruments, as well as the effective date of
calibration and the measurement position shall be stated;
f) differences between test conditions and standards;
g) test results:
1) sorting out the original data should be represented by a curve, and important data can
be listed;
2) calculation results of reliability evaluation indicators;
3) failure and maintenance statistics;
4) adjustment and replacement records during the test;
5) performance test results.
h) conclusions and recommendations:
1) describe the mode, type and number of failures;
2) describe the mean time to first failure, the number of failure shutdowns and the mean
time between failures;
3) when necessary, according to the reliability test results, put forward suggestions for
improvement and supplementary tests.
i) test date.

Standard ID GB/T 29307-2022 (GB/T29307-2022)
Description (Translated English) (Reliability test method of drive motor system for electric vehicles)
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of International Standard 43.120
Word Count Estimation 16,166
Date of Issue 2022-12-30
Date of Implementation 2023-07-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) GB/T 29307-2012
Drafting Organization China FAW Group Co., Ltd., China Automotive Technology and Research Center Co., Ltd., China Automotive Research Institute New Energy Vehicle Inspection Center (Tianjin) Co., Ltd., Beijing Institute of Technology, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Huawei Digital Energy Technology Co., Ltd., Suzhou Inovance United Power System Co., Ltd., CRRC Times Electric Vehicle Co., Ltd., Jikr Automobile (Ningbo Hangzhou Bay New District) Co., Ltd., Weilai Automobile Technology (Anhui) Co., Ltd., Hefei Juyi Power System Co., Ltd., Toyota Motor (China) Investment Co., Ltd. Company, BYD Auto Industry Co., Ltd., Chongqing Changan New Energy Vehicle Technology Co., Ltd., Yutong Bus Co., Ltd., Zhejiang Fangyuan Testing Group Co., Ltd., Wuxi Weifu High-Tech Group Co., Ltd., Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, China Automotive Engineering Research hospital
Administrative Organization National Automotive Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC 114)
Proposing organization Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of the People's Republic of China
Issuing agency(ies) State Administration for Market Regulation, National Standardization Management Committee