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GB/T 19596-2004 (GBT 19596-2004)

Chinese standards (related to): 'GB/T 19596-2004'
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Standard ID GB/T 19596-2004 (GB/T19596-2004)
Description (Translated English) Terminology of electric vehicles
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard T04
Classification of International Standard 43.020
Word Count Estimation 30,356
Date of Issue 2004-11-02
Date of Implementation 2005-06-01
Quoted Standard GB 4208
Adopted Standard ISO 8713-2002; NEQ; JIS D0112; NEQ; JIS D0113; NEQ; SAE J1715-94; NEQ; JIS D0114-2000; NEQ; JIS D0115-2000; NEQ
Drafting Organization China Automotive Technology and Research Center
Administrative Organization National Automotive Standardization Technical Committee
Regulation (derived from) 2004 The first 12 National Standards Bulletin
Proposing organization China Association of Automobile Manufacturers
Issuing agency(ies) State Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People Republic of China China National Standardization Administration Committee
Summary This standard specifies: with electric vehicles terms and definitions. This standard applies to: electric vehicle, motors and controllers, batteries and chargers. Note

GB/T 19596-2004: PDF in English (GBT 19596-2004)
GB/T 19596-2004
ICS 43.020
T 04
Terminology of electric vehicles
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine of the People's Republic of China;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 6
2 Normative references ... 6
3 Terminologies and definitions ... 6
Chinese index ... 39
English index ... 46
The terminologies in this Standard comprise four parts.
- Complete vehicle;
- Electrical machine and controller;
- Battery;
- Charger.
3.1 The complete vehicle part corresponds to ISO 8713.2002 “Electric Road Vehicles
- Vocabulary” (English edition) and includes the complete vehicle related content in
ISO 8713.2002; the terminologies and definitions therein basically adopt the
expression method of ISO 8713, and a large number of relevant terminologies are
added on the basis of ISO 8713.2002; the added terminologies and definitions are
formulated mainly by making reference to JIS D0112 and the relevant SAE and IEC
standards, etc. and in combination with the actual application condition in China. The
structure of this Part is divided into three main parts according to the types, structures
and components, and performance of electric vehicles.
Main differences between the complete vehicle part and ISO 8713.2002.
1) The terminology “electric road vehicles” is changed to “electric vehicles”
according to the custom of China;
2) Due to different compiling formats, the sequence of terminologies is totally
different from that in ISO 8713;
3) This Part only includes the complete vehicle related content in ISO 8713, while
some common terminologies are not listed. For example, the common
terminologies such as maximum design total mass and opening components in
ISO 8713 are not included;
4) The definitions of some terminologies are appropriately modified by making
reference to the relevant SAE and IEC standards or the domestic actual situation;
5) Some terminologies and corresponding definitions are appropriately added
according to the usage of some terminologies about electric vehicles and the
development of new techniques in China.
The complete vehicle part only specifies the terminologies and definitions in allusion
to the characteristics of electric vehicles, while the vehicle types are classified in
accordance with the terminologies and definitions (for example. electric passenger car,
electric bus, etc.) in GB/T 3730.1 “Motor Vehicles and Trailers - Types - Terms and
Definitions” and are no longer defined in this Part.
3.2 The electrical machine and controller part is formulated by making reference to the
Japanese Standard JIS D0113 “Terminology of Electric Vehicles - Motor and Control
Device”. JIS D0113 is applicable to the motors and controllers of battery electric
vehicles, and the generator-related terminologies are added in consideration of the
current development status of electric vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles to make
this Standard be applicable to the electrical machines and controllers, several common
terminologies such as peak torque are added, while the terminologies such as IGBT
inverter are deleted; the definitions of terminologies are expressed by making
reference to JIS D0113, and most of the terminologies are modified and redefined, and
parts of the terminologies are consistent with such relevant standards as GB/T 2900.25
“Electrotechnical Terminology - Rotating Electrical Machines”, GB/T 2900.26
“Electrotechnical Terminology - Electrical Machine for Automatic Control System” and
GB/T 18488.1-2001 “General Specification of the Electrical Machines and Controllers
for Electric Vehicles”. The structure of this Part adopts the format of JIS D0113.
3.3 The battery part mainly refers to the content about the battery of electric vehicles
in the three standards, i.e., ISO 8713.2002 “Electric Road Vehicles - Vocabulary”
(English edition), SAE J1715.1994 “Electric Vehicle Terminology” and JIS D0114.2000
“Electric Vehicle Terminology (Battery)” (the former JEVS Z807.1998). The definitions
of terminologies are adopted by making reference to the expression method of ISO
8713 and SAE J1715, the terminologies not included in ISO 8713 and SAE J1715 are
adopted by making reference to the definitions in JIS D0114, and the definitions of
parts of terminologies adopt the expression method in GB/T 2900.11-1988. The
structure adopts the format of JIS D0114, including the terminologies and definitions
of three parts, i.e., types, structure and components, and specification and
performance of the battery of electric vehicles.
3.4 The charger part is formulated by mainly making reference to JIS D0115.2000
“Electric Vehicle Terminology (Battery)” (English edition), and the definitions of parts of
terminologies refer to the relevant IEC standards. The structure of this Part adopts the
format of JIS D0115, mainly including the terminologies and definitions of four parts,
i.e., overview, charge mode, structure and components, and specification and
performance of the charger of electric vehicles.
This Standard was proposed by China Association of Automobile Manufacturers.
This Standard is under the jurisdiction of National Technical Committee on Automobiles
of Standardization Administration of China.
Drafting organization of this Standard. China Automotive Technology & Research
Main drafter of 3.1 “Complete Vehicle Part” in this Standard. Zhao Jingwei;
Terminology of electric vehicles
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the terminologies and definitions concerned with electric
This Standard is applicable to the complete vehicle, electrical machine and controller,
battery and charger of electric vehicles.
Note. The relevant terminologies of fuel cell electric vehicles are temporarily not considered in
this Standard.
2 Normative references
The following standards contain provisions which, through reference in this Standard,
constitute provisions of this Standard. For dated reference, subsequent amendments
to (excluding corrections to), or revisions of, any of these publications do not apply.
However, the parties to agreements based on this Standard are encouraged to
investigate the possibility of applying the most recent editions of the standards. For
undated references, the latest edition of the normative document referred to applies.
GB 4208 Degrees of Protection Provided by Enclosure (IP Code) (GB 4208-1993,
eqv IEC 60529.1989)
3 Terminologies and definitions
3.1 Complete vehicle
3.1.1 Types of electric vehicles
Electric vehicle
The generic term of the following vehicles is electric vehicle.
Battery electric vehicle
3.1.2 Structure and components Driving and traveling devices
Auxiliary system
The on-board systems, other than propulsion system, using electric power or actuated
by electric energy.
For example. light fixture, windscreen wiping electrical machine, audio equipment, etc.
On-board energy source
The combination of convertor (of which the definition is given in and energy
storage device.
Propulsion system
The combination of on-board energy source and power train.
Power train
The combination of power unit and drive train.
Drive direction control
The special device used for selecting the vehicle driving direction (forward or backward)
via operation of driver. For example. control lever or button switch. Vehicle body and chassis
Battery carrier
The device set for bearing and containing the traction battery, which is divided into
movable type and stationary type.
Exposed conductive part
The conductive part which can be touched by a test finger according to IPXXB
(protection degree code) as specified in GB 4208.
Note. This concept is relative to a specific circuit. a live part in one circuit may be an exposed
conductor in another circuit. For example, the body of passenger car may be a live part of the
auxiliary circuit but an exposed conductor of the power circuit.
Main switch
The switch used for connecting and disconnecting the traction battery as well as
controlling its main circuit.
Insulation resistance monitoring system
The system conducting periodical (or continuous) monitoring on the insulation
resistance between traction battery and vehicle chassis.
Service plug
The device breaking the circuit during maintenance and replacement of traction battery. Indicator and signal device
Battery overheat warning device
The device sending out alarm signal when the temperature of traction battery exceeds
the specified limit.
Battery level warning device
The device send......