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GB/T 12243-2021 (GB/T12243-2021, GBT 12243-2021, GBT12243-2021) & related versions
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GB/T 12243-2021: PDF in English (GBT 12243-2021)
GB/T 12243-2021
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 13.240
CCS J 16
Replacing GB/T 12243-2005
Spring loaded safety valve
ISSUED ON: APRIL 30, 2021
IMPLEMENTED ON: NOVEMBER 01, 2021
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 6
2 Normative references ... 6
3 Terms and definitions ... 7
4 Design ... 8
4.1 General ... 8
4.2 End connection ... 8
4.3 Structural length and verticality limit deviation ... 9
4.4 Valve body ... 9
4.5 Valve seat and disc ... 10
4.6 Spring ... 10
4.7 Material ... 12
4.8 Non-destructive testing ... 13
5 Performance ... 14
5.1 Set pressure deviation ... 14
5.2 Excess pressure ... 14
5.3 Opening-closing pressure difference ... 14
5.4 Opening height ... 15
5.5 Mechanical properties ... 15
5.6 Sealing ... 15
5.7 Displacement ... 17
6 Test and inspection ... 17
6.1 Test and inspection items ... 17
6.2 General requirements ... 18
6.3 Test medium ... 18
6.4 Test methods ... 19
7 Appearance ... 21
8 Marks and lead seals ... 21
9 Protection and storage ... 22
Annex A (normative) Non-destructive testing ... 23
Annex B (informative) Another method for calculating the rated displacement of safety
valve ... 25
Spring loaded safety valve
1 Scope
This document specifies the design, performance, test and inspection, appearance, mark
and lead seal, protection, storage and transportation for spring loaded safety valves
(hereinafter referred to as safety valves).
This document is applicable to safety valves for steam with a set pressure of
0.1MPa~42.0MPa, and flow passage diameters greater than or equal to 15mm, as well
as safety valves for gas and liquids with a diameter greater than or equal to 7mm.
This document is applicable to safety valves whose discharge medium temperature is
not lower than -29°C.
2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this
document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references,
the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
GB/T 9440, Malleable iron castings
GB/T 12224, General requirements for industrial steel valves
GB/T 12225, General purpose industrial valves - Specification of copper alloy
castings
GB/T 12227, General purpose industrial valve - Specification of spheroidal graphite
iron castings
GB/T 12228, General purpose industrial valves - Specification of carbon steel
forgings
GB/T 12229, General purpose industrial valves - Specification of spheroidal
graphite iron castings
GB/T 12230, General purpose industrial valves - Specification of stainless-steel
castings
GB/T 12241, Safety valves - General requirements
GB/T 12242, Pressure relief devices - Performance test code
GB/T 23935, Design of cylindrical helical springs
JB/T 2203, Center-to-face dimensions of spring loaded safety valve
JB/T 5263, Specification for steel casting for power station valves
JB/T 6439, Methods of magnetic examination for valves
JB/T 6440-2008, Methods of radiographic examination for steel castings valves
JB/T 6902, Methods for liquid penetrant examination of valves
JB/T 7367, Magnetic particle inspection for helical compression springs
NB/T 47013.2-2015, Nondestructive testing of pressure equipment - Part 2:
Radiographic testing
NB/T 47013.3-2015, Nondestructive testing of pressure equipment - Part 3:
Ultrasonic testing
NB/T 47013.5-2015, Nondestructive testing of pressure equipment - Part 5:
Penetrant testing
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions defined in GB/T 12241 as
well as the followings apply.
3.1 full-lift safety valve
A safety valve that the actual discharge area is the flow channel area.
3.2 low-lift safety valve
A safety valve that the actual discharge area is the curtain area.
3.3 discharge area
The smallest cross-sectional area in the fluid passage when the valve is vented.
NOTE: The minimum cross-sectional area determines the flow through the valve.
3.4 flow-rating pressure
The static pressure at the inlet of the valve when measuring the displacement of the
safety valve.
NOTE: Static pressure is the absolute pressure of the sum of the set pressure of the safety valve and
the excess pressure.
4 Design
4.1 General
4.1.1 The design of the safety valve shall comply with the provisions of GB/T 12241.
4.1.2 The applicable temperature range of the safety valve shall be determined
according to its structure (such as spring heat insulation and cold insulation), material,
medium working characteristics, and temperature change limit value during discharge.
The safety valve shall work normally within the marked temperature range.
4.1.3 When the safety valve used for compressible gas medium is in the discharge state,
due to the phenomenon of condensation and frost due to temperature drop, the
suitability of its structure and materials shall be fully considered. Prevent jamming and
other phenomena during the action of the disc.
4.1.4 It shall be designed and manufactured to prevent the discharged medium from
directly eroding the spring. For safety valves with a working medium temperature
greater than 235°C, consideration shall be given to reducing the influence of the
medium temperature on the spring.
4.1.5 The mechanism for adjusting spring compression shall be provided with an anti-
loosening locking device.
4.1.6 Safety valves for steam and high-temperature hot water boilers shall be equipped
with lifting mechanisms. When the medium pressure reaches more than 75% of the set
pressure, the lifting mechanism can be used to lift the disc. When the temperature of
hot water is higher than 93°C, it is not allowed to directly use the lifting mechanism to
lift the disc. The lifting mechanism shall not have any hindrance to the action of the
safety valve.
4.1.7 Safety valves for toxic and flammable media shall be closed safety valves.
4.1.8 For safety valves with additional back pressure or higher discharge back pressure,
it shall be considered to set up a back pressure balancing mechanism according to the
change and size of the back pressure.
4.2 End connection
The end connection of the safety valve shall be in accordance with the provisions of
GB/T 12241. Safety valves with threaded end connections shall be provided with
wrench flats for easy installation.
is discharged. The flange size of the outlet end shall not be smaller than the flange size
of the inlet end.
4.4.4 The flange shall be integrally cast or forged with the valve body or welded or
threaded to connect the flange. Flanges for welded connections shall be butt welded.
The welding requirements are in accordance with the provisions of GB/T 12224.
4.4.5 To prevent liquid from accumulating, a discharge screw hole shall be provided at
a position lower than the sealing surface of the valve seat.
4.5 Valve seat and disc
4.5.1 The material of the valve seat and disc shall be shock-resistant and medium-
resistant. Cast iron materials shall not be used.
4.5.2 The sealing secondary material can be the material of the valve seat and the disc
body. It can also be welded with another alloy material, or inlaid with non-metallic
elastic sealing material. When the sealing surface of the valve seat or disc is welded
with alloy materials, the thickness of the hardened layer after processing shall not be
less than 2mm. When inlaid non-metallic elastic sealing material is used, there shall be
a protective structure for the non-metallic sealing material, so as to prevent the non-
metallic material from being blown out and damaged, affecting the seal.
4.5.3 The sealing surface of the valve seat and disc shall be in the form of a plane. When
the tapered sealing surface is used, the angle between the sealing surface and the valve
axis is preferably 45°.
4.6 Spring
4.6.1 The requirements for springs shall not be lower than those specified in GB/T
12241. When 4.6.2~4.6.15 is inconsistent with the requirements stipulated in GB/T
12241, the regulations in 4.6.2~4.6.15 shall be followed.
4.6.2 The slenderness ratio (ratio of free height to middle diameter) of the spring shall
be less than 3.7.
4.6.3 Both ends of the spring shall have a support plane greater than or equal to 3/4
circle. The end of the supporting ring shall be tight with the working ring. The deviation
of the perpendicularity of the spring axis to the support planes at both ends shall not be
greater than 1.7mm per 100mm length.
4.6.4 The winding ratio (spring index) can be selected in the range of 3~8.
4.6.5 The limit deviation of the free height of the spring is as specified in Table 2.
According to the design requirements, it is allowed to specify the limit deviation of the
asymmetric distribution of the free height. However, its tolerance value shall comply
maximum working pressure, the maximum and minimum temperature during discharge,
so as to ensure reliable operation.
4.7.1.2 Steel safety valve body material is according to the provisions of GB/T 12228,
GB/T 12229, GB/T 12230, JB/T 5263. The operating pressure and temperature limits
of materials are in accordance with the provisions of GB/T 12224.
4.7.1.3 Malleable cast iron valve body material is according to the provisions of GB/T
9440. Malleable cast iron is limited to nominal pressure not greater than PN16. The
operating temperature range is -10°C~200°C.
4.7.1.4 Ductile iron valve body material is according to the provisions of GB/T 12227.
Ductile iron is limited to nominal pressure not greater than PN25. The operating
temperature range is -10°C~300°C.
4.7.1.5 Copper alloy casting valve body material is according to the provisions of GB/T
12225. Copper alloy castings are limited to nominal pressure not greater than PN25.
The operating temperature range does not exceed 120°C. Copper alloy rods or forgings
can be used for nominal pressure PN50.
4.7.1.6 When using toxic, harmful, flammable and explosive media, the pressure-
bearing shell material is not allowed to use iron materials.
4.7.2 Valve seat and disc
4.7.2.1 The corrosion resistance of the valve seat and disc body material shall not be
lower than that of the valve body material. Iron materials are not allowed. It shall be
suitable for the discharge condition of the safety valve.
4.7.2.2 Safety valve seats for steam and saturated water with nominal pressure greater
than or equal to 10MPa and operating temperature greater than 370°C shall be forged
or rolled materials.
4.7.3 Guide sleeve
The material of the guide sleeve shall have good wear resistance and corrosion
resistance. It shall be suitable for the discharge condition of the safety valve.
4.7.4 Spring
The material of the spring shall be selected according to GB/T 23935 and meet the
requirements of the corresponding standards.
4.8 Non-destructive testing
The non-destructive testing of safety valves shall be in accordance with the provisions
in Annex A.
overflowing. Raise the inlet pressure to the sealing test pressure. Collect and measure
the amount of water spilled under the test pressure, that is, the amount of leakage.
Continue for at least 1min.
6.4.5 Action performance and displacement
The action performance test and displacement performance test of safety valve comply
with the provisions of GB/T 12241 and GB/T 12242.
7 Appearance
After passing the test and before leaving the factory, the appearance of the safety valve
shall be visually inspected. At least the following requirements shall be met:
a) The marks and nameplates shall be properly marked;
b) The adjustment part of the safety valve shall be locked and sealed;
c) The carbon steel and alloy steel safety valves shall be subjected to surface
protection treatment according to the manufacturer's regulations or contract
requirements;
d) The safety valve shall have the necessary protection;
e) Check whether there is rust on the outer surface and inner cavity of the safety
valve;
f) Castings shall be free from harmful defects such as trachoma, burrs, sticky sand,
sand inclusions, cracks. Forgings shall be free of defects such as cracks;
g) The corners of the outer surface processing parts shall be chamfered or rounded.
8 Marks and lead seals
8.1 The nameplate of the safety valve or the outer surface of the safety valve shall at
least have the following marking information:
- Safety valve manufacturing license number and mark;
- Manufacturer name (or trademark) and product name, model;
- Date of manufacture and its product number;
- Nominal size and runner diameter (or runner area);
- Nominal pressure and set pressure;
- Excess pressure;
- Opening height;
- Extreme working temperature;
- Indication of the rated displacement coefficient of the reference fluid (G for air, S
for steam, and L for water) or the guaranteed rated displacement for a certain fluid;
- Backpressure (when there is a backpressure requirement).
8.2 The lead seal of the safety valve shall comply with the provisions of GB/T 12241.
9 Protection and storage
9.1 Before the safety valve leaves the factory, all external surfaces except the flange
surface shall be painted with paint (except for corrosion-resistant materials). The flange
faces shall be oil-sealed to prevent corrosion.
9.2 Threaded holes shall be plugged with protective plugs. Temporary plugs shall be
clearly distinguishable from permanent metal plugs.
9.3 To prevent damage to the flange surface during shipment and to prevent the entry
of foreign debris, the inlet and outlet flanges of the safety valve shall be protected by
plugging covers.
9.4 The safety valve shall be sealed and packaged. During transportation and storage,
it shall always be kept upright and not shaken. It is strictly forbidden to push down and
carry.
9.5 The safety valve shall be stored upright in a dry room. The inlet and outlet as well
as the ventilation holes shall be sealed with plugging caps.
9.6 The ambient atmosphere shall not contain harmful gases that may cause corrosion
of the safety valve.
Annex A
(normative)
Non-destructive testing
A.1 General
For safety valves with a nominal pressure greater than or equal to 15MPa (Class 900)
and an operating temperature greater than 370°C, with welded inlets, or after an
agreement is reached between the purchaser and the safety valve manufacturer, non-
destructive testing shall be carried out in accordance with A.2~A.7.
A.2 Solder connection
A.2.1 For safety valves connected by welding of castings, the requirements for the
welding groove of the butt weld on the inlet side are as follows.
a) Radiographic testing shall be carried out in accordance with the provisions of JB/T
6440-2008. The result shall meet the requirements of 6.1 and 6.2 of JB/T 6440-
2008. The effective radiographic range of the groove is 1.5 times the pipe
thickness or 50mm from the surface of the butt-welding end, whichever is greater.
b) After the groove processing is completed, liquid penetrant or magnetic particle
inspection shall be carried out. The result shall meet the following requirements:
1) The liquid penetrant test result shall not be lower than the level 2 specified in
JB/T 6902;
2) The test result of magnetic particle flaw detection shall not be lower than the
level 2 specified in JB/T 6439.
A.2.2 For safety valves with welding connections of forgings or rolled parts, the
welding groove at the butt-welding connection on the inlet side shall comply with the
provisions of A.2.1b).
A.3 Weld seam of welded valve seat
When the valve seat is mounted to the valve body by welding, the weld bevel face shall
be tested for liquid penetration. The result shall meet the requirements of A.2.1b). After
welding, the weld shall be tested for liquid penetration according to the regulations of
NB/T 47013.5-2015. The result shall meet the requirements of level I.
A.4 Valve seat and disc sealing surface
The sealing surface of the valve seat and disc shall be tested for liquid penetration
......

BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 12243-2021 (GB/T12243-2021)
Description (Translated English) Spring loaded safety valves
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard J16
Classification of International Standard 13.240
Word Count Estimation 25,210
Date of Issue 2021-04-30
Date of Implementation 2021-11-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) GB/T 12243-2005
Drafting Organization Shanghai Valve Factory Co., Ltd., Hefei General Mechanical and Electrical Products Testing Institute Co., Ltd., Shanghai Kate Valve Manufacturing Co., Ltd., Hefei General Environmental Control Technology Co., Ltd., Beijing Aerospace Petrochemical Technology Equipment Engineering Co., Ltd., Yongyi Valve Group Co., Ltd., Tianzheng Valve Co., Ltd., Yuming Valve Group Co., Ltd., Yangzhong Valve Factory Co., Ltd., Luofu Valve Group Co., Ltd., Asmi Valve Co., Ltd., Henan Boiler and Pressure Vessel Safety Inspection and Research Institute, Henan Province Gaoshan Valve Co., Ltd., Zhejiang Chaochao Safety Valve Manufacturing Co., Ltd., Chengde High and Medium Pressure Valve and Pipe Fittings Group Co., Ltd., Shanghai Hugong Valve Factory (Group) Co., Ltd., Xuzhou Bafang Safety Equipment Co., Ltd., Jiangsu Suyan Valve Machinery Co., Ltd., Keke Group Co., Ltd., Wuhan Huake Energy Environment
Administrative Organization National Standardization Technical Committee for Safety Relief Devices (SAC/TC 503)
Regulation (derived from) National Standard Announcement No. 5 of 2021
Proposing organization China Machinery Industry Federation
Issuing agency(ies) State Administration for Market Regulation, National Standardization Administration