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GB/T 1220-2007 (GB/T1220-2007, GBT 1220-2007, GBT1220-2007) & related versions
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GB/T 1220-2007: PDF in English (GBT 1220-2007)
GB/T 1220-2007
GB
ICS 77.140.20
H 40
NATIONAL STANDARD
OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
Replacing GB/T 1220-1992
Stainless Steel Bars
ISSUED ON. MAY 14, 2007
IMPLEMENTED ON. DECEMBER 01, 2007
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People’s Republic of China;
Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1.  Scope ... 6 
2.  Normative References ... 6 
3.  Terms and definitions ... 10 
4.  Contents in order sheet ... 10 
5.  Classification ... 10 
6.  Dimension, shape, weight and permissible deviation ... 11 
7.  Technical requirements ... 12 
7.1  Grade and chemical components ... 12 
7.2  Melting method... 12 
7.3  Delivery state ... 12 
7.4  Mechanical properties ... 12 
7.5  Corrosion resistance ... 25 
7.6  Macro structure ... 26 
7.7  Hot forging ... 26 
7.8  Surface quality ... 26 
7.9  Special requirements ... 27 
8.  Test methods ... 27 
9.  Inspection rules ... 28 
9.1  Inspection and acceptance ... 28 
9.2  Lot organization rules ... 28 
9.3  Sampling position and sampling quantity ... 28 
9.4  Rules for re-inspection and determination ... 28 
10.  Packing, marking and quality certificate ... 29 
Annex A ... 30 
Annex B ... 33 
Foreword
This Standard replaces GB/T 1220-1992 Stainless steel bars.
In comparison with Standard GB/T 1220—1992, main changes of this Standard include the
following points.
 Add the “Technical terms and definitions” and “Contents in order sheet” (See Chapter 3
and Chapter 4);
 “Dimensions, shape, weight and permissible deviation” is changed to direct quotation
of stipulations specified in universal basic standard (Chapter 4 of 1992 edition; Chapter
6 of this edition);
 Delete the 6 grades, including 1Cr18Mn10Ni5Mo3N, 1Cr18Mn12Mo2Ti,
0Cr18Ni12Mo2Ti, 1Cr18Ni5Mo12Mo3Ti, 1Cr18Ni9Ti and 0Cr26Ni5Mo2, etc. (Table
2 and Table 3 of 1992 Edition);
 Add the 6 grades and their properties, in including 022Cr18Mn22Ni5Mo3N,
022Cr23Ni5Mo3N, 022Cr25Ni6Mo2N, 03Cr25Ni6Mo3Cu2N, 17Cr16Ni2 and
05Cr15Ni5Cu4Nb, etc. (See Table 2 and Table 7, Table 4 and Table 9, Table 5 and
Table 10);
 Adjust the chemical compositions and phosphonium content of 21 steel grades (serial
numbers. 1, 3, 13, 17, 23, 25, 35, 38, 39, 41, 43, 44, 52, 55, 62, 68, 93, 85, 98, 137 and
139) based on universal international steel grade (Table 2 in 1992 Edition and Tables 1
~ 5 in this Edition);
 Modify the “Smelting method” that shall apply to initial molten steel plus
out-of-furnace refining process in priority (Article 5.2 of 1992 edition and Article 7.2 of
this edition);
 “Delivery state” is changed from “It may not be treated if it is required by the Buyer”
into “It may not be treated through negotiations between the Supplier and the Buyer”,
while for precipitation-hardening stainless steel bars it has added that annealing
treatment to the delivery can be chosen by steel texture (Article 5.3 of 1992 edition
and Article 7.3 of this edition);
 For “Surface quality” it has added that “It may specify to remove scales formed from
heat treatment by way of pickling, turning or other methods through negotiations
between the Supplier and the Buyer, which shall be indicated in contract” (Article 7.8.3
of this edition);
 The heat treatment system for all kinds of stainless steel bars or test pieces is separated
from mechanical property table and listed into Annex A (Informative annex) (Table 3 ~
Table 5 of 1992 edition; Table A.1 ~ Table A.5 of this edition);
 The yield strength for martensite and precipitation-hardening stainless steel is changed
to necessary inspection indicator (Article 5.4.1.1 of 1992 edition; Table 9 and Table 10
of this edition);
 For 022Cr19Ni5Mo3Si2N(00Cr18Ni5Mo3Si2) steel, it has added that Brinell hardness
value HBW shall be no more than 290 (Table 3 of 1992 edition; Table 7 of this edition);
 For 12Cr13(1Cr13) steel it has added that the lower limit of carbon content shall be
0.08%, while its percentage elongation after fracture is adjusted from 25% to 22%
(Table 2 and Table 4 of 1992 edition; Table 4 and Table 9 of this edition);
 For 30Cr13(Y3Cr13) steel, its percentage elongation after fracture is adjusted from
12% and 40% to 8% and 35% (Table 4 of 1992 edition; Table 9 of this edition);
 The original yield strength σ0.2 value for some martensite steels (No. 18, 22, 26, 39, 46,
50 and 52) and 06Cr13Al(0Cr13Al) is adjusted from 177Mpa to proof strength at
non-proportional extension RP0.2 value to be 175 N/mm2 (Table 3 of 1992 edition; Table
6 and Table 8 of this edition);
 The yield strength σ0.2 value for 022Cr12(00Cr12) steels is adjusted from 196MPa to
proof strength at non-proportional extension RP0.2 value to be 195 N/mm2, while tensile
strength is adjusted from 365MPa to 360N/mm2 (Table 3 of 1992 edition; Table 8 of
this edition);
 The tensile strengths Rm for 20Cr13 (2Cr13) and 13Cr13 (1Cr13Mo) are adjusted
respectively from 635MPa and 685MPa to 640N/mm2 and 690N/mm2 (Table 4 of 1992
edition; Table 9 of this edition);
 Delete the stipulations on section shrinkage rate of flat steel (Table 3 ~ Table 5 of 1992
edition; notes of Table 6 to Table 10 of this edition);
 “Corrosion resistance” is changed to an item in agreement, where it has cancelled the
two test methods contained in GB/T 4334.4 and GB/T 4334.6, while for the test
condition of 06Cr19Ni13Mo3 (0Cr19Ni13Mo3) it has added “Sensitizing treatment”
(Article 5.5 of 1992 edition; Article 7.5 of this edition);
 For “Surface quality”, add the “It may specify to remove scales formed from heat
treatment by way of pickling, turning or other methods through negotiations between
the Supplier and the Buyer, which shall be indicated in contract” (Article 5.8 of 1992
edition; Article 7.8 of this edition);
 It has clearly specified the sampling positions in “Macro structure” and “Tower shape”
for inspection of continuous casting steel and the sampling quantity for “Corrosion
resistance” test (Article 12 of 1992 edition; Article 16 of this edition);
 Delete the “Check list for stainless steel grades of this Standard and stainless steel
grades of each country” and changed to direct quotation of GB/T 20878. Stainless steel
and heat-resisting steel –Grade and chemical compositions (Annex B of 1992 edition;
Table 1 ~ Table 5 of this edition).
The Annex A and Annex B of this Standard are informative.
This Standard was proposed by China Iron and Steel Association.
This Standard shall be under jurisdiction of the National Technical Committee of
Standardization for Iron and Steel.
The main drafting organizations of this Standard. China Metallurgical Information and
Standardization Institute, and Liaoning Dongbei Special Steel Group Co., Ltd..
The main drafters of this Standard. Luan Yan, Dai Qiang, Gu Qiang, Zeng Wentao, and Liu
Baoshi.
The historical versions to be substituted by this Standard include.
-- GB/T 1220—1975, GB/T 1220—1984, GB/T 1220—1992.
Stainless steel bars
1. Scope
This Standard specifies the dimensions, shape, technical requirements, test methods,
inspection rules, packing marks, and certificate quality of stainless steel bars (generic terms of
ro...
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BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 1220-2007 (GB/T1220-2007)
Description (Translated English) Stainless steel rod
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard H40
Classification of International Standard 77.140.20
Word Count Estimation 31,328
Date of Issue 2007-05-14
Date of Implementation 2007-12-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) GB/T 1220-1992
Quoted Standard GB/T 222; GB/T 223.3; GB/T 223.4; GB/T 223.5; GB/T 223.8; GB/T 223.9; GB/T 223.11; GB/T 223.14; GB/T 223.16; GB/T 223.17; GB/T 223.18; GB/T 223.23; GB/T 223.25; GB/T 223.26; GB/T 223.28; GB/T 223.36; GB/T 223.37; GB/T 223.40; GB/T 223.52; GB/T 223.58; GB/T 223.59; GB/T 223.60; GB/T 223.61; GB/T 223.62; GB/T 223.63; GB/T 223.64; GB/T 223.67; GB/T 223.68; GB/T 223.69; GB/T 223.71; GB/T 223.72; GB/T 226; GB/T 228; GB/T 229; GB/T 230.1; GB/T 231.1; GB/T 702-2004; GB/T 704-1988; GB/T 705-1985; GB/T 908-1987; GB/T 1979; GB/T 2101; GB/T 2975; GB/T 4334.1; GB/T 4334.2; GB/T 4334.3; GB/T 4334.5; GB/T 4340.1; GB/T 6394; GB/T 6401-1986; GB/T 7736; GB/T 9971-2004; GB/T 10121; GB/T 10561; GB/T 11170; GB/T 13305-1991; GB/T 15574; GB/T 15711; GB/T 16761-1997
Drafting Organization Metallurgical Industry Information Standards Institute
Administrative Organization National Steel Standardization Technical Committee
Regulation (derived from) Chinese National Standards Bulletin 2007 No. 5 (No. 105 overall) (" China Standardization ")
Proposing organization China Iron and Steel Association
Issuing agency(ies) Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of People's Republic of China; Standardization Administration of China
Summary This standard specifies the stainless steel rods (round, square steel, flat steel, hexagonal and octagonal steel, collectively, hereinafter referred to as steel bars) the size, shape, technical requirements, test methods, inspection rules, packaging, marking and quality certification, etc. content. This standard applies to size (diameter, side length, thickness or distance to the edge, hereinafter referred to as dimensions) is not greater than 25Omm hot-rolled and forged stainless steel rod. Agreed between manufacturer, are also available sizes larger than 250mm of hot-rolled and forged stainless steel rod.