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GB 16735-2019 related PDF English

GB 16735-2019 (GB16735-2019) & related versions
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GB 16735-2019English165 Add to Cart 0-9 seconds. Auto delivery. Road vehicle -- Vehicle identification number (VIN) GB 16735-2019 Valid GB 16735-2019
GB 16735-2004English70 Add to Cart 0-9 seconds. Auto delivery. Road vehicle -- Vehicle identification number (VIN) GB 16735-2004 Obsolete GB 16735-2004
GB/T 16735-1997English199 Add to Cart 3 days Road vehicles--Vehicle identification number (VIN)--Location and attachment GB/T 16735-1997 Obsolete GBT 16735-1997



Preview PDF: GB 16735-2019

GB 16735-2019: PDF in English
GB 16735-2019
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 43.020
T 04
Replacing GB 16735-2004
Road Vehicle - Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
ISSUED ON: OCTOBER 14, 2019
IMPLEMENTED ON: JANUARY 1, 2020
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of
China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 5 
2 Normative References ... 5 
3 Terms and Definitions ... 5 
4 Content and Structure of Vehicle Identification Number ... 8 
5 Marking Position of Vehicle Identification Number ... 12 
6 Marking Modes and Requirements of Vehicle Identification Number ... 14 
7 Vehicle Manufacturer’s Responsibility of Marking ... 15 
8 Compilation Rules of Vehicle Identification Number ... 16 
9 Re-marking or Modification of Already-marked Vehicle Identification Number
... 16 
10 Implementation Date of Standard ... 19 
Appendix A (normative) Computing Method of Check Digit ... 21 
Road Vehicle - Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
1 Scope
This Standard stipulates the content and structure of vehicle identification number, and
the marking requirements and marking modification requirements of vehicle
identification number.
This Standard is applicable to automobile, and its incomplete vehicle, trailer,
motorcycle and moped.
Other vehicles that need vehicle identification number may also take this as a
reference.
2 Normative References
The following documents are indispensable to the application of this document. In
terms of references with a specified date, only versions with a specified date are
applicable to this document. In terms of references without a specified date, the latest
version (including all the modifications) is applicable to this document.
GB/T 15089 Classification of Power-driven Vehicles and Trailers;
GB 16737 Road Vehicle - World Manufacturer Identifier (WMI) Code;
GB/T 18410 Vehicle Identification Number Bar-code Label;
GB/T 18411 Power-driven Vehicles Manufacturers Plate;
GB/T 25978 Road Vehicles - Plates and Label;
GB 30509 Identification for Passenger Cars and Their Parts
3 Terms and Definitions
What is defined in GB/T 15089 and GB 16737, and the following terms and definitions
are applicable to this document.
3.1 Vehicle Identification Number; VIN
Vehicle identification number refers to a group of character codes appointed by vehicle
manufacturer with the purpose of identifying a certain vehicle.
3.2 World Manufacturer Identifier; WMI
continues to conduct manufacturing operations on complete vehicle.
3.10 Intermediate Manufacturer
Intermediate manufacturer refers to vehicle manufacturer which conducts
manufacturing operations on vehicle manufactured in two stages or multiple stages. It
is neither incomplete vehicle manufacturer nor final-stage manufacturer.
3.11 Year
Year refers to the calendar year of vehicle manufacturing, or, the model year
determined by vehicle manufacturer.
3.12 Model Year
Model year refers to the year appointed by vehicle manufacturer to a certain
independent vehicle model. As long as the practical manufacture cycle does not
exceed 24 months, it may be inconsistent with the calendar year. If the practical
manufacture cycle is before the New Year, model year shall be consistent with the
calendar year. If the practical manufacture cycle passes the New Year, model year
shall include, and merely include, January 1 of the calendar year that is corresponding
with the appointed year code.
3.13 Assembly Plant
Assembly plant refers to manufacturing plant or manufacturing line, in which, vehicle
manufacturer marks vehicle identification number (VIN).
3.14 Divider
Divider refers to symbols, character codes or actual boundary lines that are used to
separate each part of vehicle identification number, or, stipulate the boundary
(beginning and ending) of vehicle identification number.
3.15 Modification Identifier
Modification identifier refers to identifier that is used to determine re-marking or
modification of vehicle identification number.
3.16 Check Digit
Check digit refers to an independent figure or letter X, which is used to check the
correctness of the copying of vehicle identification number.
The selection of dividers (such as: ) shall be independently determined by
vehicle manufacturer. Divider cannot use any character code of vehicle identification
number, or, any character code that might cause confusion. Re-marking or modification
identifier, and symbols that might cause confusion cannot be used.
5 Marking Position of Vehicle Identification Number
5.1 Each vehicle shall have a unique vehicle identification number, which shall be
permanently and retentively marked on the vehicle. The composition and sequence of
all the character codes of vehicle identification number marked on the same vehicle
shall be identical. Except from the circumstance stipulated in Chapter 9, already-
marked vehicle identification number cannot be modified.
5.2 On product label, vehicle identification number (Type-L1 and Type-L3 vehicle may
be excluded) shall be marked. The type, marking position and marking requirements
of product label shall comply with the stipulations in GB/T 18411.
5.3 Vehicle shall at least have a vehicle identification number that is directly engraved
on an anti-corrosion and anti-abrasion part of the frame (in terms of vehicles without a
frame, it shall be on a main load-bearing and unremovable part of the vehicle body).
Specifically speaking:
a) Vehicle identification number of Type-M1 vehicle shall be engraved on a
structural part in the engine compartment that can prevent from replacement,
or, engraved on the door pillar. Due to the structural constraint, if there is no
space for engraving, it may also be engraved on another structural part on the
right side, except from the luggage compartment;
b) In terms of trucks and all the draw-bar trailers whose maximum design total
mass is more than, or equals to 12,000 kg, vehicle identification number shall
be engraved on the external side of stringer on the front end of the right front
leg (apart from vehicles that do not have a stringer);
c) Vehicle identification number of other vehicles or trailers without a stringer shall
be engraved on a structural part in the front area on the right side. If there is
structural constraint, it may also be engraved on another structural part on the
right side.
Parts with engraved vehicle identification number cannot be handled through modes
like polishing, patching, gasket, chiseling and repainting (apart from the application of
lacquering technology in design and manufacture for the purpose of protecting the
engraved vehicle identification number). When being observed from the above (the
front), the surface of a sufficiently large area around the engraved area shall not have
any coverage. If there is coverage, the surface of such coverage shall clearly indicate
face of the container (atmospheric pressure tank) shall be less than, or, equals to 1,000
mm. If it is engraved on a connecting structural part on both sides (left and right), it
shall be as close to the front end face of the container (atmospheric pressure tank) as
possible.
5.8 Vehicle manufacturer shall mark vehicle identification number in at least one kind
of accompanying documents.
6 Marking Modes and Requirements of Vehicle
Identification Number
6.1 Vehicle identification number adopts human readable code, or, a combination of
human-readable code and machine-readable code, or, shall be marked in the form of
electronic data.
6.2 Vehicle identification number shall be directly engraved on vehicles; or, pasted on
vehicles through a label; or, be marked through the mode of storing electronic data that
complies with corresponding standard stipulations in an electronic control memory unit
in an irrevocable way. In terms of vehicles other than Type-M1 vehicles (excluding
Type-M1 vehicles completed through the manufacture in multiple stages), vehicle
identification number may also permanently and retentively be fixed on vehicles
through a label.
When vehicle identification number adopts the mode of direct engraving for marking,
the following requirements shall be satisfied:
a) When vehicle identification number is marked in accordance with the
stipulations in 5.3 and 5.7, in terms of automobiles and trailers, the height of
directly engraved character codes shall be more than, or, equals to 7.0 mm; the
depth of the character codes shall be more than, or, equals to 0.3 mm (the
depth of passenger cars and closed trucks whose total mass is less than or
equals to 3,500 kg shall be more than, or, equals to 0.2 mm). In terms of
motorcycles, the height of directly engraved character codes shall be more than,
or, equals to 5.0 mm; the depth of the character codes shall be more than, or,
equals to 0.2 mm. The total length of the engraved vehicle identification number
shall be less than, or, equals to 200 mm.
b) Apart from marking vehicle identification number in accordance with the
stipulations in 5.3 and 5.7, the height of directly engraved character codes shall
be more than, or, equals to 4.0 mm.
c) The typeface and the size of character codes of the engraved vehicle
identification number shall be identical (except from vehicle identification
number that is engraved on different parts). Moreover, the spacing between the
the vehicle identification number on the original vehicle. Thus, final-stage manufacturer
shall take the responsibility of marking the vehicle identification number of the original
vehicle in accordance with the marking position and marking modes stipulated in this
Standard.
If final-stage manufacturer conducts manufacturing operations on incomplete vehicle
without an intact driving cab, and the vehicle completed in multiple-stage manufacture
belongs to Type-M1 and Type-N1 vehicles, then, the final-stage manufacturer shall take
the responsibility of marking the vehicle identification number of the original vehicle in
accordance with the marking position and marking modes of Type-M1 and Type-N1
vehicles stipulated in this Standard.
8 Compilation Rules of Vehicle Identification Number
8.1 Vehicle manufacturer shall formulate its own compilation rules of vehicle
identification number in accordance with the stipulations in this Standard. The
compilation rules of vehicle identification number shall include specific stipulations of
the encoding rules of all character codes of vehicle identification number, the marking
position and marking modes of vehicle identification number, etc.
8.2 Vehicle manufacturer’s compilation rules of vehicle identification number shall be
submitted to an authorized organization for review and registration.
8.3 Vehicle manufacturer shall mark vehicle identification number on each vehicle
product in accordance with the compilation rules of vehicle identification number that
have already been reviewed and registered.
8.4 Manufacturer of import vehicles shall comply with the stipulations in 8.1 ~ 8.3.
8.5 Export vehicles shall implement relevant requirements of vehicle identification
number of the place of vehicle import.
9 Re-marking or Modification of Already-marked
Vehicle Identification Number
9.1 Reasons for Re-marking or Modification of Vehicle Identification
Number
9.1.1 When already-marked vehicle identification number needs to be re-marked or
modified, vehicle manufacturer shall submit an application to the authorized
organization. After obtaining the approval, vehicle manufacturer may conduct re-
marking or modification of vehicle identification number. Vehicle manufacturer shall
permanently keep relevant vehicle information after re-marking or modification; in
accordance with relevant requirements, submit to the authorized organization for
Figure 3 -- Identifier of Re-marking or Modification
b) Vehicle manufacturer shall engrave the re-marked vehicle identification number
(as it is shown in Figure 4) in a tightly connected position of the original vehicle
identification number. In terms of Type-M1, Type-N1, Type-L1 and Type-L3
vehicles, if there is structural constraint, the re-marked vehicle identification
number may also be engraved on other parts that comply with the stipulations
in Chapter 5.
9.2.3 When vehicle manufacturer modifies vehicle identification number that is already
engraved in accordance with the stipulations in Chapter 5, vehicle manufacturer shall
satisfy the following requirements:
a) Vehicle manufacturer shall engrave an identifier of re-marking or modification
(as it is shown in Figure 3) in a tightly connected space on both ends of the
original vehicle identification number. The outer diameter of the identifier of re-
marking or modification shall be more than, or, equals to the height of character
codes of the original vehicle identification number; the depth shall be more than,
or, equals to the depth of character codes of the original vehicle identification
number.
b) Vehicle manufacturer shall engrave “X” on character codes that need
modification in the original vehicle identification number; engrave the modified
vehicle identification number (as it is shown in Figure 5) in a tightly connected
position of the original vehicle identification number. In terms of Type-M1, Type-
N1, Type-L1 and Type-L3 vehicles, if there is structural constraint, “X” may not
be engraved; meanwhile, the modified vehicle identification number (as it is
shown in Figure 6) may also be engraved on other parts stipulated in Chapter
5.
Figure 4 -- Sketch Map of the Position of Re-marked Vehicle Identification
Number
Position 1 Position 2
Position 3
Position 4
......

BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB 16735-2019 (GB16735-2019)
Description (Translated English) Road vehicle -- Vehicle identification number (VIN)
Sector / Industry National Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard T04
Classification of International Standard 43.020
Word Count Estimation 16,185
Date of Issue 2019-10-14
Date of Implementation 2020-01-01
Drafting Organization China Automotive Technology Research Center Co., Ltd., Ministry of Public Security Traffic Management Science Research Institute, Dongfeng Motor Group Co., Ltd. Technology Center, Dongfeng Commercial Vehicle Co., Ltd., SAIC Motor Corporation Limited, Chery Automobile Co., Ltd., SAIC-GM-Wuling Automobile Co., Ltd. , Chongqing Changan Automobile Co., Ltd., Great Wall Motor Co., Ltd., Brilliance Automobile Group Holdings Co., Ltd., Shenyang Jinbei Vehicle Manufacturing Co., Ltd., Beiqi Foton Motor Co., Ltd., China FAW Co., Ltd., Beijing Automobile Group Co., Ltd., Nanjing Automobile Group Co., Ltd. Automotive Engineering Research Institute, GAC Toyota Motor Co., Ltd., Pan Asia Automotive Technology Center Co., Ltd., FAW Toyota Technology Development Co., Ltd., Changan Ford Motor Co., Ltd., SAIC Volkswagen Co., Ltd.
Administrative Organization Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of the People's Republic of China
Proposing organization Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of the People's Republic of China
Issuing agency(ies) State Administration for Market Regulation, China National Standardization Administration