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GB 12694-2016 (GB12694-2016) & related versions
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GB 12694-2016: PDF in English
GB 12694-2016
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
National food safety standard – Hygienic
specifications for slaughtering and processing of
livestock and poultry
ISSUED ON. DECEMBER 23, 2016
IMPLEMENTED ON. DECEMBER 23, 2017
Issued by. National Health and Family Planning Commission of the
People’s Republic of China;
China Food and Drug Administration.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 4 
2 Terms and definitions ... 4 
3 Site selection and plant environment ... 6 
4 Plant and workshop ... 6 
5 Facilities and equipment ... 7 
6 Quarantine and inspection ... 11 
7 Hygienic control for slaughtering and processing ... 12 
8 Packaging, storage and transportation ... 13 
9 Product tracing and recalling management ... 14 
10 Personnel requirements ... 15 
11 Hygienic management ... 15 
12 Record and file management ... 16 
Foreword
This Standard replaces GB 12694-1990, Hygienic specifications of meat packing plant,
GB/T 20094-2006, Code of hygienic practice for abattoir and meat processing
establishment, and GB/T 22289-2008, Requirement for processing chilled pork.
Compared with the replaced standards, the main changes of this Standard are as
follows.
-- it changes the standard name into “National food safety standard – Hygienic
specifications for slaughtering and processing of livestock and poultry”;
-- it modifies the application scope;
-- it integrates and modifies the standard structure;
-- it integrates and modifies part of the terms and definitions;
-- it integrates, modifies and supplement the requirements for site selection and
plant environment, plant and workshop, and facilities and equipment, and the
management requirements for hygienic control and operation;
-- it adds the requirements for product tracing and recalling management; and
-- it adds the requirements for record and file management.
National food safety standard – Hygienic
specifications for slaughtering and processing of
livestock and poultry
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the basic requirements for the sites, facilities and equipment
and personnel during acceptance, slaughter, cutting, packaging, storage and
transportation of livestock and poultry and the management guidelines for hygienic
control and operation during the slaughtering and processing of livestock and poultry.
This Standard applies enterprises slaughtering and processing livestock and poultry
above the designed size.
2 Terms and definitions
The terms and definitions defined in GB 14881-2013 apply to this Standard.
2.1
enterprises slaughtering and processing livestock and poultry above the
designed size
the factories with an actual annual slaughtering capacity of more than 20,000 pigs,
3,000 beeves, 30,000 mutton sheep, 2 million chickens and 1 million ducks and gooses.
2.2
livestock and poultry
the livestock and poultry for human consumption
2.3
meat
all parts of livestock and poultry which are for human consumption or which are
determined to be safe and suitable for human consumption, including carcasses, cut
meat and edible by-products
2.4
carcasses
5.1.1 The production water supply for the slaughtering and cutting workshops shall
be as specified in GB 5749; the enterprises shall control the quality of water supply.
5.1.2 The slaughtering and cutting workshops shall provide cold and hot water pipes
at the water using locations. The temperature of hot water used for washing is
preferably not lower than 40ºC and the temperature of hot water for sterilization is not
lower than 82ºC.
5.1.3 The emergency slaughtering workshops and cutting workshops shall be
provided with cold and hot water pipes.
5.1.4 The processing water supply pipes shall be provided with anti-siphon or anti-
backflow devices; the water outlets of the water supply network shall not be inserted
directly into the dirty water.
5.2 Water drainage requirements
5.2.1 The floor of the slaughtering and cutting workshops shall not accumulate water;
the drainage water flows from the clean area to the non-clean area.
5.2.2 The outlet of open ditches shall be provided with gratings made of corrosion
resistant materials, and ratproof and deodorization devices.
5.2.3 The industrial wastewater shall be treated collectively; the discharge shall be
as specified in relevant national regulations.
5.3 Cleaning and sterilization facilities
5.3.1 Cleaning and sterilization facilities for changing rooms and toilets
5.3.1.1 Hand washing facilities of an appropriate temperature as well as sterilization
and hand drying facilities which matches with the production capacity shall be provided
at an appropriate location at the workshops entrances and toilets and in the workshops.
The hand washing facilities shall be provided with non-manual switches; the drainage
water shall be connected directly to the sewer pipes.
5.3.1.2 Changing rooms, toilets and shower rooms which matches with the
production capacity and connects with the workshops shall be provided; and their
facilities and layouts shall not cause potential pollution risks to the products.
5.3.1.3 The areas with different cleaning degree requirements shall be provided with
independent changing rooms; the private clothes and work clothes shall be stored
separately.
5.3.1.4 The structures, facilities and interior materials of shower rooms and toilets
shall be easily cleaned and sterilized. The toilets shall be provided with ventilation
facilities and fly and insect prevention facilities to keep them clean. The toilets shall not
be connected directly to the areas such as slaughtering and processing, packaging or
5.5 Ventilation facilities
5.5.1 The workshops shall be provided with good ventilation devices to discharge
polluted air and water vapour. The air flows in the direction from the clean area to the
non-clean area.
5.5.2 The ventilation openings shall be provided with screens or protective covers
made of corrosion resistant materials to prevent insect pest from entering. The screens
and covers shall be convenient for assembling and disassembling, cleaning, repairing
or replacement.
5.6 Illumination facilities
5.6.1 The workshops shall be provided with appropriate natural light or artificial
illumination. The lustrousness of illumination lamps shall not change the natural
colours of the processed articles; the luminance shall meet the requirements for the
work of the quarantine and inspection personnel and the production operators.
5.6.2 The lamps installed above meat exposed to the air shall be of safe type
illumination facilities or be provided with protection measures, to prevent pollution to
meat caused by broken lamps.
5.7 Storage facilities
5.7.1 The temperature of storage warehouses shall meet the specific requirements
of the products to be stored.
5.7.2 The products shall be kept clean, tidy and well-ventilated in the storage
warehouse. There shall be mould, rat and insect prevention measures.
5.7.3 The temperature shall be monitored for the refrigeration warehouse, which shall
be equipped with humidometer if necessary; the thermometers and humidometers
shall be calibrated at fixed times.
5.8 Wastes storage and innocent treatment facilities
5.8.1 Wastes temporary storage facilities shall be provided at appropriate locations
far away from the workshops and the facilities shall be made of materials convenient
for cleaning and sterilization; their structure shall be dense to prevent insect pest from
entering and prevent wastes from polluting the plant areas and roads or infect the
operators. The facilities and containers for wastes in the workshops shall be marked
clearly and conspicuously.
5.8.2 The equipment for innocent treatment shall meet the relevant national laws,
regulations and standards, and meet the requirements for innocent treatment.
8.1.2 Packaging materials shall be as specified in relevant standards, which shall
contain no toxic and hazardous substance and shall not change the sensory
characteristics of meat.
8.1.3 Packaging materials for meats shall not be used repeatedly, unless they are of
corrosion resistant materials easy to clean and that they are subjected to cleaning and
sterilization before use.
8.1.4 Inner and outer packaging materials shall be stored separately; the packaging
material warehouses shall be kept dry, ventilated and clean.
8.1.5 The temperature of the product packaging workshops shall meet the specific
requirements of products.
8.2 Storage and transportation
8.2.1 As specified in Chapter 10 of GB 14881-2013.
8.2.2 Finished products stored in the warehouses shall be kept an appropriate
distance from the wall; they shall not be in direct contact with the floor; they shall be
kept a certain...
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BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB 12694-2016 (GB12694-2016)
Description (Translated English) Hygienic specifications of meat packing plant
Sector / Industry National Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard X09
Word Count Estimation 10,168
Date of Issue 2016-12-23
Date of Implementation 2017-06-23
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) GB 12694-1990; GB/T 20094-2006; GB/T 22289-2008
Regulation (derived from) National Health and Family Planning Commission Notice No.17 of 2016