HOME   Quotation   Tax   Examples Standard-List   Contact-Us   Cart(1) Powered by Google-Search & Google-Books www.ChineseStandard.net Database: 189759 (16 Jan 2022)
  

YY/T 0741-2018 (YYT 0741-2018)

YY/T 0741-2018_English: PDF (YYT0741-2018)
Standard IDContents [version]USDSTEP2[PDF] delivered inStandard Title (Description)Related StandardStatusGoogle Book
YY/T 0741-2018English145 Add to Cart 0--10 minutes. Auto-delivered. Particular specifications for digital X-ray radiography system YY/T 0741-2018 Valid YY/T 0741-2018

BASIC DATA
Standard ID YY/T 0741-2018 (YY/T0741-2018)
Description (Translated English) Particular specifications for digital X-ray radiography system
Sector / Industry Medical Device & Pharmaceutical Industry Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard C43
Classification of International Standard 11.040.50
Word Count Estimation 18,160
Date of Issue 2018-09-28
Date of Implementation 2019-10-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) YY/T 0741-2009
Quoted Standard GB 9706.1; GB 9706.3-2000; GB 9706.11; GB 9706.12-1997; GB 9706.14; GB 9706.15; GB/T 10151; YY/T 0291; YY 0505; DICOM 3.0
Drafting Organization Liaoning Medical Device Inspection and Testing Institute, Shanghai Siemens Medical Devices Co., Ltd., Shanghai Lianying Medical Technology Co., Ltd., Derunte Medical Technology (Wuhan) Co., Ltd.
Administrative Organization National Medical Electrical Equipment Standardization Technical Committee Medical X-ray Equipment and Appliance Subcommittee (SAC/TC 10/SC 1)
Regulation (derived from) State Drug Administration Announcement No. 72 of 2018
Proposing organization State Drug Administration
Issuing agency(ies) State Drug Administration
Summary This standard specifies the terms and definitions, system components, requirements and test methods of digital photographic X-ray machines (hereinafter referred to as DR systems). This standard applies to DR systems for general X-ray photography. Including but not limited to DR systems using line scan or area array scanning detectors, such as: 1. DR system using flat panel detector (FPD); 2. DR system using area array CCD detector; 3. Using line array Scan the DR system of the CCD detector; 4. Use the DR system of the CMOS detector. Corresponding to the DR system using more than one digital X-ray image detector, this standard applies to each digital X-ray image detector and its X-ray generating device used in imaging. This standard does not apply to systems using X-ray image intensifiers.

YY/T 0741-2018
PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY STANDARD
OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 11.040.50
C 43
Replacing YY/T 0741-2009
Particular Specifications for
Digital X-Ray Radiography System
ISSUED ON: SEPTEMBER 28, 2018
IMPLEMENTED ON: OCTOBER 01, 2019
Issued by: National Medical Products Administration
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 5
2 Normative References ... 5
3 Terms and Definitions ... 6
4 System Composition ... 8
5 Requirements ... 8
6 Test Methods ... 15
Appendix A (Normative) Test Arrangement ... 23
Appendix B (Informative) Test Phantom ... 24
Appendix C (Informative) Drafting Explanation of Some Clauses ... 27
Particular Specifications for
Digital X-Ray Radiography System
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the terms and definitions, system composition, requirements
and test methods for digital X-ray radiography system (hereinafter referred to as DR
system).
This Standard is applicable to the DR system for general X-ray photography. It includes
but not limited to DR systems that use line scan or area scan detectors, such as:
--- DR system using flat panel detector (FPD);
--- DR system using area array CCD detector;
--- DR system using line array scanning CCD detector;
--- DR system using CMOS detector, etc.
Corresponding to the DR system using more than one digital X-ray image detector,
this Standard is applicable to each digital X-ray image detector and the X-ray
generating device used in its imaging.
This Standard is not applicable to system using X-ray image intensifier, system using
imaging device of image plate for X-ray photography, mammary X-ray equipment,
dental X-ray equipment, computed tomography equipment, mobile DR system.
2 Normative References
The following documents are essential to the application of this document. For the
dated documents, only the versions with the dates indicated are applicable to this
document; for the undated documents, only the latest version (including all the
amendments) are applicable to this document.
GB 9706.1 Medical Electrical Equipment - Part 1: General Requirements for
Safety
GB 9706.3-2000 Medical Electrical Equipment - Part 2: Particular Requirements
for the Safety of High-Voltage Generators of Diagnostic X-Ray Generators
GB 9706.11 Medical Electrical Equipment - Part 2: Particular Requirements for the
Safety of X-Ray Source Assemblies and X-Ray Tube Assemblies for Medical
Diagnosis
GB 9706.12-1997 Medical Electrical Equipment - Part 1: General Requirements
for Safety – 3 Collateral Standard - General Requirements for Radiation Protection
in Diagnostic X-Ray Equipment
GB 9706.14 Medical Electrical Equipment - Part 2: Particular Requirements for the
Safety of Associated Equipment of X-Ray Equipment
GB 9706.15 Medical Electrical Equipment - Part 1: General Requirements for
Safety - 1. Collateral Standard: Safety Requirements for Medical Electrical
Systems
GB/T 10151 Medical Diagnostic X-Ray Equipment - Specifications for High
Voltage Cable Plugs and Sockets
YY/T 0291 Environmental Requirements and Test Methods for Medical X-Ray
Equipment
YY 0505 Medical Electrical Equipment - Part 1-2: General Requirements for Safety
- Collateral Standards: Electromagnetic Compatibility Requirements and Tests
DICOM 3.0 (all parts) Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (Edition III)
3 Terms and Definitions
For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in Normative
References and the following apply.
3.1 Digital radiography system
It uses digital X-ray image detector technology to realize the X-ray photography;
generally, it consists of X-ray generating device, digital X-ray imaging device, and
ancillary equipment.
3.2 Digital X-ray imaging device
The system that uses digital X-ray image detector; consists of the subsystem that can
be able to perform the image processing, displaying, printing or storing; provides the
projecting images in a digital format.
3.3 Digital X-ray image detector
The converter, after spatial sampling of X-ray by a line array or matrix pixel structure,
shall be less than 3mm;
c) In the image stitching function, the manual adjustment function shall be provided;
d) On the image after stitching, the stitching position shall be marked.
5.4.9 Detector calibration and stability test
a) The DR system shall have the function of supporting the user to perform
conventional detector calibration;
b) The manufacturer shall provide the content and frequency of the stability test in
accompanying file; the DR system shall provide a stability test procedure.
5.4.10 Quantum detection efficiency
The manufacture shall give, in the accompanying file, the quantum detection efficiency
value of the used detector at the indicated standard radiation quality, irradiation dose
and different spatial frequencies (at least 0.5lp/mm, 1.0lp/mm, 1.5lp/mm, 2.0lp/mm,
2.5lp/mm up to slightly lower than the maximum frequency of NYQUIST sampling
frequency).
5.5 Performance of mechanical device
5.5.1 Mechanical motion range
It shall be specified in the product technical requirements for the rotation angle range
of electromechanical auxiliary device, and motion range in the longitudinal, transverse
and vertical directions, and their deviations.
5.5.2 Length indication value
The deviation between the length indication value and the actual value shall be within
the range of ±5% indication value.
5.5.3 Angle indication value
The deviation between the angle indication value and the actual value shall be within
the range of ±1 minimum division value.
5.5.4 Braking
The linear motion part of the mechanical device shall have a braking device. After the
network power is turned off or the emergency stop switch is pressed, the motion parts
shall be braked. (Except that the suspension is required to be balanced without the
need for braking) the braking force shall be no less than 100N. The braking force of
the rotating parts shall be specified by the product technical requirements.
5.10 Safety
It shall meet the requirements of GB 9706.1, GB 9706.3, GB 9706.11, GB 9706.12,
GB 9706.14, GB 9706.15 and YY 0505.
6 Test Methods
6.1 Test conditions
6.1.1 Environmental conditions
It shall conform to the provisions of 5.1.1.
6.1.2 Power supply conditions
The test power supply conditions are as follows:
a) The network voltage and the number of phases shall conform to the provisions
of product technical requirements; the network voltage fluctuation shall not
exceed ±10% nominal value;
b) Power supply frequency: 50Hz±1Hz;
c) The power supply resistance shall conform to the provisions of 5.1.2 c);
d) The power supply capacity shall conform to the provisions of 5.1.2 d).
6.2 Electric power
6.2.1 Maximum output electric power
The DR system operating in an intermittent mode is loaded in the combination with the
loading factors that cause the maximum output electric power; then observe whether
there is an abnormality.
6.2.2 Nominal electric power
The DR system operating in an intermittent mode is loaded in the combination with X-
ray tube voltage, X-ray tube current, loading time that cause the nominal electric power;
then observe whether there is an abnormality.
6.3 Loading factor and control
6.3.1 X-ray tube voltage
It shall be performed as per the following methods:
Under the AEC mode, the repeatability of radiation output shall be performed as follows:
Set the DR system to the normal use mode specified by the manufacturer; using PMMA
phantoms, the thickness of which is suitable for intended use; in the case the
manufacturer does not make statement, use 20cm-thick PMMA phantom; place the
dosimeter probe on the surface of PMMA phantom; set the X-ray tube voltage to be
80kV; perform 10 times AEC exposures; calculate the coefficient of variation for air
kerma measurement value.
6.3.7 Correspondence between X-ray field and image receiving surface
It shall be performed as per the following methods:
a) The measurement shall, under the various normal use modes of the equipment,
be performed separately at the minimum and maximum SID situations of the
clinical application specified in the accompanying file;
b) For the equipment that provides automatic adjustment of radiation window, allow
5s adjustment time before measurement;
c) It shall conform to the provisions of 29.203.4 in GB 9706.12-1997.
6.3.8 Dose area product indication
It shall be performed as per the following methods:
Place the X-ray dosimeter detector in an appropriate position in the X-ray beam, such
as on the image receiver surface or bed surface. Adjust the X-ray filed dimension to
15cm×15cm or other proper dimensions. Take photograph to dose area product that is
displayed by the equipment is greater than 5µGy•m2; multiply the measured dose value
by the ray filed area at the air kerma dosimeter detector. It can also be measured
directly by the dose area product meter. Calculate the error between displayed value
and the measured value.
6.3.9 Pediatric photography requirements
Actual operation and inspection.
6.4 Imaging performance
6.4.1 Spatial resolution
Test and arrange the multi-function test card shown in Figure B.1 according to Figure
A.1. Adjust SID to be the normal clinical use distance; set the visual field of the image
to be the maximum effect image area of the plate; select the typically clinical protocol
specified by the manufacturer; manually set the X-ray tube voltage to be 75kV±7kV;
AEC automatic exposure. If required, adjust the window width and position; record the
Vi – average of gray scale of each sampling area;
Vm – average of gray scale of 9 sampling areas;
R – standard deviation of gray scale of 9 sampling areas.
6.4.5 Effect image area
The test procedures are as follows:
a) Remove the grid;
b) Place the lead scale at a position close to the image receiving surface; paralleling
to the measuring direction;
1) Exposure conditions: AEC or use conditions declared by the manufacturer;
2) Directly read data x and y on the lead scale in the image formed by the
exposure;
3) dx = x/x1;
4) dy = y/y1;
c) x1, y1 are the dimensions declared by the manufacturer;
d) The minimum value between dx and dy shall meet the requirements.
When image receiving surface can’t be accessed, a conversion method can be used.
6.4.6 Erasure thoroughness
The test procedures are as follows:
a) Remove the grid;
b) Set the SID to be normal clinical use conditions. Set X-ray tube voltage to be
80kV, 30mA•s. Place the 25mm-thick pure aluminum attenuating phantom at the
center of the radiation beam; so that is covers the whole irradiation field;
c) Place the lead plate with diameter of 10mm and thickness of 2mm at the center
of the irradiation field;
d) Perform the first exposure according to the set SID and loading factors. After
removing the lead plate within the shortest exposure interval specified by the
manufacturer, use 70kV and AEC to perform the second exposure. If not
specified, it shall be performed as per 1min;
In practice, measure the range of rotation angle by the angle gauge; the minimum
division scale of the angle gauge is no greater than 0.5°. The range of motion the
longitudinal, lateral, and vertical directions is measured by a length gauge.
6.5.2 Length indication value
In practice, measure by the length gauge.
6.5.3 Angle indication value
In practice, measure by the angle gauge.
6.5.4 Braking
In practice, measure by a dynamometer.
6.5.5 Load bearing
The patient support device is in a horizontal state and in most unfavorable position at
work; uniformly distribute 135kg load on the 168cm×37.5cm support surface for 1min;
observe whether it can work normally.
For pedals and chairs, uniformly distribute 135kg load on the 0.1m2 support surface
for 1min; observe whether it can work normally.
6.5.6 Noise
When the sound level meter probe is 1m away from the DR system surface and 1.5m
away from the ground, use sound level meter “Level-A” weighting network to measure;
calculate according to the maximum noise value.
6.6 Network and software
6.6.1 Network communication
Check the accompanying file.
6.6.2 Information management
According to the accompanying file provided by the manufacturer, check in practice.
6.6.3 Imaging time
Place the 25mm-thick pure aluminum attenuating phantom at the center of the
radiance beam; so that it covers the whole irradiation field. Expose under the AEC
conditions; measure the time from the beginning of exposure to the display of normal
image that meet the diagnostic requirements.
Appendix C
(Informative)
Drafting Explanation of Some Clauses
3.1 Digital radiograph system
The product name “Digital Radiography System” in this Standard is formulated
according to the Naming Rules for the Generic Names of Medical Devices (Order
No.19 of China Food and Drug Administration); and the generic name is adopted.
4.1 System composition
For the “ancillary equipment” in the DR system composition, its definition and
applicable scope come from GB 9706.14-1997.
5.3.9 Pediatric photography requirements
The prompting requirements to remove the physical grid in this subclause is not to
force the operator to remove the grid. In fact, the operator can judge and handle
according to the patient’s situation. The relevant content of this subclause is expected
to reduce the dose of pediatric photography through the requirements towards the
manufacturer and the products. If the manufacturer selects “with/without grid”
photography in the pediatric photography protocol, and has a prompt for inserting or
removing the grid, it can be considered to comply with the requirements of this
subclause.
In the IEC 60601-2-54 standard, the product is only required to be fitted with a function
of at least 0.1mm-thick copper or 3.5mm-thick aluminum additional filtering function. In
order to reduce the pediatric photographic dose, considering the practical application,
this Standard requires the manufacturer to provide at least the above additional
filtration.
5.4.8 (Long bone) image stitching performance
Different manufacturers may have their own verification phantoms and methods. If it
can be proved that the image stitching performance can be effectively tested, the
method specified by the manufacturer shall be preferred. In the test methods of this
Standard, it is recommended to sue the lead ruler no shorter than 1m.
5.5.4 Braking
The braking force of the rotating part shall be specified by the product technical
requirements. Here it is not recommended to give in the form of torque. The